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- No man can profit

St. LUKE.

God by his service.

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. grain of mustard seed, ye might say || 9 Doth he thank that servant, be- A.M. 1833 An. Olymp. unto this sycamine tree, Be thou cause he did the things that were . An. Olymp. CCII, 1.

plucked up by the root, and be thou commanded him? I trow not. planted in the sea ; and it should obey you. 10 So likewise ye, when ye shall have done

7 But which of you, having a servant plow- | all those things which are commanded you, say, ing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and we are unprofitable servants : we have done bye, when he is come from the field, Go and sit that which was our duty to do. down to meat ?

11 And it came to pass, as he went to 8 And will not rather say unto him, Make Jerusalem, that he passed through the midst of ready wherewith I may sup, and gird thy- Samaria and Galilee. self, a and serve me, till I have eaten and 12 And as he entered into a certain village, drunken ;

and afterward thou shalt eat and there met him ten men that were lepers, which drink?

stood afar off:

- Ch. 12. 37.-- Job 22. 3. & 35.7. Ps. 16. 2. Matt. 25. 30. Rom. 3. 12.

& 11. 55. 1 Cor. 9. 16, 17. Philemon 11.

Luke 9. 51, 52. John 4. 4. Lev. 13. 16.

what follows, relate to what Matthew has mentioned, chap. the throne of God, but is sinfully imperfect : for none of these xvii. 19, 20.

can work righteousness in the smallest degree, beyond those Verse 6. As a grain of mustard seed] A faith that increases powers which God has given them : and justice and equity and thrives as that is described to do, Matt, xiii. 32. where require, that they should exert those powers to the uttermost see the note. See also Matt. xvii. 20.

in the service of their Maker; and after having acted thus, This sycamine] The words seem to intimate, that they it may be justly said, they have done only what it was their were standing by such a tree. The sycamine is probably the duty to do. The nature of God is illimitable, and all the atsame as the sycamore. Sycamore with us, says Mr. Evelyn, tributes of that nature are infinitely glorious : they cannot be is falsely so called, being our acer majus, greater maple. lessered by the transgressions of his creatures, nor can they

The true sycamore is the ficus Pharaonis, or Egyptia, Pha- be increased by the uninterrupted eternal obedience, and unraoh's, or Egyptian fiy-tree; called also from its similitude in ceasing hallelujahs, of all the intelligent creatures that people leaves and fruit, morosycus, or mulberry fig-tree. The Ara- the whole vortex of nature. When ages, beyond the power bians call it guimez : it grows in Cyprus, Caria, Rhodes, and of arithmetic to sum up, have elapsed, it may be said of the in Judea and Galilee, where our Lord at this time was : see most pure and perfect creatures, “ Ye are unprofitable server. 11. St. Jerom, who was well acquainted with these vants.” Ye have derived your being from the infinite founcountries, translates the word mulberry-tree.

tain of life : Ye are upheld by the continued energy of the Be thou plucked up by the root] See the note on Matt. Almighty: His glories are infinite and eternal, and your xxi. 21. where it is shewn, that this mode of speech refers to obedience and services, however excellent in themselves, and the accomplishment of things very difficult, but not im- profitable to you, have added nothing, and can add nothing, possible.

to the absolute excellencies and glories of your God. Verse 7-9. Which of you, haring a serrant] It is never Verse 11. He passed through the midst of Samaria and Gasupposed that the master waits on the servant-the servant is lilee.] He first went through Galilee, whence he set out on bound to wait on his master, and to do every thing for him his journey: and then through Samaria, of which mention is to the uttermost of his power : nor does the former expect | made, chap. ix. 51, 52. All who went from Galilee to Jeruthanks for it, for he is bound by his agreement to act thus,salem, must have necessarily passed through Samaria, unless because of the stipulated reward, which is considered as be- they had gone to the westward, a very great way about. ing equal in value, to all the service that he can perform. Therefore Jolin tells us, chap. iv. 4. that when Jesus left

Verse 10, We are unprofitable servants] This text has often Judea to go into Galilee, it was necessary for him to pass been produced, to prove that no man can live without com- | through Samaria ; for this plain reason, because it was the mitting sin against God. But let it be observed, the text says | only proper road. “ It is likely that our Lord set out from unprofitable servants, not sinful servants. If this text could be Capernaum, traversed the remaining villages of Galilee as far fairly construed to countenance sinful imperfection, it would as Samaria ; and then passed through the small country of be easy to demonstrate, that there is not one of the spirits of Samaria, preaching and teaching every where, and curing just men inade perfect, in paradise, nor a ministring angel at the diseased as usual.” Calmet.

Christ cleanses

CHAP. XVII.

ten lepers.

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13 And they lifted up their voices, || giving him thanks : and he was a Sa- A. M. 4033. An. Olymp. and said, Jesus, Master, have mercy | maritan.

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17 And Jesus answering said, Were 14 And when he saw them, he said unto them, there not ten cleansed ? but where are the * Go shew yourselves unto the priests. And nine ? it came to pass, that, as they went, they were 18 There are not found that returned to give cleansed.

glory to God, save this stranger. 15 And one of them, when he saw that he 19 And he said unto him, Arise, go thy was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice way : thy faith hath made thee whole. glorified God,

20 | And when he was demanded of the 16 And fell down on his face at his feet, | Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should

b

a Lev. 13. 2. & 14. 2. Matt. 8. 4. ch. 5. 14.

• Matt. 9. 22. Mark 5. 34. & 10. 53. ch. 7. 50. & 8. 48. & 18. 42.

Verse 12. Ten-leper's] Concerning the leprosy, see the l that from time to time have been converted to God? Are note on Matt. viii. 2. and on Levit. xiii. and xiv.

they still found praising him, with their faces on the dust, Which stood afar off] They kept at a distance, because as they did at first ? Alas! how many are turned back to forbidden by law and custom, to come near to those who || perdition ! and how many are again mingled with the world! were sound, for fear of infecting them. See Levit. xiii. 46. | Reader! art thou of this number? Numb. v. 2. 2 Kings xv. 5.

Verse 18. This stranger.] Often God receives more praise Verse 13. They lifted up their voices] They cried with one and affectionate obedience from those who had long lived withaccord—they were all equally necessitous, and there was but out his knowledge and fear, than from those who were bred one voice among them all, though ten were engaged in crying up among bis people, and who profess to be called by his at the same time. As they were companions in suffering, they name. The simple reason is, Those who have much forgiven were also companions in prayer. Prayer should be strong || will love much, chap. vii. 47. and earnest, when the disease is great and inveterate. Sin is Verse 19. Thy faith hath made thee whole.] Thy faith hath the worst of all leprosies : it not only separates those to whom been the mean of receiving that influence, by which thou hast it cleaves from the righteous, but it separates them from God; || been cleansed. and nothing but the pitying heart and powerful hand of Christ Verse 20. Cometh not with observation] With scrupulous obJesus, can set any soul free from it.

servation. That this is the proper meaning of the original, peta Verse 14. Shew yourselves unto the priests.] According to sapatngngiws, KYPKE and others have amply proved from the the direction, Lev. xiii. 2, &c. xiv. 2, &c. Our Lord intend- || best Greek writers. As if he had said, “ The kingdom of God, ed that their cure should be received by faith: they depended the glorious religion of the Messiah, does not come in such a on bis goodness and power, and though they had no promise, || way as lo be discerned only by sagacious critics, or is only to be yet they went at his command to do that which those only seen by those who are scrupulously watching for it; it is not of were required by the law to do, who were already healed. such a nature as to be confined to one place, so that men might

And--as they went] In this spirit of implicit faith ; they || say of it, behold it is only here, or only there, for this very were cleansed. God highly honours this kind of faith, and kingdom of God is publicly revealed ; and behold it is among makes it the instrument in his hand of working many mira- you ; I proclaim it publicly, and work those miracles which cles. He who will not believe, till he receives what he calls, I prove that the kingdom of God is come: and none of these a reason for it, is never likely to get his soul saved. The things are done in a corner.highest, the most sovereign reason, that can be given for be- Dr. Lightfoot has well observed that there are two senses lieting, is, that God has commanded it.

especially in which the phrase “ kingdom of heaven” is to be Verse 15. One of them, when he saw that he was healed, &c.] understood. 1. The promulgation and establishment of the It seems that he did not wait to go first to the priest, but Christian religion. 2. The total overthrow of the Jewish po. turned immediately back, and gave public praise to the kind lity. The Jews imagined that when the Messiah should come, hand from which he had received his cure.

he would destroy the Gentiles, and reign gloriously over the Verse 16. He was a Samaritan.) One wbo professed a very | Jews : the very reverse of this, our Lord intimates should be corrupt religion; and from whom much less was to be ex

He was about to destroy the whole Jewish polity, pected, than from the other nine, who probably were Jews. and reign gloriously among the Gentiles. Hence he mentions Verse 17. Where are the nine > ] Where are the numbers, | the case of the general deluge, and the destruction of Sodom

the case.

Careless state of the

Sr. LUKE.

world at Christ's coming.

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A.M. 4033. come, he answered them and said,|| 26 'And as it was in the days of 4. 1. 1633. An. Olymp. The kingdom of God cometh not Noe, so shall it be also in the days of An. Olymp. 2 with observation :

the Son of man. 21 Neither shall they say, Lo here ! or, lo 27 They did eat, they drank, they married there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is wives, they were given in marriage, until the d within you.

day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood 22 | And he said unto the disciples, • The came, and destroyed them all. days will come, when ye shall desire to see one 28 * Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; of the days of the Son of man, and ye shall not they did eat, they drank, they bought, they see it.

sold, they planted, they builded ; 23 ' And they shall say to you, See here; or, 29 But 'the same day that Lot went out of see there ; go not after them, nor follow them. Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heaven,

24 & For as the lightning, that lighteneth out and destroyed them all. of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the 30 Even thus shall it be in the day when the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son Son of man "is revealed. of man be in his day.

31 In that day, he "which shall be upon the 25 But first must he suffer many things, and housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him be rejected of this generation.

not come down to take it away: and he that is

*Cr, with outward sheu-brer. 28.-Rom. 14. 17. "Or, among von, John 1. 26. Le See Matt. 9. 15. John 17. 12.-Matt. 24. 23. Mark 13. 21. ch. 21. 8.

Matt. 24. 27.--- Mark 8. $1. & 9.31. & 10. 33. ch. 9. 29.-Gen. 7. Matt.24.7. Gen. 19.-Gen. 19. 16, 24. _12? Thess. 1.7.--Matt. 21. 17. Mark 13. 15.

and Gomorrha. As if he had said, “ the coming of this king- || cause the cup of their iniquity was full. But the former is dom shall be as fatal to you as the deluge was to the old world ;|| more likely to be the sense of the place. and as the fire and brimstone from heaven were to Sodom and Verse 23. And they shall say) Or, And if they shall say. Gomorrha.” Our Lord states, that this kingdom of heaven was Two MSS. the Syriac and Armenian, have ecs, 1F. within thein, i. e. that they themselves should be the scene of See here] KM. sirteen others, and the latter Syriac, bave these desolations, as through their disobedience and rebellion, • xgroto;, behold the Christ is here. This is undoubtedly the they possessed the seeds of these judgments. See on Matt. iii. 2. meaning of the place. See on Matt. xxiv. 23.

Verse 21. Lo here ! or, lo there !] Perhaps those Pharisees Verse 24. As the lightning, that lighteneth] See this partithought, that the Messiah was kept secret, in somne privatecularly explained, Matt. xxiv. 27, 28. place, known only to some of their rulers; and that by and Verse 25. But first must he suffer many things] As the cup bye he should be proclaimed in a similar way to that in which of the iniquity of this people shall not be full, till they have Joash was hy Jehoiada the priest. See the account, 2 Chron. I finally rejected and crucified the Lord of life and glory; so this xxiii. 1-11.

desolation cannot take place till after my death. Verse 22. Ihen ye shall desire to see one of the days] As it Verse 28. As it was in the days of Noe] See on Matt. xxiv. was our Lord's constant custom to support and comfort the 38. minds of his disciples; we cannot suppose that he intimates Verse 27. They did eat, they drank, &c.] They spent their here that they shall be left destitute of those blessings necessary wbole lives in reference to this world; and made no sort of for their support in a day of trial. When he says, ye shall de provision for their immortal souls. So it was when the Rosire to see one of the days of the Son of man, he either ineans, ye, mans came to destroy Judea ; there was a universal carelessof this nation, ye Jews, and addresses his disciples as if they ness, and no one seemed to regard the warnings given by the should bear witness to the truth of the declaration; intimating Son of God. that heary calamities were about to fall upon them; and that Verse 29. It rained fire and brimstore] Instead of it rained; they should desire in vain to have those opportunities of return- Gen. xix. 24. justifies the insertion of the pronoun he, as iming to God which now they rejected: or, he means, that such plied in the verb $3,15; for it is there said that, Jehovah rained should the distressed state of this people be, that the disciples || fire and brimstone from Jehornk out of heuren. would through pity and tenderness desire the removal of those Verse 31. He which shall be upon the house top] See this erpunishments from them; which could not be removed be- ! plained on Matt. xxii, 17.

The desolation of

CHAP. XVIII.

Jerusalem foretold.

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gether; the one shall be taken, and An. Olymp. CCII, 1. 32 . Remember Lot's wife.

the other left. 33 Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall 36 [ Two men shall be in the field ; the one lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall shall be taken, and the other left.]

37 And they answered and said unto him, 34 * I tell you, in that night there shall be two Where, Lord? And he said unto them, men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the Wheresoever the body is, thither will the eaother shall be left.

gles be gathered together.

preserve it.

"Gen. 19. 26.—Matt. 10. 59. & 16. 25. Mark 8. 33. ch. 9. 21.

Jolm 12. 25. - Matt. 24. 40, 41. 1 Thess. 4. 17.

* This Soth verse is wanting in most of the Greek copies.- Job 39. 30.

Matt. 24. 28.

Verse 32. Remember Lot's wife.] Relinquish every thing, ra- latiort; see the margin. It was probably borrowed from Matt. ther than lose your souls. She looked back, Gen. xix. 26. xxiv. 40. probably she turned back also to carry some of her goods Verse 37. Where, Lord ?] In what place shall all these away; for so much the preceding verse seems to intimate; and dreadful evils fall? The answer, our Lord gives in a figure; became a monument of the divine displeasure, and of her own the application of which they are to make themselves. Where folly and sin. It is a proof that we have loved with a crimi- the dead carcase is, there will be the birds of prey-where the nal affection, that which we leave with grief and anxiety, sin is, there will the punishment be. See on Matt. xxiv. 28. though commanded by the Lord to abandon it.

The following chapter seems to be a continuation of this disVerse 33. Whosoever shull seek to save his life] These, or course : at least it is likely they were spoken on the same ocsimilar words were spoken on another occasion. See on Matt. || casion. Both contain truths which the Reader should care. x. 39. xvi. 25, 26.

fully ponder, and receive in the spirit of prayer and faith; Verses 34 and 36. On the subject of these verses, see Matt. that he may not come into the same condemnation, into which xxiv. 40, 41. The 36th verse is, without doubt, an interpo- ll these have fallen.

CHAPTER XVIII. The parable of the importunate widow, 1-8. Of the Pharisee and the Publican, 9—14. Infants brought to

Christ, 15--17. The ruler who wished to know how he night inherit eternal life, 18-—23. Our Lord's reflexions on his case, 24–27. What they shall receive who follow Christ, 28-30. Ile foretells his approaching passion and death, 31—34. He restores a blind man to sight at Jericho, 35–43.

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them to this end, that men ought judge, which feared not God, neither An. Olymp. always to pray, and not to faint; regarded man:

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* Ch. 11. 5. & 21. 36. Rom. 12. 12. Eph. 6. 18. Col. 4. 2. 1 Thess. 5. 17.

Gr. in a certain city.

this parable: St. Luke, who perfectly knew his Master's Verse ). Men ought always to pray] Therefore the plain meaning, has explained it as above. meaning and moral of the parable are evident; viz. that as Verse 2. A judge, which feared not God, neither regarded afflictions and desolations were coming on the land, and they mun] It is no wonder that our Lord calls this person an unshould have need of much patience and continual fortitude, righteous judge, ver. 6. No person is worthy to be put in the and the constant influence and protection of the Almighty ; | sacred office of a judge, who does not deeply fear God, and therefore they should be instant in prayer. It states farther, || tenderly respect his fellow creatures. Because this person that men should never cease praying for that, the necessity of Seured not God, he paid no attention to the calls of justice; which God has given them to feel, till they receive a full answer and because he respected not man, he was unmoved at the to their prayers. No other meaning need be searched for in complaint of the widow. Even among the heathens this was The parable of the

NOTES ON CIIAP. XVIII.

ST. LUKE.

importunate widow.

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3 And there was a widow in that ci-|| 6 And the Lord said, Hear what the 4...1995 . An. Olynp. ty; and she came unto him, saying, unjust judge saith.

Avenge me of mine adversary. 7 And shall not God avenge his 4 And he would not for a while ; but afterward,' own elect, which cry day and night unto him, he said within himself, Though I fear not God, though he bear long with them? nor regard man;

8 I tell you that he will avenge them speedi5 ? Yet because this widow troubleth me, I ly. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, will avenge her, lest by her continual coming shall he find faith on the earth ? she weary me.

9 | And he spake this parable unto certain

a Ch. 11. 8.

• Rev. 6. 10.

- Hebr. 10. 37. 2 Pet. 3. 8, 9.

the character of a man totally abandoned to all evil. So Dion, and the promise of his grace bind him to hear the prayers Cassius says of Vitellius, that he neither regarded gods nor they offer unto him, and to grant them all that salvation men--ουτε των ανθρωπων, ουτε των θεων εφροντιζεν.

which he has led them by his promise and Spirit to request. • Verse 3. Avenge me of mine adversary.) The original, exdr- Which cry day and night unto him, &c.) This is a genuine Ancov je apo ToU artiginou pov, had better be translated, do me characteristic of the true elect or disciples of Christ. They feel justice against, or vindicate me from my adversary. If the wo- they have neither light, power, nor goodness, beit as they re. man had come to get revenge, as our common translation in- ceive them from him; and as he is the desire of their soul, tbey limates, I think our blessed Lord would never have permitted incessantly seek that they may be upheld and saved by him. ber to have the honour of a place in the sacred records. She Though he bear long with them?] Rather, and se is compasdesired to bave justice, and that only; and by her importunity sionate toward them, and consequently not at all like to the unshe got that which the unrighteous judge had no inclination righteous judge. Instead of paxeo Quuwv, and be longsuffering, as to give, but merely for his own ease.

in our translation, I read Maxçoluuss, he is compassionate, which Verse 4. He said within himself ] How many actions which reading is supported by ABDLQ. and several others. The appear good, have neither the love of God, nor that of our reason which our Lord gives for the success of his chosen, is, l. neighbour, but only self-love of the basest kind, for their prin- They cry unto him day and night. 2. He is compassionate tociple and motive!

wards them. In consequence of the first, they might expect Verse 5. She weary me.) 'YouTuus, stun me. A metaphor justice even from an unrighteous judge: and in consequence of taken from boxers, who bruise each other, and by beating the second, they are sure of salvation, because they ask it from each other about the face blacken the eyes. See I Cor. ix. 27. that God, who is toward them a Father of eternal love and

Verse 6. Hear whut the unjust judge saith.] Our blessed compassion. There was little reason to expect justice from Lord intimates that we should reason thus with ourselves: the unrighteous judge: 1. Becanse he was wrighteous : and 2. “ If a person of such an infamous character as this judge because he had no respect for man : no, not even for a pour was, could yield to the pressing and continual solicitations of desolate widow. But there is all the reason under heaven to a poor widow, for whom he felt nothing but contempt; how expect mercy from God; 1. Because he is righteous, and be much more ready must God be, who is infinitely good and has promised it; and 2. Because he is compassionate towards merciful, and who loves his creatures in the tenderest manner, ' his creatures; being ever prone to give more than the most to give his utmost salvation to all them who diligently seekenlarged heart can request of him. Every Reader must perit.”

ceive that the common translation is so embarrassed as to be Verse 7. And shall not God avenge kis own elect] And will ' almost unintelligible ; while that in this note, from the above not God the righteous Judge'do justice for his chosen? Probably authorities, is as plain as possible, and shews this beautiful this may refer to the cruel usage which his disciples had met parable to be one of the most invaluable pieces in the word with, and were still receiving, from the disobedient and un- of God. believing Jews; and which should be finally visited upon them Verse 8. He will avenge them speedily. ] Or, he will do them in the destruction of their city, and the calamities which justice speedilysy Texts, instantly, in a trice. 1. Because he should follow. But we may consider the text as having a has promised it; and 2. because he is inclined to do it. more extensive meaning As God has graciously promised to When the Son of man cometh] To require the produce of give salvation to every soul that comes unto liim through his | the seed of the kingdom sown among this people. Sori, and has put his Spirit in their hearts, inducing them to Shall he find faith on the earth ?] Or rather, shall he finds ery unto him incessantly for it; the goodness of his nature Il delity in this land ? Shall he find that the soil has brought

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