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Observations on the pretended

CHAP. IX.

supremacy of the bishop of Rome.

CHIEF CORNER STONE,

OF

THE

thing of less importance was to be understood than that of | to his citation of the above-mentioned text from Isaiahour Lord's own divine dignity, as declared by St. Peter in the Wherefore also' (says he, ver. 6.) it is contained in the preceding context— Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living Scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a God!'

elect, precious; and he that believeth on him, (en" autw, on “ That our Lord really referred to this declaration of Peter, him, that is, on Jesus Christ, the only chIEF CORNER stone) relating to his own divine dignity, as being the true rock, on shall not be confounded. Unto you, therefore, which believe,' which he would build his Church, is established beyond con- (he) 'IS PRECIOUS;' (or, an honour; as rendered in the martradiction by our Lord himself, in the clear distinction which gin); but unto them, which be disobedient,' (he is, dt, also) he maintained between the stone (nergos, petros) and the the stone which the builders disallowed, the same' (outos, for rock, (terza, petra) by the accurate grammatical terms in there is no other person that can be entitled to this supreme which both these words are expressly recorded. (For what- distinction in the church)' is made the head soever may have been the language in which they were really | CORNER.' spoken, perhaps in Chaldee or Syriac, yet in this point the “ From this whole argument of St. Peter, it is manifest, Greek record is our only authoritative instructor.) The first that there cannot be any other true head of the church than word, metgos, being a masculine noun, signifies merely a stone ; Christ himself; so that the pretence for setting up a vicarial and the second word, mitę, though it is a feminine noun, head on earth, is not only contrary to St. Peter's instruction cannot signify any thing of less magnitude and importance to the eastern churches, long after Christ's ascent into heaven; than a rock, or strong mountain of defence. The true mean-but also (with respect to the inexpediency and impropriety ing of the name was at first declared by our Lord to be of acknowledging such a vicar on earth as the Roman preCephas, a stone ; and a learned commentator, Edward Leigh, tender) is equally contrary to our Lord's own instruction to Esq. asserts, that tergos doth always signify a stone, never a || his disciples, (and, of course, also contrary to the faith of rock. Critica Sacra, p. 325.

the true primitive catholic church throughout the whole “ With respect to the first-The word metgos, petros, in world) when he promised them, that · Where two or three its highest figurative sense of a stone, when applied to Peter, | are gathered together in my name,' (said our Lord Jesus, the can represent only one true believer, or faithful member of true rock of the church) - there am I in the midst of them,' Christ's Church ; that is, one out of the great multitude of | Matt. xviii. 20. true believers in Christ, who, as figurative stones, form alto- “ So that the appointment of any 'vicar on earth,' to regether the glorious spiritual building of Christ's Church, and present that rock, or eternal head of the church, whose counot the foundation on which that church is built; because tinual presence, even with the smallest congregations on earth, that figurative character cannot, consistently with truth, be is so expressly promised, would be not only superfluous and applied to any other person than to od, or to Christ alone, | vain, but must also be deemed a most ungrateful affront to as I have already demonstrated by several undeniable texts of the benevolent Promiser of his continual presence ; such as Holy Scripture. And though even Christ himself is some must have been suggested by our spiritual enemies to promote times, in Holy Scripture, called a stone, (a.dos, but not etgo's) an apostacy from the only sure foundation, on which the faith, yet whenever this figurative expression is applied to him, it | hope, and confidence, of the true catholic church, can be built is always with sueh a clear distinction of superiority over all || and supported ! other figurative stones, as will not admit the least idea of any Thus, I trust, that the true sense of the first noun, TETEOS, vicarial stone te be substituted in his place; as, for instance: u stone, is here fairly stated; and also its relative meaning to He is called the head stone of the corner,' (Psal. cxviii. 22.)—the second noun, menge, a rock, as far as it can reasonably be in Zion a precious corner stone,' (Isa. xxviii. 16.) by whom deemed applicable to the apostle Peter. alone the other living stones of the spiritual house are rendered

And a due consideration also of the second noun, Trença, acceptable to God;' as St. Peter himself (previous to his | a rock, will produce exactly the same effect ; that is, it will citation of that text of Isaiah) has clearly declared in his demonstrate that the supreme title of the rock, which, in address to the churches, dispersed throughout Pontus, Galatia, other texts of Holy Scripture, is applied to Jehovah, or God, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia ; wherein he manifestly ex- alone, (as I have already shewn) most certainly was not inplains that very text of Isaiah, as follows:--Ye also' (says tended by our Lord to be understood as applicable to his the Apostle) as living stones, are built up a spiritual house, disciple Peter ; but only to that true testimony, which St. a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices ACCEPT- | Peter had just before declared, concerning the divine dignity ABLE TO God, by' (or through) • Jesus Christ,' (1 Pet. ji. of the Messiah - Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living 5.) Thus plainly acknowledging the true foundation, on God.' which the other living stones of the primitive catholic church “ I have already remarked, that mirça, (a rock) is a fewere built, in order to render them acceptable to God,' as minine noun; and a clear distinction is maintained between . holy priesthood.'

Tergos, the masculine noun in this text, and the said feminine # And the Apostle then proceeds (in the very next verse) noun zirga, the rock, by the grammatical terms in which the

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Observations on the pretended

Sr. LUKE.

supremacy of the bishop of Rome.

latter, in its relatives and articles, is expressed, which are particular manner, the ROCK of their defence, when he 'fol. all regularly. feminine throughout the whole sentence; and loved then,' than when he went before them as related in thereby they demonstrate that our Lord did not intend that | Exod. xiii. 21.--' And the Lord' (in the Hebrew, expressly, the new appellation, or nominal distinction, which he had | Jehorah)' WENT BEFORE THEM by day in a pillar of a cloud just before given to Simon, (viz. Trços, the masculine noun, 10 LEAD They the way, und by night:in (6. pillar of fire, &c. in the beginning of the sentence) should be construed as the Yet, afterwards, a necessary change was made by the Procharacter of which he spoke in the next part of the sentence; tector of the hosts of Israel, in his military maneuvres with for, if he had really intended that construction, the same the two marching armies, as we are informed in the next masculine noun), meteos, must necessarily have been repeated chapter, xiv. 19. For though, at first, he went ' BEFORE the in ik next part of the sentence with a musculine pronoun, 1 camp of Israel, yet he afterwards removed; and went be riz. Ett Tovow TV TIT3”, instead of ent Tavtn tn. TETE?, the HIND them; and the pillar of the cloud removed from before present text; wherein, on the contrary, not only the gender them, and stood' (or rather, was stationed in the order of iş changed from the mesculine to the feminine, but also the marching) behind them. Which is properly expressed by: figurative character itself, which is as much superior, in St. Paul, (in the above cited text, 1 Cor. x. 4.) as the rock digniy, to the apostle Simon, and also to his new appellative that followed them. For Christ was more particularly 'a mengos, as a rock is superior to a mere stone. For the word rock. of defence to Israel,' by this changed manouvre in foba. 7Tzos cannot signify any thing more than a stone ; so that lowing them; because he thereby prevented the pursuit of the popish application to Peter, (or tempos) as the foundation

the foundation their cruel enemies, the standing armies. of the Egyptian of Christ's Church, is not only inconsistent with the real mean-tyrant. ing of the appellative, which Christ; at that very time, Imust remark, however, that in the text, which is paa. conferred upon him, and with the necessary grammatical rallel to St. Paul's testimony that Christ was the ROCK which. contruction of it, but also with the figurative importance of followed, viz. Exod. xiv. 19, 20. Christ is not mentionech the other word, mitges, the rock; Ti Tavtn tn 215%, ' upon under the supreme title of Jehovuh, (as in the preceding chapthis rock;' the declared foundation of the church, a title of ter, ver. 21.) but only as an angel of God! But the angel dignity, which (as I have already shewn by several texts of appointed to this most gracious and merciful purpose of Scripture) is applicable only to God, or to Christ.

the Almighty, was really of a supreme divine dignity, infinitely “ And be pleased to observe farther, that the application superior to all other ungels. For (in another parallel text on of this suprene title (the rock) to Peter, is inconsistent (above the same subject, wherein the title of angel is also gireir, viz. all) with the plain reference to the preceding Context, inade Exod. xxiii. 20 to 23.) God declared, saying, “ My nume isa by our Lord in the beginning of this very verse-And I in him, (viz. the name Jehovah, signifying all time, past, ALSO say unto thee'—which manifestly points out (both by present, and future, or the eternal. Being Behold,' (said: the copulative' and, and the connective adverb also') the God to the hosts. of Israel) I send AN ANGEL! (or a mes. inseparable connection of this verse with the previous de- senger) before thee, to keep thee in the way,' (the object of claration of, Peter, concerning our Lord's divine dignity in intention before described) and to bring thee into the place: the preceding sentence-Thou art the Christ, the Son of the which I. hare prepared. Beware of him,' [or: rather, watch living God'-and thereby demonstrates that our Lord's im- (thyself ), or be respectful before him, 1203 or in his presence) mediate reply (AND I ALSO SAY unto thee, &c.) did ne ' und obey his voicE;' (i. e. the word of God, the true cha-cessarily include this declaration of Peter, as being the prin-racter of Christ, even before the creation); 'provoke him not,' cipal object of the sentence—the true foundation or rock, || (or rather, murmur not, against him) for he will not pardon on which alone the catholic church can be properly built; be your transgressions, for MY NAME IS IN HIM; (not placed upon cause our faith in Christ (that he is truly 'the Son of the him, as the outward tokens of mere temporary authority are liring God') is unquestionably the only security, or rock, of given, to be exhibited like the insignia of: nobility, or robes our salvation.

of magistrates, but really in him, 1973' within him, i.e. And Christ was also the rock, even of the primitive thoroughly included in his personal existence). But if thouchurch of Israel; for St. Paul testifies, that 'they' (i. e. the shult indeed obey his voice,'(i. e.' the word of God, the true hosts of Israel) did all drink of that spiritual drink : for figurative character of the Son of God) - and shalt do all that they drank of that spiritual rock that followed them, and that I speak' (for it is Jehovah, the Lord God, that speaketh inROCK, was Christ,' 1 Cor. x. 4. And the Apostle, in a pre-Christ) then I will be an enemy to thine enemics,' &c. It is ceding chapter, (1 Cor. iii. 1.) says, Other foundation can therefore unquestionably evident, from the examination of all no mun lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.'

these texts, that Christ, whom St. Paul has declared to be “ In the margin of our English version of I Cor. x. 4. the rock that followed the Israelites, was also the Lord, or instead of followed them, we find, 'went with them ;' which Jehovah, (as he is expressly called in the first text here cited, is not only the literal meaning of the Greek, 'followed them,' Exod. xiii. 21.) that “went before the Israelites by day,' in but it is also unquestionably true that Christ was, in a more a pillar of a cloud, to lead them in the way, and by night

Observations on the pretended

CHAP. IX.

supremacy of the bishop of Rome.

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in a pillar of fire,' &c. as expressly declared in the first text || The charged his disciples,' (Toti, then, that is, immediately cited in this note; and, therefore, an attempt to set up any after his discourse about the rock and keys) that they should mere mortal man, as the rock, or foundation, of the true tell'no man that he was Jesus the Christ;' manifestly referring 10 catholic church, must be attributed either to extreme igno- the first circumstance of the context concerning himself, viz. rance of the Holy Scriptures, or to extreme wickedness; but the declaration of Peter, · Thou art the Christ,' &e. (Matt. xvi. certainly, also, to the delusions of spiritual enemies !"

16.) in answer to his own question to all the disciples-That the power of the keys, or of binding and loosing l Whom say ye that I am?' belonged equally to all the Apostles, the author goes on to That this question was not addressed to Peter alone, is prove.

manifest by tlie plural pronoun and verb (wers asystr) Whom " But there is a testimony of high-authority, which-ren- 1 say.ve that I am?' And, therefore, St. Peter's answer must ders it unquestionable that this declaration of our Lord, re- be considered as intended not merely for himseif, but also for specting the power of binding and loosing,' related to them,' || his brethren, the other faithful witnesses of Christ's miracles (the other disciples)"“as well as to him.' Even another de- and doctrines ; so that the substance of this answer— Thou claration, made by our Lord: himself, to liis diseiples," re- || art the Christ, the Son of the living Ondi-must niècessarily specting the same identical power, whieh our Lorul atuibuted be understood as the true foundation, or rock, of the catholic equally to all the disciples then present.

church, l'evealed to Peter by, our heavenly Father, as stated-in The particular discourse of our Lord, to which I now the 17th and 18th verses. refer, seems to have been made at Capernaum, after the “ This declaration, therefore, that he was the Christ, was mamiracle of the fish; (bearing the tribute-money in his mouth) | mifestly ttie sebject' of our Lord's charge to the disciples, that which Peter was-sent to catch ; as related-in the 17th chapter they should tell no man;' that is not until after the time of of St. Matthew. And in the beginning of the very next chapter | bis sufferings and death, which were the next topics in the (the 18th) we are informed as follows :- At the same time | continuation of his discourse. The declaration of Peter, came the disciples unto Je us, saying, Who is the greatest in the therefore, demonstrated the true foundation, or rock, of the kingdom of lieuten?! Our Lord's answer to this question church, which (as-Christ himself testified), our heavenly Fa(wherein he urges the necessity of a humiliation like that of ther had revealed to Peter. And it is also remarkable, that little children, as the proper disposition to qualify mankind the very next discourse of our Lord to his disciples, recorded for the kingdom of heaven) is continued from the Ad verse 10 | in the context (v. 21.), should produce that severe censure the 14th verse of this chapter ; which shews, that the dis- | against Peter, which still farther demonstrated that Peter could ciples, in general, were still present, as they would certainly not be the rock, on which Christ's church was to'be-built. wait for the desired answer to their own question ; and then (Matt. xvi. 21.) From thut time foreh? (CTTO TOT:), · begårt. our Lord immediately afterwards proceeded to instruct them Jesus to shew unto his disciples how that he must-go unto Jeruz? (from the 15th to the 17th verse) in the general duty of be-salem; and SUFFER * many things of the elders, and chief priests, haviour towards a brother that has trespassed against usi und scribes, and be KILLED' (all the predicted consequences. After which our Lord added, (in the 18th verse) · Verily Iof luis being the CHRIST; the character, which Péter Irmself say unto you, (imss; a plural pronoun, which must refer had declared), ' and (that he should), be raised- uguin the unto all the disciples that were then assembled) I hatsoever third day. Then Peter: took hini? (v. 22.)' and began to rebunes YE SHALL BIND on earth,' (Smonti, a verb in the second person him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord,' (or rather, according plural, plainly including all the disciples that were then pre- to the Greek original, as rendered-in-the margin--- Pity thyr sent) shall be bound in henven ; and whatsoever YE SHALL: self, Lord')-- this shall not be unto thee. But he' (Christ, v. LOOSE on earth;' (auonti, another plural verb) 'shall be loosed |23.) turned and said unto Peter' (19 nergy, the same appellative: ir heaten.'

(signifying a stone, or a small part of a rock), which was given " This is exactly the power of the keys, which the Church to Peter by our Lord, in the 18th verse] Ger Bree behind me, of Rome has, most absurdly, attributed to St. Peter alone, in Satun' (said our Lord), thou art an offence unto ne ; for thou» order to invest the Bishops of Rome (on the rain pretence of surourest not the things that be of God; but those that be of men.' their being St. Peter's successors) with an exclusive claim to “ Thus a fair examination and comparison of the whole cona all these ecclesiastical privileges of binding and loosing, which text, completely sets aside the vain--supposition of the Romusta? our Lord manifestly, in this parallel text, attributed to all his church, that' Peter was the rock of Christ's cherch! And I fuithful apostles, without any partial distinction.

sincerely hope that a similar” attention to this whole contents " But the importance of examining, not only parallel texts, I may prevent'any future atteinpts, that might otherwise be but also more particularly the context, of any difficult sen- 1 prompted, by the prejudices' of Roman Catholics, to bring tence in Holy Scripture, for a more easy comprehension of forward again this long-dispated question, or which they the true meaning, is clearly exemplified in the examination have vainly set up the pretended suprétnerey of the Romisk? of the first text in question, viz. Matt. xvi. 18, 19. for we church, above all other episcopal churches; and that it in y are informed in the very next verse, the 20th, that our Lord. be silenced, and set at rest, for ever hereafter.”

Christ commissions and

ST. LUKE.

sends forth seventy disciples.

A.M. 4032.
A. D. 28.

A

CCI. 4.

CCI. 4.

CHAPTER X. Christ appoints seventy disciples to go before him, two by two, to preach, heal, &c. 1-12. Pronounces woes on

Chorazin and Capernaum, 13-16. The seventy return, and give account of their mission, 17-20. Christ rejoices that the things which were hidden from the wise and prudent, had been revealed unto babes, and shews the great privileges of the gospel, 21–24. A lawyer enquires how he shall inherit eternal life, and is answered, 25—29. The story of the good Samaritan, 30—37. The account of Martha and Mary, 38—42.

FTER these things, the Lord 4 * Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor A M, 1982 An. Olymp. appointed other seventy also, shoes: and 'salute no man by the way. An. Olymp.

and 4 sent them two and two before 5 % And into whatsoever house ye his face, into every city and place, whither he enter, first say, Peace be to this house. himself would come.

6 And if the Son of peace be there, your peace 2 Therefore said he unto them, “The harvest shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray again. ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he 7 And in the same house remain, eating would send forth labourers into his harvest. and drinking such things as they give: for the

3 Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as labourer is worthy of his hire. Go not from lambs among wolves.

house to house.

a Matt. 10.1. Mark 6. 7.- _b Matt. 9. 37, 38. John 4. 35. Thess. 3. 1.

d Matt. 10. 16. - Matt. 10. 9, 10. Mark 6. 8. ch. 9.3.

f 2 Kings 4. 29. Matt. 10. 12.-Matt. 10. 11.-ii Cor. 10. 27.

* Matt. 10. 10. 1 Cor. 9. 4, &c. 1 Tim. 5. 18.

NOTES ON CHAP. X.

Verse 2. That he would send forth] ExBaan. There seems Verse 1. The Lord appointed other seventy] Rather, seventy to be an allusion here to the case of reapers, who, though the others, not other seventy as our translation has it, which seems harvest was perfectly ripe, yet were in no hurry to cut it down. to intimate that he had appointed seventy before this time, News of this is brought to the Lord of the harvest, the farmer, though probably, the word other has a reference to the twelve and he is entreated to exert his authority, and hurry them out ; chosen first: he not only chose twelve disciples to be con- and this he does because the harvest is spoiling for want of bestantly with him : but he chose seventy others to go beforeing reaped and gathered in. See the notes on Matt. ix. 37, 38. him. Our blessed Lord formed every thing in his church on Verse 3. Lambs among wolres.] See on Matt. x. 16. the model of the Jewish church; and why? Because it was Verse 4. Carry neither purse, nor scrip] See on Matt. x. 9, the pattern shewn by God himself, the divine form which &c. and Mark vi. 8, &c. pointed out the heavenly substance which now began to be es- Salute no man by the way.] According to a canon of the tablished in its place. As he before had chosen twelve apostles Jews, a man who was about any sacred work, was exempted in reference to the twelve patriarchs who were the chiefs of from all civil obligations for the time; forasmuch as obedience the twelve tribes and the heads of the Jewish church, he now to God was of infinitely greater consequence than the cultipublicly appointed (for so the word avedeutev means) serenty || cation of private friendships, or the returning of civil compliothers, as Moses did the seventy elders whom he associated ments. with himself to assist him in the government of the people. Verse 5. Peace be to this house.) See on Matt. x. 12. Exod. xviii. 19. xxiv. 1-9. These Christ sent by two and Verse 6. The Son of peace] In the Jewish stile, a man who two; 1. To teach them the necessity of concord among the has any good or bad quality is called the son of it. Thus, ministers of righteousness. 2. That in the mouths of two wise men are called the children of wisdom, Matt. xi. 19. Luke witnesses every thing might be established. And 3. That vii. 35. So likewise, what a man is doomed to, he is called the they might comfort and support each other in their difficult son of, as in Eph. ii. 3. wicked men are stiled the children of labour. See on Mark vi. 7. Several MSS. and Versions have wrath: so Judas is called the son of perdition, John xvii. 12. seventy-two. Sometimes the Jews chose six out of each tribe :)'and a man who deserves to die, is called, 2 Sam. xii. 5. a son this was the number of the great Sanhedrin, The names of death. Son of peace in the text not only means a peaceable, of these seventy disciples are found in the margin of some quiet man, but one also of good report for his uprightness and ancient MSS. but this authority is questionable,

benepolence. It would have been a dishonour to this mission,

Christ commissions and

CHAP. X.

sends forth seventy disciples.

A. M. 4032.
A. D. 28.

A. D. 28.

CCI. 4.

for you.

CCI. 4.

ex

8 And into whatsoever city ye enter, 14 But it shall be more tolerable for A. M. 4032. An. Olymp. and they receive you, eat such things Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than · An. Olymp.

as are set before you : 9 · And heal the sick that are therein, and 15 8 And thou, Capernaum, which art say unto them, “The kingdom of God is come alted to heaven, 'shalt be thrust down to hell. nigh unto you.

16 * He that heareth

you,
heareth

me; and 'he 10 But into whatsoever city ye enter, and that despiseth you, despiseth me; " and he that they receive you not, go your ways out into the despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me. streets of the same, and say,

17 [ And the seventy returned again with 11 'Even the very dust of your city, which joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: unto us through thy name. notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the 18 And he said unto them, °I beheld Satan as kingdom of God is come nigh unto you. lightning fall from heaven.

12 But I say unto you, that "it shall be more 19 Behold, "I give unto you power to tread tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power city.

of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means 13 ° Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, hurt

you. Bethsaida ! ' for if the mighty works had been 20 Notwithstanding, in this rejoice not, that done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done the spirits are subject' unto you ; but rather in

you, they had a great while ago repented, rejoice, because your names are written in sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

heaven.

* Ch. 9. 2.Matt. 3. 2. & 4. 17. & 10. 7. ver. 11. Matt. 10. 14. ch. 9.3. Acts 13. 51. & 18. 6. - Matt. 10. 15. Mark 6. 11.- - Matt. 11.21.- Ezek. 3. 6. 3 Matt. 11. 23.- See Gen. 11. 4. Deut. 1. 28. Isai. 14. 13. Jer. 51. 13.- See Ezek. 26. 20. & 32. 18.

* Matt. 10. 40. Mark 9. 37. John 13, 20. 1 Thess. 4. 8. _m John 5. 23.

ver. 1.- John 12. 31. & 16. 11. Rev. 9. 1. & 12. 8, 9.- - Mark 16. 18. Acts 28. 5.- -9 Exod. 32. 32. Ps. 69. 28. Isai. 4. 3. Dan. 12. 1. Phil. 4. 3. Heb. 12. 43. Rev. 13. 8. & 20. 12. & 21. 27,

had the missionaries taken up their lodgings with those who | Pearce thinks they returned while our Lord was on his slow had not a good report among them who were without. journey to Jerusalem, and that they had been absent only a

Verse 7. The labourer is worthy] See on Matt. x. 8, and 12. few days.
Go not from house to hause.] See on Matt. x. 11.

Verse 18. I beheld Satan) Or, Satan himself, Toy Eutavay, Verse 9. The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.) EQ' the very Satan, the supreme adversary: falling, as lightning, yuces, is just upon you. This was the general text on which with the utmost suddenness as a flash of lightning falls from they were to preach all their sermons. See it explained, Matt. the clouds, and at the same time, in the most observable manii. 2.

ner. The fall was both very sudden and very apparent. Thus Verse 11. Even the very dust of your city] See on Matt. x. should the fall of the corrupt Jewish state be, and thus was 14, 15.

the fall of idolatry in the Gentile world. Verse 13. Woe unto thee, Chorazin!] See on Matt. xi. 21- Verse 19. To tread on serpents, &c.] It is possible that by 24.

serpents and scorpions our Lord means the scribes and Pharisees, Verse 15. To hell.] To Hades. See this explained, Matt. whom he calls serpents and a brood of vipers, Matt. xxiii. 33.

(see the note there,) because through the subtilty and venom Verse 16. He that despiseth you, despiseth me) “ The holy, of the old serpent, the Devil, they opposed him and his docblessed God said : Honour my statutes, for they are my am- trine; and by trampling on these, it is likely that he means, bassadors : and a man's ambassador is like to himself. If thou they should get a complete victory over such: as it was an anhonour my precepts, it is the same as if thou didst honour cient custom to trample on the kings and generals who had me; and if thou despise them, thou despisest me.” R. Tan- been taken in battle, to signify the complete conquest which cum. “ He that murmurs against his teacher, is the same as had been gained over them. See Josh. X. 24. See also if he had murmured against the divine Shekinah.” Sanhedrin, Rom. xvi. 20. See the notes on Mark xvi. 17, 18. fol. 110.

Verse 20. Because your names are written in heaven.] This Verse 17. The seventy returned again with joy) Bishop form of speech is taken from the ancient custom of writing

xi. 23.

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