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government. A short time since, Quoshquamme, a cbief of a band of the Sacks from Rock river, with a number of Indians, were in this village. Brother Welch obtained an interview with the chief on the subject of education, the introduction of schools, &c, among the tribe. It was understood from the interpreter who was employed, that the chief had two sons whom he wished to have educated in English. The interview closed without any thing decisive, as we had no funds to support the youth, and the chief prudently declined giving an answer relative to the establishment of schools amongst their nation, without consulting the other chiefs.
Other tribes, as the Winnebagoes to the north, and the Sioux, Ottoes, Mandans, &c. to the west, live more remote, and are less likely to receive immediate attention.
By this statement the Board will understand, that the Indian tribes who are populous and extensive, live at a distance from us; that a large population of whites, quite ignorant of the gospel, are scattered through the country for 3 or 400 miles betwixt us and the Indians, and that if we attempt to carry the gospel immediately to these tribes, we must pass over multitudes niore likely to receive the gospel than are the savage and uncultivated Indians. It is hoped, however, that some good may be done amongst local tribes, without lessening our usefulness amongst the whites.
Hitherto we have said nothing on the importance of increasing the number of labourers in this western harvest. But we now venture to raise the Macedonian cry, 'come over and help us.' Could the Board, but more especially the public at large, be made fully sensible of the vast work that lies before us, and the importance of strengthening o’r hands by one or two additional labourers, our cry would not be unavailing. If one or more young men of ardent piety, and a good education, could receive an appointment from the Board the present season, by the time of their arrival we might be prepared to enlarge our sphere of effort.
Another added to this mission, in a little time, would not much increase its expense, as the school department might then be rendered more profitable.
Praying the Great Head of the church to guide in all the deliberations of your respectable body, we subscribe ourselves your unworthy servants in the mission cause,
J. M. PECK,
J. E. WELCH. UNDER date of March 28, 1918, the missionaries thus write: • We have not much additional news to communicate. We have enlarged the plan of our school. At our public examination yesterday our students performed remarkably well. Several gentlemen of respectability of the village, since they have been made acquainted with our object in this country, appear to interest themselves in our cause.
“Our African Sunday school has more than 50 on the roll, most of whom are very attentive, and strive to learn.
«The first Sabbath in April we expect to baptize a candidate. This, we believe, will be the first time the ordinance was ever attended in St. Louis. We have ascertained that five persons, at least, have manifested a hope of religion within less than three months past. Thus grace begins to triumph here."
The fifth of April Mr. Welch says: “Last evening was our church meeting. Additions were received by letter, and experience. To-day at nine o'clock a sermon was delivered on the banks of the Mississippi, and two candidates baptized—late work of grace! You can scarcely imagine the happiness we this day enjoyed around the table of the Lord, while bidding welcome to all the privileges of the house of God four new members. Prospects are flattering. I hope the Lord is about to commence a great work in this quarter."
From the Rev. Mr. Ranaldson to the Cor. Sec. dated St. Francis
ville, March 20, 1818. It is my duty, as your Missionary, to make frequent communications. In this I have been deficient. But I can assure you it has not been for want of disposition. The whole of my time has been occupied. My field of labour is still enlarging, and the work is increasing on my hands daily.
I wrote to you on the 19th of January, which I hope you have received. Having just returned from the first annual meeting of the Mississippi Society for Baptist Missions Foreign and Domestic, it is necessary for me to forward communications by the next mail, that you may receive them in time for the annual meeting of the Board.
Our Society has been formed on missionary ground. There are pressing demands for active and general exertions. Four Missionaries are already employed by the society for the term of three months; and one for a year. Rev. Isaac Suttle, whom I mentioned in my last, is appointed to preach in the African church recently formed in the Creek nation, for the current year. It is hoped that the present hostilities of the Seminoles will not defeat the object of his
appointment. L. Scarborough is appointed for a circuit on the west of the Mississippi river ; N. Morris for the eastern section of West Florida : J. Flower for the frontier settlements in the Mississippi state ; and Benjamin Davis for the coloured people in New Orleans. This last appointment was made in consideration of the poor in this city, who manifest a disposition to receive the word with gladness; for a number of them are truly pious. Whilst missionary exertions are making for the Asiatics, and aboriginal Americans, the poor Africans in our country, who bear the heat and burden of the day, should not be neglected. It truly requires the wisdom of the serpent, blended with the harmlessness of the dove, to teach this wretch
ed race of human beings! But we feel a confidence in the prudence and zeal of our brother appointed to the work. He has a faculty for teaching the blacks; and should the city corporation yield a favourable countenance to the undertaking, I hope it may soon be said, that the poor of New Orleans have the gospel preached to them. The Society having attributed a great share of their success to
agency of your missionary, agreed to remit the sum which was appropriated for his use by the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions. I therefore inclose to you a check on a bank in Philadelphia, for five hundred dollars.
I hope the employment of domestic missionaries will never diminish your treasury, but rather replenish it. Permit me to tender my very grateful acknowledgments to the Board for the seasonable supplies they have given, which enabled me to make a decided stand in the midst of the strong hold of Satan, and to preach among the gentiles of Louisiana the unscarchable riches of Christ. Although I could not maintain my first position in the city of New Orleans, on account of its expensiveness, yet I am persuaded I could not occupy a more important missionary ground in the state, and one which promises more immediate and general usefulness as respects the mission, than the present station. I am happy to say that the prospects, as relates to my future support, are such as to supersede the necessity of the continued patronage of the Board. I have reason to expect that the generosity of the people whom I serve in the the gospel, will enable me still to give myself wholly to the work of the ministry. Your patronage therefore may, and will, I hope, be extended to another in my place. _Not that I wish to withdraw from the delightful services of the Board, or shake off the pleasing responsibility of the mission. No, I wish still to be the missionary, and still to act under the advice and auspices of the Board, at least so far as to maintain an intimate connexion with that honourable body.
This letter must soon close for the mail. In my next I will endeavour to give farther information concerning this country, &c. &c. There are thousands around us starving for the word of life. Several important stations are ready for the reception of Missionaries. With affectionate importunity I would solicit the attention of the Board to be directed this way. O send us help, that we may lift up a standard for the people in the name of the Lord of hosts! We want at least six missionaries, whose lips are touched with a live coal, whose hearts are sanctified with the love of God, whose bowels yearn for the salvation of men ; whose fortitude and piety can resist the temptations of filthy lucre; and, in a word, whose abilities may be competent for the defence of the gospel among ingenious and learned infidels, and before powerful adversaries of the doctrines of the
Aid such in their commencement, send them out under your patronage, and in a short time they may remunerate the Board by returning the loan with good interest.
It is expensive to live in this country. The enormous price of cotton raises every thing else to its par. House rent and the hire of servants are remarkably high. And in these two articles there is but little difference between this place and New Orleans.
Such is the state of society, that it appears unquestionably a duty incumbent to pay some attention to the education of the young. And although the whole of my time, strength, and abilities, are required for the ministry of the word, yet I shall be obliged, by the united petitions of the people, to give a small portion of it to the instruction of their children. They wish me, however, merely to superintend an academy, and employ other teachers, able to sustain the laborious functions of the school. This plan should, in my humble opinion, be recommended to all our missionaries to the west, as the religious education of children is of the highest importance, and will probably contribute, in a very great degree, to the acceptation of the gospel among a heterogeneous mass, which has been collected from the four quarters of the globe.
May the God of missions prosper and succeed your pious labours to send the gospel among all the nations of the earth.
FROM THE AMERICAN BAPTIST MAGAZINE.
Extract of a Letter from Rev. J. M. Peck, dated St. Louis, Missis
sippi Territory, June 15, 1818. Of the constitution of the Baptist church in St. Louis, and our efforts to erect a place of worship, you have already been apprised. Our little church has begun to increase. Three persons have been baptized, and three added by letter. Of these, two were baptized the first Sabbath in April. One is a respectable mulatto, a convert, and who proves to be very useful in the church. He is our chief assistant in the Sabbath School. When no one else is present, he is not only capable of taking charge of the whole school, but exhorts and prays with acceptance to the scholars.
Were I to speak only of the advantages of learning to read, and the temporal good of this unhappy race, with the progress that some have made, much might be said- But this is far from being our chief object. From the first beginning we let it be understood, that religious instruction would be our primary object.
our primary object. To prevent any difficulty, slaves were required to bring certificates from their masters, though we did not wish to confine ourselves to this rule in every
instance. By this prudential measure, the approbation of many citizens of the first respectability was secured. From the number of 14, which attended the first day, the school soon increased till nearly one hundred were on the register at one period. Some of these have made astonishing proficiency since their attendance. Several who commenced in the alphabet, which they partially knew, are now begining to read the Bible. One girl, who could read a little when she commenced, has, in the space of five weeks, committed to memory the Lord's prayer, and several other pieces of prose, together with a hundred and twenty lines of poetry. A man, about 30 years of age, besides his task at labour, found leisure, in one week, to commit 23 questions and answers in the Assembly's Catechism. So eager are some of these
poor mortals to learn, that they will work the harder through the day, that they may gain time to read in the evening. A few instances of negligence and backwardness to learn has appeared, but not one of improper behaviour while at school.
As I before observed, religious instruction is our primary object. A most happy opportunity is presented while in school, not only for private conversation, but for public exhortation, prayer, and praise, which is always attended. At those times every countenance is solemn, and the tears running down their sable faces is sufficient proof of the sensibility of their minds. I have often thought, while exhorting and instructing these immortals, who seemed to catch every word that was spoken, that I would not exchange this station for the highest honour this world can give. Several have already become hopefully pious, and others are inquiring-Reading a part of the Report of the Boston Sabbath School affected them very much ; especially the account of those who have been converted by the means of Sabbath Schools.
Extracts from the First Report of the National Institution for the
education of Deaf and Dumb Children of the poor in Ireland, Established May 18, 1816.
Amidst the affluence and variety of Public Charities, which have long distinguished the Capital of Ireland, it cannot but be deemed extraordinary, that no Asylum, nor means of Instruction had been provided for the indigent Deaf and Dumb, until the last year; when, through the exertions of a few individuals
, an institution for these purposes was formed, to which the attention of their fellow-countrymen is now earnestly invited..
The difficulties and discouragements with which this Infant Establishment has had to struggle, will, it is hoped, recommend it to beneficent regard, not less powerfully than the liberal patronage which it has received from his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, from several highly distinguished persons, and especially from the Governors of the House of Industry.
Hitherto, in this country, the unfortunate individuals among the lower classes, who are separated from commerce with their fellowcreatures, by the want of hearing and speech, have been left to neglect, as merely pitiable specimens of hopeless infirmity. Whilst our neighbours, in England and Scotland, have been vying with each other in Provincial and National Establishments for the Deaf and Dumb; whilst France, in the midst of her troubles, was engaged in rearing one of the most perfect Schools for these purposes which Europe has yet witnessed ; whilst benighted Spain has for more than a century cherished Instructors for the like interesting objects; Ireland was still tardy and reluctant to join her services in this