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In this manner was the wedding furnished with guests. . “ And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which. had not on a wedding garment; and he said unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither, not having a wedding garment? and he was speechless. Then said the king to the servants, bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth: for many are called, but few are chosen." . . In order to understand this part of the parable, it must be observed, that among the ancients, especially in the east, every one that came to a marriage feast was expected to appear in a handsome and elegant dress, which was called the WEDDING GARMENT. This was frequently, a white robe; and where the guest was a stranger, or was not able to provide such a robe, it was usual for the master of the feast to furnish him with one ; and if he who gave the entertainment was of high rank and great opulence, he sometimes provided marriage robes for the whole assembly. To this custom we have allusions in Homer, and E":"83x ; K 4
other classic writerg* and there arecísomne traces of it in the entertainments oficthe Turkish court at this very day ft It must be remarked also, that it was in a very high degree indecorous and offensive to gbod man pers, to intrude into the festivity without this garment; hence the indignation of the king against the bold, intruder who dared to tappear at the marriage feast without the nuptiabigat mentia. He was cast into outer durkness, he was driven away from the blaze and splet dor of the gay apartments within, to the dark ness and gloom of the street, where he was
offence he had committed, and the enjoya ments he had lost..: 5:404sfo'» JW 100 4. This man was meant to be the represen tative of those presumiptuous persons whointrude themselves into the Christian covenant, and expect to receive all the privileges and all the rewards annexed to it, without possessing when one of those Christiangrades and virtues ai *gavas Tint4b2.6 Died sich ! $18.915376.517 adhifto the entertainment given by the grand vvigier to Lord Elgin and his suite, in the palace of the seraglio, pelisses were given to all the guests. *** dol,
which : b97btle
sbichethe Gospeh requires from all those who płofess to believe and to embrace it. I Nothing id more common in Scripture than to PFE sent the habits and dispositions of the mind those bwhich determine and distinguish this whole character, under the figure of bodily garments and external habits. Thus. Job says of himself, “ I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my judgment was as a cloak and a diadem-*." And again in Isajah it is said, “ He hath clothed me with the garments of salvation ; he hath covered me with a robe of righteousness, y as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with jewels $:20 In the same manner we are commanded in the Gospel to put on bharity, to be clothed with humility; and in the book of Revelation to the elders are described as:sitting before the throne of God clothed in pphite raiment. And in the nineteenth chapter there is a passage, which is a clear and beautiful illustration of that now before uso: "The mart riage of the Lamb is come; and to her (that is to the church) was granted, that she shouldibe
2. bu mall bo! * Job xxix. 14.
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arrayed 'arrayed in fine linen, clean and white; and this fine linen, we are expressly told, is the righteousness of saints. And he saith (unto me, Write, blessed are they which are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb; that is, of Christ the king *.”. This is a plain allusion to the parable before us ; and most evidently shews, that the man without the wedding garment is every man that is not clothed with the robe of righteousness ; every man that pretends to be a Christian, without possessing the true evangelical temper and disposition of mind, without the virtues of a holy life; every one that expects to be saved by Christ, yet regards not the conditions on which that salvåtion depends; every profane, every unjust, every dissolute man ; every one, in short, that présumes to say, “Lord, Lord, yet doeth not the will of his Father which is in Heaven ." All these shall be excluded from the marriage feast, from the privileges of the Gospel, and the joys of heaven, and shall be cast intoi outer darkeness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth; for many we are told, are called, but few are chosen ; that * Rey..xix. 7, 9,9. Matth. vii. 21. .
is, is, many are called upon and invited to embrace the Gospel ; but few, comparatively speaking, receive it, or at least conduct themselves in a manner suitable to their high and heavenly calling, so as to be chosen or deemed worthy to inherit the kingdom of heaven. : I have only to observe further on this parable, that although in its primary intention it relates solely to the Jews, yet it has, like many other of our Lord's parables, a secondary reférence to persons of every denomination in every age and nation, who, through indolence, prejudice, vanity, pride, or vice, reject the Christian revelation; or who, professing to "receive it, live in direct opposition to its doctrines and its precepts. The same future punishment which is denounced against the unbelieving or hypocritical Jews, will be with equal severity inflicted on them.. xi...! 01" After Jesus had delivered this parable, the Pharisees perceiving plainly that it was difrected against them principally, were highly incensed, and determined to take their revenge, and endeavour to bring him into difficulty and danger by ensnaring questions. 9 'Then went the Pharisees and took counsel