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is embarrassed in his circumstances, says, My feet are in shackles.” • Who will refresh my feet ?” “Who will give liberty to my feet?”
12.—“I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind :
I am like a broken vessel.” “ Yes," says the man who is reduced to poverty, “ I am now a corpse to all my former friends." 66 What is a man without money
A naddukera-savvam” a walking corpse ! “I am now a broken chatte," a potsherd. “ Truly, I am like the tam-bat tam," the drum with its head broken.
6 I am of no use; no one enjoys me.”
XXXII. 7.-" Thou art my hiding place.” (cxix. 114.) We see in the case of David, and many others, that they often had to conceal themselves in caves, mountains, and desert places, from the pursuit of their enemies. In countries like these, where the police is imperfect, where population is so scattered, and where it is so easy to sustain life, it can be no wonder that offenders and injured men often conceal themselves for months and years from the vigilance of their pursuers. It is an every-day occurrence to hear of men thus hiding themselves. Has a person to account for his conduct, or to appear in a court of justice, he packs up his valuables, and makes a start into the jungle, or to some distant country. Perhaps he prowls about the skirts of a forest, and occasionally visits his family in the night. See him on his way, he walks so softly that the most delicate eared animal cannot detect him; he looks in every direction ; puts his ears near the ground, and listens for any sound; again he proceeds, sometimes crawling, sometimes walking, till he has reached his hiding-place. But the natives themselves are famous for assisting each other to elude the search of their pursuers ; and often, as did Jonathan and Ahimaaz, they conceal themselves in the well! Sometimes an offender will run to a man of rank who is at enmity with his foe, and say, “ My lord;
you must be my hiding-place against that wicked man, who has committed so many crimes against you.” “ Ah ! the good man, he was my hiding place.”
XXXIV. 8. -" O taste and see that the Lord is
good.” “ I have russe-pārtain," i. e, tasted and seen the holy man,
“ The Modeliar is a good man, I have tasted of him many times.”
Tamby, have you been to see the collector ?"_“ No, I am afraid of him.”-“ Fear not; I have tasted of him, and he is very sweet." “ Do you pretend to know me?” — “Yes, I know you well; many times have I tasted of you, and have proved you to be all bitterness.” A wife says of a good husband, “ I have tasted him, and he is very sweet.” Does a father chastise his child; he asks, “ Do you now taste me? Am I sweet or sour ? When you commit such things, I shall always be sour 10 you.” Of a good and absent child, he says, “ My son, my son ! when will you return, that I may again taste your sweetness ?”
XXXV. 5. - Let them be as chaff before the wind.” “ Begone! fellow; contend not with my brother or me: : thou art as chaff before the wind !” - Not a word, or soon wilt thou be as cotton before the wind !"
21. -- " They opened their mouth wide against me,
and said, Aha! aha! our eye hath seen it.” (Ezek.
xxv. 3.) Dr. Boothroyd. They open wide their mouth against me, and say, Aha! aha! our eye seeth WHAT WE WISHED.”
See that rude fellow who has triumphed over another; he distends his mouth to the utmost, then claps his hands, and bawls out, “ Agà ! agă! I have seen, I have seen.” So provoking is this exclamation, that a man, though vanquished, will often commence another attack. An officer who has lost his situation is sure to have this salutation from those
he has injured. - Has a man been foiled in' argument, has he failed in some feat he promised to perform, has he in any way made himself ridiculous, the people open their mouths, and shout aloud, saying, “ Agā! finished, finished, fallen, fallen.” Then they laugh, and clap their hands, till the poor fellow gets out of their sight.
XXXVI. 8. — “ Drink of the river of thy pleasures." I In the book Scanda-Purāna, it is said of one there were “ rivers of delight flowing from his eyes.”
11.-“ Let not the foot of pride come against me, and
let not the hand of the wicked remove me.” Here we have another instance of the feet and hands being used for the whole man. Our Saviour said of the man: “The HAND of him that betrayeth me.” Of a sick person to whom the physician will not administer any more medicine, it will be said paregāri-kivuttăn, “ The hand of the doctor has forsaken him.” A servant is under the hand of his master. The foot of pride probably alludes to the custom of the conqueror trampling upon the vanquished : for in the next verse it is said, “ The workers of iniquity are fallen : they are cast down, and shall not be able to rise.”
XXXVII. 6.-“ Bring forth thy righteousness as the
light, and thy judgment as the noonday.” Righteousness and the light are but one."
“ His righteousness is as the light.” “ Yes, he is indeed a wise judge, his decision is as the noonday.”
6 What an erroneous judgment is this ! my case was as powerful and clear as the sun in his zenith."
35.-" I have seen the wicked in great power, and
spreading himself like a green bay tree.” The margin has, instead of green bay tree, “a tree that groweth in his own soil.”
Ainsworth, “I have seen the wicked daunting terrible and spreading himself bare, as a green self-growing laurel.”
A truly wicked man is compared to a tamarind tree, whose wood is exceedingly hard, and whose fruit is sour.
66 That passāsu, i.e. fiend, is like the marutha-marram (TerminaliaAlate). This tree resists the most powerful storms; it never loses its leaves, and is sacred to Vyravar, the prince of devils. I have seen some that would measure from thirty to forty feet in circumference. The tamarind tree at Port Pedro under which Baldeus * preached measures thirty feet.
XXXIX. 5. — “ Thou hast made my days as an hand
breadth.” “ What are the days of man? Only four fingers.” “ son has gone, and has only had a life of four fingers.' “ You have had much pleasure ? ”—“ Not so; it has only been the breadth of four fingers.” “ Is he a great land owner ? "_“Yes, he has about the breadth of four fingers.” “ I am told the hatred betwixt those people is daily decreasing ?”—“ Yes; that which is left is about four fingers in breadth."
11. “ Thou makest his beauty to consume away like
a moth.” The moths of the East are very large and beautiful, but short lived. After a few showers these splendid inseets may be seen fluttering in every breeze; but the dry weather and their numerous enemies soon consign them to the common lot. Thus the beauty of man consumes away like that of this gay rover, dressed in his robes of purple, and scarlet, and green.
XL. 6.—“ Mine ears hast thou opened.” (Job xxxvi. 15.) Ainsworth, “ Mine ears hast thou digged open.” In Scrip* He who was a Dutch clergyman, and mentions his preaching there in 1663. Under the same tree I have often addressed large congregations.
ture phrase, the Lord is said to speak in the ears of his people. Those young heathen who are above ten years of
and under twenty, have the ubbatheasum whispered in their ears, which is believed to have a very sacred effect.
9. --“ I have preached righteousness.” The Hindoo priests never preach to the people. The book Scanda-Purāna is read regularly through once a year, in their temples. One person reads aloud, and another explains.
XLI. 9.— “ Which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up
his heel against me.” (See on Gen. iii. 15.) “ The man who has eaten my rice has now become a traitor; yes, he has cut my kuthe-kül," i. e. heel.
XLII. 1. — “ As the hart panteth after the water
brooks." In the East, where streams are not common, and where the deer are so often chased by their savage co-tenants of the forest and the glade, no wonder that they are often driven from their favourite haunts to the parched grounds. After this, their thirst becomes excessive, but they dare not return to the water, lest they should again meet
When the god Rāmar and his people went through the thirsty wilderness, it is written, “ As the deer cried for the water, so did they.” “ In going through the desert yesterday, my thirst was so great, I cried out like the deer for water."
7. — “ Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy water
spouts." A water-spout at sea is a splendid sight; in shape it resembles a funnel with the tube pointing to the water. In