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THE PREAMBLE.

NO V.

MONDAY, 3 SEPTEMBER, 1838.

CONTENTS.

THE ORDINANCES FOR THE GOOD GOVERNMENT OF

LOWER CANADA. P. 151.

A mighty maze, but not without a plan."

No. VI. will be published on the First Monday in October.

LONDON:

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No. II. I. The Trial of Controverted Elections ...... II. Courts in China ... III. The question of the Boundary between New Bruns

wick and the State of Maine .. IV. The West Indies

V. Legislation in India ....... VI. Irish Affairs ...

No. III. 1. The Surplus of Ecclesiastical Revenue in Ireland .... II. The Hudson's Bay Company ....... III. Municipalities in Ireland .... IV. Legislation in India ..........

......

No. IV.
1. Lord Durham's Powers ...
II. Canadian Law of Property in Land ..
III. Legislation in India .......
IV. Massacre of Gnadenhuetten ....

V. The High Court of Parliament .
VI. International Tribunals ......
VII. Irish Tithes.

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ORDINANCES FOR THE GOOD GOVERN

MENT OF LOWER CANADA.

In a former Number of this publication,* an abstract was given of the statute of the first of Victoria, chapter nine, by which the Legislature of Lower Canada was put into abeyance, and a Governor and special Council were temporarily substituted.

Lord Gosford having resigned, and left the Province, Sir John Colborne, the Cominander of the Forces, took the administration of the Government, on the 27th of February; and, having received notice of the statute, he proclaimed it at Montreal on the 27th of March ; appointed a Council of twenty-one members, and opened the first Session of the Council on the 18th April.

* No. IV. p. 103.

Between that time and the 5th of May, when the session was closed, twenty-six laws or ordinances had been passed; the most important of which, with reference to the offenders in the late rebellion, were the fifteenth and nineteenth,* intituled respectively.

Cap. 15. An ordinance to enable the Governor, or person administering the Government of the Province, to extend a conditional pardon, in certain cases, to persons who have been concerned in the late insurrection.

Cap. 19. An ordinance to provide for the more speedy attainder of persons indicted for high treason who have fled from the Province, or remain concealed therein to escape from justice.

A great number of prisoners were in the gaols, who had been arrested on charges of partaking in the insurrection; and several others of the French Canadian party, against whom warrants had issued, had withdrawn into the United States, or to Europe: some, possibly, were living in concealment in the Province.

In these circumstances, the Governor-General of the North American Provinces landed ; and, having dismissed the special Council which had been formed by Sir John Colborne, appointed a new one, consisting only of five persons ; namely, Mr. Charles Buller, who had gone out as Secretary to the new government, Admiral Sir Charles Paget, and three military officers; and, on the 28th June, the day of her Majesty's coronation, a law or ordinance by the Governor in Council, and a proclamation by the Governor, were promulgated, of which the following was the substance:

The ordinance recited, that divers subjects of her Majesty had been charged with high treason, and other treasonable offences; and that some of them were in

* See Sessional Paper, No. 357, printed by order of the House of Commons, 4th May, 1838. Pp. 51-55.

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