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State of Religion and Morals in Europe at the Commencement of
the Sixteenth Century-Rise of the Reformation-Luther's Ap-
peal to a Council-His Condemnation by Leo X.-Diet of
Worms-Adrian VI. and the Diet of Nuremburg-The Hundred
Grievances-Clement VII.- Diet of Augsburg-Expectation of
a Council-Peace of Nuremburg-Paul III.-A Council sum.
moned-Its Postponement-Commission of Cardinals to inquire
into Abuses—Their Report-Convocation of a Council at Trent
-Its Suspension-Diet of Spire-Re-assembly of the Council
· Page 13
Description of Trent-Progress of the Reformation-State of par-
ties -Character of the Legates-Intentions of the Emperor- Fears of the Pope-OPENING OF THE COUNCIL-Bishop of Bi.
tonto's Sermon—Measures taken by the Pope to manage the
Council-Various Disputes-SECOND SESSION-Exhortation of
the Legates—Discussions on the method of procedure-The plan adopted-THIRD SEssion—The Creed Recited—Marks of the
Church enumerated—Infallibility-Exclusive salvation..... 28
THE RULE OF FAITH.
Rejection of the Council by the Protestants--Discussions on the
Canon of Scripture-Tradition—the Vulgate Version--and the
Right of Interpretation--Fourth Session-Decree on Scripture
and Tradition-Manner in which it was received by Protestants-
Explanatory Observations and Reflections...
Debates on the Right of the Regulars to preach and deliver Lec
tures—Treatment of the Bishop of Fæsuli-Debates on Original
Sin—The immaculate Conception of the Virgin-Fifth SESSION
- Decree on Original Sin...
Alliance between the Pope and Emperor against the Protestants-
Discussions at Trent, on justification, free will, and predestina-
tion-Negotiations for the transfer of the Council-Episcopal re-
sidence considered—Sixth SESSION—Decree on Justification,
and on Episcopal Residence-Manner in which the decree on Jus-
tification was received by the Protestants-Observations on it--
Publications of Catharine, Soto, and Andrew Vega..........82
THE SACRAMENTS. — BAPTISM.---CONFIRMATION.
Discussions on the doctrine of the Sacraments, and on baptism and
confirmation-Debateson pluralities–Memorial presented by the
Spanish bishops-Seventh Session-Decree on the sacraments, and on baptism and confirmation-also on reform, chiefly plurali- ties—Infectious fever at Trent-Resolution taken to transfer the
Council to Bologna-Eighth Session--The Spanish bishops re- fuse to leave Trent-Observations on the transfer-Indignation of the Emperor-Proceedings at Bologna- Ninth and TENTH
Sessions-Diet of Augsburg-Submission of the Protestants
procured— The Pope refuses to restore the Council to Trent
-The Emperor protests against it—The interim-Suspension of
the Council-Death of the Pope.
Election of Julius III. to the Papal chair--Negotiations between the
Pope and the emperor respecting the resumption of the council --
Publication of the bull-Objections of the Protestants--The coun-
cil re-opened--ELEVENTH SESSION—TWELFTH Session-Ex-
hortation of the Legates--Protestation of the King of France--
Debates on the Eucharist, and on appeals to Rome– THIRTEENTH
ESSION—Decree on the Eucharist-Postponement of certain ar-
ticles till the arrival of the Protestants—Safe conduct granted them
-Ambassadors from the Elector of Brandenburg ..........148
Rejection of the Safe-conduct by the Protestants-Discussions on
Penance-Opposition to Reform-Affair of the Bishop of Ver-
dun-Arrival of Protestant ambassadors from Wirtemburg, Stras-
burg, &c.-FOURTEENTH SESSION-Decree on Penance-Re-
flections thereon-Detection of error in the Decree after its publi-
Decree on Extreme Unction-Reflections-Decree on Reformation
-Arrival of ambassadors from Maurice of Saxony-Negotiations
respecting a new Safe-conduct-Refusal to meet the wishes of the
Protestants—The Protestant ambassadors admitted to audience-
Defeat of the Legate's project to establish the uncontrolled despot-
ism of the Pope-Fifteenth Session-Insolent Sermon preach-
ed by a Monk-Six Protestant Divines arrive at Trent-Their in-
effectual attempts to obtain a hearing-War between Charles V.
and Maurice of Saxony-SIXTEENTH SEssion—Suspension of
COMMUNION IN ONE KIND
Abortive project of reform at Rome-Death of Julius III.-Election
of Marcellus II.-His death-Election of Paul IV.—Peace of
Passau-Arrogant behaviour of the Pope-His pretended anxiety
for reform-Proceedings of the Inquisition in Italy-State of af
fairs in Europe in 1559_Death of Paul IV.-Election of Pius IV.
-Re-assembly of the Council projected—Negotiations on that
subject-Nuncios sent to Germany and other countries—Appoint-
ment of Legates-Re-opening of the Council-SEVENTEENTH
SESSION—The prohibition of books considered-Historical notices
-EIGHTEENTH SEssion-Decree on prohibited books—Safe-
conduct issued to the Protestants-Debates on the divine right of
residence-NINETEENTH SESSION—Arrival of the French ambas-
sadors-their reception Treatment of the reforming bishops-
TWENTIETH SESSION-Debates on Communion in one kind, and
the concession of the cup to the laity-Efforts of the Bavarian,
Imperial, and French ambassadors to procure that privilege-Post-
ponement of the question-TWENTY-FIRST Session-Decree on
communion in one kind-Observations-Decree on reform ..227
Discussions on the Mass-Debates on the concession of the cup to
the laity-Division on that question-Subsequent determination
to refer it to the Pope-TWENTY-SECOND SESSION-Decree on the
Determination to close the Council-Debates on the sacrament of
orders, and on the divine right of episcopacy and of residence--
Arrival of the cardinal of Lorraine, and the French prelates—their
views and intentions-Fears of the papal party-Miscellaneous
historical notices-Frequent prorogations of the session-TWEN-
TY-THIRD SESSION-Decree on the sacrament of orders-View of
the spiritual and temporal power of the Pope—Decree of refor-
CELIBACY OF TIIE PRIESTHOOD-MONASTICISM.
Crafty policy of the Legates with respect to reform-Twenty-
FOURTH Session-Decree on Matrimony-Doctrine and praciice
of the Church of Rome in regard to the celibacy of the Clergy-
Monasticism, and its effects—Decree respecting the Monastic Or-
Haste to finish the Council-News of the Pope's illness-TWENTY-
FIFTH AND LAST SESSION—Decree on Purgatory-Further illustra-
tions of the sentiments and practice of the Roman Catholic Church
on that subject-Doctrine of Indulgences explained-Decree-
Institution and effects of Jubilees-Roman Chancery-Decree
on fasts, feast-days, &c.-Observations...
SAINTS, RELICS, AND IMAGES.
Decree respecting the invocation of Saints-Relics-and Images-
Facts and Observations relative to each-!Vorship of the Virgin
THE INDEXTHE CATECHISM.
Decrees of reformation-Acclamations of the fathers at the close of
the council-Index of prohibited books-Rules of the congregation
of the Index-Account of a Spanish Index Expurgatorius - Pub-
lication of the Catechism-Remarks on a recent translation of that
POPE Plus's CREED-CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS.
Decree respecting the observance of the enactments of the council-
Bull of confirmation-Pope Pius's creed-Concluding observa-
tions-Popery and Christianity contrasted......
No. I. Decreta et Canones Concilii Tridentini....
II. Acclamationes Patrum..
III. Regulæ Indicis...
IV. Pope Pius's Creed (in the original Latin)..