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This association, which is perhaps book shows that the number of the largest and most popular of its members was nearly 150. An addi. kind in Edinburgh, not having as yet tional impetus was given to its probeen noticed in this magazine, it gress by the admission of ladies into may not be out of place at present the institution, a number of whom to bring its nature and claims before at once took a warm interest in it, our readers. The society is con- and not only claimed but exercised nected with the Watt Institution and all the privileges of male members. School of Arts, which was founded The summer session has just been in the beginning of the century, and concluded, and the programme in which Sir Walter Scott, Horner, which is given herewith will show Jeffrey, Cockburn, and other learned that the subjects discussed are of and philanthropic men of that time, varied interest. took a practical interest, For up- It may be mentioned that the wards of forty years it has been the association is open only to those only institution where working men who are or have been students of could obtain, at a nominal rate, the some class in the Watt Institution. advantages of a scientific and tech- Young men of literary tastes in nical education.

Edinburgh could scarcely do better The thoroughness of the know- than join the English Literature ledge imparted in it has long ren- class, and thus make themselves dered it famous—many men who eligible as members of the associahave risen from the workshop to tion. Should any act upon this eminent positions having attributed hint, we are sure they will aftertheir success in life principally to wards confess themselves indebted the instruction received in it. Some- to the British Controversialist for what late in its history, classes of being the means of introducing it English literature, French, and to their notice. German were added to the syllabus Syllabus, Session 1870. of the institution. As a consequence

May 3rd, essay,

“Novels," (to of this a number of young men of which the first prize was awarded literary tastes were brought into in the English Literature class), Mr. contact, and in 1863 the question of James Dowie. 10th, debate,“ Ought forming a debating society was Britain to adopt the Non-Interven. mooted. On application to the tion Policy in its Foreign Relations ?" directors, the lecture hall of the in- affirmative, Mr. J. Mitchell: negastitution was at once freely granted tive, Mr. J. Burden. 17th, essay, as a place of meeting. An inaugural “Solitude and Society," Mr. S. address was then delivered by Mr. Kinnear. 24th, debate, “Should David Pryde, M.A., lecturer on Spinsters and Widows (otherwise English literature ; and the society qualified), possess the Political Fran. was successfully brought into opera- chise ?" affirmative, Mr. John tion. The rapidity of its growth Young: negative, Mr. P. Mathewwas astonishing, and showed that son. 31st, essay," Shelley : his

Chasuch a society had long been a racter and Works,” Mr. Wm. Turndesideratum with the students of the bull. June 7th, debate, “Is Beauty institution. Its second year has a Quality inherent in the Object ? just been completed, and the roll- affirmative, Mr. R. A. Marr: nega

tive, Mr. Robert Hume. 14th, essay, “Female Education," Miss Ella Burton. 21st, debate, “Is Anonymous Criticism advantageous to Literature ?" affirmative, Mr. Edward King: negative, Mr. Thos. Martin. 28th, essay, "Mary, Queen of Scots,” Mr. O. D. Butler. July 5th, debate, “Does the present Multiplicity of Periodicals tend to retard Intellectual Progress ? " affirmative, Mr. J. Allison : negative, Mr. D. L. Shepherd. 12th, essay, “Genius," Mr. Geo. Addison. 19th, debate, “Ought a National System of Compulsory Education to be purely Secular ?" affirmative, Mr. Alexander Frazer: negative, Mr. D. W. Walker. 26th, Annual Business Meeting. Recess till November,


Does the human soul, on quitting its present abode, become the tenant of another material vehicle ?

Is the possible annihilation of any spiritual being opposed both to Scripture and reason?

Does a national church necessarily imply persecution, either actively or passively?

Has the volunteer movement conferred any benefit on the country, or on those connected with it?

Is the National Debt as injurious to the country as it is generally supposed to be ?

Should laws be framed for the preservation of animals not naturally domestic, or restricted to locality ? Or, Game laws--are they just ?

Was thero ever a period, after the first blow was struck in the great civil war, when a reconciliation between Charles the First and his Puritan subjects was possible ?

Was Cromwell justified in the measures he adopted with the parliaments elected during his protectorate ?

Is the literary character of the articles written in modern magazines adequate to the advancement of the age generally?

Is the present organization of our police force excellent on the whole, or should it be reconstructed ?

Should the State repress immoral and infidel literature !

Is there marked advantage derivable from the study of the dead languages ?

Does the judicial system of this country require a thorough reform?

Should the English Church be disestablished and disendowed ?

Are the writings of Thomas Carlyle worthy of national admiration? Or, Is the tendency of the works of Thomas Carlyle beneficial ?

Which is the greater writer, Charles Kingsley or Lord Lytton ?

Would the present state of affairs in Greece taken in connection with the recent massacres justify the interference of the protecting powers ?

Should it be in the power of a M.P. to exclude strangers from the House of Commons ?

Was sin predestined ?

Which is the greater writer, George Eliot or Mrs.Beecher Stowe

Which is the greater writer, the author of “John Halifax, Gentleman," or Mr. Disraeli ?

Do the land laws of this country require alteration ?

Does the ecclesiastical system of this country require to be reformed?

Do our Newspapers form the new (true) Church of England ?

Is the Influence of the Pulpit on the Wane?

Has the Immorality of France been influencive in its failure in War?

Which is the greater loss, Sight or Hearing ?

Is the Influence of War more ennobling than debasing ?

Ought unwilling People to be annexed in conquest ?

Is a United Germany as essential to European progress as a United Italy ?

Is France favourably situated for forming a good Republican Government?

Is Commercial Neutrality possible ?

Ought every citizen to be a trained soldier ?

Is a National Militia sufficient for the proper defence of a Country?

Is Euclid's Elements suitable as a Text-book of Geometry ?

Does Bain or Ferrier supply the better Theory of Knowing and Being ?

Why have Scotchmen succeeded and Englishmen failed in Song. writing ?

Has the Telegraph superseded the Historian ?

The Inquirer.


914. The writer has not read the famous (or notorious ?) work called “Essays and Reviews,” but he finds it mentioned so often in newspapers and conversation that he would like to get some idea of the book, and also the reason why its authors appear to be all marked men.L. DE C.

915. Did G. H. Lewes complete and (or) publish separately his interesting papers on the “ Principles of Success in Literature.” If they are to be had separately from the Fortnightly Review, will any reader kindly say where?—L. DE C.

916. A leading article on Herbert Spencer has long been promised. The undersigned waits patiently for some estimate of this philosopher.L. DE C.

were continuation of that essay or “Byron," and of the contributions of E. W. S. Of this crisis it is not expedient to report, more non.S. N.

906. Issue a small circular calling a meeting, and get it brought under the notice of working men, shopmen, clerks, &c. At the meeting make a few remarks on Bible inquiry, its importance, necessity, and advantage, enrol members, and begin with any number attainable, however few. These when once engaged in the work will bring their com panions. Let the Bible be read systematically and studiously, “ with diligence, preparation, and prayer;" let the style be free and frank, and allow the utmost latitude of inquiry and remark within the limits of good taste and common politeness; encourage thoughtfulness and discourage talkativeness ; let informing watter lead the way to remarks tending to reformation ; keep close to the topics suggested by the portion read, and be as varied in the kind of matter and the range of illustration as possible ; be regular, and never be unprepared to fill up the time properly, and with God's blessing all will go well. --R. R. Bu

ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS. 861. I am in a position to state that in 1855 the proprietorship of the Brilish Controversialist changed hands for a time, as indeed did the editorship. In 1858 this temporary alteration ceased. During that space much was lost, and among the losses

911. This, though a new phrase, is expressive of an old principle, though it has recently been brought into marked prominence. It means simply this : that in every trade or pursuit each man or woman therein engaged should understand the most important facts, actual and histori. cal, connected therewith; not merely, like semi-automata, performing a daily routine of processes unintelligible to the mind. . And as in the bustle of life few can afford sufficient time to acquire this knowledge properly, the advocates of technical education would have it decided while a lad is at school what his occupation is to be; and then would make his education bear upon it. The inquirer is referred also to Scott Russell's work on technical education.-J.RS. C.

Technical education signifies a course of training intended to bring into combined operation the theoretical knowledge which the results of science yield with the manipulative skill which practical industry induces. It is not a scheme for promoting and extending the study of pure scieuce. It accepts of the investigations and researches of the highest thinkers, and assumes their results to be accurate; and these results, taken as the firstlings of a practical system, are brought together into a form in which they may be learned as rules and applied as tests. It is such an education as may give to the practical industrial arts the fullest benefit to be derived from the wide diffusion of a correct knowledge of the ascertained facts of the several sciences. In fact, it is knowledge suited to the workshop, the factory, the warehouse, the forge, the loom, and the laboratory; and might be fairly explained as such an education as may make a working man more useful in his daily labour by making known to him such facts, results, and pro

cesses of the exact sciences as have been agreed upon and determined as guiding information in the employment in which he is engaged. R. M. A.

Technical education means instruction in the practical application of the arts and sciences to the improvement of manufactures. Our workmen are only skilled by experience, and in most cases cannot work beyond it. By educating them in the principles of mechanics and the nature of materials; by teaching them drawing and designing, and encouraging them to cultivate their taste, it is expected that processes of manufacture and manufactured articles will be greatly improved, while at the same time the workman acquires new powers and pleasures, and becomes & more valuable member of society. “A Learner” may be interested in the issue of a complete course of technical education. On the 16th of the present month (November, 1870) Messrs. Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, commence the publication in 14d. weekly numbers and 7d. monthly parts of the “Popular Educator, Technical Series.” A prospectus of this interesting and most important work can be had free of charge at any bookseller's.L. DE C.

920. In the British Controversialist for 1861, Jan.--- June, two articles occur which contain abstracts of each of the papers in " Essays and Reviews,” biographical notices of their authors, and criticisms of the papers from “a logical, not a theological” point of view. They bear the signature S. N.-E. B. C.

921. They have not been republished. Their author intends to expand, revise, and complete them. -S. N.

923. The paper is in preparation, but the attainment of reliable facts regarding popular living authors requires time and research.-E. B.C.

Literary Notes.

MR. MURRAY now positively, we The essays will be adjudicated upon believe, announces the first volume by Dr. Edmunds, 4, Fitzroy Square, of a long-promised new edition of London, W. Pope's works, illustrated with por- Dr. Jeremie, Dean of Lincoln, traits, with numerous introductions has offered £1,000 for the establishand notes, by the Rev. Whitwell ment of two Greek Septuagint Elwin; also, several hundred un- prizes in the University of Campublished letters, the suppressed bridge, where he had held the Regius satire on the Duke of Marlborough, Professorship of Divinity. and many new lines and various A prize of 100 Friedrichs in gold readings from the original manu- has been gained by J. H. Ferguson, scripts of the principal poems. an Englishman at Aruba, in the

A new Illustrated Literary Re- Dutch West Indies, for the best view is announced ; thirty-two pages essay on “The method of succouring quarto; is to review literature, the the sufferers in a naval engagement.' arts, the drama, &c., and to be pro- The theme was proposed by the fusely illustrated.

Prussian Society for the tending of The Jews are reported to be de- the Wounded. sirous of producing an Anglo-Jewish Robert Moffat, who has acted as Translation of the Scriptures. missionary in South Africa for more

A second edition of the Marquis than half a century, has returned, of Lorne's “Trip to the Tropics and and intends to devote the evening of Home through America” has just his days to the printing of a Dicbeen issued, à propos of the pro. tionary of the language of Bechuana jected alliance of the princess and and the preparation of a new edition the marquis.

of the Bible in that tongue. The papers on Military Life in “Life Studies of Character," by Cornhill and St. Paul's are said to John Kelso Hunter, a self-taught be the work of A. Forbes, editor of painter and poet, though a working the London Scotsman.

shoemaker and an able humorist, Miss Fox is engaged on a History will be published about Christmasof Holland House and its Pro. time, and contain a considerable prietors, Guests, and Associations. amount of unpublished information It will contain specimens of many regarding those who were satirized literary curiosities.

by Burns. James Key has won the Early George Moir, LL.D., . formerly English Text Society's prize, given professor of Rhetoric in Edinburgh yearly to the University of St. University, translator of “Wallen. Andrew's, Fife, for the best exa- stein," author of “Poetry and mination in English up to Chaucer's Modern Romance,” &c., died 20th death.

October. THE SYSTEM OF FAGGING. A new vol. of De Quincey's A £50 prize is offered by a lady for “Works,” to contain “Sequel to the the best essay upon The System of Confessions of an English Opium. Fagging, as practised at schools. eater," is in the press.

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