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did in like manner by their enchantments, Pharao's heart be.

came inflexible so that he hearkened not to them as the Lord '23 had said. So Pharao returned and went to his house and paid 24 no attention to this. And all the Egyptians dug round about

the river for water to drink for they could not drink the water

of the river. 25 And when seven days were fulfilled after the Lord had

smitten the river, the Lord said to Moses, Go to Pharao and VIII. say to him, Thus saith the Lord, Send away my peo2 ple that they may serve me. But if thou wilt not let them go,

behold I will smite all thy borders with frogs and the river shall 3 swarm with frogs. And they shall go up and come into thy

houses and into thy bed chambers, even upon thy beds; and

into the houses of thy servants and thy people and into thy 4 kneading troughs and thy ovens. Both against thee and against 5 thy attendants and thy people shall the frogs come up. And the

Lord said to Moses, Say to Aaron thy brother, Stretch forth

the staff with thy hand over the rivers and over the canals and 6 over the lakes and bring up the frogs. So Aaron stretched

forth his hand over the waters of Egypt and brought up the

frogs. And frogs came up in abundance and covered the land 7 of Egypt. Though the Egyptian sorcerers did in like man.

ner by their enchantments and brought up frogs on the land 8 of Egypt; yet Pharao called Moses and Aaron and said, Pray

for me to the Lord, and let him take away the frogs from me

and my people ; and I will let them go that they may sacrifice 9 to the Lord. Whereupon Moses said to Pharao, Set me the

time when I shall pray for thee and for thy attendants and thy

people, that the frogs may vanish from thee and from thy peo10 ple and out of your houses and be left only in the river. And

he said against to-morrow. And Moses said, It shall be as thou

hast spoken. That thou mayst know that there is no other 11 besides the Lord; the frogs shall be removed from thee and

from your houses and from your villages and from all thy at

tendants and from thy people ; but in the river they shall be 12 left. Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharao ; and

Moses cried to the Lord for the performance of the promise 13. touching the frogs as Pharao had stated. And the Lord did

as Moses said. The frogs died out of the houses and out of 14 the villages and out of the fields. And they collected them

in heaps and the land stank. 15 But when Pharao saw that there was a respite, his heart

became stubborn and he hearkened not to them as the Lord 16 had said. Then the Lord said to Moses, Say to Aaron,

Stretch forth thy staff with thy hand and smite the dust of the

ground, and there shall be stinging gnats among the men and 17 the four footed beasts throughout all the land of Egypt. Ac

cordingly Aaron stretched forth the staff with his hand and smote the dust of the ground, and there were stinging gnats

among the men and among the four footed beasts, and in all the 18 dust of the ground there were gnats. And the magicians did

in like manner by their enchantments to remove the stinging

gnats but could not, so the stinging gnats were among the 19 men and among the four footed beasts. Therefore the sorcer.

ers said to Pharao, This is the finger of God. But Pharao's heart was inflexible and he hearkened not to them as the Lord

had said. 20 Then the Lord said to Moses, Rise early to-morrow and

stand before Pharao. Lo! he will come forth to the water, and

thou shalt say to him, Thus saith the Lord, Send away my 21 people that they may serve me in the wilderness. But if thou

wilt not send away my people behold I will send against thee and against thy attendants and against thy people and against your houses, the dog fly. And the houses of the Egyptians

shall be filled with dog flies throughout all the land in which 22 they are. But in that day I will distinguish in a glorious manner

the land of Gesem in which my people are. In it there shall

be no dog flies, that thou mayst know that I am the Lord the 23 God of the whole earth. And I will make a difference be.

tween my people and thy people. To-morrow this shall be 24 in the land. And the Lord did so. And there came a swarm

of dog flies into the houses of Pharao and into the houses of

his attendants and into all the land of Egypt: and the land 25 was utterly wasted by them. Whereupon Pharao sent for

Moses and Aaron and said, Go and sacrifice to the Lord your 26 God in this land. And Moses said, It is not possible to do so.

For we shall sacrifice to the Lord our God the abominations of the Egyptians. Now if we should sacrifice the abominations of the Egyptians before their faces we shall be stoned. 27 We will go three days' journey into the wilderness and sacri28 fice to our God, as the Lord hath commanded us. Then Pha

rao said, I give you leave to go, that you may sacrifice to your God in the wilderness; but you must not extend your

journey to a great distance. Therefore pray to the Lord 29 for me. And Moses said I will go out from thee and pray

to God; and the dog fies shall depart from thy servants and from thy people to-morrow. But let not Pharao deal

deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacri30 fice to the Lord. So Moses went out from Pharao and prayed 31 to God. And the Lord did as Moses said and removed the

dog flies from Pharao and his attendants and his people and 32 there was not one left. But Pharao emboldened his heart at

this time also and would not let the people go. IX. Then the Lord said to Moses, Go to Pharao and say to

him, Thus saith the Lord the God of the Hebrews, Send away 2 my people that they may serve me. For if thou wilt not send 3 away my people but still detain them, behold the hand of the

Lord will be upon thy cattle in the field: and among the

horses and among the asses and the camels and the herds and 4 the flocks there shall be a grievous pestilence. And at this time

also I will make a remarkable distinction between the cattle of

the Egyptians and the cattle of the Israelites. Among the 5 aforementioned belonging to Israel not one shall die. And

God fixed a set time saying, To-morrow the Lord will do this 6 in the land. So on the morrow the Lord executed this, and all

the cattle which died belonged to the Egyptians; but of the 7 cattle belonging to the Israelites not one died. But though

Pharao saw that of all the cattle belonging to the Israelites not one died, his heart was inflexible and he would not let the

people go. 8 Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron saying, Take

handfuls of ashes from the furnace; and let Moses scatter them

towards heaven in the presence of Pharao and before his at9 tendants and let there be dust on all the land of Egypt, and

there shall be on men and four footed beasts an inflammation;

blains oozing forth both on man and beast in all the land of 10 Egypt. So Moses took the ashes of a furnace in the sight of

Pharao and scattered them towards heaven, and there was an 11 inflammation with oozing blains both on man and beast, so

that the sorcerers could not stand before Moses, because of

these boils. For the boils were on the sorcerers and through. 12 out all the land of Egypt. But the Lord made Pharao's heart

stubborn and he hearkened not to them as the Lord com

manded. 13 Then the Lord said to Moses, Rise early to-morrow morn

ing and stand before Pharao and say to him, Thus saith the

Lord the God of the Hebrews, Send away my people that they 14 may serve me. For at this time I am going to send all my

plagues into thy heart and the heart of thy servants and thy

people, that thou mayst know that there is none like me in all 15 the earth. I might now indeed have stretched forth my hand

and smitten thee and destroyed thy people with pestilence, so 16 that thou shouldst have been blotted out from the earth: but

thou hast been preserved for this purpose that by thee I might

display my power and that my name may be celebrated 17 throughout all the earth. Shouldst thou therefore still deter18 mine with respect to my people not to let them go, behold at

this time to-morrow I will pour down a great storm of hail

such as hath never been in Egypt, from the day it was created 19 even to this day. Now therefore haste and gather in thy cattle

and whatever thou hast in the field. For every man and beast, which shall be found in the fields and shall not have come

home, on them the hail shall fall and they shall die. 20 Such of the attendants of Pharao as feared the Lord gather21 ed their cattle into houses. But such as paid no regard to the 22 word of the Lord left their cattle in the fields. Then the Lord

said to Moses, Stretch forth thy hand towards heaven, and

there shall be hail on all the land of Egypt, both on man and 23 beast and on every herb which is on the ground. And Moses

stretched forth his hand towards heaven and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and the fire streamed along the ground. And

the Lord poured down a storm of hail on all the land of 24 Egypt. And there was hail, with flaming fire among the hail.

And the hail storm was excessively great such as had never 25 been in Egypt from the day there was a nation in it. And

throughout all the land of Egypt the hail smote both man and

beast. The hail also smote every herb of the field and broke 26 to pieces all the trees in the fields. But in the land of Gesem 27 where the children of Israel were, there was no hail. Then

Pharao sent for Moses and Aaron and said to them, I have 28 sinned this time. The Lord is righteous; but as for me and

my people, we are wicked. Pray therefore for me to the

Lord; and let the voices of God and the hail and fire cease 29 and I will send you away and you shall stay no longer. And

Moses said to him, As soon as I have gone out of the city I will spread out my hands to the Lord and the voices will cease

and there will be no more hail and rain, that thou mayst know 30 that the earth is the Lord's. But as for thee and thy attend

ants I know that you do not yet fear the Lord. 31 Now the flax and the barley were smitten, for the barley 32 had eared and the flax was in seed. But the wheat and spelts

were not smitten for they had been lately sown. 33 So Moses went out from Pharao without the city and

stretched forth his hands to the Lord. And the thunder ceased

and the hail and the rain no longer poured down on the earth. 34. And when Pharao saw that the rain and the hail and the thun.

der were stayed he continued on in his course of sinning and

hardened his own heart and the hearts of his servants. 25 And when Pharao's heart was inflexible and he would not

let the people go as the Lord had said to Moses, then the Lord X. spake to Moses saying, Go to Pharao, for I have suffered the

heart of him and his attendants to continue stubborn that these 2 my signs might come upon them in succession, that you may

tell in the hearing of your children even to your children's children, with what contempt I have treated the Egyptians, even these my signs which I have done among them, and you

will know that I am the Lord. 3 Then Moses and Aaron went in before Pharao and said

to him, Thus saith the Lord the God of the Hebrews. How 4 long wilt thou refuse to reverence me? Send away my people

that they may serve me. Otherwise, if thou refuse to let my 5 people go, behold at this time to-morrow I will bring a swarm

of locusts on all thy borders and they shall cover the face of the ground, so that thou shalt not be able to see the ground; and they shall devour all the remaining product of the land

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