The Sacred Books of China: The Texts of Confucianism, חלק 4

כריכה קדמית
James Legge
Clarendon Press, 1885

מתוך הספר

מה אומרים אנשים - כתיבת ביקורת

לא מצאנו ביקורות במקומות הרגילים

עמודים נבחרים

מהדורות אחרות - הצג הכל

מונחים וביטויים נפוצים

קטעים בולטים

עמוד 414 - States, they first regulated their families. Wishing to regulate their families, they first cultivated their persons. Wishing to cultivate their persons, they first rectified their hearts. Wishing to rectify their hearts, they first sought to be sincere in their thoughts. Wishing to be sincere in their thoughts, they first extended to the utmost their knowledge. Such extension of knowledge lay in the investigation of things.
עמוד 304 - Men all say, ' We are wise ' ; but being driven forward and taken in a net, a trap, or a pitfall, they know not how to escape. Men all say, ' We are wise ' ; but happening to choose the course of the Mean, they are not able to keep it for a round month.
עמוד 322 - It is characteristic of the most entire sincerity to be able to foreknow. When a nation or family is about to flourish, there are sure to be happy omens ; and when it is about to perish, there are sure to be unlucky omens. Such events are seen in the milfoil and tortoise, and affect the movements of the four limbs. When calamity or happiness is about to come, the good shall certainly be foreknown by him, and the evil also. Therefore the individual possessed of the most complete sincerity is like...
עמוד 329 - Therefore his fame overspreads the Middle Kingdom, and extends to all barbarous tribes. Wherever ships and carriages reach; wherever the strength of man penetrates; wherever the heavens overshadow and the earth sustains; wherever the sun and moon shine; wherever frosts and dews fall:— all who have blood and breath unfeignedly honor and love him. Hence it is said,— "He is the equal of Heaven.
עמוד 417 - He was able to make illustrious his lofty virtue.' 4. These passages all show how those sovereigns made themselves illustrious. The above first chapter of commentary explains the illustration of illustrious virtue. CHAP. II. i. On the bathing-tub of Tang, the following words •were engraved : — ' If you can one day renovate yourself, do so from day to day. Yea, let there be daily renovation.
עמוד 302 - While there are no stirrings of pleasure, anger, sorrow, or joy, the mind may be said to be in the state of ; EQUILIBRIUM. When those feelings have been stirred, and they act in their due degree, there ensues what may be called the state of HARMONY. This EQUILIBRIUM is the great root from which grow all the human actings in 'the world, and this HARMONY is the universal path which they all should pursue. 5. Let the states of equilibrium and harmony exist in perfection, and a happy order will prevail...
עמוד 313 - They occupied the places of their fore-fathers, practised their ceremonies, and performed their music. They reverenced those whom they honoured, and loved those whom they regarded with affection. Thus they served the dead as they would have served them alive ; they served the departed as they would have served them had they been continued among them.
עמוד 331 - It is said in the Book of Poetry, 'I regard with pleasure your brilliant virtue, making no great display of itself in sounds and appearances.' The Master said, ' Among the appliances to transform the people, sounds and appearances are but trivial influences. It is said in another ode, " His virtue is light as a hair." Still, a hair will admit of comparison as to its size. "The doings of the supreme Heaven have neither sound nor smell.
עמוד 419 - In order rightly to govern the state, it is necessary first to regulate the family," is this : — It is not possible for one to teach others, while he cannot teach his own family. Therefore, the ruler, without going beyond his family, completes the lessons for the state. There is filial piety: — therewith the sovereign should be served. There is fraternal submission: — therewith elders and superiors should be served. There is kindness: — therewith the multitude should be treated. In...
עמוד 421 - ... to receive on the left, let him not bestow on the right:— this is what is called " The principle, with which, as with a measuring square, to regulate one's conduct.

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