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asserts the doctrines of the Gospel, and states explicitly what a Christian should believe. This was at a period when the schisms above alluded to were, as is the case in our own times, made a pretence by infidelity for introducing heresies, or the dangerous errors of fanatics and demagogues. Those whom we find most general in their expressions of disapprobation respecting this Creed are, it may be said, men who have given themselves the least trouble to understand it, according to the doctrines of the Reformed Church. “He that believeth not shall be damned,” is an expression used by Christ himself, Mark xvi. 16; and St. Peter informs us 6 that there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we may be saved, but the name of Jesus.” The Athanasian Creed expresses in as strong and precise terms to those for whose immediate guidance it was written, the consequence that attaches to the unbelief of the Christian Faith ; and necessarily distinguishes the doctrines of the Trinity with respect to the exact manner in which it is to be understood by all orthodox Christians. The penalty, according to the belief of Protestants, as expressed in the Creed, applies to those who hold fundamental errors incompatible with the articles therein contained; and such errors, it has been shown, are condemned by Scripture also. Be it remembered, however, that the Protestant is not taught to believe the whole creed as necessary to salvation; but by the Creed itself all that is required of us is that “ before all things we hold the Catholic (or universal) Faith;" and the Catholic Faith is, by the third and fourth verses, explained to be this : “that we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity, neither confounding the persons nor dividing the substance." This is all that is required to be believed ; and to those who may have thought otherwise we recommend a more attentive perusal of the language of Christ himself.
As the term “ Catholic” is supposed by some Protestants to be synonymous with Papist, and by still more Papists, as
they have been taught by their clergy, that it only applies to themselves, it should be understood, that the word Catholic or Universal, has been always applied by every Christian Church; why it is in England more generally used towards Roman Catholics than to others, will appear in its proper place. But the object of the Popish clergy, in prefixing the extract we have quoted from the Athanasian Creed to their profession of faith, cannot be misunderstood, any more than their little effort in distinguishing the term Catholic by italics throughout the Creed itself; as also in other of their publications. We now come to the “ Profession,” &ci
A Profession of Catholic Faith, fc. I, N. N. with a firm faith believe and profess all and every one of those things which are contained in that Creed, which the Holy Roman Church maketh use of; viz. I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth, of all things visible and invisible ; and in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God; and born of the Father before all ages; God of God ; light of light; true God of true God; begotten, not made: consubstantial to the Father, by whom all things were made. Who, for us men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, and was made man. Was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; he suffered and was buried : and the third day he rose again according to the scriptures: he ascended into heaven ; sits at the right hand of the Father, and is to come again with glory to judge the living and the dead; of whose kingdom there shall be no end. And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Life-giver, who proceeds from the Father and the Son, who, together with the Father and the Son, is adored and glorified, who spoke by the prophets. And (I believe) one, holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church: I confess one baptism for the remission of sins : and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come.Amen.
I most steadfastly admit and embrace apostolical and ecclesiastical Traditions, and all other observances and constitutions of the same Church.
I also admit the holy Scriptures according to that sense which our holy mother, the Church, has held, and does hold, to whom it belongs to judge of the true sense and interpretation of the scriptures: neither will I ever take and interpret them otherwise, than according to the unanimous consent of the Fathers.
I also profess, that there are truly and properly seven sacraments, of the new law, instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord, and necessary for the salvation of mankind, though not all for every one: to wit, baptism, confirmation, eucharist, penance, extreme unction, orders, and matrimony; and that they confer grace: and that of these, baptism, confirmation, and orders, cannot be reiterated without sacrilege. I also receive and admit the received and approved ceremonies of the Catholic Church, used in the solemn administration of all the aforesaid sacraments.
I embrace and receive all and every one of the things which have been defined and declared in the holy council of Trent, concerning original sin and justification.
I profess, likewise, that in the mass there is offered to God a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead. And that in the most holy sacrament of the eucharist, there is truly, really, and substantially the body and blood, together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ : and that there is made a conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the blood; which conversion the Catholic Church calls Transubstantiation. I also confess, that under either kind alone Christ is received whole and entire, and a true sacrament.
I constantly hold, that there is a purgatory, and that the souls therein detained are helped by the suffrages of the faithful.
Likewise, that the saints, reigning together with Christ, are to be honoured and invocated, and that they offer prayers to God for us, and that their relics are to be had in veneration.
I most firmly assert, that the images of Christ, of the Mother of God, ever Virgin, and also of the other saints, ought to be had and retained, and that due honour and veneration is to be given them.
I also affirm, that the power of indulgences was left by Christ in the Church, and that the use of them is most wholesome to Christian people.
I acknowledge the holy, catholic, apostolic, Roman Church, for the mother and mistress of all churches ; and I promise true obedience to the Bishop of Rome, successor to St. Peter, prince of the apostles, and vicar of Jesus Christ.
I likewise, undoubtedly, receive and profess all other things delivered, defined, and declared by the sacred canons and general councils, and particularly by the holy council of Trent. And I condemn, reject, and anathematize all things contrary thereto, and all heresies which the Church has condemned, rejected, and anathematized.
I, N. N. do at this present freely profess, and sincerely hold this true Catholic faith, without which no one can be saved ; and I promise most constantly to retain and confess the same entire and unviolated, with God's assistance, to the end of my life.
Such is the Roman Catholic profession of faith at the present time; and that we may not expose ourselves to the liability of error, relative to that profession since 1823, we beg to notice the “Declaration” of the popish bishops of Ireland, dated 26th January, 1826. This declaration is comprised in fourteen Articles, religious and political, and is signed as follows: Patrick Curtis, D.D. Cornelius Egan, D.D. Peter Waldron, D.D. Oliver Kelly, D.D. William Crolley, D.D. John Murphy, D.D. Farrell O'Reilly, D.D. Patrick Maguire, D.D. James Doyle, D.D. Peter M'Loughlin, D.D. Patrick M‘Mahon, D.D. P. M. Nicholas, D.D. James Magavran, D.D. John M. Hale, D.D. P. M. Gettigan, D.D. George T. Plunkett, D.D. Daniel Murray, D.D. Edmund Ffrench, D.D. James Keating, D.D. Robert Laffan, D.D. Thomas Coen, D.D. Charles Tuohy, D.D. J. O'Shaughnessy, D.D. Robert Logan, D.D. Edward Kiervan, D.D. Thomas Costello, D.D. Patrick Burke, D.D. Patrick Kelly, D.D. Kiaran Marum, D.D. John Ryan, D.D.
The foregoing names being affixed to the “Declaration,” it does away with any doubt as to its genuineness; yet, as it invariably occurs, whenever we have occasion to compare the documents of the “Infallible” Church with each other, that the discrepancy is palpable, so will it be evident to our readers that, whatever may have been the object in view, the 66 Profession” and the “Declaration” are, by no means, in strict accordance, either with regard to the theoretical or practical doctrines of Popery. Although the “Declaration” is the latest official document we have seen,* we shall in the course of our remarks, only quote such “articles' contained therein as relate to the “ Profession of Faith ;' and not to their political professions :—with the latter we have already said, we intend not to interfere. We now proceed to the “Grounds of the Roman Catholic doctrine;" and even these, when compared with the “Profession” above quoted, will appear somewhat too slender for any man to rely upon, who obeys this command of CHRIST :-“Yea, and why even of your own selves judge ye not what is right?”
This observation was written early in the year 1827,
The Grounds of the Catholic Doctrine, as contained in the Pro
fession of Faith of Pius IV.
CHAP. I.-OF THE CHURCH.
It is contained in those words of the Nicene Creed, “I believe one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church."
What do you gather from these words ?
1. That Jesus Christ has always a true Church upon earth. 2. That this Church is always one, by the union of all her members in one faith and communion. 3. That she is always pure and holy in her doctrine and terms of communion, and consequently free from pernicious errors. 4. That she is catholic, that is, universal, by being the church of all ages, and more or less of all nations. 5. That this church must have in her a succession from the apostles, and a lawful mission derived from them. 6. (Which follows from all the rest.) That this true church of Christ cannot be any of the Protestant sects, but must be the ancient church communicating with the pope or bishop of Rome.
As this chapter consists in mere vain assertion, unsupported (like the twelve New Articles of Faith already given, by any thing in the shape of scriptural authority; to avoid unnecessary repetitions, we will pass on to the first section, where each article is separately treated of; and where it will be seen what portions of Holy Writ have been tortured-we really know not by what other term to express our meaning
to establish the doctrines of Popery to the prejudice of Christianity.
SECT. I. That Christ has always a true Church upon
earth. How do you prove that Christ has always a true Church upon earth?
From many plain texts of scripture, in which it is promised or foretold that the church or kingdom established by Christ, should stand to the end of the world. Matt. xvi, 18. “Thou art Peter," (i. e. a rock) “and upon this rock will I build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.” Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. “Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing, &c. teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you; and behold I am with you always, even to the end of the world.” Ps. lxxii. 5, 7,
They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations. In his days," that is, after the coming of Christ, “shall the righteous flourish and abundance of peace, so long as the