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Christ exhorts his disciples to confidence in

ST. LUKE.

God. Cautions against covetousness.

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thing ye

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6 Are not five sparrows sold for two gogues, and unto magistrates, and pow- 4. M. 1083.
farthings, and not one of them is ers, take ye no thought how or what An.Ol mp.
forgotten before God?"

shall
answer, or what

ye

shall 7 But even the very hairs of your head are say: all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of 12 For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in more value than many sparrows.

the same hour what ye ought to say. 8 "Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall con 13 | And one of the company said unto him, fess me before men, him shall the Son of man Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the also confess before the angels of God :

inheritance with me. 9 But he that denieth me before men, shall be 14 And he said unto him, “Man, who made denied before the angels of God.

me a judge or a divider over you? 10 And whosoever shall speak a word against 15 And he said unto them, Take heed, and the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him : but beware of covetousness : for a man's life conunto him that blasphemeth against the Holy sisteth not in the abundance of the things which Ghost, it shall not be forgiven.

he possesseth. 11 4 And when they bring you unto the syna 16 And he spake a parable unto them, saying,

- Sce Matt. 10. 29.--- Matt. 10. 32. Mark 8. 38. 2 Tim. 2. 12. 1 Jolin 2. 43.

Matt. 18. 31, 32. Mark 3. 28. 1 John 5. 16.

Mart. 10. 19. Mark 13. 11. ch. 21. 14.--- John 18. 56.- 1Tim. 6. 7, &c.

one soul to save ; and it is madness to sacrifice the salvation of rit of coretousness cancels all bonds and obligations; makes the soul, to the preservation of the life.

wrong right, and cares nothing for father or brother. Verse 6. Are not fire sparrows sold for two furthings ?] See

Verse 14. A judge] Without some judgment given in thic this explained on Matt. x. 29. from which place we learn that case, no division could be made, therefore Jesus added the two sparrows were sold for one farthing, and here that fize word judge. Pearce. A minister of Christ ought not to were sold for two farthings : thus we find a certain proportion: concern himself with secular affairs, any farther than charity for one farthing you could get but two, while for two farthings and the order of discipline require it. Our Lord could have you could get fire.

decided this difference in a moment; but the exarnple of a Verse 7. Fear not therefore] Want of faith in the provi- perfect disengagement from worldly things was more necesdence and goodness of God, is the source of all human in-sary for the ministers of his church than that of a charity, apquietudes and fears. He has undertaken to save and defend plying itself to temporal concerns. He who preaches salvathose to the uttermost, who trust in him. His wisdom cannot tion to all should never make himself a party mun ; otherwise be surprised, his power cannot be forced, his love cannot forget he loses the confidence, and consequently the opportunity of itself. Man distrusts God, 'and fears that he is forgotten by doing good to the party against whom he decides. Better to him, because he judges of God by himself; and he knows leave all these things to the civil magistrate, unless where a that he is. apt to forget his Maker, and be unfaithful to him. || lawsuit may be prevented, and the matter decided to the saSee on Matt. x. 29–31.

tisfaction or acquiescence of both parties. Verse 8. Shall confess] See on Matt. x. 32, 33.

Verse 15. Beware of covetousness) Or rather, beware of all Verse 10. Him that blasphemeth} See the sin against the inordinate desires. I add nuons, all, on the authority of Holy Ghost explained, Matt. xii. 32.

ABDKLM-Q. twenty-three others, both the Syriac, all the Verse 11. Unto magistrates, and powers) See Matt. x.

Persic, all the Arabic, Coptic, Æthiopic, Armenian, Vulgate, 17-20.

all the Itala, and several of the primitive Fathers. Take ye no thought] See Matt. vi. 25. x. 19.

Inordinate desires. IIacovišius, from tacy, more, and Xey, Verse 13. Speak to my brother, that he divide] Among the to have, the desire to have more and more, let a person possess Jews, the children had the inheritance of their fathers divided whatever he may. Such a disposition of mind is never saamong them : the eldest had a double portion, but all the rest | tisfied ; for as soon as one object is gained, the heart goes out bad equal parts. It is likely the person, complained of in the after another. rext, was the elder brother; and he wished to keep the whole to Consisteth not in the abundance] That is, dependeth not or himself, a case which is far from being uncommon. The spi- | the abundance. It is not superfluities that support man's life,

unto you,

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Of the rich man who pulled

CHAP.' XII.

doren his barns to build larger. A. M. 4083. The ground of a certain rich man || fore I say

* Take no thought 4. M. 4033 An. Olynap. brought forth plentifully:

for your life, what ye shall eat; nei. An. Ulynp. 17. And he thought within himself, ther for the body, what ye shall put on.

. saying, What shall I do, because I have no room 23 The life is more than meat, and the body where to bestow my fruits ?

is more than raiment. - 18 And he said, This will I do: I will pull 24 Consider the ravens, for they neither sow down my barns, and build greater; and there nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor will I bestow all my fruits and my goods. : barn; and God feedeth them: how much

19 And I will say to my soul, - Soul, thou more are ye better than the fowls ? hast much goods laid up for many years ; take 25 And which of you with taking thought can thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.

add to his stature one cubit? 20 But God said unto him, Thou fool, this 26 If ye then be not able to do that thing which night "thy soul shall be required of thee: “ then is least, why take ye thought for the rest? whose shall those things be which thou hast pro 27 Consider the lilies how they grow : they vided ?

toil not, they spin not ; and yet I say unto you, 21 So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed and is not rich toward God.

like one of these. 22 | And he said unto his disciples, There 28 If then God so clothe the grass, which is

• Eccles. 11. 9. Ecclus. 11. 19. 1 Cor. 15. 32. James 5. 5.—o Or, do they | Ps. 39. 6. Jer. 17.11.—Matt. 6. 20. rer. 33. 1. Tim. 6. 18, 19. James 2. 5.

f Matt. 6. 25. require thy soul. Job 20. 22. & 27. 8. Ps. 52. 7. James 4. 14.

& Job 58. 11. Ps. 147. 9.

but necessaries. What is necessary, God gives liberally : what This night] How awful was this saying! He had just made is superfluous, he has not promised. Nor can a man's life be the necessary arrangements for the gratification of his sensual preserved by the abundance of his possessions : to prove this appetites; and in the very night in which he had finally settled be spoke the following parable.

all his plans, his soul was called into the eternal world! What a Verse 16. The ground of a certain rich man, &c.] He had | dreadful awakening of a soul, long asleep in sin! He is now generally what is called good luck in his farm, and this was a hurried into the presence of his Maker, none of his worldly remarkably plentiful year.

goods can accompany him, and he has not a particle of heaVerse 17. He thought within himself] Began to be puzzled venly treasure! There is a passage much like this in the book in

consequence of the increase of his goods. Riches, though of Ecclesiasticus, chap. xi. 18, 19. There is that wareth rich erer so well acquired, produce nothing but vexation and em- by his wariness and pinching, and this is the portion of his rebarrassment.

wurd: IFhereas he saith, I have found rest, and now will eat Verse 18. I will pull down, &c.) The rich are full of de- continually of my goods; and yet he knoweth not what time shall signs concerning this life; but in general take no thought come upon him; and that he must leave those things to others, about eternity till the time that their goods and their lives are cind die. We may easily see whence the above is borrowed.

Verse 21. So is he] That is, thus will it be. This is not an Verse 19. Soul, thou hast much goods] Great possessions are individual case ; all who make this life their portion, and who generally accompanied with pride, idleness, and luxury; and are destitute of the peace and salvation of God, shall, sooner these are the greatest enemies to salvation. Moderate poverty, or later,' be surprised in the same way. as one justly observes, is a great talent in order to salvation; Luyeth up treasure for himself ] This is the essential characbut it is one, which nobody desires.

teristic of a covetous man; he desires riches; he gets them ; Take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.) This was exactly he lays them up, not for the necessary uses to which they the creed of the ancient Atheists and Epicureans. Ede, bibe, might be devoted, but for himself; to please himself, and to lude; post mortem nulla voluptas. What a wretched portion gratify his avaricious soul. Such a person is commonly called for an immortal spirit! and yet those who know not God have a miser, i. e. literally, a wretched, miserable man. no other, and many of them not even this.

Verse 22. Take no thought] Be not anriously careful. See Verse 20. Thou fool!) To imagine that a man's comfort on Matt. vi. 25. and peace can depend upon temporal things ! or to suppose Verse 25. To his stature one cubit ?] See on Matt. vi. 27. that these can satisfy the wishes of an immortal spirit. Verse 28. Into the oven) See the note on Malt. vi. 30.

both taken away.

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A. D. 29.

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Il'e must not distrust the goodness

Sr. LUKE. of God. Erhortations to charity.

" A. M, 1033. to day in the field, and to morrow is cast ther's good, pleasure to give you the A. M. 4033, An. Olymp. into the oven; how much more will he kingdom.

An. Olyinp. clothe you, O ye of little faith? 33 | “Şell that ye have, and give 29 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or alms; “provide yourselves bags which wax not what

ye shall drink, a neither be ye of doubtful old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, inind.

where no thief approacheth, neither moth cor. 30 For all these things do the nations of the rupteth. world seek after : and your Father knoweth that 34 For where your treasure is, there will your ye have need of these things.

heart be also. 31 But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; 35. I 'Let your loins be girded about, and and all these things shall be added unto you. your lights burning ; 32 Fear not, little flock; for it is.

36 And ye yourselves like unto men that wait

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Or, live not in eartful suspence. - Matt. 6. 33. Matt. 11. 25, 26. • Matt. 6. 20. ch. 16. 9.

Matt. 19. 21. Acts 2. 45. & 4. 34.

1 Tim. 6. 19.—Eph. 6. 14. 1 Pet. 1. 13. & Matt. 25. 1, &c.

Verse 29. Neither be ye of doubtful mind.) Or, in anrious in the Holy Ghost, and has undertaken to protect and save you suspence, jeans je stewpošto2:. Raphelius gives several examples to to the uttermost; therefore fear not, the smallness of your prove that the meaning of the word is, to have the mind agi- number cannot hurt you, for omnipotence itself has undertated with useless thoughts, and vain imaginations concerning taken your cause. food, raiment, and riches, accompanied with perpetual uncer Verse 33, Sell that ye have] Dispose of your goods. Be not tuinty.

like the foolish man already mentioned, who laid up the proVerse 30. The nations of the world seek after] Or, earnestly duce of his fields, without permitting the poor to partake of stek, επιζητει from επι, above, over, and ζητεω, I seek; to seek one God’s bounty: turn the fruits of your fields (which are beyond thing after another, to be continually and eagerly coveting. This what you need for your own support) into money, and give is the employment of the nations of this world, utterly regard- || it in alms, and the treasure thus laid out, shall be as laid, ир for less of God and eternity! It is the essence of Heathenism to yourselves and families in heaven. This purse shall not grow live only for this life; and it is the property of Christianity to old, and this treasure shall not decay. Ye shall by and by lead men to live here in reference to another and better world. | find both the place where you laid up the treasure, and the Reader! how art thou living?

treasure itself in the place ; for he who hath pity on the poor Dr. Lightfoot observes on this place, that xogueos, the world, | lendeth unto the Lord; and he may rest assured, that what.. and aww, world or age, have a meaning in the sacred writings ever, for Christ's sake, he thus lays out, it will be paid him which they have not in profane authors. Asw has relation to the again. Jewish ages,

and
XOOMOS
to the

ages that are not Jewish : hence Verse 34. Where your treasure is) Men fix their hearts on by συντελεια του asuvas, Matt. xxiv. 3. is meant the end of their treasures, and often resort to the place where they have the Jewish age or world: and age xgorwy aswwwr, Tit. i. 2. deposited them, to see that all is safe and secure. Let God be means before the Jewish world began; and hence it is that the the treasure of your soul, and let your heart go frequențly to term world is very often in the New Testament, to be under the place where his honour dwelleth. There is a curious pastood only of the Gentiles.

rallel passage to this in Plautus, quoted by Bishop Pearce on Verse 32. Fear not, little flock] Or very little flock, to mixgor Matt. vi. 21. Nam ego sum hic; animus domi est, sc. cum er• ποιμνιον.

This is what some term a double diminutive, and lite- Il gento meo. “ I am here; but my heart is at home, i. e. with rally translated, is, little little flock. Though this refers solely my money." to the Apostles and first believers, of whom it was literally true, Verse 35. Let your loins) Be active, diligent, determined, yet we may say that the number of genuine believers has ready; let all hindrances be removed out of the and let been, and is still small in comparison of Heathens and false the candle of the Lord be always found burning brightly in Christians.

your

hand. See on ver. 37. It is your Father's good pleasure) Evdgxnøev, it hath pleased, &c. Verse 36. That wait for their lord) See the notes on Matt. though this tense joined with an infinitive, bas often the force of xxv. 1, &c. the present. Our Lord intimates, God has already given you The wedding) How the Jewish weddings were celebrated, sex that kingdom which consists in rightecusness, peace, and joy in the notes on Matt, viii. 12. xxii. 13.

way;

The necessity of preparing

CHAP. XII.

for death and judgment.

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A. M. 1033. for their lord, when he will return from 42 And the Lord said, “Who then is A.M. 4033. An. Olymp: the wedding; that when he cometh that faithful and wise steward, whom An. Oiyinp.

and knocketh, they may open unto him | his lord shall make ruler over his immediately.

houshold, to give them their portion of meat in . 37 Blessed are those servants, whom the lord due season ?' when he cometh shall find watching: verily I 43 Blessed is that servant, whom his Lord say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and when he cometh shall find so doing. make them to sit down to meat, and will come 44 Of a truth I say unto you, that he will forth and serve them.

make him ruler over all that he hath. 38 And if he shall come in the second watch, 45 But and if that servant say in his heart, or come in the third watch, and find them so, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin blessed are those servants.

to beat the men-servants and maidens, and to 89 And this know, that if the goodman of eat and drink, and to be drunken; the house had known what hour the thief would 46 The lord of that servant will come in a come, he would have watched, and not have day when he looketh not for him, and at an suffered his house to be broken through. hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in

40 Be ye therefore ready also: for the sunder, and will appoint him his portion with Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think the unbelievers. not.

47 And that servant, which knew his lord's 41 Then Peter said unto him, Lord, will, and prepared not himself, neither did' acspeakest thou this parable unto us, or even cording to his will, shall be beateni with many to all ?

stripes.

* Matt. 24. 46. Matt. 24. 43. 1 Thess. 5. 2. 2 Pet. 3. 10. Rev. 3. 3. & 16. 15. Matt. 24. 44. & 25. 13. Mark 13. 33. ch. 21. 54, 36. 1 Thess. 5. 6. 2 Pet. 3. 12.

Matt. 24. 45. & 25. 21. 1 Cor. 4. 2. Matt. 24. 47. Matt. 24. 48 * Or, cut him off, Matt. 24. 51.--- Numb. 15. 30. Deut. 25. 2. Juhu 9. 41. & 15. 22. Acts 17. 30. James 4. 17.

TWY OTISO.

Verse 37. He shall gird himself ] Alluding to the long gar- | where the several parts of the steward's office are mentioned ments which were worn in the eastern countries; and which and explained. Those appear to have been stewards among the in travelling and serving, were tucked up in their belts. That Jews, whose business it was to provide all the meinbers of a those among the Romans who waited on the company at table || family, not only witli food, but with raiment. were girded, and had their clothes tucked up, appears from Verse 43. Begin to beat, &c.] See the different parts of this what Horace says, Sat. b. vi. I. 107. veluti succinctus cursitivt bad minister's conduct pointed out on Matt. xxiv. 48, 49. HOSPES, he runs about like a girded waiter; the host himself Verse 46. With the unbelievers.] Or rather, the unfaithful ; often performed this office. And ibid. viii. 10. puer altė

Persons who had the light and knowledge of God's cinclus : and that the same custom prevailed among the Jews word; but made an improper use of the privileges they reappears from John xiii. 4, 5. and Luke xvii. 8. From this ceived. The persons mentioned here, differ widely from unverse we may gather likewise, that it was the custom of those believers or infdels, viz. those who were in a state of heathenism, days, as it was, not long since, among us, for the bridegroom, because they had not the revelation of the Most High: the at the wedding supper, to wait as a servant upon the company. latter knew not the will of God, ver. 48. and though they acted See Bishop PEARCE.

against it, did not do it in obstinacy : the former knew that Verse 38. If he shall come in the second watch] See the note will, and daringly opposed it. They were unfaithful, and thereon Matt. xiv. 25.

fore heavily punished, Verse 40. Be ye therefore ready also] It is pretty evident Verse 47. Shall be beaten with many stripes.] Criminals that what is related here from verse 35 to 49. was spoken by among the Jews could not be beaten with nore than forty our Lord at another time. See Matt. xxiv. 42, &c. and the stripes ; and as this was the suin of the severity to which a notes there.

whipping could extend, it may be all that our Lord here means.. Verse 42. Faithful and wise steward] See on Matt, xxiv. 45. But in some cases, a man was adjudged to receive fourscore

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The effects which would be

St. LUKE.

produced by preaching the gospel. 48 · But he that knew not, and did daughter in law, and the daughter in A. M. 4055. An. Olymp. commit things worthy of stripes, shall law against her mother in law.

be beaten with few stripes. For unto 54 | And he said also to the people, whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, required: and to whom men have committed straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; much, of him they will ask the more.

and so it is. 49 [ I am come to send fire on the earth; 55 And when ye see the south wind blow, ye and what will I, if it be already kindled? say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass.

50 But ‘I have a baptism to be baptized with; 56 Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of and how am I straitened till it be accom- the sky and of the earth ; but how is it that ye plished !

do not discern this time? 51 Suppose ye that I am come to give peace 57 Yea, and why even of yourselves judge on earth? I tell you, Nay; ' but rather divi-|| ye not what is right? sion ::

58 · When thou goest with thine adversary to 52 For from henceforth there shall be five in the magistrate, kas thou art in the way, give one house divided, three against two, and two diligence that thou mayest be delivered from against three.

him ! lest he hale thee to the judge, and the 53 The father shall be divided against the son, judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer and the son against the father; the mother cast thee into prison. against the daughter, and the daughter against 59 I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence, the mother; the mother in law against her till thou hast paid the very last 'mite. .

a Lev. 5. 17. iTim, 1. 13. ver. 51, Matt. 20. 22. Mark 10, 38. . Or, pained. - Matt. 10. 34.

ver. 49.

f Mic. 7.6. John 7. 43. & 9. 16. & 10. 19.- - Matt. 10.35. Matt. 16. %. i Prov. 25. 8. Matt. 5. 25. * See Ps. 32. 6. Isai. 55. 6.- See Mark 12.4%

stripes! How could this be, when the law had decreed only senses this fire was already kindled : as yet, however, it apforty? Answer. By doubling the crime. He received forty peared but as a spark, but was soon to break out into an allfor each crime; if he were guilty of two offences, he might consuming flame. receive fourscore. See Lightfoot.

Verse 50. But I have a baptism The fire though already Verse 48. Shall be beaten with few) For petty offences the kindled, cannot burn up till after the Jews have put me to Jews in many cases inflicted so few as four, five, and six stripes. death : then the Roman sword shall come, and the spirit of See examples in Lightfoot.

judgment, burning and purification shall be poured out. From this and the preceding verse we find that it is a crime Verse 51. To give peuce] See Matt. x. 34. to be ignorant of God's will; because to every one God has Verse 52. Five in one house divided] See on Matt. x. 95, given less or more of the means of instruction. Those who 36. have had much light, or the opportunity of receiving much, Verse 54. A cloud rise] See on Matt. xvi. 2, 3. and have not improved it to their own salvation, and the good Verse 56. This time?] Can ye not discover from the writings of others; shall have punishment proportioned to the light they | of the prophets, and from the events which now take place ; have abused. On the other hand, those who have had little that this is the time of the Messialı, and that I am the very light, and few means of improvement, shall have few stripes, 1 person foretold by them? shall be punished only for the abuse of the knowledge they Verse 57. And why-judge ye] Even without the express possessed.See at the end of the chapter.

declarations of the prophets, ye might, from what ye see and Verse 49. I am come to send fire) See this subject largely hear yourselves, discern that God has now visited his people in explained on Matt. x. 34, &c. From the connexion in which such a manner as he never did before. these words stand, both in this place and in Matthew, it ap- Verse 58. When thou goest with thine adversary) This and pears as if our Lord intended by the word fire, not only the the next verse are a part of our Lord's sermun upon the mount. consuming influence of the Roman sword; but also the influ-See them explained Matt. v. 25, 26. St. Luke is very parence of his own spirit in the destruction of sin. In both these ticular in collecting and relating every word and action of our

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