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something conceived to be both good and probably attainable. We may desire that which we think we shall never be able to obtain; but we hope only for that, which we have some expectation that we, or others, shall obtain, or receive.

6. Joy is a strong affection consequent on some thought of an event past, present, or expected, which we deem very desirable for ourselves, or in relation to others,

7. “Gladness is an inferior degree of joy; it may be excited by incidents, agreeable or desirable in them. selves, which are not of sufficient moment to raise the ecstacies of joy." Cogan's Philos. Treat. p. 64.

8. CHEERFULNESS is an affection which we experi. ence in consequence of thoughts that neither elevate nor depress us. It is a feeling that occupies a place between gladness and contentment; being inferior to the first, and superior to the last.

9. SATISFACTION is an emotion which we experience in consequence of thinking of the accomplishment of some desire. Hence the Christian says, in relation to the supreme object of this affection, “ I shall be SATISFIED, when I awake in thy likeness."

10. GRATITUDE is an emotion consequent on a judgment that some one has intended to confer, or has actually conferred, a favour on us. THANKFULNESS is but a species of grateful emotion, which moves us to a verbal expression of our gratitude; which expression is called thanksgiving

11. Delight is an ardent emotion, which we expe. rience in consequence of conceiving or judging some object to be what we highly approve of, love, or desire it should be. Hence the good man delights in the law, and in the Lord.

12. Humility is an emotion that results from some thought of comparative unworthiness. Of course it im. plies some previous judgment that the person or law with which we compare ourselves is worthy and excellent. When we think of God and of ourselves, if we think aright, we feel humility.

13. MEEKNESS is an emotion which we experience, subsequently to some thought of insult or injury, and to a persuasion that it is not right, or suitable for us to avenge the insult or injury. It is that feeling which prevents our choosing to retaliate. Christ felt meekness, when he was sensible of the injury done him, and yet opened not his mouth.

14. Patience is an emotion consequent upon a judg. ment that it is reasonable and best to wait and endure. It produces a determination to suffer without complaining.

15. CONFIDENCE is an emotion consequent upon our judgment that the object in which we confide is true, and competent to promote the happiness we expect.

16. Reverence is a feeling consequent upon some thought of a person, or of something appertaining to him, whom we judge to be great and powerful. Holy reverence regards a person divinely great and powerful; and hence we are said to feel reverence for God and his house, for his word and ordinances.

17. ADMIRATION is a sudden emotion that results from the thought of something sublime, or more than commonly excellent.

18. Resignation is an emotion which we feel in consequence of some thought that it is necessary, or wise, or proper, or best, upon the whole, to yield our will to the will of another. It is a feeling which often produces the purpose of making no resistance.

19. SURPRISE is an emotion consequent upon the sudden apprehension of something novel and unexpected.

20. WONDER is a sudden emotion consequent upon the apprehension of something deemed strange, or unaccountable.

21. ASTONISHMENT is a name given to a very great degree of wonder.

22. AMAZEMent is an emotion consequent upon the feeling of wonder, and the apprehension of intricacy.

23. Esteem is a feeling which results from an act of the mind in approving an object, or in judging it to possess worth.

24. Respect is a feeling consequent upon a judg.

ment that a person possesses some degree, at least, of both wisdom and goodness.

25. VENERATion is a name given to a high degree

of respect.

It is not pretended by us that all human affections have now been named; for we well know that there are multitudes of others which we all feel, in certain mental circumstances, that are only described by a circumlocu. tion; and others that have not been described at all.

Let it be remembered too, that nearly every name we have given, includes many species under it. Thus Love is the generic name, including conjugal, paternal, maternal, filial, fraternal, personal, and social love, or the love of society; besides the love of an object for its inherent attributes called complacency; the love of a friend, called friendship; and as many other individual acts of loving as there are objects beloved. By personal love we mean self-love, which when it is inordinate is called selfishness. Any of these feelings which commonly induces right volitions in us, is called a benevolent affection.

Any affection for an improper object, or exercised in an unreasonable degree, is called inordinate; and when an inordinate affection induces evil volitions it is said to be a malevolent affection.

We hasten to give a brief sketch of the PASSIONS. We enumerate, 1. HATRED, which is an unpleasant emotion, consequent upon some painful sensation, or some thought that an object is hateful in itself, or un. favourable to us, or to soine one whom we love.

2. DisconTENTMENT is an emotion consequent upon a judgment that the thing with which we are discontented is to be dispraised or censured.

3. Aversion is a passion dependent for its existence on some thought of something disagreeable. It is a feel. ing which commonly operates as a motive for willing to turn away from a disagreeable object.

4. CRUELTY is a passion consequent upon a conception of suffering, and hatred of the sufferer.

5. Despair is a passion, resulting from a full convic.

tion, that there is no longer reason to hope for something which we desire,

6. Sorrow is a strong passion consequent on some thought of an event past, present, or expected, which we deem very undesirable for ourselves, or in relation to others. Sorrow for the misery of others is called commiseration.

7. GRIEF is an inferior kind of sorrow, and com. monly of shorter continuance.

8. SADNESS is a passion consequent upon some thought of the loss of, the want of, or the despair of, something deemed good, but not in an exalted degree. It is a feeling inferior to grief, but superior to discontentment.

9. DISSATISFACTion is a passion resulting from some thought of a desire not accomplished.

10. INGRATITUDE is a feeling consequent on hatred or aversion exercised in relation to one whom we remember to have been our benefactor.

11. Disgust is a strong emotion, resulting from our strong disapprobation or hatred of some object.

12. Pride is a feeling that results from an apprehen. sion of comparative worthiness. It is a feeling which we always experience, in a greater or less degree, when we think of ourselves more highly, and of others less highly, than we ought to think.

13. Anger is a passion consequent upon some thought of an insult or injury intended or experienced. It is a feeling which often moves the will to purposes resentment, and revenge. Wrath is a strong, but Rage is the strongest degree of anger.

14. FRETFULNESS is a passion which we experience in consequence of some apprehension that we do well tu complain; or of some unpleasant sensations.

15. Fear is an emotion consequent upon some ap: prehension of suffering evil, from the object feared, Terror is a high degree of fear. Dread is long continued fear.

16. Envy is an emotion excited by a conception of something desirable that is the property of others, and

of

the feeling of selfishness. It makes us desire to appro. priate their good to ourselves.

17. SUSPICION is a passion that is consequent on an opinion that persons or things probably are not what they appear to be.

18. JEALOUSY is consequent on some fear that another has obtained, or will obtain, some good, which we had hoped to enjoy ourselves.

19. HORROR results from the conception of something peculiarly evil in one's character, conduct, or situation.

20. INDIGNATION is a strong emotion resulting from our thoughts concerning some conduct, which we judge peculiarly meritorious of feelings of resentment, and the manifestation of displeasure.

21. Contempt is a feeling consequent upon a judgment that the person contemned is destitute of both wisdom and goodness.

22. “DISDAIN is such a degree of contempt as precludes any commerce with the party despised.” Cogan.

23. Shame is a passion resulting from the disgrace of some one in whom we feel interested, or from a conviction of our own weakness, inferiority, folly, wickedness, or exposure to disapprobation. It is a peculiarly painful emotion; and commonly causes the most lasting effects when it is experienced by the proudest people. When shame is excited by some object of which we have felt proud, it is called mortification.

24. Resentment is an emotion consequent on some thought of an insult or injury, and a conviction that it is best to evince our displeasure against the offending party.

25. MALIGNITY is an emotion consequent on hatred, anger, envy, suspicion, jealousy, or some other passion. It is of longer continuance than anger, and induces the volition to plot mischief against the object of malignancy.

26. Malice is the name of an inferior degree of malignity; and is excited by, and employed about, little things.

27. Lust is a passion consequent on some consent of the will to indulge an inordinate appetite or desire.

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