« הקודםהמשך »
Angels announce the
resurrection to the women.
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2 · And they found the stone rolled | crucified, and the third day rise again. 4. M.4083. An. Olymp. away from the sepulchre.
8 And 'they remembered his words. An. Olymp. 3 And they, entered in, and found 9 % And returned from the sepulchre, not the body of the Lord Jesus.
and told all these things unto the eleven, and to 4 And it came to pass, as they were much all the rest. perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood 10 It was Mary Magdalene, and " Joanna, and by them in shining garments :
Mary the mother of James, and other women that 5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down | were with them, which told these things unto their faces to the earth, they said unto them, the apostles. Why seek ye a the living among the dead? 11 | And their words seemed to them as idle
6 He is not here, but is risen: € remember tales, and they believed them not. how he spake unto you when he was yet in Ga- 12 [ * Then arose Peter, and ran unto the-selilee,
pulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen 7 Saying, The Son of man must be deli- || clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondervered into the hands of sinful men, and being in himself at that which was come to pass.
* Matt. 28. 2. Mark 16. 4- ver. 23. Mark 16. 5-_ John | Mark 8. 31. & 9. 31. ch. 9. 22.-_f John 2. 29.-Matt. 28. 8. Mark 20. 12. Acts 1. 10. - Or, him that liveth ? Matt. 16. 21. & 17. 23. 16. 10. ch. 8. 3.-Mark 16. 11. ver. 25.- k John 20. 3, 6.
spices now brought by the women, were intended to complete death. It is, I think, evident enough from these and other the preceding operation.
words of Luke, that the doctrine of the materiality of the And certnin others with them.] This clause is wanting in soul, made no part of his creed. BCL. two others; Coptic, Æthiopic, Vulgate, and in all the Verse 5. Why seek ye the living among the dead?] This was Itala except two. Dionysius Alexandrinus, and Euscbius also I a common form of speech among the Jews, and seems to be omit it. The omission is approved by Mill, Bengel, Wetstein, applied to those who were foolishly, impertinently, or abGriesbach, and others. Bishop Pearce thinks it should be left surdly employed. As places of burial were unclean, it was out for the following reasons : 1.“ They who came to the se- | not reasonable to suppose that the living should frequent them; pulchre, as is here said, being the same with those who, in or that if any was missing he was likely to be found in such chap. xxiii. 55. are called the women which came with him froin places. Galilee, there was no room for Luke (I think) to add as here, Verse 7. Sinful men] Or heathens, av@gwaw) a pagtw.wy, i. e. and some others came with them; because the words in chap. the Romans, by whom only, he could be put to death ; for the xxiii. 55. to which these refer, include all that can be supposed Jews themselves acknowledged that this power was now vested to be designed by the words in question. 2. Luke bas named in the hands of the Roman, governor alone. See John xix. no particular woman here, and therefore he could not add and 15. some others, &c. these words necessarily requiring that the Verse 8. They remembered his words.] Even the simple renames of the women should have preceded, as is the case in collection of the words of Christ becomes often a source of ver, 10. where, when Mary Magdalene, the other Mary, and comfort and support to those who are distressed or tempted : Joanna had been named, it is very rightly added, and other for his words are the words of eternal life. women that were with them."
Verse 10. And Joanna] She was the wife of Chuza, He. Verse 2. They found the stone rolled aray) An angel from rod's steward. See chap. viii. 3. God had done this before they reached the tomb, Matt. xxviii. Verse 12. Then arose Peter] John went with him, and got 2. On this case we cannot belp remarking, that when persons to the tomb before him. See John xx. 2, 3. have strong confidence in God, obstacles do not hinder them The linen clothes laid by themselves] Or, the linen clothes from undertaking whatever they have reason to believe he re-, only. This was the fine linen which Joseph of Arimathea quires ; and the removal of them they leave to him: and what bought, and wrapped the body in: Mark xv. 46. Small as is the consequence? They go on their way comfortably, and this circumstance may at first view appear, it is, nevertheless, all difficulties vanish before them.
no mean proof of the resurrection of our Lord. Had the body Verse 3. And found not the body of the Lord] His holy soul been stolen away, all that was wrapped about it would have was in Paradise; chap. xxii. 43. and the Evangelist mentions been taken away with it; as the delay which must have been the body particularly, to show, that this only was subject to occasioned by strij.ping it, might have led to the detection of Christ appears to two of the
disciples on their way to Emmaus.
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13 T • And, behold, two of them to another, as ye walk, and are sad ? A. M. 4088. An. Olymp. went that same day to a village called 18 And the one of them, whose An. Olymp.
Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem name was Cleopas, answering said unto about threescore furlongs.
him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, 14 And they talked together of all these s' and hast not known the things which are come things which had happened.
to pass there in these days? 15 And it came to pass, that, while they com- 19 And he said unto them, What things ? muned together and reasoned, Jesus himself And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of drew near and went with them.
Nazareth, “ which was a prophet 'mighty in 16 But their eyes were holden that they deed and word before God and all the people : should not know him.
20 % And how the chief priests and our rulers 17 And he said unto them, What manner of delivered him to be condemned to death, and communications are these that ye have one have crucified him.
* Mark 16. 12. - Matt. 18. 20. ver. 56.- - John 20. 14. & 21. 4.
a John 19. 25.
e Natt. 21. 11. ch. 7. 16. John 3. 2. & 4. 19. & 6. 14. Acts 2. 92
fActs 7. 42.8 ch. 23. 1. Acts 13. 27, 28.
the theft ; nor would the disciples have run such a risk if they their journeyings; and now they had especial reason to dishad stolen him, when stripping the body could have answered course together, both of the law and the prophets, from the no end. This circumstance is related still more particularly transactions which had recently taken place. by John, chap. xx. 5, 6, 7. Peter seeth the linen clothes lie, Verse 16. Their eyes were holden] It does not appear that and the napkin that was about his head not lying with the linen there was any thing supernatural here, for the reason why clothes, but WRAPPED together in a place by itself. All these these persons (who were not apostles, see ver. 33.) did not recircumstances prove that the thing was done leisurely; order collect our Lord, is given by Mark, chap. xvi. 12. who says and regularity being observed through the whole. Hurry and that Christ appeared to them in another form. confusion necessarily mark every act of robbery.
Verse 18. Cleopas] The same as Alpheus, father of the Verse 13. Behold, two of them] This long and interesting Apostle James, Mark iii. 18. and husband of the sister of the account is not mentioned by Matthew nor John; and is only virgin. John xix. 25. glanced at by Mark, chap. xvi. 12, 13. One of these disci- Art thou only a strunger] As if he had said, what has been ples was Cleopas, ver. 18. and the other is supposed by many done in Jerusalem within these few days, has been so public, learned men, both ancient and modern, to have been Luke | so awful, and so universally known, that if thou hadst been himself. See the sketch of his life prefixed to these notes. but a lodger in the city for a single night, I cannot conceive Some of the ancient versions have called the other disciple how thou couldst miss hearing of these things: indeed Ammaus and Ammaon, reading the verse thus : Behold two thou appearest to be the only person unacquainted with of them, Ammaus and Cleopas were going in that very day to a them. village about sixty furlongs distant from Jerusalem. But the Verse 19. Which was a prophet) Ayng apopaths, a man proPersian says positively that it was Luke who accompanied Cle- phet, a genuine prophet; but this has been considered as a opas. See the inscription to section 140 of this gospel in the hebraism; “ for, in Exod. ii. 14. a man prince is simply a Polyglott. Dr. Lightfoot thinks it was Peter, and proves that prince ; and in 1 Sam. xxxi. 3. Men archers mean no more Cleopas and Alpheus were one and the same person.
than archers.” But my own opinion is, that this word is often Threescore furlongs.] Some MSS. say 160 furlongs, but used to deepen the signification ; so in the above quotations, this is a mistake; for Josephus assigns the same distance to Who made thee a man prince, (i. e. a mighty sovereign) and a this village from Jerusalem as the Evangelist does. War, b. vii. || judge over us? Exod. ii. 14. And, the battle went sore against c. 6. s. 6. App.cous anex® twy legpood upwy otadious ežnxorta, Am- | Saul, und the men archers (i. e. the stout, or well aiming archers) maus is sixty stadia distant from Jerusalem, about seten En- hit him. 1 Sam. xxxi. 3. So in PALÆPHATUS, de Incredib. glish miles and three quarters. A stadium was about 243 c. 38. p. 47. quoted by Kypke, ην ανης βασιλευς μεγας, he was a yards according to Arbuthnot.
great and eminent king. So amg teponons here signifies, he was Verse 15. And reasoned] Eunity, concerning the probabi- || a GENUINE prophet, nothing like those false ones hy whom the lity or improbability of Christ being the Messiah, or of his re-l people have been so often deceived; and he has proved the surrection from the dead. It was a laudable custom of the divinity of his mission by his heavenly teaching, and astonishJews, and very common also, to converse about the law in all ll ing miracles.
Christ shews the necessity of
his death and resurrecliona
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21 But we trusted that it had been 25 Then he said unto them, O fools A. 11. 4033, An. Olymp. he which should have redeemed Israel: || and slow of heart to believe all that An. Olymp. CCII. 1.
CCII. 1. and beside all this, to day is the third the prophets have spoken ! day since these things were done.
26 “Ought not Christ to have suffered these 22 Yea, and certain women also of our com-things, and to enter into his glory? pany made us astonished, which were early at 27 ' And beginning at 'Moses and all the the sepulchre;
prophets, he expounded unto them in all the 23 And when they found not his body, they scriptures, the things concerning himself. came, saying, that they had also seen a vision 28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whiof angels, which said that he was alive. ther they went: and "he made as though he
24 And certain of them which were with us would have gone further. went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as 29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide the women had said: but him they saw not. with us: for it is toward evening, and the day
* Ch. 1.63. & 2 38. Acts 1. 6.- Matt. 28. 8. Mark 16. 10. rer. 9, 10. John 20. 18.---- ver. 12.over. 46. Acts 17.3. 1 Pet. 1. 11. rer. 43. Gen. S. 15. & 92. 18. & 26. 4. & 49. 10. Numb. 21. 9. Deut. 18. 15.---Ps. 16.9, 10. & 22. & 152. 11. Isai. 7. 14. & 9. 6. & 40. 10, 11. & 50. 6. & 53.
Jer. 23. 5. & 33. 14, 15. Ezek. Si. 23. & 37.25 Dan. 9. 24. Mic. 7. 20. Mal. 3. 1. & 4. 2. See on Job 1.43. See Ged. S2. 26. & 49.7, Mark 6. 48. Gen. 19. 3. Acts 16. 13.
Mighty in—word] Irresistibly eloquent. Powerful in deed, claim them in the world, and thirdly, to die on the evidence working incontrovertible miracles. See Kypke in loco. of those trutlıs, the blessed influence of which they felt in
Verse 21—24. Cleopas paints the real state of his own their own hearts, and fully exemplified in their lives. mind in these verses. In his relation there is scarcely Verse 26. Ought not Christ to have suffered] Ouxo eden naev any thing well connected; important points are referred TO, Xprotov, was it not necessary that Christ should suffer. This to, and not explained, though he considered the person was the way in which sin must be expiated, and without this, to whom he spoke as entirely unacquainted with these transac- no soul could have been saved. The suffering Messiah is lie tions : his own hopes and fears he cannot help mixing with the alone by whom Israel and the world can be saved. narration, and throwing over the whole that confusion that Verse 27. Beginning at Moses, &c.] What a sermon this dwelt in his own heart. The narration is not at all in Luke's must have been, where all the prophecies relative to the ina style, but as it is probable he was the other disciple who was carnation, birth, tenching, miracles, sufferings, death, and represent, and had heard the words of Cleopas, he gave them surrection of the blessed Jesus were all adduced, illustrated, in that simple, natural, artless manner in which they were and applied to himself, by an appeal to the well known facts spoken. Had the account been forged, those simple, natural which had taken place during his life! We are almost irretouches would not have appeared.
sistibly impelled to exclaim, What a pity this discourse had To day is the third day] Our Lord had often said that he not been preserved! No wonder their hearts burned within would rise again the third day; and though Alpheus had them, while hearing such a sermon, from such a preacher. little hope of this resurrection, yet he could not help recol- The law and the prophets had all borne testimony, either di. lecting the words he had heard, especially as they seemed to rectly or indirectly, to Christ; and we may naturally suppose be confirmed by the relation of the women, ver. 22—24. that these prophecies and references were those which our
Verse 25. O fools and slow of heart to believe] Inconsider- | Lord at this time explained and applied to himself. See ver. 32. ate men, justly termed such, because they had not properly at- Verse 28. He made as though he would huve gone further.) tended to the description given of the Messialı, by the prophets, That is, he was going on, as though he intended to go further ; nor to his teaching and miracles, as proofs that he alone was and so he doubtless would, had they not earnestly pressed the person they described.
him to lodge with them. His preaching had inade a deep Slow of heart— Backward, not easy to be persuaded of the impression upon their hearts, Ver. 32. and now they feel it truth, always giving way to doubtfulness and distrust. This their greatest privilege to entertain the preacher. very imperfection in them, is a strong evidence of the truth This is a constant effect of the doctrine of Christ: whereof the doctrine which they afterwards believed, and pro- ever it is fels, the Author of it, the ever-blessed Jesus, is earnclaimed to the wo:ld. Had they not had the fullest assurance estly entreated to dwell in the heart; and he who preaches it, of these things, they never would have credited them : and it is amply provided with the necessaries of life by those who is no sinall honour to the new covenant scriptures, that such have received his testimony. persons were chosen, first, to believe them, secondly, to pro- Verse 29. For it is toward crening] And consequently both
Christ appears to
the disciples at Jerusalem,
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A.M. 4053 is far spent. And he went in to tarry || turned to Jerusalem, and found the
eleven gathered together, and them Au. Olymp. 30 And it came to pass, as he sat at that were with them, meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, 34 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and and brake, and gave to them.
hath appeared to Simon. 31 And their eyes were opened, and they 35 And they told what things were done in the knew him; and he vanished out of their way, and how he was known of them in breaksight.
ing of bread. 82 And they said one to another, Did not our 36 | And as they thus spake, Jesus himself heart burn within us, while he talked with us stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, by the way, and while he opened to us the scrip- Peace be unto you. tures ?
37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and 33 And they rose up the same hour, and re- supposed that they had seen a spirit.
• Matt. 14. 19. Or, ceased to be seen of them. See ch. 4. S0. John 8. 59.
• 1 Cor. 15. 5.--Mark 16. 14. John 20. 19. 1 Cor. 15.5. Mark 6. 49.
inconvenient and unsafe to proceed to another village. Reader! Verse 32. Did not our heart burn within us] His word was it is probably the eve of thy life, whether thou be old or in our heart as a burning fire, Jer. xx. 9. Our hearts waxed young: thy day may have already declined, and there is, pos- || hot within us, and while we were musing the fire burned, sibly, hut a step between thee and the eternal world! Hath || Psal. xxxix. 3. In some such way as this the words of the the Lord Jesus taught thee by his word and spirit to believe in disciples may be understoorl: but there is a very remarkable him, that thou mightest be saved ? Is he come into thy heart ? reading here in the Codex Bezæ ; instead of xxiguum, burned, Hast thou the witness of his spirit that thy sin is blotted out it has xexalupapeson, veiled, and one of the Itala has, fuit excothrough his blood ? Rom. viii. 16. Galat. iv. 6. 1 John v. 10, catuni, was blinded. Was not our heart veiled (blinded) whes 11, 12. If thou have not, get thee to God right humbly. he conversed with us on the way, and while he unfolded the Jesus is about to pass by, perhaps, for ever! O, constrain scriptures to us, seeing we did not know him? him by earnest faith and prayer to enter into thy soul, and Verse 34. Saying, The Lord is risen indeed] The meaning lodge with thee! May Gud open the eyes ! may he stir up here is, that these two disciples found thie apostles, and these and inflame thy heart !
who were with them, unanimously testifying that Christ had And he went in]. And so he will to thee, thou, penitent soul! risen from the dead. It is not to the two disciples to whom we therefore take courage, and be not faithless but believing. are to refer the word Xeportas, saying; but to the body of the
Verse 30. He took bread) This was the office of the mas- disciples. See the note on Mark xvi. 12. ter and father of a family, and this was our Lord's usual cus- Verse 35. And they] The two disciples who were just come tom among his disciples. Those whom Christ lodges with, he from Emmaus, related what had happened to them on the way, feeds, and feeds too with bread that himself hath blessed, and going to Emmaus, and how he had been known unto them in the this feeding not only strengthiens, but also enlightens the soul. breaking of bread, while supping together at the above village.
Verse 31. Fheir eyes were opene:l] But we are not to ima- See on ver. 31. gine that he administered the Holy Eucharist at this time; Verse 36. And as they, thus spake] While the two disciples there is not the most distant evidence of this. It was a mere who were going to Emmaus were conversing about Christ, family meal, and ended before it was well begun.
he joined himself to their company. Now while they and They knew him] His acting as father of the family, in taking, the apostles are confirming each other in their belief of his blessing, and distributing the bread among them, caused them resurrection, Jesus comes in, to remove every doubt, and to to recollect those lips which they had often heard speak, and give them the fullest evidence of it. And it is ever true, that those hands by which they had often been fed. Perhaps he wlierever two or three are gathered together in his name, he also threw off the disguise which he had before assumed; and is in the midst of them. now appeared in his own person.
Peuce be unto you.] The usual salutation among the Jews. He canished out of their sight.} Probably during their sur- || May you prosper in body, and soul, and enjoy every heavenly. prize, he took the opportunity of withdrawing from the place; and earthly good! See the notes on Matt. v. 9. x. 12. leaving them to reflect and meditate on what they had heard Verse 37. And supposed that they liud seen a spirit.] But if there angl seen.
be no such thing as a disembodied spirit, would not our Lord
and gives them the fullest
proof of his resurrection.
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38 And he said unto them, Why are | 43 « And he took it, and did eat be- A. M. 4033. An. Olymp. ye troubled ? and why do thoughts fore them.
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CCII. 1. arise in your hearts?
44 And he said unto them, These are 39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet myself: * handle me, and see; for a spirit hath || with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which not flesh and bones as ye see me have.
were written in the law of Moses, and in the pro40 And when he had thus spoken, he shewed phets, and in the psalms, concerning me. them his hands and his feet.
45 Then 'opened he their understanding, that 41 And while they yet believed not "for joy, || they might understand the scriptures, and wondered, he said unto them, have ye 46 And said unto them, S Thus it is written, here
and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise 42 And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, from the dead the third day: and of a honeycomb.
47 And that repentance and "remission of sins
John 20. 20. 27.-Gen. 45. 26 - John 21. 5. -Acts 10. 41. Mait. 16. 21. & 17. 42. & 20. 18. Mark 8. 31. ch. 9. 22. & 18. 31. ver. 6.
Acts 16 14.-frer. 26. Ps. T?. Isai. 50). 6. & 53. ,, &c. Acts 17. S.* Dan. 9. 24. Acts 13. 38, 46. 1 John 2. 12.
and see me.
have shewn them their error? Instead of this, he confirms Jeremiuh, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiul, Jonah, Mithem in their opinion, by saying, A spirit hath not flesh and cuh, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zacharial, and bones as you see me hure, ver. 39. therefore he says, handle me Maluchi : these were termed the latter prophets.
They probably imagined that it was the soul III. The HAGIOGRAPHA, (holy writings) Draina kethurim, only, of our blessed Lord which they saw; but they were which comprehended the Psalms, Prorerbs, Job, Canticles, soon fully convinced of the identity of his person, and the Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehereality of his resurrection; for, 1. They saw his body. 2. | miuh and the two books of Chronicles. The Jews made anThey heard him speak. 3. They handled him. 4. They saw ciently only twenty-two books of the whole, to bring them to him eat a piece of broiled fish and honey-comb, which they the number of the letters in the Hebrew alphabet : and this gave him. In these things it was impossible for them to have they did by joining Ruth to Judges, making the two books of been deceived.
Samuel only one; and so of Kings and Chronicles; joining the Verse 41. They-believed not for joy) They were so
Lamentations to Jeremiuh, and making the twelve minor proevercome with the joy of his resurrection, that they did not ||phets only one book. for some time, properly receive the evidence that was before
Verse 45. Then opened he their understanding] Aimvonger, he them—as we phrase it, they thought the news too good to be fully opened. They had a measure of light before, so that they
discerned the scriptures to be the true word of God, and to Verse 44. The lar—the prophets--the psalms] This was the speak of the Messiah : but they had not light sufficient to enJewish division of the whole Old Coveniant. The Law con able them to apply these scriptures to their Lord and Master; tained the five books of Moses; the propuets, the Jews di- || but now, by the influence of Christ, they see, not only the vided into former and latter; they were according to Josephus, prophecies which pointed out the Messiah, but also the Messiah thirteen.
“ The Psalms included not only the book still so who was pointed out by these prophecies. The book of God named, but also three other books, Proverbs, Job and Can- || may be received in general as a divine revelation, but the proticles. These all,” says the above author, “ contain hymns per meaning, reference, and application of the scriptures can: 10 God, and rules for the conduct of the lives of men.” Jo- only be discerned by the light of Christ. Even the very pluin seph. cont. App. i. 8. This account is imperfect: the com- || word of God is a dead letter to those who are not enlightened mon Jewish division of the writings of the Old Covenant is | by the grace of Christ :. and why? because this word speaksthe following, and indeed seems to be the same to which our of spiritual and heavenly things; and the carnal mind of man. Lord alludes :
cannot discern them. They who receive not this inward. 1. The law, in, thorah, including Genesis, Exodus, Leriti- || teaching, continue durk and dend while they live. Eus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Verse 47. Repentance] See its nature fully explained on II. The PROPHETS, S'X'33, nabiaim, or teachers, including | Matt. iii. I. Joshua, Judges, the two books of Sumuel, and the two books Kemission of sins] ADETIN a Le estowy, the taking away-remore Kings, (these were termed the former prophets) Isaiah, val of sins, in general-every thing that relates to the destruc