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“ Commons of Lower Canada, in provincial parliament “ assembled, hereby entreat your Majesty to receive our “ unfeigned thanks for the paternal solicitude of your “ Majesty to promote the welfare and prosperity of your Majesty's Canadian subjects, in whose unalterable “ loyalty and attachment to the person and government of your Majesty, your Majesty may most implicitly " rely.

“ The Acts of the last session of the Imperial Par“ liament laid before us by your Majesty's representative “ in this province, we consider as fresh instances of the “ interest which your Majesty graciously takes in our “ prosperity.

“ Your Majesty's Canadian subjects receive with sen"timents of the deepest gratitude the reference of your " Majesty to the people of this province, with respect to " the proposed legislative union of the Canadas, - a “ measure which, by the enlightened and unprejudiced “ portion of your Majesty's Canadian subjects, cannot be “ otherwise viewed than as the result of a liberal and “ enlightened policy to this favoured portion of your “ Majesty's dominions. . As adopted members of the Great British family, “ and enjoying with them, under your Majesty's paternal “ government, every privilege appertaining to it, your “ Majesty's Canadian subjects can have no interests “ foreign to those of your Majesty's empire,— no feelings “ but those of fellowship for their fellow-subjects, and, “ consequently, no aversion to assimilate themselves in “ language, in habits, and in character, with the great “ mass of the nation of which they are a dependency, and for that purpose, as well as for the common weal, to “ unite in council and act in concert with the sister " province of Upper Canada.

“ Your Majesty's Canadian subjects have found by “ experience the inconvenience resulting from the division “ of the province of Quebec into two provinces, and have “ to deplore the disastrous prejudices which have sprung “ from it, and which have seriously retarded the improve“ ment of your Majesty's province of Lower Canada, “ while the progress of the upper province has proceeded “ with incredible celerity, under disadvantages from which “this province is wholly exempt. Among the benefits to “ result from the proposed union of this with the sister “ province, the infusion of that commercial and agricul“ tural spirit of improvement into the united legislature, " that so eminently distinguished our fellow-subjects of “ Upper Canada, would not be the least.

" Among the inconveniences to which the dismem“ berment of the province of Quebec has given rise, are “ the misunderstandings between the two provinces in “ fiscal matters, to which the attention of your Majesty's “ government and of the Imperial Parliament has recently “ been called. With every disposition to do the fullest “justice to the motives of your Majesty's government in “ the course which in its wisdom it has pursued, we, your “ Majesty's faithful subjects, the Assembly of Lower “ Canada, feel it a duty we owe to your Majesty, to “ express our conviction of its inefficiency; and that we “ know of no course which would more effectually tend to “ reconcile these conflicting pretensions, than by an union, to create a community of interests, and leaving the “ parties to discuss and adjust them within the same " walls.

“ For every purpose of legislation, for the internal “ improvement and developement of the resources of both provinces, and for their common defence, in the event of “ war, the collected intelligence, wisdom, enterprise, “ liberality, and loyalty of the assembled representatives “ of the Canadas would, we humbly conceive, be more “ effectual than they possibly can be, as heretofore and at “ present, acting in different legislatures. Imaginary

“ differences of interests may ultimately lead to lasting “ and irreconcilable feuds which a closer intimacy might “ have prevented; and if instances are wanting in justifi“cation of the views we entertain on this subject, we “ would humbly, yet confidently, appeal to the union of “ England and Scotland, which, although vigorously and “ violently opposed by powerful parties in both nations, “ has, after the experience of upwards of a century, been “ found to consolidate the power and promote the hap“ piness of Great Britain beyond that of any other nation “ in the world.

“ Inhabiting the banks of one of the noblest rivers in “ America, with the advantages of a fertile soil and salu“ brious climate, the inhabitants of the Canadas can have no diversity of interests, other than those arising from “ill-founded prejudice, which it is alike necessary to the “ harmony of your Majesty's loyal subjects in both pro“ vinces to remove, and which the measure of your “ Majesty's ministers, to which our attention is directed, “ will powerfully contribute to effect.

“ The great extent of fertile territory adjacent to the “ Saint Lawrence, and those inland seas from whence it “ flows,—the natural advantages of the internal communi“ cations, with its richest tract of country in the interior, “ — the geographical position of the Canadas with respect “ to each other, and of them both with the mother “ country, are such as to afford us a strong and lively “ hope that this favoured portion of your Majesty's “ empire, acquired and preserved at prodigious expense to “ Great Britain, will, for ages to come, afford ample room for her surplus population; and that, in the analogy " and resemblance of our civil institutions to those of their “ native country, and those of their forefathers, your “ Majesty's subjects emigrating from Britain will make “ this the colony of their choice, and lay in it the founda“tions of prosperity and of happiness for their posterity.

“We will not disguise to your Majesty the excitement “ which the intended union of your Majesty's provinces of Lower and Upper Canada has produced among your “ Majesty's faithful Canadian subjects of French origin; “nor is it necessary to explain to your Majesty the means " by which it is produced. They are notorious to your “ Majesty's government; and, if instances were wanting “ to evince the necessity of the measure which your “ Majesty's government has spontaneously resolved to “ adopt, the present might be appealed to as conclusive on “ the subject. A jealousy and groundless mistrust in the “ honour and rectitude of the imperial government, in “ every measure it has adopted for the promotion of the “ welfare of your Majesty's Canadian subjects, has been too successfully raised amongst the ignorant and unwary. “A dread of innovation upon inveterate habits and “ customs forcibly operates upon the well-meaning but “ uninformed peasantry of this province; and, as if this « barrier to the propagation of British feelings and of “ British principles were not in itself sufficiently irre“ sistible, it has been artfully strengthened by consider“ ations of religion. The inviolable guarantees of treaties " and of acts of the British Parliament scarcely suffice to “ dispel the distrust which it is found expedient to keep “ alive on this subject; and how far this spirit is justi“ fiable in the realities of things, and whether consistent “ with sound policy to yield to the same, your Majesty “ can fully and justly appreciate.

“Entrusted by the people of this province with a “share in the legislation of it, we feel it a sacred obli“ gation which we owe to them and their posterity, as well " as to your Majesty, to weigh without prejudice the “important subject upon which your Majesty has been “ most graciously pleased to consult us; and, disregarding “ every personal consideration, whether of interest or of “ popularity, boldly to express our sentiments, whether in

• unison with the prejudices of our constituents, or other“ wise, convinced that it is sometimes the duty of legis“ Jators to pursue the happiness of the people, in direct “ opposition to their own views of the subject; and that in “ no country has the truth of this been more strikingly “ exemplified than in this your Majesty's province of “ Lower Canada, whose present state of comparative “ prosperity may literally be said to have been gradually forced upon it, by the liberal and enlightened policy of " the government of your late royal Father, and his - Parliament, to whose munificence we are indebted for “ the manifold blessings we actually enjoy.

The evils resulting from the dismemberment of the “ ancient province of Quebec are too notorious to require “ enumeration. The constitution which this province “ has enjoyed, and which was modelled on that of the “ mother country by some of its greatest and wisest

statesmen, was no doubt intended to promote the hap“ piness of all classes of his Majesty's subjects in the then “ province of Quebec; but experience has shewn that the “ powers it confers have been but too successfully perverted " to the introduction of abuses, to the infliction of injuries, “ and to the excitements of discontents, wholly foreign to “ the benevolent purposes of the donors. Your Majesty's government in this province has but too sensibly felt its “ deleterious results in the palsied and powerless condition “ in which it has been placed and still remains, by the “ disability of your Majesty's government to discharge its obligations towards divers of your Majesty's public functionaries in this province.

“ An union of the legislatures of Upper and Lower “ Canada will, in our opinion, effectually remove those “ fears and apprehensions, and extinguish those jealousies “ and discontents which have been artfully excited “ among a people warmly attached to their present consti“tution, for the manifest purpose of perpetuating that

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