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of New-York,'to discourage and suppress vice, and promote morality, by means of associations for that purpose.
The Theological Seminary of Princeton continues in a flourishing state. The number of its students last summer was fifty-five.
The African School also, lately founded by the Synod, is in a prosperous state, and promises to be eventually a great blessing to the people of colour in this country and in Africa.
For these blessings vouchsafed in the past year, the Synod desire to be thankful; and they hope they will call forth the gratitude of the churches to the Giver of every good gift, and rejoice the hearts of his people.
But amidst these causes of rejoicing, the Synod feel that they and the churches under their care have also great reason to be humbled and to mourn. The vices of Sabbath-breaking, profaneness, and intemperance, still exist to an alarming degree, in many places in their bounds. And while in some congregations they have declined, in others they have increased. The Synod feel constrained again to lift their warning voice against these vices, injurious to the best interests of society, and destructive to the souls of men. And they exhort all the lovers of religion, and the friends of their country, by all the means in their power to endeavour to resist the progress of these destructive evils.
The Synod have also to notice, and they desire to do it with deep humiliation, and anxious concern, that while in a few of their churches the cause of religion has been advancing, in many of them vital piety has, through the year past, been in a low and declining state. The professing people of God, to whom these remarks may apply, are solemnly called upon ;-as they regard their own covenant engagements; as they respect the glory of God; as they desire the salvation of others, and would not be instrumental in their perdition; and as they would secure their own peace and happiness, both here and hereafter :-to awake out of sleep; to arise from the dust ; to remember from whence they are fallen, and repent and do their first works; and to be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain that are ready to die.
Considering what the Lord has done for his church in the present day, is it not peculiarly ungrateful and criminal in Christians to be inactive and lukewarm ? and is it not too late a period of the world, and too near the dawn of the Millenial day, for Christians to be sleeping ?" Knowing the time, it is high time to awake out of sleep! The night is far spent, the day is at hand, let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light."
Resolved, That the Synod earnestly recommend to all the Presbyteries, Pastors, and congregations under their care, that they pay particular attention to the following recommendations of the last General Assembly, viz.
1. “ Resolved, That the General Assembly recommend, and they do hereby recommend, to the pastors and sessions of the different churches under their care, to assemble, as often as they may deem
necessary during the year, the baptized children, with their parents, to recommend said children in prayer to God, explain to them the nature and obligations of their baptism, and the relations which they sustain to the church."
2 " Resolved, That it be recommended to the ministers, elders, and deacons of the Presbyterian churches, to refrain from offering ardent spirits to those who may visit them at their respective houses, except in extraordinary cases."
Resolved, That Dr. Greene, Dr. Richards, Dr. Romeyn, Dr. Alexander, Dr. Griffin, Mr. Spring, and Mr. Grant-Ministers; and Mr. Divie Bethune, Mr. Samuel Bayard, and Mr. Joseph Jackson—Elders ; be a Committee to consider the expediency of establishing a Board of Missions, under the direction of this Synod, for the purpose of building up the waste places within its bounds; and if such a measure shall be deemed expedient by the Committee, to draft a plan of operation, and submit it with their report to the Synod at their next meeting.
Adjourned to meet in the Cedar-street Church, New-York, the third Tuesday in Oct. next, at 3 o'clock, P. M.
Concluded with singing, prayer, and the benediction.
From the Presbyterian reports the following is a summary of the state of each Presbytery :
Com. Long-Island, 15
3 1031 Hudson,
4 3021 New York,
9 5412 Brunswick,
4 3252 Newton,
SABBATH SCHOOLS. Extract from the Report of the Sabbath Schools attached to the first
and second Baptist Churches in Boston, presented the 29th Oct. last, at the annual meeting, in the Rev. Mr. Winchell's meetinghouse.
In giving an account of the Sabbath Schools, where your care and benevolence has been particularly applied, but little may be expected in addition to the report of the last anniversary : for although their objects are the most noble and sublime, yet their operation being the most simple, each year's report must be similar in its detail to the preceding. The number of pupils in your schools has not been augmented from last year. The increase of similar institutions in this town, furnishes a reason, obvious and satisfactory. year ago there were eight; now there are thirteen, and most of them well filled.
The whole number in the four schools is 364 from 6 to 16 years old. Those that constantly attend do not exceed 250 ; the smallness of this number is made up in the consideration that most of them are indigent children, who, when admitted, were unable to read; and perhaps many of them, if the kind hand of charity had not led them hither, might never have enjoyed either scientific or religious instruction. Each school contains from 50 to 60 who are constant in attendance; these are divided into five classes, from 10 to 14 pupils each; and each class has a teacher, except in the male school of the second church, where at present two teachers instruct the whole; from this school, one has been removed by death. We notice it with keener sensations of pain, because he was a sprightly youth, the eldest son of his mother, and she a widow. He died in the triumph of faith. In the first of his sickness, which continued only six days, he expressed a fear of death, “because,” said he “I have been wicked;" he had been convinced of this for some length of time. He had often been observed by his teacher to weep. Before he departed, his fear left him ; Jesus, we trust, had smiled upon him, and removed the sting of death. His Sabbath School instruction was now appreciated. His views of sin and holiness were consistent, and such as is seldom found in riper years : but on these subjects his disorder would not suffer him-to converse much : he slept in hope. Here your institution has been blessed in giving joy in heaven over a repenting sinner.
The effects of Sabbath School instruction is no where more visible than in Boston. A general and lasting reform has commence ed in the conduct of our youth. Their morals are improved. Profane swearing and Sabbath-breaking are more regarded as hateful and pernicious practices. It is a truth well supported, that for years, scarcely a month elapsed, but some street had been filled with boys, skirmishing with clubs, cruelly beating and maiming each other. The North-Enders, and South-Enders, low terms, but terms, no doubt, familiar to your ears, kept up a perpetual warfare; but this practice now appears to be abandoned ; not an instance of it has been known for nine months.
Your Committee acknowledge it a pleasing part of their duty to report the increase of Sabbath Schools through our country. Who can view, but with delight, this magnificent scene, this broad laid foundation for the security of our civil and religious liberties—for the consolation and prosperity of Zion? They have multiplied to the astonishing number of 500 in New England : this is a near estimate. You will find one in almost every considerable town and village in the United. States. This great work of enlightening the youth with religious knowledge is common-is spreading with astonishing success in every part of American Christendom; and although it is a work in which Christians of every denomination are equally interested and engaged, yet there are no conflicting interests, no distracting jealousy, no discording sentiments; every heart beats in union; every man has caught the holy flame of emulation, and without envy, provoking his fellow to love and to good works. These schools are planted among the savages of the western forest, there producing the immortal fruit of religion. Much of the success of missionary labours among the Indians is confined to them. Great numbers of the Chickamaugah, Choctaw, and Cherokee tribes, have, through their instrumentality, embraced with humble hope the Gospel of Christ; of the latter, it is said, whole families attend. In one instance, an old female was receiving instruction in the same school with a grand-child.
In the Southern States they are frequent, particularly among the blacks. Many adults of these unfortunate and degraded beings enter the schools without knowing a letter in the alphabet, or who made them; yet such is their capacity to learn, that in a few months they can read the Bible. In the Western States, among the new settlements, they are greatly multiplied, and greatly blessed, in reforming the vicious, and correcting every irregular habit. To use nearly their own language, the state of morals is improving; the open violations of the Sabbath are less frequent, profanity is becoming unpopular, and drunkenness more disgraceful.
In the Middle States they are more numerous, and peculiarly blessed. New-York and Pennsylvania is completely overspread. New Jersey, the year past, has been visited with many extensive revivals, a number of which were attributed to the Sabbath Schools. The good effects among children and parents is remarkable; the one are taught the way of truth, and they teach the other by their reformed lives.
Their effects are general, benign, and every where the same. А recent report on the state of religion in Vermont, states, " The Sabbath Schools are springing up in all parts of our state, as the firstfruits of the millennium, waving before the Lord.” “To the church in Greensborough 52 have been added; the revival commenced in a Sabbath School-out of the mouths of babes and sucklings God has perfected praise." Your Committee have but glanced at the glorious things the Sabbath School has every where achieved ; and how wonderful? It will yet transcend all this; it will yet acquire new triumphs, as honourable and as brilliant as those of the Gospel.
The era of great things has commenced. The youth are crowding into the Sabbath School, and each, we trust, is receiving a sanctified destination for the Redeemer's kingdom. The present age is to develope more clearly the great and mysterious plans of Providence; in the present day “ many run to and fro," among all nations, “and knowledge increases."
The reign of discord and violence, after long sporting with human repose, is retreating from the scene of desolation. The ruthless sword, after drinking the blood of nations, is returning to its scabbard, there for ever to rest.
SAVANNAH (Geo.) SABBATH SCHOOL. Extract from the fourth Quarterly Report of Mr. Lowell Mason,
the Superintendent. Since the commencement of the quarter sixty have been admitted. The whole number of scholars at present is one hundred and sixty-five, and the average number of attendants one hundred and forty; there are eight classes, or divisions of classes of girls, and eight of boys, each of which has an instructor of their own sex; nine are Bible or Testament classes. Sixty-two scholars have been admitted to the Library class, and are entitled to the use of the Library, which now consists of one hundred and ten volumes. We might call your attention to the progress of particular scholars, but such a number have distinguished themselves by their constant attendance, good behaviour, and diligence in their studies, that the limits of this report will not permit.—Many have committed to memory in a week from one to two, and in some instances from three to four hundred verses of scripture, besides catechisms. The general knowledge of the Holy Volume, especially of the New Testament, which many of the scholars have obtained, is really surprising; it is sufficient to silence every objection to Sabbath School instruction, and we should think, to induce all christian parents to send their children. We have much cause for gratitude to God for the general health of the scholars through the summer-there have been but few cases of sickness and we know not that a single instance of mortality has occurred. On the whole, the school has improved more within the last quarter than in any similar period since its establishment in 1816.-Teachers seem more engaged-scholars more interested—both feel more the vast importance of the work-the seed is sown in the morning, and in the evening it is not withheld : we know not which shall prosper, or whether both shall be alike good, but we feel assured that the increase will be given, and that fruit will abound to the honour and glory of God.
OTAHEITE. Further Particulars of the progress of Christianity in the South Sea Islands may
be gathered from the following Értracts, made from the public Letter of the Brethren, dated Eimeo, 2d July, 1818.
Since the date of our last, Christianity is become the professed religion not only of Tahite and Eimeo, but also of all the Society Islands.
At a small island to the north of Tahite called Tetaroa, three places of worship have been lately erected. Tapua-manu has been professedly Christian for a good while. Huaheine, Raiatea, and Taha, have renounced Heathenism, and make a general profession of Christianity. The people of Borabora, particularly two chiefs, Mai and Tefaaora, have distinguished themselves by their zeal in destroying the idols, demolishing the morais, and erecting places