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The precious ointment.

CHAP. XIV.

Judas betrays Christ.

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a woman having an alabaster box of gospel shall be preached throughout A. M. 4093. An. Olymp. ointment, of “spikenard, very pre- the whole world, this also that she An. Olymp.

cious; and she brake the box, and hath done shall be spoken of, for a poured it on his head.

memorial of her. 4 And there were some that had indignation 10 " And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve; within themselves, and said, Why was this waste went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto of the ointment made ?

them. 5 For it might have been sold for more than 11 And when they heard it, they were glad, three hundred pence, and have been given to and promised to give him money.

And he And they murmured against her. sought how he might conveniently betray him. 6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble 12 ° And the first day of unleavened bread, ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.

when they killed the pass-over, his disciples 7 For ‘ye have the poor with you always, and said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and whensoever ye will ye may do them good ; but prepare that thou mayest eat the pass-over? me ye have not always.

13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, 8 She hath done what she could : she is come and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.

there shall meet you a man. bearing a pitcher of 9 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this water : follow him.

the poor.

* Or, pure nard, or, liquid nard.--"See Matt. 18. 28. Deut. 15. 11.

d Matt: 26. 14. Luke 22. 3;4. Mått. 26. 17. Luke 22.7.-- "Or, sacrificed.

others, that it signifies a small vessel without a handle, from a 3. That it would not be easy effecturally to separatė the oil from Regative, and naßn a handte; and others imagine, that it | the broken pieces. And 4. That it was a custom in the eastmerely signifies a perfieme or essence-bottle. There are several ern countries, to seal the bottles with war that held the perspecies of the soft calcareous stone called alabaster, which fumes; so that to come at their contents no more was necesare enumerated and described in different chemical works. sary than to break the seal, which this woman appears to have

Shikenard] Or nard. An Indian plant whose root is very | done; and when the seal was thus broken, she had no more small and slender. It puts förth a long and small-stalk, and to do, than to pour out the liquid ointment, which she could has several ears or spikes even with the ground, which has

not have done had she broken the bottle. The bottles which given it the name of spikenard : the taste is bitter, acrid, and contain the bc us or atlyr of roses, which come from aromatie, and the smell agreeable. Calmet.

the East, are sealed in this manner. See a number of proofs. Very precious] Or rather, unadulterated: this I think is relative to this point in Harmer's Observations, vol: iv. 469. the proper meaning of TiotiXn5. Theophylact gives this in- Verse 5. It might have been sold] To mugoy this ointment, is terpretation of the passage: “unadulterated nard, and pre- added by ABCDKL. thirty-five others, Æthiopic, Armenian, pared with fidelity.” Some think that motiun is a contrac- Gothic, all the Itala except one. Griesbach has received it tion of the Latin spicatæ, and that it signifies the spicated into the text. The sum mentioned here would amount to : nard, or what we commonly call the spikenard. But Dr. || nearly 101. sterling. Lightfoot gives a different interpretation. Toonixn he supposes

Verse 8. To anoint my body to the burying.) Esç TOY EYTCQto come from the Syriac xpno'd pistike, which signifies the coues, against, or in reference to its embalmment, thus pointing acorn : he would therefore have it to signify an aromatic out my death and the embalmment of my body; for the bodies confection of nard, muste, or myrobalane. See his Hebrew of persons of distinction were wrapped up in :aromatics to and Talmudical Exercitations; and see Scheuchzer's Physiea preserve them from putrefactivn. See on Matt. xxvi. 12. Sacra.

Verse 9. For a menorial of her.] See on Matt. xxvi. 13. She brake the bor] Pather, ske broke the sea. This is the Verse 11. They were glad] The joy, that arises from the best translation I can give of the place; and I give it for opportunity of murdering an innocent person, must be comthese reasons: 1. That it is not likely that a box exceedingly | pletely infernal. precious in itself, should be broken to get out its contents. 2. Verse 13. Bearing a pitcher of water] How. correct is the That the broken pieces would be very inconvenient if not inju- foreknowledge of Jesus Christ! even the minutest circumrious to the head of our Lord, and to the hands of the woman. Il stances are comprehended by it! An honest employment, how.

The institution of the Eucharist.

ST. MARK.

Peter's denial foretold.

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14 And wheresoever he shall go in, 23 And he took the cup, and when A.M.4085. An. Olynp. say ye to the good man of the house, he had given thanks, he gave it to An. Olymp.

The Master saith, Where is the guest-them; and they all drank of it. chamber, where I shall eat the pass-over with 24 And he said unto them, This is

blood my disciples ?

of the new testament, which is shed for many. 15 And he will shew you a large upper room 25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more furnished and prepared : there make ready for us. of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I

16 And his disciples went forth, and came in- drink it new in the kingdom of God. to the city, and found as he had said unto them : 26 4 And when they had sung a “hymn, and they made ready the pass-over.

they went out into the mount of Olivés. 17 · And in the evening he cometh with the 27 ' And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall twelve.

be offended because of me this night: for it is 18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, written, I will smite the shepherd, and the Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth sheep shall be scattered. with me shall betray me.

28 But after that I am risen, I will go before 19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say you into Galilee. unto him, one by one, Is it I? and another said, 29 But Peter said unto 'him, Although all Is it I?

shall be offended, yet will not I. 20 And he answered and said unto them, It is 30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the unto thee, That this day, even in this night, dish.

before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny 21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is writ- me thrice. ten of him: but woe to that man by whom the 31 But he spake the more vehemently, If I Son of man is betrayed! good were. it for that should die with thee, I will not deny thee in man if he had never been born.

any wise. Likewise also said they all. 22 ' And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, 32 * And they came to a place which was and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciand said, Take, eat : this is my body.

ples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray.

a Matt. 26. 20, &c. - Matt. 26. 24. Lnke 22. 22. Matt. 26. 26. Luke 22. 19. 1 Cor. 11. 23.- - Matt. 26. 30. Le Or, psalm.

f Matt. 26. 31.

& Zech. 13.7.ch. 16.7.-Matt. 26. 33, 34. Luke 22. 33, 34. John 13. 37, 38-K Matt. 26. 36. Luke 92. 39. John 13. 1.

soever mean, is worthy the attention of God; and even a man | Æthiopic, Vulgate, and four of the Itala. Griesbach leaves bearing a pitcher of water, is marked in all his steps, and is it doubtful : others leave it out. an object of the merciful regards of the Most High. This Verse 21. Goeth] That is, to die. See on Matt. xxvi. man was employed in carrying home the water which was | 24. to be used for baking the unleavened bread on the following Verse 22. Eat] This is omitted by many MSS. and Verday; for on that day it was not lawful to carry any : hence sions, but I think without reason. It is found in the pathey were obliged to fetch it on the preceding evening. rallel places, Matt. xxvi. 26. I Cor. xi. 24. See the subject

Verse 15. Furnished] Spread with carpets ---OT wasvov--so of the Lord's Supper, largely explained on Matt. xxvi. 26, &c. this word is often used. See WAKEFIELD. But it may also Verse 30. That Thou] Eu is added by ABEGHKLMSsignify the couches on which the guests reclined when eating. V. eighty-eight others, Syriac, Arabic, Persie, Coptic, ÆshiIt does not appear that the Jews ate the pass-over now, as opic, Armenian, Slavonic, Vulgate, Saron, Theophyluct, and their fathers did formerly, standing, with their shoes on, and Euthymius. It adds much to the energy of the passage, their staves in their hands.

every word of which is deeply emphatical. Verily, I say unVerse 19. And another said, Is it I?] This clause is want. to thee, that THOU, THIS DAY, in This VERY NIGHT, before the ing in BCLP. seventeen others, Syriac, Persic, Arabic, Coptic, ll cock shall crow TWICE, THOU wilt deny me.

The agony in the garden.

CHAP. XIV.

Christ is apprehended.

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33 And he taketh with him Peter|| 42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that AM4098 An. Olymp. and James and John, and began to be betrayeth me is at hand.

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CCII. 1 sore amazed, and to be very heavy ; 43 "And immediately, while he 34 And saith unto them, - My soul is exceed- yet spakė, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and ing sorrowful unto death : tarry ye here, and with him a great multitude with swords and watch.

staves, from the chief priests, and the scribes, 35 And he went forward a little, and fell on and the elders. the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, 44 And he that betrayed him had given them the hour might pass from him.

a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that 36 And he said, " Abba, Father, all things same is he; take him, and lead him away safely. are possible unto thee; take away this cup from 45 And as soon as he was come, he goeth me: "nevertheless not what I will, but what | straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; thou wilt.

and kissed him. 37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, 46 And they laid their hands on him, and and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou ? | took him. could est not thou watch one hour?

47 And one of them that stood by, drew a 38 Watch

ye
and
pray,

lest

ye enter into temp- sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, tation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh and cut off his ear. is weak.

48 i And Jesus answered and said unto them, 39 And again he went away, and prayed, and Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords spake the same words.

and with staves to take me ? 40 And when he returned, he found them 49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, asleep again : for their eyes were heavy: nei- and ye took me not: but "the scriptures must ther wist they what to answer him.

be fulfilled. 41 And he cometh the third time, and saith 50 ' And they all forsook him, and fled. unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest :

51 And there followed him a certain young it is enough, 'the hour is come; behold the Son man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. body; and the young men laid hold on him:

Ilohn 19. 27. - Rom. 8. 15. Gal. 4. 6.---Iebr. 5. 7.-- John 5. 30. & 6. 34. - Rom. 7. 23. Gal. 5. 17.-John 13. 1.- Matt. 26. 46. John 18 1, 2.

Matt. 26. 47. Luke 29. 47. Jobn 18. 3.- Matt. 26. 55. Lule 92. 52. _Ps. 24. 6. Isai. 53. 7, &c. Luke 22. S7, & 24. 44. Ps. 88. 8. ver. 27.

2

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Verse 36. Abba, Father] This Syriac word wbich intimates as omp ono Mori xupie, my Lord, Lord, vosa pili muan, shuar, filial affection and respect, and purental tenderness, seems to gate, gate: and above, xar matng, father, father : see several have been used by our blessed Lord, merely considered as I examples in Schoetgen. The words '98 and xIx appear to man, to shew his complete submission to his Father's will, and have been differently used among the Hebrews: the first, the tender affection wbich he was conscious his Father had | Abbi, was a term of ciril respect: the second, Abba, a term for him. Abba, Syriac, is here joined to o naime, Greek, of filial affection. Hence, Abba, Abbi, as in the Syriac Verboth signifying father : so St. Paul, Rom. viii. 15. Gal. iv. 6. sion in this place, may be considered as expressing, My Lord, The reason is, that from the time in which the Jews becarnell my Father. And in this sense St. Paul is to be understood in conversant with the Greek language, by means of the Septua- | the places referred to above. See Lightfoot. gint Version and their commerce with the Romans and Greek Verse 37. Saith unto Peter) See on Matt. xxvi. 40. provinces, they often intermingled Greek and Roman words Verse 51. A certain young manj Probably raised from hie with their own language. There is the fullest evidence of this sleep by the noise which the rabble made who came to apfact in the earliest writings of the Jews, and they often add prebend Jesus, having wrapped the sheet or some of the bed a word of the same meaning in Greek to their own term : suchi li clothing about hiin, became thereby the more conspicuous :

Christ is questioned by the priests.

ST. MARK.

Peter denies hin.

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52 And he left the linen cloth, and 63 Then the high priest rent his A.M. 463. A. D. 29. An. Olymp. fled from them naked.

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53 | And they led Jesus away to further witnesses ? the high priest: and with him were assembled 64 Ye have heard the blasphemy : what think all the chief priests, and the elders, and the ye?. And they all condemned him to be guilty scribes,

of death. 54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into 65 And some began to spit on him, and to the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say servants, and warmed himself at the fire.

unto him, Prophesy : and the servants did strike 55 And the chief priests, and all the council him with the palms of their hands. sought for witness against Jesus, to put him to 66 9 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, death; and found none.

there cometh one of the maids of the high 56 For many bare false witness against him, priest: but their witness agreed not together.

67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, 57 And there arose certain, and bare false she looked upon him, and said, And thou also witness against him, saying,

wast with Jesus of Nazareth. 58 We heard him say, I will destroy this tem- 68. But he denied, saying, I know not, neiple that is made with hands, and within three ther understand I what thou sayest. "And he days; I will build another made without hands. went out into the porch; and the cock crew.

59 But neither so did their witness agree to- 69 i And a maid saw him again, and began to gether.

say to them that stood by, This is one of them. 60. And the high priest stood up in the midst, 70 And he denied it again. *And a little afand asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou no- ter, they that stood by said again to Peter, thing? what is it which these witness against | Surely thou art one of them : 'for thou art a thee?

Galilean, and thy speech agreeth thereto. 61 But he held his peace, and answered no- 71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, thing. 'Again the high priest asked him, and I know not this man of wkom ye speak. said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of 72 "And the second time the cock crew. And the Blessed?

Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said 62 And Jesus said, I am: Sand ye shall see unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou the Son of man sitting on the right hand of shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

thereon, he wept.

* Matt. 26. 57 Lake 99. 54. John 18. 13.Matt. 26. 59.--ch. 15. 29. John %. 19.-- d Matt. 26. 62.- Isai. 5). 7. -Matt. 26. 03. Matt. 24. 30. & 25. 64. Luke 22. 69.- in Matt. 28 58, 69. Lube 2. 57.

John 18. 16 Matt. 26. 71. Lirke o.. 53. Jelin 18.25_-_* Matt. 96. 73. Laske 22. 59. John 18. 2.- Acts 2.7,--Vut. 20.75.- Ur, hc wept abundantly, or, he began to wceux

on his appearing, he was seized; but as they had no way of maid-servant was the better able to distinguish him, see ver. holding him, but only by the cloth which was wrapped round | 67. him, he disengaged himself from that, and so escaped out of Verse 61. Of the Blessed?) 0:00 TOU eulonutou or of God the their hands. This circumstance is not related by any other blessed one. Orov is added here by AK. ten others, Vulgate and of the Evangelists.

one of the Itala. Il might be introduced into the text, put ia Verse 54. Peter followed] On Peter's denial, see Matt. xxvi. Italics, if the authority of the MSS. and Versions be not deemed $7, &c.

sufficient. It appears necessary for the better understanding of At the fire] Tigas TO Cw5, literally, at the light, i. e. a fire | the text. The adjective, however, conveỹs a good sense by that cast considerable light, in consequence of which, the itself, and is according to a frequent Hebrew form of speech Christ is examined by Pilate;

CHAP. XV.

who delivers him to be crucified.

Verse 72. And when he thought thereon, he wept.] Or, he || and anguish. Others think that traßadwv, rather refers to the fell a weeping. This Mr. Wakefield thinks comes nearest to violence or hurry, with which he left the place, being impelled the original, επιβαλων εκλαιε. Others think it means the wrap- thereto by the terrors and remorse of his guilty conscience. ping of his head in the skirts of his garment, through shame Our own translation is as good as any.

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CHAPTER XV. Jesus is brought before Pilate, eramined, and accused, but makes no answer, 1-5. The multitride clamour for the

release of Barabbas, and the crucifixion of Christ, 6–14. Pilate consents, and he is led away, mocked, insulted, and nailed to the cross, 15—26. Two thieres are crucified with him, 27, 28. While hanging on the cross, he is mocked and insulted, 29--32. The miraculous darkness and our 'Lord's death, 39-37. The rending of the vail, and the confession of the centurion, 38, 39. Several women attend, and behold his death, 40, 41. Joseph of Arimathea begs the body from Pilate, and buries it, 42-46. Mary Magdalene, und Mary the mother of Joses, note the place of his burial, 47.

ND straightway in the morn- 9 But Pilate answered them, saying, An. Olymp. ing, the chief priests held a con-Will ye that I release unto you the An. Olymp.

sultation with the elders and scribes King of the Jews ? and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and 10 For he knew that the chief priests had decarried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. livered him for envy.

2 • And Pilate asked him, Art thou the king 11 But 'the chief priests moved the people, of the Jews ? And he answering said unto him, that he should rather release Barabbas unto Thou sayest it.

them. 3 And the chief priests accused him of many || 12 And Pilate answered and said again unto things : but he answered nothing.

them, What will ye then that I shall do unto 4 · And Pilate asked him again, saying, An- | him whom ye call the King of the Jews? swerest thou nothing? behold how many things 13 And they cried out again, Crucify him. they witness against thee.

14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what 5 ° But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that evil hath he done? And they cried out the Pilate marvelled.

more exceedingly, Crucify him. 6 Now eat that feast he released unto them 15 & And so Pilate, willing to content the peoone prisoner, whomsoever they desired. ple, released Barabbas unto them, and deliver

7 And there was one named Barabbas, whiched Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crulay bound, with them that had made insurrec- cified. tion with him, who had committed murder in 16 f. "And the soldiers led him away unto the insurrection.

the hall, called Prætorium ; and they call toge8 And the multitude crying aloud, began to ther the whole band. desire him to do as he had ever done unto them. 17 And they clothed him with purple, and

À Ps/9. 2. Matt. 27. 1. Luke 22. 66. & 23. 1. John 18. 98. Acts 3. 13. & 4. 26. Matt. 27. 11. Matt. 27. 13.-_ Isai. 33. 7. Jolu

19. 9.---- Matt. 27. 15. Luke 23. 17. John 18. 39.-----of Matt. 27. 90. Acts 3.11. L. Matt. 27. 26. John 19. 1, 16. Mati. 27.07.

* NOTES ON CHAP. XV.

ginal word, the bellowing of the multitude. It signifies proVerse 1. In the morning] See Matt. xxvii. 1, &c.

perly a loud and long cry, such as Christ emitted on the Verse 8. The multitude crying aloud] Ayoboncus. The word cross. See the whole history of these proceedings against our Keelf strongly marks the vociferations, or to come nearer the ori- || Lord, treated at large on Matt. xxvii.

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