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stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have

gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her 38 chickens under her wings ! and ye would not. Behold, your 39 house is left unto you desolate. For I say unto you, ye

shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say : Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord !

bright signature of truth and reali- cify him, Crucify him, and whose ty upon it, and that it would be a inhabitants would exult at his agomiracle of miracles, if these writ- nies on the cross, as at some holyings were the work of imposture or day spectacle ! fanaticism? - Killest the prophets, 38. Your house is left unto you fc. See notes on verse 35, and desolate, i. e. the temple, of which chap. xxi. 35, 36. Thy children. the Jews were excessively proud. The Jewish people, who often as- Perhaps he directed their attention, sembled at the holy city in obedi- by a gesture of the hand and eye, ence to the law, and who might be to that glorious edifice, on which appropriately called her children. Jewish wealth had been lavished Hen gathereth her chickens, fc. A without measure, and around which, figure full of beauty and pathos, to Jewish piety had thrown all its hoexpress his affection and interest for liest associations, “the Earth's One his country, and his earnest efforts Sanctuary.” He could say nothto rescue it from impending destruc- ing more awful than that that house tion. 2 Esdras i. 30 ; Deut. xxxii. should be overthrown from pinnacle 11, 12. He had pleaded with the to foundation. It appears, that JeJews in the most moving manner; sus now left it for the last time. It he had urged them to repentance might truly be said to be left desoby every motive; he was about to late even now, for it would no more appeal to them by the yet more af- resound with instructions of him, fecting spectacle of the cross. But who was greater than the temple, all was in vain. They were ad- and who carried in himself the Holy vancing obstinately towards the pre- of Holies; the Shechinah of the cipice of their ruin, and nothing Divine Presence. — By some he is could turn them aside. Luke xiii. understood to say, that the Jewish 34, 35. This burst of patriotic la- dwelling-place, i. e. country, would mentation for the coming overthrow be lett desolate. of that city, so dear to the Jewish 39. Ye shall not see me, fc. A heart, is in striking contrast with form of speech is used equivalent the tremendous rebukes, he had to his saying, You will no more just administered to the Scribes and have my presence among you; for Pharisees. It was thus, that the they would never acknowledge him two elements of the severe and the to be the Messiah. - In the sengentle mingled harmoniously in his tence, Blessed is he that cometh, 8c., most heroic, yet humane spirit, and he alludes to the hosannas with gave a divine perfection to his char- which he was saluted on his enacter. What

power of reproof was trance into Jerusalem, chap. xxi. 9; joined to the most melting compas- Ps. cxviii. 25, 26. Or, the sense sion! what magnanimity of soul, to of the verse may be, that my reliweep over the city that was so soon gion, of which I am the embodito ring with the infernal cry, Cru- ment, will not again be addressed

CHAPTER XXIV. Jesus prophesies the Destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem, and exhorts his Disciples to

Watchfulness. AND Jesus went out, and departed from the temple ; and his disciples came to him, for to show him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them : See ye not all these 2 things ? verily, I say unto you, there shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down,

And 3 to your attention, till you shall un had spoken with peculiar admiradergo, through the judgments of tion of the goodly stones and God, such an alteration in your gifts.” Jesus frames his reply acfeelings, that you will gladly say, cordingly. These very stones, said Blessed is he that cometh in the he, are destined to be scattered in name of the Lord, i. e. the Christ ; the dust. Josephus states that the till you shall submit to what would temple was built of stones which once have seemed most humiliating. were white and strong, and that

each in its length was 25 cubits, or CHAP. XXIV.

37 feet, in its height 12, and its 1-42. Parallel to Mark xiii. 1 breadth 18 feet. The prediction of 37; Luke xxi. 5 - 36.

our Lord was not, perhaps, in this 1. Departed from the temple. . As verse, designed to be literal, but to would appear, for the last time. express by a common figure, the To show him the buildings. Full of utter overthrow of the temple. Yet admiration themselves at the gran- it is remarkable, that the fulfilment deur of the temple, they call his no was so exact, that one stone was tice to it, as if to say, Can so mag- not left upon another. Josephus, nificent an edifice be left desolate, an eyewitness of the war, and as you have predicted! Far from it. whose history is a running, commenIn their estimation it was as stable tary upon this portion of the Gospel as the world itself. Between the narrative, says, that, with the exdifferent parts of the Gospel narra- ception of three towers, the wall tion, as it proceeds, there are many was thoroughly laid even with the fine and delicate connexions, which ground, and dug up to the foundademonstrate, beyond a doubt, the tion. Other Jewish writers corrobtruth of the history. We are not orate this account, and state, that expressly told, why they invited his Terentius Rufus, the Roman genattention to the temple at that, more eral, left in command at Jerusalem than any other time, but the context after its capture, ploughed up the furnishes the reason, chap. xxiii. temple and the places about it; so 38.

that that saying was fulfilled, “Zi2. See ye not all these things ? on shall be as a ploughed field.” According to Griesbach, not should We have, in this and the subsequent be omitted ; but it would not essen- prophecies, an unanswerable proof tially affect the meaning. Mark of the divine foreknowledge, and xiii. 2. Not be left here one stone authority of Jesus. No event so upon another, fc. We learn from disagreeable to the Jews, or so unMark and Luke that the disciples likely to happen, could have then

hear of wars,

as he sat upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying : Tell us, when shall these things be ? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the

world ? And Jesus answered and said unto them: Take heed 5 that no man deceive you. For many shall come in my name, 6 saying : I am Christ ; and shall deceive




shall and rumors of wars ; see that


be not troubled ; been predicted, as the destruction He here distinctly acknowledges of their temple, " with its glittering that he was the Messiah. - Christ. masses of white marble and pinna- Should be the Christ. We are incles of gold.” The victor, whoever formed in Acts v. 36, 37, viii. 9, he might be, would be supposed-to 10, xxi. 38, and by Josephus, that be desirous of keeping such a proud such, or similar impostors actually trophy of his success. Titus, the appeared, and led many into ruin. conqueror, sought to preserve it; Simon Magus was called, by his debut it was set on fire, in violation of luded followers, the Great Power of his orders, by one of his soldiers, God. Theudas, Judas of Galilee, and could not be extinguished, Dositheus of Samaria, and an Egypthough the greatest efforts were tian, drew away great numbers afmade to do it. Thus wonderfully ter them, but they perished with were the words of Jesus fulfilled their adherents. Josephus relates, that had been uttered forty years " that in the reign of Claudius, who before.

died about the year 54, the land was 3. Mount of Olives. See note on overrun with magicians, seducers, Matt. xxi. 1, 2. From that eleva- and impostors, who drew the people tion Jerusalem appeared as if lying after them in multitudes into solibeneath their feet. It was, proba- tudes and deserts, to see the signs bly, towards night, and the declin- and miracles which they promised ing sun was brilliantly reflected to show by the power of God.” It from the splendid palaces, and from may be here stated, as an interestthe vast temple towering over all ing fact of history, that there apwith snowy whiteness. The disci- peared, between the reign of Adriples came, i. e. James and John, Pe an and the year 1682, no less than ter and Andrew, who enjoyed most twenty-four false Messiahs, or imof his intimacy and confidence. Mark postors, claiming divine authority. xii. 3. Startled by his predictions, 6. Wars, and rumors of wars. they are anxious to learn when they The history of those times shows would be fulfilled. When shall the fulfilment of our Saviour's these things be, i. e. the destruction words. Six years after the death of the temple, verse 2. - End of the of Christ, the Roman emperor Caworld, i.e. the Jewish world or dis- ligula commanded his statue to be pensation. They were anxious to erected in the temple of Jerusalem. know how soon a new kingdom was The Jews resisted this desecration to be established. Their ambition with the greatest spirit, and a war made them impatient.

would have ensued, had not the 4, 5. Jesus warns them against emperor in the mean time died. In being deceived by false pretenders, one year and a half, four Roman who would come in his name, or emperors, Nero, Galba, Otho, and arrogate to themselves his authority. Vitellius, suffered violent deaths.

for all these things must come to pass ; but the end is not yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against 7 kingdom ; and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places. All these are the beginning of 8

Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and 9 shall kill you ; and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake. And then shall many be offended ; and shall 10 betray one another, and shall hate one another. And many 11


The empire was thrown into tre- heathen authors, bears unanswermendous convulsions, and its pro- able witness to the fulfilment of our vinces filled with wars and rumors Saviour's prophecies. of wars. In Palestine, Syria, and 8. The beginning of sorrows. All Egypt, many thousands were slain, the preceding events, terrible as in the most horrible massacres. they were, were but the preludes See that ye be not troubled. They to the woes that would follow, were not to be alarmed by these which were to be as overwhelming, tumults, for, notwithstanding these as ever happened to any nation in events, the final overthrow would the world. not occur immediately.

9. One of the features of the 7. Famines, and pestilences. A coming times would be the persefamine was predicted by Agabus in cutions of the Christians, not by Acts xi. 28, which, according to one nation merely, but by all wherSuetonius, Tacitus, and Eusebius, ever they existed. Of this fact took place in the reign of Claudius abundant evidence is furnished in Cæsar. Josephus, in his Antiqui- the Acts and the Epistles. The ties, b. 20, chap. 2, states that many first of the ten Roman persecutions people died of hunger at Jerusalem. took place under Nero, in whose Other famines are also related to reign the great Jewish war began. have occurred during that period. - For my name's sake, i. e. on acPestilences usually succeed famines, count of your profession of my and are often produced by them, religion. Tertullian says, there was on account of the scarcity and bad- nomini prælium, a war against the ness of food. Josephus mentions very name of Christian. It was a one in Babylonia in the year 40, common saying among the heathen, and Tacitus one in Italy in 66.

“ Such an individual is a good man, Earthquakes, in divers places. - In only he is a Christian.” the reign of Claudius an earthquake 10. Many be offended, i. e. stumoccurred at Rome, one in Crete, ble, or apostatize from Christianity, and others in Smyrna, Miletus, in consequence of these persecuChios, Samos, and other places. tions. This was the historical fact. Tacitus mentions, that, in the reign - Shall betray one another. This of Nero, the cities of Laodicea, may be illustrated by a quotation Hierapolis, and Colosse, were de- from Tacitus, in his description of stroyed, and Pompeii and Campa- the persecution under Nero : -"At nia almost demolished by the same first several were seized, who con

Suetonius mentions one at fessed, and then by their discovery Rome in the reign of Galba. Thus a great multitude of others were history, as written by Jewish and convicted and executed.”


12 false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many. And because 13 iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold. But

he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved. 14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world, for a witness unto all nations ; and then shall the end

When ye, therefore, shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy 16 place (whoso readeth, let him understand,) then let them which

15 come.

Even per

11. Many false prophets shall rise. death of its founder and the overNot false Messiahs, as in verse 5, throw of Jerusalem. The epistles but false teachers. 2 Cor. xi. 13; of Paul, dedicated, as they are, to 2 Tim. ii. 17, 18. Or reference is, churches in various parts of the perhaps, made to those false pro- Roman empire, bear witness to the phets who, according to Josephus, fulfilment of the text. were suborned by the tyrannical secution, as it drove the faithful Zealots, who ruled the city of Je- from city to city, accelerated the rusalem, to declare, that aid would diffusion of the truth. - For a witbe given to the people from heaven, ness unto all nations. Furnishing while they were besieged by the them with evidence of the excelRomans.

lence of the Gospel, as designed for 12. Wax cold. Becoine, or grow Gentiles as well as Jews, and showcold. On account of the cruel per- ing the justice of Heaven in visiting secutions, the prevalence of wick- with its judgments the people, edness, and the spread of false doc- which had rejected and crucified its trines, the attachment of many to Author. - Then shall the end come. the Christian cause would decline. The end of the Jewish state and 2 Thes. ii. 3; Gal. iii. 1; 1 Tim. i. polity. 19; Heb. x. 25.

15. The abomination of desolation, 13. Those Christians, who re- Or, the desolating abomination, i. mained constant in their belief of perhaps the Roman armies. Luke the Gospel, would escape from the xxi. 20. They desolated the counruin of Jerusalem. Eusebius says: try and city. They were an abom“ The whole body of the church at ination to the Jews, because their Jerusalem, having been commanded standards and ensigns had idolatrous by a Divine revelation, removed images of their gods and emperors from the city, and dwelt at a certain sculptured upon them, and theretown beyond the Jordan, called fore profaned the holy city with Pella."

their presence. Hug, however, un14. Preached in all the world, i. e. derstands by the desecration of the the Roman world, which embraced holy place, which was to be the signearly all the countries then known. nal for flight, the possession of the Rom. i. 8, xv. 19, 24 – 28; Gal. i. temple by the Zealots, a band of 17; Col. i. 6, 23. We learn, both robbers, who called to their aid the from the New Testament and pro- Idumeans, a heathen people, and fane writers, that the Gospel was polluted the sanctuary by making it propagated far and wide in Asia, a place of arms, and the theatre of Africa, and Europe, during the for- the most detestable and murderous ty years that elapsed between the deeds. - Spoken of by Daniel the


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