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comparing it to God's first bringing his people through the wilderness into Canaan, which were observed before; and agreeable to 'many prophecies which speak of God's people, as delivered from great misery, and brought into happy circumstances by the Messiah, and as therein partaking with the Messiah in his deliverance from his sufferings and advancement to a state of rest and glory. Joshua, in going before the children of Israel as the captain of the Lord's host, and bringing them into the land of Canaan, did that which is spoken of in the books of Moses and Josbua themselves, as the office of that angel of God's presence, who (as I have shown is evident by the Old Testament) was the same person with the Messiah, Num. xxiii. 20. “Behold I send an angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.” Verse 23. “For mine angel shall go before thee and bring thee in unto the Amorites and the Hittites,” &c. Chap. xxxiii. 14. “My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.” Josh. v. 14. “ Nay but as the captain of the Lord's host am I now come.” Joshua was a most glorious conqueror, as the Messiah is every where represented to be in the prophecies. Joshua entered Canaan, conquered his enemies, and brought in his people to their rest and inheritance, by his righteousness or strict obedience to God's commands. Josh. i. 2, &c. “Go over this Jordan, thou and all this people, into the land which I do give thee-every place that the sole of your feet shall tread upon, that have I given unto you—from the wilderness, and this Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Eupbrates.-There shall not a man be able to stand before thee.—Unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land which I sware unto their fathers to give them. Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe and do according to all the law which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand nor to the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein : for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and thou shalt have good success.” God promised that he would be with Joshua and would uphold him, and not fail him, till he had complete victory over all his enemies, agreeably to what is said of the Messiah, Isaiab xlii. 1-4. “Behold my servant whom I uphold. The smoking flax shall be not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth. He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth, and the isles wait for his law.” Verse 6. l the Lord have called thee in righteousness: I will hold thine hand : I will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people.” Chap. xlix. 2. “He hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in VOL. IX.
the shadow of his hand hath he held me, and made me as a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me, :' Verses 7, 8. “Kings shall see and arise; princes also shall worship, because of the Lord that is faithful.-In a day of salvation have I helped thee, and I will preserve thee and give thee for a covenant of the people.” Psalm lxxxix. 20, &c. “ I have found David my servant, with my holy oil have I anointed him, with whom any hand shall be established; mine arm also shall strengthen him. The enemy shall not exact upon him, nor the son of wickedness afflict him. I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him. But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him, and in my name shall his horn be exalted :" and places; and agreeably to the prophecies of the Messialı, God made his enemies his footstool. Josh. i. 3—5. “Every place that the sole of your feet shall tread upon,” &c. with chap. x. 24. “Put your feet upon the necks of those kings," &c. Joshua, agreeably to the prophecy of the Messiah, was an intercessor for his people. Joshua x, The high walls of God's enemies came down before Joshua agreeably to the prophecies of the Messiah. Isaiah xxv. 12. “And the fortress of the high fort of thy walls shall he bring down, lay low and bring to the ground, even to the dust." Chap. xxvi. 5. “For be bringeth down them that dwell on high; the lofty city he layeth it low, he layeth it low even to the ground; he bringeth it even to the dust. Chap. xxx. 25. “In the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall.” Joshua destroyed the giants, Josh. xi. 21.; agreeably to this see Isaiah xlv. 14. " The Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over to thee.-In chains shall they come over, and they shall fall down unto thee.” Isaiah x. 33. “And the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled,” This seems to be connected with the prophecy in the beginning of the next chapter, in the next verse but one. God assisted Joshua in battle by destroying his enemies by great hailstones out of heaven. See, agreeable to this, Isaiah xxx. 30, and xxxii. 19. Ezek. xxxviii. 22. Joshua conquered among kings. Joshua made Israel to trample their baughtiest and strongest enemies under their feet. Josh. X. 24. See, agreeable to this, Isaiah xxvi. 7. Chap. xlix. 23 Zech. X.5. Psalm lxviii. 23. Mich. vii. 10. Psalm xlvii. 3. Isaiah lx. 14. Psalm lviii. 10. Joshua did as it were make the sun stand still over Israel. Agreeably to those prophecies of the times of the Messiah's kingdom. Isaiah Ix. 20. Zechariah xiv. 6, 7. Joshua houghed the horses and burnt the chariots of the enemies of God's people in the fire. Josh, xi. 6. 9. Hag. ji. 22. “And I will overthrow the chariots and those that ride in them, and the horses and their riders shall come down." Psalm xlvi. 9.
He maketh wars to cease to the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in
the fire." Joshua divided unto Israel their inheritance, as one that God had appointed to be judge, what portion belonged to
There is also such an agreement between what is said of Israel's victory over the Canaanites under Deborah, and what is said in the prophecies of the church's victory over her enemies in the Messiah's times, as argues the former to be a type of the latter. The Canaanites were exceeding strong, and God's people very feeble and defenceless, having no weapons of war, and were mightily oppressed by their enemies. So are things represented between God's people and their enemies, before their glorious victory and deliverance under the Messiah, in places too many to be enumerated. This victory was obtained by a female. So the war under the Messiah against God's enemies, is spoken of as maintained by the church, and the glorious victory obtained over them by her, who is spoken of almost every where by the prophecies as a woman or female, and is represented sometimes as sach in prophecies of her battle and victory over her enemies. Mic. iv. 13. “ Arise, thresh, O daughter of Zion, for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass; and thou shalt beat in pieces many people.” Cant. vi. 13. “ What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company of two armies.” Cant. i. 9. “I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.” Chap. vi. 4. “ Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, terrible as an army with banners.” Ver. 10. “ Who is she that looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and terrible as an army with banners ?” And Deboral's being a prophetess, well agrees with the church's being endowed with such abundant measures of the Spirit of God at the time of the church's glorious victory over her enemies, and all her members becoming as it were prophets agreeably to the prophecies. The assistance given by Jael, another woman, the wife of Heber the Kenite, a Gentile, who slew Sisera, the captain of the host, and so is said to be blessed among women, well represents the assistance of the Gentile church in the victory over God's enemies in the Messiah's days. Deborah tells Barak—“ The Lord is gone out before thee;" which is agreeable to Isai. xlii. 13. “ The Lord shall go forth as a mighty man. He shall stir up jealousy as a man of war. He shall cry, yea, roar. He shall prevail against his enemies;” and many other places in the prophecies. The work of God in that victory of Israel is spoken of as parallel with those things that are represented in expressions very much like those used in the prophecies to represent what shall come to pass in the time of the church's victory over her enemies under the Messiah; such as going out of Seir, his marching out of the field of Edom, and the earth trembling, aud
heaven as it were dissolving and dropping, and mountains meltIng. Judges v. 45. See Isai. xxxiv. 4-6, and xxiv. 18-21, and Ixii. 1-6, and lxiv. 1-4. The work of God in this victory is compared to God's great work towards Israel, at their coming out of Egypt, and in the wilderness, just as the glorious victory of the Messiah is in the Ixviji. Psalm, almost in the same words, (compare Judges v. 4, 5, with Psalm Ixviii. 7, 8,) which is a clear evidence that this victory is a great image of that. For those things that agree in a third thing, agree among themselves. There was a plentiful shower at the time of that victory, that swelled the brook Kishon, as is manifest from Judg. v. 4, and ver. 20, 21. So at the time of the great victory of the church over her enemies under the Messiah, there will be an abundant outpouring of the Spirit, which is often represented in the prophets as a plentiful and very great shower of rain. And these spiritual showers are in the Ixviii. Psalm compared to the very same showers on Israel that this is. So the effects produced in the time of the Messiah's victories are compared to the mountains melting in Isai. Ixiv. 1-4, as the effect of this victory is, Judg. v. 5, and both compared to the same effects at mount Sinai. Barak, on this occasion, is called upon to lead captivity captive, Judg. v. 12, in the very same expressions that are used concerning the Messiah, concerning his triumph over his enemies, Ps. Ixviii. 18. It is a remnant of Israel that is spoken of as having the benefit of this salvation, Judg. v. 13, as it is a remnant that is often spoken of as having the benefit of the Messiah's salvation. Isai. iv. 3. Chap. vii. 3. x 21, 22. xi. 11-16. Jer. xxiii. 3. Joel ii. 32. Mic. ii. 12, and iv. 7, and v. 3, vii. 8, and vii. 18. Zeph. iii. 13. Zech. viii. 12. It is said of the remnant of Israel in Deborah's time, Judg. v. 13, “ Then he made him that remaineth to have dominion over the nobles among the people : the Lord made me have dominion over the mighty,” agreeably to the honour of the saints in the Messiah's times, spoken of Ps. cxlix. 6, &c. " Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a two-edged sword in their hand, to execute vengeance upon the heathen-to bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron, to execute upon them the judgment written. This honour have all the saints.” And what is said, Isai. xlix. 23, of kings licking up the dust of the church's feet. The angels of heaven are represented as fighting in this battle, Judg. v. 20, as they are in the battle of God's people under the Messiah, Ps. Ixviii. "The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels." Cant. vi. 13. “The company of two armies," compared with Gen. xxxii. 1, 2. The enemies of Israel in Deborah's battle were swept away with a food, Judg. v. 21. See Dan. ix. 26. Ezek. xxxviii. 22. Isai. xxviii, 17. The church, on occasion of Deborah's victory, tri
umphs thus: “O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength." This is agreeable to Isai. xxvi. 7. Chap. xlix. 23. Zech. X. 5. Ps, lxviii. 23. Mic. vii. 10. Ps. xlvii. 3, and cx. 1. Isai. lx. 14. Ps. lvii. 10.
The great agreement there also is between the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites, and things spoken in the prophecies concerning the Messiah, is an argument that the former is typical of the latter. Gideon brought Israel out of the wilderness, and from the caves, rocks, and mountains, where they had bad their abode. Judg. vi. 2. This agrees with Psa. Ixviii. 22. “The Lord said, I will bring again from Bashan !" And lxxxix. 12. “ Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.” Hos. ii. 14. “I will bring ber into the wilderness and speak comfortably unto her.” Ezek. xx. 35, &c. "I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you—I will bring you into the bond of the covenant." Isai. xlii. 11. “Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice— let the inhabitants of the rock sing: let them shout from the tops of the mountains." Cant. ii. 14. “O my dove that art in the clefts of the rock-let me see thy face.” And Jer. xvi. 16." I will send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every mountain and from every hill, and out of the holes of the rocks :" taken with the two foregoing verses, and verses 19, 20, and 21, following:
Isai. xlii. 7. “ To bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness, out of the prison house." Ver. 22, &c. “This is a people robbed and spoiled, they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses ; they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, Restore. Who gave Jacob for a spoil and Israel to the robbers ? He hath poured upon him the fury of his anger and the strength of battle. But now thus saith the Lord that created thee, O Jacob, fear pot, for I have redeemed thee.” Compare this with Judg. vi. 2-6. “ The children of Israel made them dens which are in the mountains, and caves and strong holds. —And they destroyed the increase of the earth, and left no sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, por ass—and Israel was greatly impoverished.”
God, agreeably to some of these and other prophecies of the times of the Messiah, first pleaded with Israel concerning their sin, and brought them to cry earnestly to him, before he delivered them by Gideon. Judg. vi. 6–10. God did not send them deliverance till they were brought to extremity. Agreeably to Deut. xxxii. 36, 37, and many other prophecies.
The enemies of Israel, that sought their destruction, that Gideon overcame, were an innumerable multitude, and many nations associated and combined together; agreeably to many prophecies of the victory and salvation of the Messiah. Gideon was appointed