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ment, is represented as an huge and terrible creature of vast strength and impenetrablo armour, disdaining the weapons and strength of hisenemies, and the king over all the children of pride; Job xli. David went against Goliath without carnal weapons. David prevailed against Goliath with a sling and a stone, which is agreeable to Zech. ix. 15. ^ The Lord of hosts shall defend them, and they shall devour and subdue with sling stones.” David, when going against Goliath, took strength out of the brook in the way, agreeable to that concerning the Messiah, Ps. cx. 6, 7. “ He shall fill the places with the dead bodies : he shall wound the heads over many countries: he shall drink of the brook in the way; therefore shall he lift up the head.” David cut off the head of the Philistine with his own sword. So it may be clearly gathered from what the prophecies say of the Messiah's sufferings, and that from the cruelty of his enemies, and the consequences of them with respect to his exaltation and victory over his enemies, that the Messiah shall destroy Satan with his own weapons. David carried the head of Goliath to Jerusalem: which is agrecable to what is foretold of the Messiah, Ps. Ixviii. 18. “ Thou hast ascended on high; thou hast led captivity captive;” together with the context. David put Goliath's armour in his tent: which is agreeable to Ps. Ixxvi. 2, 3. “In Salem is his tabernacle, (or tent,) and his dwelling-place in Zion. There brake he the arrows of the bow, the shield, the sword, and the battle.” When Saul saw David returning from his victory, he says repeatedly with great admiration concerning him, " whose son is this youth?" 1 Sam. xvii. 55. “ Inquire whose son this stripling is ;" ver. 56. “ Whose son art thou ?” ver. 58, agreeably to Psalm xxviii. 8. “ Who is this king of glory?" Again, ver. 10, and Isai. Ixiii. 1. “Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bosrah? This that is glorious in his apparel,” &c. The daughters of Israel went forth to meet king David, and sang praises to him when he returned from the slaughter of the Philistine; agreeably to Ps. xxiv. and lxviii., and many other places. David obtained his wife by exposing his life in battle with the Philistines, and in destroying them: agreeably to what is prophecied of the Messiah's sufferings and death, his conflict with and victory over his enemies, and his redemption of his church by this means, and the consequent joy of his espousals with the church.
David was a great saviour. He saved Israel from Goliath, and the Philistines, and from all their enemies round about. 2 Sam. iii. 18. “ The Lord bath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David will I save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies; agreeably to the prophecies of the Messiah. David
was greatly persecuted, and his life sought unjustly; agreeably to prophecies of the Messiah. David's marriage with Abigail, the wife of a son of Belial, a virtuous woman, and of a beautiful countenance, is agreeable to the innumerable prophecies that represent the church of the Messiah, that the prophecies speak of as bis spouse, as brought into that happy state from a state of guilt and bondage to sin. David was resorted to by every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was bitter of soul, and he became their captain ; which is agreeable to innumerable prophecies that represent the Messiah as the Captain and Saviour of the poor, afflicted, distressed sinners and prisoners, &c. David's host is compared to the host of God, i Chron. xii. 22, which is agreeable to what the prophecies represent of the divinity of the Messiah, and God's people in his times, and under him becoming as an host of mighty valiant men, that shall thresh the mountains, and tread down their enemies, &c. David, as it were raised from the dead, was wonderfully delivered from death, when from great danger he was brought back from the wilderness, and from banishment, and from caves of the earth that resembled the grave; (Psa. xxx. 3. “O Lord, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave;") which is agreeable to the prophecies of the Messiah's restoration from his low and suffering state and resurrection from death. David was made king over the strong city Hebron, that had been taken from the Anakims, the gigantic enemies of God's people : which is agreeable to the prophecies of the Messiah's conquering the strong city, bringing low the lofty city, conquering the devil, and taking possession of the mightiest and strongest kingdoms of the world. David's followers that came to him to make him king, were men of understanding, mighty men of valour, and men of a perfect heart: i Chron. xii. : which is agreeable to what the prophecies represent of the followers of the Messiah. David was made king by the act and choice both of God and his people. 1 Chron. xi. 1-3, and xii. 2 Sam. ii. 4. v. 1, &c. This is agreeable to the prophecies of the Messiah. Hos. i. 11. " Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head.” David was made king with great fcasting and rejoicing, I Chron. xii. 39, 40, which is agreeable to what the prophecies do abundantly represent of the joy of the introduction of the Messiah's kingdom. David was the first king of Jerusalem, that city so often spoken of in the prophecies as a type of the church of the Messiah. David iosulted the idols as lame and blind, and destroyed them. 2 Sain. v. 21. Agreeable to $ 132–135. 153. David conquered the strongest hold of the Jebusites, and reigned there. See what was said before concerning his reigning in Hebron. He resVOL. IX.
cued Zion from the strong possession of idols, and the enemies of God's people, and reigned in mount Zion : agreeably to innumerable prophecies of the Messiah. David's kingdom gradually increased from small beginnings till he had subdued all his enemies. It was first in David's time, that God chose him a place to put his name there. Through him God made Jerugalem his holy city, and the place of his special gracious residence : agreeably to the prophecies of the Messiah. Psalm cxxxii. 13, &c. Zech. i. 17, and ii. 12, and Isaiah xiv. 1. David provided a settled habitation for God, and God is represented as through his favour to David taking up a settled abode with them, no more walking in a moveable tent and tabernacle that might be taken down, and giving Israel a constant abode, that they might no more be afflicted, and carried into captivity ; 2 Sam. vii. 6. 10. 24; according to many prophecies of the Messiah. David provided a place for God's habitation in Zion and in mount Moriah ; agreeably to Zech. vi. 12. “He shall build the temple of the Lord.” David brought up the ark to abide in the midst of God's people; after it had departed into the land of the Philistines, and had long remained in the utmost confines of the land, in Kirjath-jearim : which is agreeable to what the prophecies represent of the benefit which the people of God in the Messiah's days shall receive, in the return of the tokens of God's presence to them, after long absence, and his placing his tabernacle in the midst of them, and his soul's no more abhorring them. David ascended into the bill of the Lord with the ark, at the head of all Israel, rejoicing, and gave gifts to men. 2 Samuel vi. But this is agreeable to what is said of the ascension of the Messiah. Psalm lxviii. David ascended with the ark wherein was the law of God; as the Messiah ascended with that human nature that was the cabinet of the law. David after he had ascended returned to bless his household, as the Messiah especially blessed his church after his ascension. But Michal his first wife despised his abasement, and received no part in this blessing, but was as it were repudiated; as the prophecies do represent the Jews, as despising the Messiah for his humiliation, and so as not receiving the benefits and blessing that he should bestow after his ascension ; but as being repudiated. When David came to the crown, God broke forth on his enemies, as the breach of water, and in a dreadful storm of thunder, fire, and hail. 2 Sam. v. 20. 1 Chron. xiv. 9, and Psalm xviii., which is agreeable to Isaiah xxiv. 18–20. Daniel ix. 26. Ezek. xxxviii. 22. Isaiah xxx. 30, xxxii. 19. Yea, the destruction of the encinies of God's people, in the days of the Messiah, is expressly compared to that very breaking forth of God on the enemics of David ; Isaiah xxviii.
21. “For the Lord shall rise up as in Mount Perazim." The king of Tyre (that was above all others in the world, a city noted for merchandisc and seafaring) built David an house. 2 Sam. y. 11. 1 Chron. xiv. 1. David was not only a king, but a great prophet, 2 Sam. xxiii. 2, and also was a priest. He officiated as such on occasion of the bringing in of the ark. 2 Sam. vi. 13-18. 1 Chron. xv. 27. Again he officiated as such, 2 Sam. xxvii. 17, to the end, and 1 Chron. xvi. 21, &c. And in some respects he officiated as chief in all sacerdotal matters, ordering all things in the house of God, directing and ordering the priests in things relating to their function, disposing them into courses, &c. So the prophecies do abundantly represent the Messiah as prophet, priest, and king. David is spoken of as the man that was raised up on high; which is agreeable to what is said of the Messiah in Psalm lxxxix. 19. “I have exalted one chosen out of the people;' and ver. 27, “I will make him my first born, higher than the kings of the earth.” Psalm xlv. “ Thy throne, O God, is for ever;" and Psalm cx. “ Sit thou on my right hand;" and innumerable other places. He is spoken of as eminently a just ruler, one that fed God's people in the integrity of his heart and executed judgment and justice ; 2 Sam. viii. 15. 1 Chron. xviii. 14; which is agreeable to that which is abundantly spoken of the Messiah, as the just Ruler over men; the King that shall reign in righteousness; he that shall sit on the throne of his father David, to order and establish it with judgment and justice ; the righteous branch that shall grow up to David, &c. God made David a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth. See also 2 Sam. vii. 9, viji. 13, agreeable to Isai. liü. 12. “Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great." The fame of David went out into all lands ; the Lord brought the fear of him upon all nations. 1 Chron. xiv. 17. Agreeable to Psa. xlv. 17. “I will make my name to be remembered.” Psa. Ixxii. 11. " All nations shall serve him." Ver. 17. “His name shall endure forever;" and innumerable other places.” David carried up the ark, clothed with a robe of fine linen ; 1 Chron. xv. 27; agreeable to Isai. Ixi. 10. “He bath clothed me with the garments of salvation ; he hath covered me with a robe of righteousness." Zech. iii. 4. “ Take away the filthy garments from him; and unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass froin thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment." See also Dan. x. 5, compared with 13, and 21, and xii. 1. God was with David whithersoever he went, and cut off all his enemies. 2 Sam. vii. 9, and viji. 6. 14. 1 Chron. xvii. 8. 10, xviii. 6. 13. 2 Sam. xxii. 1, &c.; agreeable to Psa. ii., and xlv., cx., Ixxxix, and innumerable other places. David subdued all the remainder of
the Canaanites, and the ancient inhabitants of the land, and so perfected what Joshua had begun in giving the people the land. See what is said of Joshua as a type of the Messiah in this respect. David brought it to pass that the Canaanites and enemies of Israel should no longer dwell with them, as mixed among them in the same land. Joel iii. 17. “No stranger shall pass through thee any more.” Zech. xiv. 21. " In that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the Lord.” Psa. Ixix. 35, 36. “For God will save Zion and will build the cities of Judah, that they may dwell there, and have it in possession. The seed also of his servants shall inherit it, and they that love thy name shall dwell therein." Isai. Ixv. 9–11. And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob and out of Judah, an inheritor of my mountains ; and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there." Isai. xxxv. 8. “ An highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called the way of holiness: the unclean shall not pass over it.” Ezek. xx. 38. “ And I will purge out from among you the rebels and them that transgress against me. I will bring them forth out of the coun: try where they sojouru, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel. David subdued the Philistines, and the Moabites, and Ammonites, and the Edomites, agreeably to Isai. xi. 14. Num. xxiv. 17. Psa. Ix. 8, and cviii. 9. Isai. xxv. 10. Chap. xxxiv. and lxjii Ezek. xxxv., xxxvi. 5. David's kingdom reached from the river to the ends of the earth. 2 Sam. viii. 3. 2 Chron. xviii. 3 ; agreeable to Psa. lxxii. 8. Zech. ix. 10. David's reign was a time of the destruction of giants; he slew all the remnant of the race of giants. 1 Sam. xvii. 2 Sam. xxi. 18, to the end, and xxiii. 20, 21. 1 Chron. xx. 4, to the end, and xi. 22, 23, agreeable to Isai. x. 33. " And the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled.” This seems (as I observed before) to be connected with the prophecy in the beginning of the next chapter, next verse but one. Isai. xlv. 14. “ The Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over to thee : in chains shall they come over." Psa. Ixxvi. 5. “ The stout-hearted are spoiled; they have slept their sleep.” David destroyed the chariots and houghed the horses of the enemies of God's people. 2 Sam. viii. 4. x. 18. 1 Chron. xviii. 4, and xix. 7; agreeably to Psa. xlvi. 9.' "lle breaketh the bow and cutteth the spear in sunder. He burneth the chariot in the fire.” Psa. lxxvi. 3. “There brake he the arrows of the bow, the shield, and the sword, and the battle.” Ver. 6. “At thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, both the chariot and horse are cast into a dead sleep." See also Ezek. xxxix. 9, 10. 20, and Zech. xii. 3,
What David says, Psa. xviii. and 2 Sam. xxii. of the manner in which God appeared for him against his enemies, to de