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principal; another of these was Saint (Saint !!!) Dominic*, a Spaniard, who commenced the order of (St. Dominic) the Inquisitors, assisted by the pious efforts of St. Francist.
About the year 1209-10 Massacre appears to have arrived at the height of her own sanguinary office :
• The fixed population of Beziers did not, perhaps, exceed “ 15,000 persons; but all the inhabitants of the country, of " the open villages, and of the castles which had not been “judged capable of defence, had taken refuge in this city,
which was regarded as exceedingly strong; and even those “ who had remained to guard the strong castles, had, for the “ most part, sent their wives and children to Beziers. This " whole multitude, at the moment when the crusaders became “ masters of the gates, took refuge in the churches; the
great cathedral of St. Nicaise contained the greater num“ber: the Canons, clothed with their choral habits, sur“ rounded the altar, and sounded the bells as if to express " their prayers to the furious assailants; but these supplica66 tions of brass were as little heard as those of the human 66 voice. The bells ceased not to sound, till, of that immense “ multitude which had taken refuge in the church, the last " had been massacred! Neither were those spared who had
sought an asylum in the other churches ; 7000 dead bodies “ were counted in that of the Magdalen alone. When the " crusaders had massacred the last living creature in Beziers, “ and had pillaged the houses of all that they thought worth
carrying off, they set fire to the city, in every part at once, “ and reduced it to a vast funeral pile. Not a house remained
* This monster, Dominic de Guzman, was born at Calaroga, in Old Castile, A. D. 1170, and was an Inquisitor of Languedoc, where he founded his order in 1215. He died in 1221, at Bologna, and was CANONIZED !!!
† Father Francis was also another agent of this Papal butcher in his work of blood, and coadjutor of Dominic, who, whilst the latter was engaged in the murders of Albi, (as Dr. Chandler expresses it)" battled it with the heretics of Italy.” This is the “ blessed St. Francis,” whose piety Romanists thus distinguish—“Christ prayed, Francis prevailed!" See Bp. Hall, v. i. p. 279. _(The blasphemy commencing with nihil Christus fecit, &c., we dare not repeat.) The blessings of this saint are, at this day, worn by many of our Irish Romanist fellow-subjects about their persons, to protect them from temptations of the devil, sickness, sudden death, &c.
“ standing, not one human being alive. Historians differ as
to the number of victims. The Abbot of Citeaux, feeling “ some shame for the butchery which he had ordered, in his 6 letter to Innocent III. reduces it to 15,000, others make it os amount to 60,000.”
The persecutions of this devoted race continued without intermission until (with the exception of a few individuals who escaped) it was exterminated.
“ The crusaders took possession of the castle of Minerva “the 22d of July, 1210; they entered, singing Te Deum, “ and preceded by the cross and the standards of Montfort. 46. The heretics were, in the mean time, assembled, the men « in one house, the women in another, and there, on their “knees, and resigned to their fate, they prepared themselves, " by prayer, for the punishment which awaited them. The “ Abbot, Guy de Vaux-Cernay, to fulfil the capitulation,
came, and began to preach to them the Roman Catholic “ faith; but his auditors interrupted him by an unanimous
cry—' We will have none of your faith,' said they, 6 have renounced the Church of Rome : your labour is in ( vain ; for neither death nor life will make us renounce the
opinions that we have embraced.' The Abbot of Vaux6. Cernay then passed to the assembly of the wonien; but he 6 found them as resolute, and more enthusiastic still in their 6 declarations. The Count of Montfort, in his turn, visited “ both. Already he had piled up an enormous mass of dry “wood : ‘Be converted to the Catholic faith,' said he to the “ assembled Albigenses, or ascend this pile.' None were « shaken. They set fire to the pile, which covered the whole
square with a tremendous conflagration; and the heretics were then conducted to the place. But violence was not necessary to compel them to enter the flames; they volun
tarily precipitated themselves into them, to the number of “ more than 140, after having commended their souls to that “ God in whose cause they suffered martyrdom. Three
women only, forcibly retained by the noble Dame of Marly, a mother of Bouchard, Lord of Montmorency, were saved “ from the flames; and terror and consternation succeeding to “their enthusiastic fervour, they consented to be converted.”
The following extract is illustrative of the crime of charity as taught in the Popish church:
6. Those who had committed so many crimes were not, for “ the greater part, bad men. They came from that part of “ Burgundy and northern France where crimes have always “ been rare, where long contentions, hatred, and vengeance
are passions almost unknown, and where the unhappy are
always sure to find compassion and aid. The crusaders “themselves were always ready to afford each other proofs “ of generosity, of support, and compassion; but the heretice
were, in their eyes, outcasts from the human race. Ac“ customed to confide their consciences to their priests, to 6 hear the orders of Rome as a voice from heaven, never
to submit that which appertained to the faith to the judg“ment of Reason, they congratulated themselves on the “ horror they felt for the sectaries. The more zealous they “ were for the glory of God, the more ardently they laboured “ for the destruction of heretics, the better Christians they “ thought themselves. And if at any time they felt a move
ment of pity or terror whilst assisting at their punishment,
they thought it a revolt of the flesh, which they confessed 6 at the tribunal of penitence; nor could they get quit of “ their remorse till their priests had given them absolution ! “ Wo to the men whose religion is completely perverted ! “ All their most virtuous sentiments lead them astray. Their " zeal is changed into ferocity. Their humility consigns “ them to the direction of the impostors who conduct them. “ Their very charity becomes sanguinary; they sacrifice “ those from whom they fear contagion, and they demand a
baptism of blood, to save some elect to the Lord.” The monk of Vaux-Cernay, who was the Popish chronicler
of these Crusades, thus tells us, with much self-satisfaction, the “ joyous ” results of the capture of Lavaur:
" Very soon they dragged out of the castle Aimery, "Lord of Montreal, and other knights, to the number of
eighty. The noble Count immediately ordered them to be. “hanged upon the gallows; but as soon as Aimery, the “ stoutest among them, was hanged, the gallows fell; for, in “ their great haste, they had not well fixed it in the earth. “ The Count, seeing that this would produce great delay, “ ordered the rest to be massacred; and the pilgrims, receiv
ing the order with the greatest avidity, very soon massacred " them all upon the spot. The lady of the castle, who
was sister to Aimery, and an execrable heretic, was, by the “ Count's order, thrown into a pit, which was filled up with “ stones ; afterwards, our pilgrims collected the innumerable “ heretics that the castle contained, and burned them alive “ with the utmost joy*.”
Such were the means employed to stifle a “reformation”. of the abuses of the Church of Rome in the thirteenth century; and, judging by these, is it harsh to suppose that such would have been adopted by Pope Pius IV. himself-the pious Pope, whose name is attached to the book we are commenting upon—if he had possessed the power of exterminating the English reformers of the abuses practised in his church? He, who, in 1564, the sixth year of the reign of Elizabeth, summoned the Council of Trent to complete its sittings, which our readers will perceive sanctions all the impious pretensions of the Romish see ? As the Order of St. Dominic, or Inquisitors, had commenced in the thirteenth century, about the year 1550 the Inquisition was established, and in the first year after Elizabeth ascended the throne, (1559,) a general butchery of Protestants took place in France,
* History of the Crusades against the Albigenses, &c. &c., from the French of J. C. L. Sismondi, 1826.
Spain, &c., under the sanction of Pope Paul IV.; and Pius, who succeeded him, inherited also his hatred to the pure faith of Christianity—asserting the power of his Church over princes and their subjects. These facts are now also'matters of history; but that our readers may feel convinced that the same spirit exists in the Romish Church at all times, where it has power to exercise it, we refer them to the authentic records of the reign of Charles IX. of France, where, (in Paris,) under the influence of Pope Gregory XIII., in 1572, on St. Batholomew's Day, 30,000 Protestants were massacred in cold blood; and the Pope, by his legate, Cardinal Ursin, gave, as usual, a plenary absolution to all who had assisted in it; medals were struck in commemoration of it, and a jubilee proclaimed to the Papists generally. Antony Muretus spoke an oration at Rome, in which he styles Gregory “ Blessed Father,” as the chief instigator of the slaughter ; Gregory thanked Charles for the service he had performed to the “true Church ;" and De Gondi, the French ambassador at the English court, as Camden tells us, declared this massacre to be “a remedy” of the “true Church.” We have exceeded our usual limit in making these authentic extracts, but, we trust, not ineffectually. Let us not again hear it said by the Romish Church, that no reformation was either necessary therein, or even heard of until 1500. Be it our task to show when she first avowed her numerous heretical doctrines in opposition to Christianity.
CHAP. II.-OF SCRIPTURE AND TRADITION. What is your belief concerning the Scriptures ?
That it is to be received by all Christians as the infallible word of God.
the Scripture to be clear and plain in all points necessary ; that is, in all such points wherein our salvation is so far concerned, that the misunderstanding and misinterpreting of it may endanger our eternal welfare ?
No: because St. Peter assures us, 2 Pet. iii. 16, that in St. Paul's