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sides women and children began their march from Ramesses 38 to Succoth. And there went up with them a mixed multitude 39 with flocks and herds and cattle in great abundance. And

of the dough which they brought out of Egypt they baked unleavened cakes, for it had not been leavened: for the Egyptians hurried them away and they could not wait, and they had

not dressed any provisions for themselves for the journey. 40 Now the sojourning of the Israelites which they and their

fathers had sojourned in the land of Egypt and in the land of 41 Chanaan was four hundred and thirty years. And at the end

of four hundred and thirty years all the host of the Lord came 42 out of the land of Egypt. At night there was a watch for the

Lord. This watch of the Lord was instituted that very night 43 to bring them out of the land of Egypt. That it might be

kept by all the children of Israel throughout their generations,

the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, This is the law of the 14 Passover-No stranger shall eat of it; but every servant born

at home or bought with money thou shalt circumcise and then 45 he may eat of it. A sojourner or a hireling shall not eat of it. 46 In one family it shall be eaten, and you must not carry any of

the flesh abroad out of the house; nor shall you break a bone 47 thereof. All the congregation of the children of Israel shall keep 48 this festival. And if any proselyte come to you to keep the pass

over to the Lord, thou shalt circumcise all his males and then he

may come and keep it, and he shall be as a native of the land. 49 No uncircumcised person shall eat of it. There shall be one law 50 for the home born and for the proselyte who shall come among

you. Now the children of Israel had done as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron; and when they had done so, on

that very day the Lord led the Israelites out of the land of · Egypt with their host. XIII. Moreover the Lord spoke to Moses saying, Consecrate

2 to me every first born. Every first born among the children 3 of Israel, whether man or beast, is mine. Therefore Moses

said to the people, Remember this day, in which you came out from the land of Egypt--from the house of bondage. For

with a strong hand the Lord hath brought you out from this 4 place; and let no leaven be eaten, for on this day you are 5 marching out in the month of new things. And when the

Lord thy God shall have brought thee into the land of the

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Chananites and the Chettites and the Amorites, and the Evites and the Jebusites and the Gergasites and the Pherezites which the Lord with an oath promised to thy fathers that he would

give thee-a land flowing with milk and honey, thou shalt 6 perform this religious service in this month. Six days you

shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall 7 be a festival to the Lord. Seven days you shall eat unleaven

ed bread. Nothing that is leavened shall be seen with thee; 8 nor shalt thou have leaven in all thy borders. And on that

day thou shalt tell thy son and say, This is on the account of

what the Lord God did for me, when I came out of Egypt. 9 And it shall be to thee for a sign on thy hand and for a memorial before thy eyes, that the law of the Lord may be in thy

mouth; for with a strong hand the Lord thy God hath brought 10 thee out of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this law in revolv11 ing seasons from year to year. And when the Lord thy God shall

have brought thee into the land of the Chananites, as he sware 12 to thy fathers, and shall give it to thee, thou shalt set apart eve.,

ry first born—all the males for the Lord. Every firstling of the

kine or among the cattle which thou mayst have, even all the 13 males thou shalt consecrate to the Lord. Every firstling of an

ass thou shalt exchange for a sheep, and if thou wilt not ex

change it thou must redeem it. And every male first born 14 of thy children thou shalt redeem. And if at any time hereaf.

ter, thy son should ask thee saying, What is the meaning of

this ? thou shalt say to him, Because with a strong hand the 15 Lord brought us out of the land of Egypt-from the house of

bondage; and, when Pharao hardened himself against send. ing us away, the Lord slew every first born in the land of Egypt, both the first born of men and the first born of cattle,

therefore I sacrifice all firstlings-all the males to the Lord: 16 and every male first born of my children I must redeem. And

it shall be for a sign on thy hand, and immoveably before thy eyes. For with a strong hand the Lord brought thee out of

Egypt. 17 Now when Pharao sent away the people, God did not lead

them by the way to the land of the Philistines, because it was

near. For God said, Perhaps the people will repent when they 18 see war and will return to Egypt: therefore God led the peo

ple by a circuitous march to the wilderness-to the Red sea.

And in the fifth generation the Israelites went up out of the 19 land of Egypt. And Moses took with him the bones of Joseph.

For with an oath he had adjured the Israelites saying, The Lord will assuredly visit you and you shall carry hence my bones

with you. 20 And the children of Israel removed from Succoth and en. 21 camped at Otham on the edge of the wilderness. And God

went before them, by day in a pillar of a cloud to shew them 22 the way, and at night in a pillar of fire. And there was no

failure of the pillar of a cloud by day, and of the pillar of fire by

night before all the people. XIV. Then the Lord spoke to Moses saying, Speak to the 2 children of Israel and let them turn and encamp on the ground

between Magdolus and the sea, from the sheep cot on the one 3 side to Beelsepphon on the other. In front of these thou shalt encamp by the sea; whereupon Pharao will say to his people,

The Israelites have lost their way in the land for the wilderness 4 hath shut them in. And I will make Pharao's heart stout, so

that he will pursue them, and I shall be glorified by Pharao

and by all his army. And all the Egyptians shall know that 5 I am the Lord. Accordingly the Israelites did so. Now when

the king of the Egyptians was told that the people had fed, his heart and the heart of his servants were turned against the peo

ple. And they said, What is this we have done in sending the 6 Israelites away from serving us? Therefore Pharao equipt his 7 chariots and took all his people with him. And having selected

six hundred chosen chariots and all the cavalry of the Egyp8 tians and officers of the highest rank over all (for the Lord had

emboldened the heart of Pharao king of Egypt and of his at9 tendants) he pursued the Israelites. Though the Israelites had

gone out with a high hand, yet the Egyptians pursued them with all the cavalry and the chariots of Pharao. And his horse

men and his army found them encamped by the sea with the 10 sheep cot on one flank and Beelsepphon on the other. And as

Pharao approached; the children of Israel raising their eyes

saw the Egyptians encamping in their rear and were greatly 11 terrified. And the Israelites cried to the Lord, and said to

Moses, Was it because there were no graves in the land of

ook all his people and all the cavally the Lord had Egypt, that thou hast brought us out to die in the wilderness?

Why hast thou dealt thus with us in bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Is not this what we told thee in Egypt saying, Let us alone,

that we may serve the Egyptians? For it was better for us to 13 serve the Egyptians than to die in this wilderness. Where

upon Moses said to the people, Take courage; stand still and see the salvation which cometh from the Lord—which he will work for you this day. For in the manner you have seen the

Egyptians this day, you shall never see them again any more. 14 The Lord will fight for you. Be ye therefore silent. 15 Now the Lord had said to Moses, Why criest thou to me?

Speak to the children of Israel and let them prepare for march16 ing. And lift thou up thy staff and stretch forth thy hand over

the sea and divide it, and let the children of Israel go into the 17 midst of the sea as on dry ground. And behold I will embold

en the heart of Pharao and of all the Egyptians and they will

go in after them. And I shall be glorified by Pharao and by 18 all his army and by his chariots and by his horses. And all the

Egyptians shall know, that I am the Lord when I make my19 self glorious by Pharao and by his chariots and his horses. Now

the Angel of the Lord who marched before the camp of the Israelites had removed and went behind them, and the pillar of

cloud had removed from the front and taken its station in the 20 rear. And when it came between the camp of the Egyptians

and the camp of Israel and had taken its station; there came on

a thick darkness and night intervened so that they did not in21 termix one with the other during that whole night. And Mo

ses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the Lord restrained the sea that whole night with a strong south easterly wind

and made the sea dry ground; and the water was cleft asunder. 22 And the Israelites went into the midst of the sea as on dry

ground. And the water thereof was a wall on the right and a 23 wall on the left. And the Egyptians pursued and went in after

them, even all Pharao's cavalry and his chariots and chari24 oteers, into the midst of the sea. And in the morning watch,

the Lord cast a look on the army of the Egyptians with the 25 pillar of fire and cloud, and threw the Egyptian army into con

fusion, and entangled their chariot wheels and caused them to drag on heavily; whereupon the Egyptians said, Letus flee from

VOL. I.

the face of Israel, for the Lord fighteth for them against the 26 Egyptians. Then the Lord said to Moses, Stretch forth thy

hand over the sea and bring back the water to its place; and let

it overwhelm the Egyptians, their chariots and their horse27 men. So Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and

about day break the water was brought back to its place. And

when the Egyptians were fleeing below the water the Lord 28 shook them off in the midst of the sea; and the water being

brought back to its place overwhelmed the chariots and the

horsemen and all the host of Pharao who had marched after 29 the Israelites into the sea, so that not one of them was left. But

the Israelites marched on dry ground in the midst of the sea,

and the water was a wall to them on their right and on their 30 left. Thus did the Lord on that day deliver Israel out of the

hand of the Egyptians. And Israel saw the Egyptians dead on 31 the sea shore. And when Israel saw that great hand-what

the Lord had done to the Egyptians, the people feared the Lord, and they put confidence in God and in Moses his ser

vant. XV. Then sung Moses and the Israelites this song to God, and spoke saying,

Let us sing to the Lord,
For he is gloriously exalted;
Horse and rider he hath thrown in the sea.
He was my help and defence for safety :
He is my God, therefore I will praise him-

My father's God, therefore I will extol him—
3 A Lord crushing battles, his name is The Lord.

Pharao's chariots and host he threw in the sea-
Chosen bands-Officers of highest rank.
They were swallowed up in the Red sea.
In the sea, he whelmed them;
They sank to the bottom like a stone.
Thy right hand, O Lord, is glorious in power.

Thy right hand, O Lord, dashed enemies to pieces. 7 With thy great glory thou didst crush thine adversaries.

Thou sentest forth thy wrath; it consumed them like stubble. 8 At the blast of thy wrath the water parted

The waters were compacted like a wali

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