« הקודםהמשך »
Sr. M M A T T H E W.
Ussherian year of the World, 4000.-Alexandrian year of the World, 5498.—Antiochian year of the World, 5438.—Con
stantinopolitan Æra of the World, 5504.—Year of the Julian Period, 4709.-Æra of the Seleucidæ, 308.—Year before the vulgar Æra of Christ, 5.—Year of the CXCIII. Olympiad, 4.-Year of the building of Rome, 749.—Year of the Emperor Augustus, i.e. from the battle of Actium, 26.-Consuls, Augustus XII. and Lucius Cornelius Sulla.--Year of the Paschal Cycle or Dionysian Period, 530.-Year of the Solar Cycle, 5.-Year of the Lunar Cycle, 13.-Dominical Letters, BA.
The genealogy of Christ divided into three classes of fourteen generations each: The first fourteen, from Abraham to David, 2–6. The second fourteen, from Solomon to Jechonias, 7–10. The third fourteen, from Jechonias to Christ, 11-16. The sum of these generations, 17. Christ is conceived by the Iloly Ghost, and born of the Virgin Mary, when she was espoused to Joseph, 18. Joseph's anxiety and doubts are removed by the ministry of an Angel, 19, 20; by whom the child is named Jesus, 21. The fulfilment of the prophecy of Isaiah relative to this, 22, 23. Joseph takes home his wife, Mary, and Christ is born, 24, 25. WHE book of the generation of
o generation of 1, 2 Abraham begat Isaac; and · Isaac A.B.COM
'the son of Abraham.
and lris brethren;
* Luke 3. 23. Ps. 132. 11. Isai. 11. 1. Jer, 23. 5. ch. 22. 2. John
7. 42. Acts 2. 30. & 13. 93. Rom. 1. 3.
Gen. 19, 3. & 22. 18. Gal. 3. 16. Gen. 21. 2, 3.-Gen. 25. 26.
f Gen. 29. 35.
NOTES ON CHAP, I.
diate descendants. Again. These are the generations of Jacob, Verse 1. The book of the generation of Jesus Christ] I sup-Gen. xxxvii. 2. that is, the account or history of Jacob, his son pose these words to have been the original title to this Gospel; Joseph, and the other remarkable branches of the family. And and that they signify, according to the Hebrew phraseology, again. These are the generations of Aaron and Moses, Num. Rot only the account of the genealogy of Christ, as detailed iii. 1. That is, the history of the life and acts of these below, but the history of his birth, acts, sufferings, death, || persons, and some of their immediate descendants. The same resurrection and ascension,
form of expression is also used, Gen. ii. 4. when giving the The phrase, book of the generation, niabın D sepher toledoth, history of the creation of heaven and earth. is frequent in the Jewish writings, and is translated by the Some have translated βιβλος γενέσεως, The book of the Septuagint, Bafxos yevepias, as here, by the Evangelist; and genealogy; and consider it the title of this chapter only; but regularly conveys the meaning given to it above; e. g. This the former opinion seems better founded. is the book of the generations of Adam, Gen. v. 1. That is, Jesus Christ] See on verses 16. and 21., the account of the life of Adam and certain of his imme. The son of David, the son of Abrahan.) No person ever
B. C. 5.
B. C. 5.
of Christ. 3 And “Judas begat Phares and Za- 6 And Jesse begat David the king; An. Olymp. ra of Thamar; and Phares begat Es- and David the king begat Solomon of An. Olymp.
CXCII. A. rom; and Esrom begat Aram ; her that had been the wife of Urias; 4 And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab 7 And Solomon begat Roboam; and Robegat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon ; boam begat Abia ; and Abia begat Asa ;
5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz 8 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Obed of Ruth ; and Obed begat Jesse begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias;
a Gen. 38. 27.- Ruth 4. 18, &c. 1 Chron. 2. 5, 9, &c.
• 1 Sam. 16. 1. & 17. 12.2 Sam. 12. 24.-e i Chron. 3. 10, &c.
born, could boast in a direct line, a more illustrious ancestry Abraham, though the latter was many generations older : than Jesus Christ. Among his progenitors, the regal, sacer- the reason seems to be this, that David was not only the most dotal and prophetic offices, existed in all their glory and splen- illustrious of our Lord's predecessors, as being both king and dor. David, the most renowned of sovereigns, was king and prophet ; but because that promise, which at first was given prophet: Abraham, the most perfect character in all anti- || to Abraham, and afterwards, through successive generations, quity, whether sacred or prophane, was priest and prophet : confirmed to the Jewish people, was at last determined and but the three offices were never united except in the person of restricted to the family of David. Son of David, was an Christ; he alone was prophet, priest and king; and possessed epithet by which the Messiah was afterwards known among and executed these offices in such a supereminent degree, as the Jews; and under this title, they were led to expect him no human being ever did, or ever could. As the principal by prophetic authority. See Psal. Ixxxix. 3, 4. cxxxii. 10, business of the prophet was to make known the will of God || 11. compared with Acts xiii. 23. and Isai. xi. 1. Jerem. xxiii. to men, according to certain partial communications received || 5. Christ was prophesied of under the very name of David. from Heaven; so Jesus who lay in the bosom of the Father, || See Ezek. xxxiv. 23, 24. xxxvii. 24, 25. and who was intimately and thoroughly acquainted with all the Verse 2. Abraham begat Isauc] In this genealogy, those mysteries of the eternal world, came to declare the Divine persons only, among the ancestors of Christ, which formed Nature, and its counsels to mankind.-See John i. 18. As the direct line, are specified : hence no mention is made of the business of the priest was to offer sacrifices to God, to || Ishmael, the son of Abraham, nor of Esau, the son of Isaac : make atonement for the sins of the people; so Christ was and of all the twelve patriarchs or sons of Jacob, Judah alone constituted a high priest to make, by the sacrifice of himself, || is mentioned. an atonement for the sins of the whole world; see 1 John ü. 2. Verse 3. Pharez and Zara] The remarkable history of these and the whole Epistle to the Hebrews. As the office of king twins may be seen Gen. xxxviii. Some of the ancients were was to reign over, protect, and defend the people committed of opinion, that the Evangelist refers to the mystery of the to his care by the Divine Providence; so Christ is set as a youngest being preferred to the eldest, as prefiguring the exaltaking upon Sion, having the heathen for his inheritance, and tion of the Christian church over the synagogue. Concernthe uttermost parts of the earth for his possession, Psal. ii. 6, ing the women whose names are recorded in this genealogy, 8, &c. Of the righteousness, peace, and increase of whose see the note at the end of the chapter. government, there shall be no end, Isai. ix. 7. This three- Verse 8. Joram begat Ozias] 'This is the Uzziah, king of fold office, Christ executes not only in a general sense, in the Judah, who was struck with the leprosy for his presumption world at large; but, in a particular sense, in every Christian in entering the temple to offer incense before the Lord. See soul. He is first a prophet, to teach the heart the will of 2 Chron. xxvi. 16, &c. Ozias was not the immediate son of God; to convict the conscience of sin, righteousness and Joram : there were three kings between them, Ahuriah, Joash; judgment; and fully to illustrate the way of salvation. He is and Amaziah, which swell the fourteen generations to sevennext a priest, to apply that atonement to the guilty conscience, || teen : but it is observed, that omissions of this kind are not unthe necessity of which, as a prophet, he had previously made common in the Jewish genealogies. In Ezra vii. 3. Azariah is known. And lastly, as a king, he leads captivity captive, called the son of Merajoth, although it is evident from 1 Chron. binds and casts out the strong man armed, spoils his goods, || vi. 7-9. that there were sir descendants between them. extends the sway of the sceptre of righteousness, subdues and This circumstance the Evangelist was probably aware of; but destroys sin, and reigns Lord, over all the powers and facul- | did not see it proper to attempt to correct what he found in ties of the human soul; so that as sin reigned unto death, the public accredited genealogical tables; as he knew it to be EVEN so does grace reign through righteousness, unto eternal of no consequence to his argument, which was merely to life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. Rom. v. 21.
shew, that Jesus Christ as surely descended, in an uninterIt is remarkable, that the Evangelist names David before rupted line from Durid, as David did from Abraham. And
of Jesus Christ.
B. C. 5.
B.C. 5. An. Olymp. CXCII. 4.
9 And Ozias begat Joatham ; and brethren, about the time they were An. Olymp. Joatham begat Achaz ; and Achaz carried away to Babylon : begat Ezekias;
12 And after they were brought to 10 And · Ezekias begat Manasses ; and Ma- Babylon, o Jechonias begat Salathiel ; and Sanasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias ; lathiel begat ' Zorobabel ; 11 And Josias begat Jechonias and his 13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud ; and Abiud
* 2 Kings 20. 21. 1 Chron. 3. 13 - Some read, Josias begat Jakim, sad Jakim begat Jechonias. - See 1 Chron. 3. 15, 16.
d 2 Kings 24. 14, 15, 16. & 25. 11. 2 Chron. 36. 10, 20. Jer. 27. 20. & 39. 9. & 52. 11, 15, 28, 29, 30. Dan. 1.2.1 Chron. 3. 17, 19.- -Ezra 3. 2. & 5. 2. Neh. 12. 1. Hag. 1. 1.
this he has done in the most satisfactory manner : nor did any would be so much inquired into by the Jewish people, as the person in those days pretend to detect any inaccuracy in his lineage of the Messiah would be, that the Evangelists should statement; though the account was published among those deliver a truth, not only that could not be gainsaid, but also, very people whose interest it was to expose the fallacy, in vin- might be proved and established from certain and undoubted dication of their own obstinate rejection of the Messialı, if any rolls of ancestors." See Horæ Talmudicæ. such fallacy could have been proved. But as they were silent, Verse 11. Josias begat Jechonias, &c.] There are three consimodern, and comparatively modern unbelievers, may for ever derable difficulties in this verse. 1. Josias was not the father of hold their peace. The objections raised on this lead are Jechonias; he was only the grand-father of that prince: 1 Chron. worthy of no regard.
iii. 14-16. 2. Jechonias had no brethren; at least, none are St. Matthew took up the genealogies just as he found them on record. 3. Josias died 20 years before the Babylonish in the public Jewish records, which, though they were in the captivity took place, and therefore Jechonias and his brethren, main correct, yet were deficient in many particulars. The could not have been begotten about the time they were carried Jews themselves give us sufficient proof of this. The Talmud, | away to Babylon. To this may be added a fourth difficulty, title Kiddushim, mentions ten classes of persons who returned viz. there are only thirteen in this 2d class of generations; or from the Babylonish captivity: I. n. Cohaney, priests. II. | forty-one, instead of forty-two in the whole. But all these dif7'S LEVEY, Levites. III. 5890* YISHRAEL, Israelites. IV. 15930 ficulties disappear, by adopting a reading found in many MSS. CHULULEY, common persons, as to the priesthood; such, whose Iwosas de cytrynos toy I wax sope. I w e xeo je de eyevnte TOV Lexovar. And fathers were priests, but their mothers were such as the priests Josius begat JEHOIAKIM, or Joakim, and Joakim begat Jechoshould not marry. V. '73 GIREY, proselytes. VI. 7999 CHA- nias. For this reading, see the authorities in Griesbach, JoBUREY, freed-men, or servants who had been liberated by their siah was the immediate father of Jehoiakim (called also Eliamasters. VII. "O MAMZIREY, spurious, such as were born | keim and Joakim) and his brethren, who were Johanan, Zedein unlawful wedlock. VIII. 973 NETHINEY, Nethinims. IX. | kiah, and Shallum : see 1 Chron. iii. 15. Joakim was the father pinu SHETUKEY, bastards, persons whose mothers, though of Joachin or Jechonias, about the time of the first Babylonish well known, could not ascertain the fathers of their children, captivity : for we may reckon three Babylonish captivities. because of their connections with different men. X. 108 | The first happened in the fourth year of Joakim, son of JoAsuphey, such as were gathered up out of the streets, whose siah, about A. M. 3398. In this year, Nebuchadnezzar having fathers and mothers were utterly unknown. Such was the taken Jerusalem, led a great number of captives to Babylon. heterogeneous mass brought up from Babylon to Jerusalem : and The second captivity happened under Jechoniah, son of Joalthough we learn from the Jews, that great care was taken to akim; who having reigned three months, was taken prisoner separate the spurious from the true-born Israelites, and Canons in 3405, and was carried to Babylon, with a great number of were made for that purpose : yet it so happened, that some- the Jewish nobility. The third captivity took place under times a spurious family had got into high authority, and there- || Zedekiuh, A. M. 3416. And thus, says Calmet, the 11th fore must not be meddled with. See several cases in Light- | verse should be read : Josias begat Joakim and his brethren: foot. On this account, a faithful genealogist would insert in and Joakim begat Jechonias about the time of the first Babylonhis roll, such only as were indisputable. “ It is therefore | ish captivity; and Jechonias begat Salathiel, after they were easy to guess," says Dr. Lightfoot, “ whence Matthew took brought to Babylon. Thus, with the necessary addition of the last fourleen generations of this genealogy, and Luke the Joakim, the three classes, each containing fourteen generafirst forty names of his : namely, from the genealogical rolls, tions, are complete. And to make this the more evident, at that time well known, and laid up in the public xosuendoce, I shall set down each of these three generations in a separate repositories, and in the private also. And it was necessary column, with the additional Joakim, that the Reader may indeed, in so noble and sublime a subject, and a thing that have them all at one view.