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journal, that we this day finished our well, which is likely to afford us plenty of good water; though from the quantity of limestone through which it passes, it is too hard for washing. It is about 28 feet deep; the bottom all rock, except a small crevice through which the water rises. We attribute the failure last year to the abundance of rain, which fell that season, causing the earth to fall in as we dug. It is believed that this is the only well in the Cherokee nation; and we feel under increased obligations of gratitude to the Giver of all good for this addition to our convenience and comfort.
7. Father Hoyt left us for the purpose of meeting the Presby. tery of East Tennessee, which is to meet at Washington, (Ten.) to-morrow.
10. Brother Chamberlain went to Mr. Hicks', and expects to preach in that neighbourhood to-morrow. We had a prospect of a lonely time at the mission-house ; but the Lord, who is ever rich in mercy and goodness, was pleased to send us two dear brethren. Mr. Robert Glenn, who has just received a license from the Pregbytery of East Tennessee, and Mr. Christopher Bradshaw, candidate for license under the care of the same Presbytery. They will spend the Sabbath with us.
Sabbath 11. Had a very precious season. Brother Glenn preached. Our congregation was rather thin, but we think we had the presence of the Lord.
12. Brother and Sister Hall, and Sister Sarah left us for Knoxville. We have considerable anxiety on their account, as sister Hall is in such a delicate state of health. We hope it may be improved by the journey.
Brother Chamberlain returned this morning. He had a good meeting on the Sabbath. Between 20 and 30 of the natives attended. Some appeared affected on hearing the Word of God, and all desired to have preaching continued in that place. In the afternoon brother and sister Chamberlain, and the two visiting brethren, and two of our pious scbolars, went on a visit to a Cherokee sister. They had a very agreeable meeting. The Lord appeared to be with them of a truth. Thanks to our covenant God for the clus. ters of Eshcol, of which we are permitted to taste in this wilderness.
13. This morning brothers Glenn and Bradshaw took their leave of us, probably to meet us no more till we meet in heaven. We have great reason to bless God for the interview, and hope it will be of lasting benefit to our souls. It was said to one of our native sisters, “If it gives so much joy to see christian friends here, what will it be in heaven, where we shall meet all the christians in the word, never again to part ?" "O” said she, the tears starting from her eyes," it will be more than we can bear."
15. Our spirits were refreshed by a short visit from several christian friends from Athens, (Geo.) who so kindly administered to the wants of father Hoyt and family, when on their way to this station. The zeal they then showed for the cause of missions was still corspicuous. They expressed great satisfaction in the progress of Chrisa
tianity and civilization among this people, and said it exceeded their expectations. They were peculiarly delighted to hear the children of the forest singing the songs of Zion. Being now on their way to West-Tennessee, they encouraged the hope of another call when they return.
16. Father Hoyt returned from Washington, having been preserved in health, and enjoyed a very refreshing season with the Presbytery. by invitation he took a seat in that body, as a corresponding member, and spent four days with them. They had preaching every day, which was attended by a large number of people. On one of the days was the time of a review of a regiment of militia. The whole regiment was marched to the place of preaching, which was in a grove, and attended with much solemnity. The Lord has recently poured out his spirit in many parts of this Presbytery, and the friends of Zion are looking up with rejoicing. There are now under the care of this Presbytery six young men, who promise great usefulness to the church as heralds of the everlasting Gospel.
17. Brother Hicks came to make us a visit, and to spend the Sabbath with us. He thinks the people are generally well pleased with our management of the school; says he bears no complaint, and will endeavour to persuade the parents of children sent to school, to keep them more constantly with us. He still thinks there will be no want of children to fill the school, whatever may be the number we can admit. We think the greatest difficulty will be in retaining the children long enough to fix their habits and finish their education. Many of these ignorant people appear to think that their children can become learned in a few months.
19. One of our girls, who has been with us about six months, and is about ten years old, being told that her grand-mother, who has the care of her, having brought her up from her infancy, was coming to take her from school to go to the Arkansas, replied, with a trembling voice, “I dont want to go away,” and immediately burst into tears. She has since wept much, and expressed a great unwillingness to leave us. Her friends would doubtless be glad to continue her in the school, were they to remain on this side of the Mississippi ; but we fear they will not consent to remove without her. The Arkansas emigration has already drawn off a number of our scholars. May the Lord send them teachers there who shall train them up in the way of truth, and complete that which we would gladly do for them.
20. The boy mentioned Sept. 5th was this day sent for. He manifested a great unwillingness to leave us, would eat no dinner, and went away alone and wept. The man who came after him, said the boy's father was well pleased with the school, and would be glad to have all his children here, were it not for the fear that their mothers would take them away and keep them; and as the boy felt so bad about going, he would leave him for the present.
The little girl mentioned yesterday, finding this boy was left because he cried, said, “When they come after me, I will cry as hard as I can, and may be they will leave me too."
Brother Butrick left us to go to father Gambold's, and thence to attend the talk at the agency.
22. Brother Peter Kanouse arrived from the Choctaw station, with Israel Folgom, a half breed of that nation. He is taking the lad to the Foreign Mission School in Connecticut.
27. Brother Butrick returned. Nothing had been done at the talk when he left the agency, the governor having just arrived. He saw many of the Indians assembled, and great 'numbers of white people who were selling wbiskey to them, and also drinking, swearing, gambling, &c. among themselves.
28. Brother Kanouse left us on his way to New-Jersey, with his Choctaw lad. He also took with him from our school a half breed Cherokee, for the Foreign Mission School. The presence and conversation of this dear brother has been very refreshing to our spirits, and we hope profitable to our dull and sluggish souls. Our communion has been sweet, and separation is painful. We have reason to bless God that, even in this heathen land, we are afforded such precious seasons with Christ and bis servants.
30. Being informed that the king and cbiefs of the upper towns were convened in council at brother Hicks', it was thought best for one of us to make them a visit. This was assigned to father Hoyt, and he went out to-day for that purpose.
Nov. 2. Father Hoyt returned, and gave the following account of his visit. “I arrived at Brotber Hicks' on the evening of the day I left home. Some of the expected chiefs had not arrived, and on that account the council had not formed. A number of men were standing around the two doors of brother Hicks' largest room, and others were standing within. I was invited to pass the crowd and walk in. On entering I observed the king seated on a rug, at one end of the room, having bis back supported by a roll of blankets. He is a venerable looking man, 73 years old; his hair nearly white. At bis right hand, on one end of the same rug or mat, sat brother Hicks. The chiefs were seated in chairs, in a semicircle, each facing the king. Bebind the chiefs, a number of the common people were standing listening to a conversation in which the king and chiefs were engaged. I was immediately discovered by Mr. Hicks, and invited to walk round the circle to him. The conversation was immediately stopped. Brother Hicks gave me his hand without rising; and then introduced me to the king and to those of the chiess with whom I had not been previously acquainted; each in his turn giving me his hand without rising. A chair was then placed for me in the circle. As soon as I had taken my seat the king inquired after the health of the missionaries, the children, &c. They then resumed their conversation in their own language, continued it a short tiine, and closed. We were next informed that supper was waiting. The king and chiefs filled the table, except the place which was assigned to me. The strictest order was observed at table, no one moving a hand until a blessing was asked, nor withdrawing until thanks were returned. The same order was observed at every meal afterward.
“ The evening was spent in social conversation, which was carried on with the utmost freedom, Mr. Hicks being our interpreter. The king and chiefs expressed great satisfaction in the school, and many thanks to those who are engaged, for the instruction of their children and people. The king observed, it was evidence of great love to be willing to teach and feed so many children without pay; and he did not doubt it would be greatly to the benefit of the nation, for though bad men could do more mischief when learned, the good would be much more useful; and he knew we taught the children to be good, and hoped many of them would follow our instruction.
“ Notwithstanding the number of people collected, there was not the least disorder or tumult, all retired to rest at an early hour, and perfect stillness prevailed the whole night. The council was not formed until late the next day. It was opened by a formal speech, delivered with animation, and heard with great solemnity. I was told that opening the council in this manner is an ancient religious rite, and considered as an appeal or prayer to the Good Spirit ; tbough few, if any, now understand the meaning of the words used. Several letters were read in council by brother Hicks, respecting the exchange of country, but nothing of importance was done. The council adjourned a little before sunset, and the same order was observed the second night as the first.
“ The next morning, being the second after my arrival, I mentioned to brother Hicks my desire to give them a talk, at some convenient time, while the council was sitting, if he thought it would be agreeable to the king and chiefs. He said, it would, no doubt, be agreeable to them; and he would prepare the way by mentioning it as soon as the council met. The king and chiess being seated in the council house, and the people gathered around, brother Hicks told them I had something to say, if they were wilJing to hear, and informed me that they would then attend to what
“I immediately entered the council house, so called, which is merely a spacious roof, supported by posts set in the ground, and left open on all sides ; except that it has a railing which extends round the whole building, leaving only an opening on one side about the width of a common door. Next the railing on the inside are benches round the whole building, on which the king, old men, and chiefs, are seated; the rest of the people stand on the outside of the railing. I stood a little below the centre of the house, facing the king, with Mr. Hicks on my right as interpreter, my audience surrounding me on every side.
“After a short introduction, in which I expressed my thanks that the Good Spirit had permitted me to meet them; that they had received me as a friend and brother; and were now giving me an opportunity to speak to them, I endeavoured to exbibit the character of the true God, as a being of unbounded benevolence, and
I had to say
brought to view the evidence of this from the works of creation and providence ;-told them the good book, which contained the principles of our religion, asserted and confirmed these facts, and also taught us, that to be happy we must be good; that to be truly good was to be like the Good Spirit; that He was displeased with sin, and well pleased only with that which was good, and those who did good ;-yet He did good to all, and would bave all men told what they must do in order to be happy. This was found in the good book, and the Good Spirit would have all men made acquainted with it. I endeavoured to show them that the plan for missions and schools among them must have been devised solely for their good; nothing was asked from them; not a foot of their land, or any thing else.
Extract of a letter from the Rev. Benjamin I. Lowe, Missionary in Illinois, to Mr. Wm. Johnson, of Lebanon, N. J.
Edwardsville, Jan. 12, 1818. MY DEAR FRIEND,
In looking over my rough notes I find the following things briefly noticed, which if they are not interesting will still give you some idea of what I am doing, &c. in this country-reached Shawanee Town Nov. 20th, after a journey of thirty-nine days—in the whole of which I was peculiarly favoured in regard to fine company, roads, weather, health, accidents, &c.
Shawanee Town is situated 8 miles below the mouth of the Wabash, on the banks of the Ohio; contains between 2 and 300 inhabitants, and not a single soul amongst them who makes any pretensions to religion. Their shocking profaneness was enough to make any one afraid to walk the street; and those who on the Sabbath were not fighting and drinking at the taverns and grog shops, were either hunting in the woods or trading behind their counters. It is true, a small audience attended my appointments for preaching, and could a missionary be stationed there his whole time, he might, if God should bless his labours, effect a revolution ; but he might almost as soon expect to hear the stones cry out. But you are not to judge of Illinois from this description--no, I have found as good settlements here as there are any in the state of New-Jersey. The settlements in the upper part of the state are far better than those in the lower part ; and the lower part is chiefly settled with emigrants from Kentucky and Tennessee, and the northern parts of Georgia and Carolina. The upper part, a greater mixture of eastern people, NewEngland, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, and some from Virginia. Kaskaskia contains about 500 inhabitants, one half of whom are Catholics and French; among the other 250 there are six professors of religion, 2 Presbyterians, 2 Methodists, 1 congregationalist, 1 Seceder. The French Catholics pay no regard to the Sabbath, and the Americans are but little better. There are