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Christ's discourse with

CHAP. IV.

the woman of Samaria.

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4.M1,4051. Messias cometh, which is called Christ : ( went her way into the city, and saith A. N. 1031. An. Olymp. when he is `come, “hc will tell us all to the men, things.

29 Come, see a man, which told me 26 Jesus, saith unto her, “I that speak unto all things that ever I did : is not this the Christ? thee am he.

30 Then they went out of the city, and came 27 [ And upon this came his disciples, and unto him. marvelled that he talked with the woman : yet 31 [ In the mean while his disciples prayed no man said, What seekest thou? or, Why him, saying, Master, eat. talkest thou with her ?

32 But he said unto them, I have meat to cat 28 The woman then left her waterpot, and that ye know not of.

• Ver. 29, 39.-bch. 9. 37. Matt. 26. 63, 64. Mark 14. 61, 62.

c Ver. 25.

Verse 25. I know that Messias cometh] Instead of ooda, 1 | world knows nothing. They might wonder how a Samaritan know, several excellent MSS. and Versions read oodauer, we in whom they could expect no spirituality, could listen to the know ; as if she had said, that all the Samaritans expected conversation of their Master, who never spake but about the advent of the Messiah. Though they did not receive the heavenly things. prophetic writings, yet the tradition of the advent of the Yet no man said, &c.] They were awed by his majesty, Messiah, which was common among the Jews, and founded ! and knew that he must have sufficient reasons to induce biin on promises contained even in the books of Moses, was gene- to act a part to which he was not at all accustomed. A great rally received among the Samarituns also.

man has said, “ Converse sparingly, if at all, with women ; Which is called Christ] This appears to be the Evangelist's and never alone.” Every minister of the gospel will do well explanation of the Ilebrew word, according to his custom ; to attend to this advice. chap. i. 38, 41, 42. ix. 7, &c. for we cannot suppose that the Verse 28. Left her waterpoi] She was so penetrated with woman understood Greek, so as to translate the llebrew word the great truths which Jesus had announced, that she forgot to our Lord; or that she should suppose, that a person who her errand to the well; and returned 10 the city, without the was a Jew, ver. 9. and a prophet, ver. 19. could stand in need water for which she came out ! of this interpretation.

Verse 29. All things that ever I did] The Jews believed He will tell us all things.] Relative to the nature of God, that one essential characteristic of the Messiah would be, that the nature of his torship, and the proper place to adore him he should be able to tell the secrets of all hearts. This they in. In a word, he will settle the great national question be believed, was predicted Isa. xi. 2, 3. tween Gerizim and Ebal; and we shall then know certainly, When the famous impostor Barchochab, who rose up under where we ought to worship.

the empire of Adrian, about a hundred years after the incare Verse 26. Jesus saith unto her, I-am he.] Our Lord never nation, professed himself to be the Messiah ; after having spoke in such direct terms concerning himself to his own been deceived by him for two years, they at last thought of countryinen ; nor even to his own disciples, till a little before putting his divinity to proof on this ground: they bronght his death. The reason given by Bishop Pearce is the follow- before him persons whom he did not know, some of whom ing: The wornan being alone when Jesus said it, and being a were very vicious, and others of a different character; they Samaritan, he had no reason to apprehend, that the Samari- desired him to point out who were the righteous, and who tans, if they knew his claim, would disturb his ministry be- were the wicked ? which, when he could not do, they rose fore the time of his suffering came; which seems to have up and put him to death. La Bible de Martin. been the reason, why he concealed it so long from his own Verse 30. They went out of the city] Such effect had the countrymen.

simple testimony of the woman on their minds. Verse 27. Came his disciples) From the town, whither they And came unto him.] Or, Were coming to him; for they did went to buy food, ver. 8.

not reach bim immediately; all that discourse between him Marvelled that he talked with the woman] Because it was and his disciples, mentioned ver. 31. to 39. inclusive,-baving contrary to the custom of the Eastern countries; and there are taken place before the peeple of Sychar got to the well. See many canons, among the Rabbins, against it. To the pre. ver. 40. sent time, if a man meet even his own wife in the street, he Verse 31. Master, eat.] They knew that he was greatly does not speak to her; and this is done to keep up the ap- spent both with hunger and fatigue. pearance of a chastity and temperance, of which the Eastern Verse 32. I have aneut to' eat that ye know not of.] Our

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Christ's discourse with his

St. JOHN.

disciples on the same sulyject. 33 Therefore said the disciples one 35 Say not ye, There are yet four A.M. 4051. An. Olymp. to another, Hath any man brought months, and then cometh harvest ? be- an. Olymup.

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hold, I say unto you, Lift up your 34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do eyes, and look on the fields ; b for they are the will of him that sent me, and to finish his white already to harvest. work.

36 “And he that reapeth receiveth wages, and

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a Job 23. 12. ch. 6. 38. & 17. 4. & 19. 30.

Matt. 9. 37. Luke 10. 2.Dan. 12. S.

1.

blessel Lord seizes every opportunity to raise the minds of of this epoch is of considerable importance. See Calmet's his apostles to heavenly things, through the medium of earthly | Com. on this place. matters. Nor does he force these things into such service. The following method of dividing the seasons among the Properly understood, earthly substances are the types, repre- | Jews, is thus stated in Bata Metsin, fol. 106. “ Half Tisri, sentatives, and shadows of heavenly things.

all Marheshran, and half Cisleu, is vri zerá, seeD-TIME. Half Verse 33. Hath any man brought him ought to eat ?] Has Cisleu, whole Tebeth, and half Shebat, is 9717 choreph, winhe got food in any preternatural way? They could not help | TER. Half Shebat, whole Adar, and half Nisan, is up kor, reinembering the uniraculous interventions of divine provi- | the WINTER SOLSTICE. Half Nisan, all ljur, and half Sitan, dence in feeding Elijah by the rarens, at the brook Cherith, is np katsir, Harvest. Half Sivan, all Tammuz, and half 1 Kings xvii. 4-6. and by the ministry of an angel, chap. | Ab, is pp kyits, SUMMER. Half Ab, all Elul, and half Tisri, xix. 5-8. and our Lord's preternatural repast in the wilder- | is Sin chum, the great meat." The Jews sowed wheat and ness, after his victory over Satan, Matt. iv. 11.

spelt in Tisri and Marheshtan; and barley in Shebat and Verse 34. Ny meu is to do the will of him that sent me] Adur. Now let us reckon tergaperrov, the four months, backIn these words, our blessed Lord teaches a lesson of zeal and wards, from the beginning of the barley harvest, or the middle earnestness to his apostles, and to all their successors in the of the month Nisan, and we shall go back to the middle of Christian ministry. Let the salvation of souls lie nearer your the month Cisleu, which will fall in with the beginning of our heart, than life itself. Let eating and drinking, labour and December, whence it will be easy to conjecture, what feast Test, reading, thinking, study, prayer, and all things, be di- that was, mentioned chap. v. I. viz. the pass-over. See rected to the accomplishment of this great work. Ministers Lightfoot; and see the note on chap. v. of Jesus ! imitate your Lord! Souls are perishing for lack After all that learned men have said on this passage, it does of knowledge-God has given you the key of the kingdom, not appear that our Lord meant any thing by it, more than the knowledge of his word- open unto them the gate of an illustration of his present subject. Though there were orlife! They are dropping by thousands into hell! O pluck dinarily four months from seed time to harvest, and that a the brands out of the burning!

man, after he had sowed his seed, must wait patiently till the Verse 35. There are yet four months, and then cometh har- regular and natural harvest came; yet it was not the case vest ?] In Palestine, the harvest did not begin till after the now :-the seed of life which he had sown but a few hours pass-over, which was fixed on the 11th of the month Nisan, ago, had already brought forth much fruit; therefore he says, wbich answers to our March, and sometimes extends into Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields, over which it is likely April. The barley harvest was the first; after that the wheat ; the Samaritans were then coming in troops, guided by the and both were finished by Pentecost. For, in the feast of: woman who had already received the light of the gospel of Pentecost, the first fruits of all the harvest were carried to the peace. temple, and waved before the Lord. See Lev. xxiii. 11. The The fields--are white already to harrest.) Multitudes of Safour months, of which our Lord speaks here, must be com- maritans are coming to believe on me, and to be saved unto puted, according to M. Toynard, from Sebat, which was the eternal life. Probably they had a kind of white raiment. eleventh month of the sacred year, and which commenced Verse 36. And he that reapeth receiveth wages] Or, And that year on the 13th of January: from that, till the begin- already the reaper receiveth wuges. By making the word nên, ning of the wheat harvest, which began about a month after already, the beginning of this verse, on the authority of some llie pass-over, there were exactly four months. The pass-excellent MSS. and Versions, a more consistent sense is obover was that year on the 15th of Nisan, or March 28; and tained, than from the common arrangement, where non terPentecost took place on the 17th of May. We may there- miuates the preceding verse. fore suppose, that it was about the 13th of January, or be- Already the heavenly sower, Jesus Christ, becomes the ginning of the month Sebat, that John the Baptist was cast reaper of the produce of the seed which he had so lately into prison, and that Christ retired into Galilee. The fixing sown; and receives the wages which he desired, the bigb gra.

Many of the Samaritans believe in

CHAP. IV.

Christ, on the woman's testimony.

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A. MI, 4051. gathereth fruit unto life eternal : *that|ye are entered into their labours. A.M. 49. An. Olyınp. both he that soweth, and he that reap- 39 | And many of the Samaritans An. Olymp. eth, may rejoice together.

of that city believed on him for the 37 And herein is that saying true, One sow-saying of the woman, which testified, He told eth, and another reapeth.

me all that ever I did. 38 I sent you to reap that whereon ye be- 40 So when the Samaritans were come unto stowed no labour : other men laboured, and him, they besought him that he would tarry

* Ch. 15. 16. Amos 9. 13. Heb. 9. 40.

Ver, 99.

tification of saving immortal souls; and gathers in his fruit So you, ye bees, who ev'ry flow'r explore,
unto eternal life. So the sower and the reaper, who are here Not for yourselves amass the honied store.
one and the same person, rejoiced together, having seen the So you, ye patient kine, inur'd to toil,
seed time and the harvest take place on the same day. The Not for yourselves subdue the stubboru soil !
sower had not time to leave the field which he had sown, till

T. Green. it was full time to gather in the harvest !

Bishop Pearce gives this text a remarkable turn.

The Verse 37. Herein is that saying true; One soweth, and another verse he translates thus : I sent you away, that ye might reap reapeth.] Or, One is the sower, and another is the reaper. In that whereon ye bestowed no labour ; i. e. I did not send you what respects you of this business, this proverb is true—One to the city, (ver. 8.) for this purpose only, that ye might is the sower, &c. for I have sent you to reap, to preach my | buy meat: but I sent you away chiefly with this intent, that gospel, and gain converts, where ye have not laboured—have there might be a harvest for you to reap, upon your return; not sown the first seeds of eternal life. Others have laboured though you sowed no seed, and bestowed no labour for that -the patriarchs and prophets, and ye are entered into the purpose. While you were gone, I sowed spiritual seed in fruits of their labours. They announced the Messiah who the heart of a Samaritan woman; and sie is gone, and is was to come, and the expectation of the people was excited, about to relurn with many of her city, whom she has brought and they longed for his appearance : but they were gathered to believe. (ver. 59–42.) These, and the many more which to their fathers before they could see the fruit of their labour. I will believe upon hearing my doctrine, (ver. 41.) will all be You are come to tell the people, that the kingdom of God is a harvest arising out of the seed, which I sowed in your abamong them, and that God has visited his people.

sence, and on which therefore ye bestowed no labour. Ile The proverb which our Lord mentions above, was taken farther adds, that the Greek Jepištv, stands for tou Deposer, and from what ordinarily happens in the course of the divine pro- such expressions are often used to signify, not the end and vidence, where one takes a great deal of pains to procure design, but the event only. Pearce's Comment.. that, of which another reaps the benefit. See instances of Verse 39. Many of the Samarkans--believed on him for the this proverb, Lev. xxvi. 16. Ye shall sow your sced in vain, saying of the woman] This woman was the first apostle of for your enemies shall eat it. Micah vi. 15. Thou shalt sow, Christ in Samaria! She went and told her fellow citizens, but thou shalt not reap ; thou shalt tread the olives, but not an- that the Messiah was come ; and gave for proof, that he had oint thee with the oil. See also Hos. vii. 9. The Greeks liad told her the most secret things she had cier done : see on the same proverb: Αλλοι μεν σπερουσι, αλλοι δ'αν αμησονται. ver. 29. This word, which is twice repeated, in ver. 29. and So had the Latins: Aliis, leporem ercitasti. You hure beat here, strongly intimates, that a more particular conversation the bush, and another has found the hare. See the famous | had taken place between our Lord and the Samaritan woman, verse of Virgil beginning with, Sic vos non vobis, in which than what is here related. the fowls, the sheep, the bees, and the oxen, are elegantly Verse 40. He abode there two days.] We are not told that brought in as illustrations of the propriety of the proverb. he wronght any miracles among them; this does not appear Sic vos non vobis nidificatis aves.

to have been necessary : they were a simple-hearted teachSic vos non vobis vellera fertis ores,

able people, anů they credited hiin on the evidence of his Sic vos non vobis mellificutis apes.

own eternal truth. Why are not miracles wrought now?

Miracles were only for the establishment of the doctrines of Sic ros non vobis fertis aratru botes.

Christianity, where they were first preached: we profess to So you, ye birds, of wondrous skill possest,

believe these doctrines; therefore, to us, miracles would be Not for yourselves construct the curious nest.

useless. Where the doctrine is credited, no miracle is neces. So you, ye sheep, who roam the verdant field, sary: the Samaritans believed, and no miracle was wrouglīt Not for yourselves your snowy fleeces yield.

among them; for the simple reason, it was not necessary.

A nobleman intreats

ST. JOHN.

Christ to cure his son,

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A. M.1031. with them : and he abode there two things that he did at Jerusalem at the A. M. 461. An. Olymp. days.

feast : " for they also went unto the An. Olympu 41 And many more believed because feast. of his own word ;

46 So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, 42 And said unto the woman, Now we be- where he made the water wine. And there lieve, not because of thy saying : for å we have was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick heard him ourselves, and know that this is in- | at Capernaum.

. deed the Christ, the Saviour of the world. 47 When he heard that Jesus was come out

43 | Now after two days he departed thence, of Judea into Galilee, he went down unto him, and went into Galilee.

and besought him that he would come down, 44 For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet | and heal his son: for he was at the point of hath no honour in his own country.

death. 45 Then when he was come into Galilee, the 48 Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see Galileans received him, “having seen all the signs and wonders, ye will not believe.

a Ch. 17. 8. 1 Jolin 1. 14. Matt. 13. 57. Mark 6. 4. Luke 4. 24.

ech. 2. 23. & 3. 2.

d Deut. 16. 16. ch. 2. 1, 11.- Or, courtier, or, ruler. -* 1 Cor.

1. 22.

Verse 42. IVe have heard him ourselves) On seeing and lace. Others think it was Chuza, mentioned Luke viii. 3. and hearing our Lord, the faith of those who had already believed others think it was Manaen, spoken of Acts xiii. 1. One of on the woman's testimony, was abundantly confirmed : and these opinions may be true, but all solid proof is wanting. besides those, many others believed who had not heard the This officer, whoever he was, appears to have had his ordinary woman speak.

abode at Capernaum, and hearing that Christ was at Cana, This is indeed the Christ] The promised Messiah.

he came express from Capernaum thither, to entreat him to The Saviour of the world.] Not of the Jews only, but of heal his child. the Samaritans, and of the whole Gentile world.

Verse 48. Except ye see signs and wonders, &c.] Our Lord Verse 4.). Went into Galilee.] Bishop Pearce thinks that does not tell this man that he had no faith, but that he had some words have been lost from the end of this verse, which not enough. If he had had none, he would not have come may be supplied thus : Went into Galilee, but not to Naza- from Capernaum to Cana, to beg him to heal his son. If he reth ; sor Jesus himself had declared, &c. In Matt. xiii. 57. had had enough, he would have been contented with recomMark vi. 4. and Luke iv. 24. which are the only texts where mending his son to our Lord, without entreating him to go Jesus is said to have declared this, he always spake of Naza- | to Capernaum to heal himn; which intimates that he did not reth only, and not of Galilee in general, a country where he believe our Lord could do it at a distance. But the words are lived for the most part, and wrought the greatest number of not addressed to the nobleman alone, but to all the Galilean his miracles, and made the most converts.

Jews in general; for our Lord uses the plural number, which Verse 44. Jesus himself testified] He bore testimony to the he never does when addressing an individual. These people general truth of the following proverb. See on Matt, xiii. differed widely from the people of Sychar : they had neither

a love of the truth, nor simplicity of heart; and would not Verse 45. The Galileuns received him] They received him believe any thing from heaven, unless forced on their minds as the promised Messiah, because of the miracles which they by the most striking miracles. They were favoured with the had seen him perform at Jerusalem, at the pass-over. See ministry of John Baptist; but as that was not accompanied chap. ii. 23.

with miracles, it was not generally credited. They require Verse 46. Where he made the water wine.]. See the notes on the miracles of Christ, in order that they may credit the adchap. ii. 1, &c. Cana was on the road from Nazareth to Ca- vent of the Messiah. There are many like these Galileans pernaum, and the sea of Tiberias,

still in the world : they deny that God can have any influence A certain nobleman] Au officer of the king's court: for among men; and as to the operations of the Holy Spirit, they, this is the meaning of the original word Basinokos, which the in the genuine Galilean spirit, boldly assert, that they will Vulgate translates regulus, a little king. This officer belonged not credit any man who professes to be made a partaker of to lerod Antipas, who was then tetrarch of Galilee. Jerom them, unless he work a miracle in proof of his pretensions! calls him Palatinus, anal says he was officer of the king's pan! These persons should know, that the grace of working mira. He cures him, and the nobleman

CHAP. IV.

and his family beliere.

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49 The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, he began to amend. And they said A.M. 4051. An. ()ignp. come down ere my child die.

unto him, Yesterday at the seventlr An. Olymp. 50 Jesus saith unto him, “Go thy hour the fever left him. way; thy son liveth. And the man believed 53 So the father knew that it was at the same the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and hour in which Jesus said unto him, Thy son he went his way.

liveth : band himself believed, and his whole 51 And as he was now going down, his ser-|| house. vants met him, and told him, saying, Thy son 54 This is again the second miracle that Jeliveth.

sus did, when he was come out of Judea into 52 Then enquired he of them the hour when Galilee.

* Psal. 71. 20. Luke 7. 50.

► Acts 18. 8. & 16. 15, 3k.

cles, was very different from that by which a man is saved ; one o'clock. Dr. Macknight thinks the Roman hour is in. and that the former might exist even in the most astonishing | tended ; i.e. seven o'clock in the evening: and this he thinks measure, where the latter did not. See 1 Cor. xiii. 2. is the reason why our Lord did not accompany the nobleinan:

Verse 49. Sir, come down, &c.] He did not think our Lord for as Cana was a day's journey from Capernaum, had our could cure him without being present : and seems here to feel | Lord gone at that hour, he must have travelled in the night, himself hurt, because our Lord did not come at his first en- froin which it might have been inferred, that he could not treaty. It is difficult for a proud man, or a man in office, to cure the child without being personally present. Harmony, bumble himself, or to treat even God Almighty with proper | vol. i. p.

52. respect. The spirit of this man seems not much unlike to Verse 53. So the futher knew] He had the fullest proof that of Naaman the Syrian, 2 Kings v. 11.

that his son's cure was supernatural, and that it was wrought Verse 50. Go thy way; thy son liveth.) Had our Lord gone by the Lord Jesus. with him as he wished, his unbelief could not have been fully Himself believed, and his whole house. ] He and his whole removed; as he would have still thought, that our Lord's family became true converts to the doctrine of the manifested: power could not reach from Cana to Capernaum : in order Messiah. The whole family impressed with the great kindto destroy his unbelief at once, and bring him into the fulness | ness of God in sending health to the child, were the more of the faith of his supreme power, he cures him, being ap- easily led to believe in the Lord Jesus. 'Tlie sickness of the parently absent, by that energy, through which he fills both child became the mean of salvation to all the household. the heavens and the earth. Here it may be observed, our They, no doubt, thought at first, that God was dealing hardly blessed Lord did what this man requested him to do, but not with them, when threatening to remove the child; but now in the way in which he wished it to be done. God will save they see that in very faithfulness God had afflicted them. all to the uttermost who call upon him, but not in the way | Let us learn never to murmur against God, or think that he in which they may desire. Eternal life is the free gift of does not act kindly towards us. Ilis wisdom cannot permit God, and he has a right to give it as he pleases; and he al- him to, err; his goodness will not suffer him to do any thing ways gives his gifts in that way, in which his glory is best to his creatures, but what may be subservient to their best promoted, and our eternal interest secured.

interests. By providential occurrences, apparently the most The man believed the word] And yet it appears that he | adverse, he may be securing our eternal salvation. had suspended his faith upon a certain condition: “ If I find There is an account in Beracoth, fol. 31. very similar to this on my return that my son is healed, I will believe that Jesus of the Evangelist; and very possibly stolen from this holy is the Messiah.”

" When the son of Rab. Gamaliel fell sick, he sent Verse 52. Then enquired he of them the hour] The servants two of his disciples to R. Chanina, that he would pray to overjoyed to find their master's son so suddenly restored, set God for him. When he had seen them, he went on the roof off to meet him, that they might impart to him tidings which of his house and prayed for him. Ile then came down and they knew would be so very agreeable : and he, intent on said to them, Ilis fever las departed from him. They said having his faith settleil, began immediately to enquire what unto him, Art thou a prophet ? lle answered, I am neither time it was when the fever left him, to see whether his cure a prophet, nor the son of a prophet; but when I can recite was the effect of some natural cause, or whether it was done my prayers readily, I know I shall be heard. They then by the power of Christ.

wrote down the hour, and when they returned to R. GamaYesterday at the serenth hour] At the time we would call liel, he said to them; Yo have fulfilled your ministry--in

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