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were over tbem in the Lord, and admonished them; and that ic was [ for sbeir works sake] that they were co eftcem tbem very bigbly in love.] The highest (icle that ever was put on Paftors, was to bc [Labourers togetber with God, 1 Cor. 3.9.]
And the calling of Magiftrates also requireth no imall dili. gence. Jetbro perswadeth Mises to take helpers, not that he might himself bc idle, but left he should wear away bimself with doing more than he could undergo, Exod. 18. 18.
So thc calling of a Scboolmafter, and of Parents and Mikers of families, who have rational souls to inftru& and govern, requireth a special diligence: And negligence in such is a greater fin, than in him that neglectech sheep or horses.
So also it is a great lin in a Pbysician, because he doth neglect mens lives ; and in a Lawyer, when by Noth he deftroyech mens eftates : The greatness of the trut, muft greuten mens carc.
13. He that hath bired bis labour to inober (as a Servant, a Lawyer, a Physician) is guilty of a tbievish fraud, if hegive him not that which he hath paid for : Owe nothing to any man, but love, Rom.13. Hired labour is a debt that must be paid.
14. Religious duties will not excuse idleness, nor negligence in our callings: (but oblige us to it the more :) nor wið any bodily caling excuse us from Religions duries ; barboth muftiake their place in their seasons and due proportions.
1. But mbas if a man can live witbuut labour; may Hot be forbear who needetto it meat? Answ. No, because he is nevertheless a fubje&t of God, who doth commandit: and a member of the Common-wealıh which necdeth it.
Qucft. 2. Wbat if I were not brought up to labour; am I bound to use is? Answ. Yes, you mult yet learn to do your duty, and repent, and ask pardon for living so long in-linful idleners. What if you had not been brought up to pray, or to read, or to any needful trade, or ornament of life? What if your Parents had never taught you to speak? Is it nor your duty therefore to lçarn it when you are at age, rather than mot at all ?...
Q2.3. But what if I find ibat it bursetb my body to labour ; may I not forbearAnse. If it fo hurt you, that you are unable to
do it, there is no remedy: Neccflity hach no Law: Or if one fort of labour hurt you, when you can take up another, ia which you may be as serviceable to the Common-wealth, you may chufe that to which your ftrength is fuicable : But if you think that every sudden pain or wearineß is a fufficient excufc; or shat some real hurt will warrant you in an idle life, you may as well think that your firvant, and your Horse or Oxe may ccasc all their labour for you, when they are weary: or that your candle should not burn, nor your knife be used in cutting, b:cause that are confumcth them.
Qucft. 4. Wbat if I find ibat worldly business doth binder me in tbe service of God; I cannot pray, or read, or meditate so mucbo? Anfw. The labours of your callings are part of tbe service of God : Hc hath set you borb to do, and you mua do borb; that is, both spiritual and corporal work: And to quarrel with cither, is to quarrel againă God who hath appointed chem.
Queft. 5. But is it net worldliness woben we follow worldly buJones, wit bout any need? Aufm. 1. Yes, if you do it only from the love of the world, and with a worldly mind : But not when you do it in, obedience to God, and witb a beavenly mind. 2. He cannot be said to have no need, who hath a body that necdeth it,or livcih in a Common.wealtb that needeth it, and is a fubjca to God who commandech it,
Queft. 6. But wbat if I find by constant experince, that my soul is more worldly after worldly bufiness, and more cold and alienated from God? Anfm. What if you thould find it so after giving to the poor, or visiting the fick, or providing for your family? What then muft you do? You must lament the car. nality of your minds, and beg of God for fuch grace as may fit you for your dutics : And not celt off your duty, because you are so bad; but labour to be better, and to do it better. And 2. You must not judge of the benefit only by present ferling: But if God hath promised a blessing to you, believe it ; and you lhall certainly meet with it at the latt. Many a one thinks that to fosfakc all bodily labour, and to do nothing but the duties of Religion, doth benefic them more at the present ; when perhaps in a little time, the fickness of their bodies, or the melancholy deftraction of their minds,doch lose them more than they had gotten, and make them unfit for almoft any dury
at all. And many a one that think their spiritual beneficis
. 7. But is it not lawfulio fer ones self only to Religion, a John Baptist, Anna, &c. did
Answ. It is a duty to be as religious as you can: But it is also a duty to labour in your calling, and do all the good you con to others. The aged and impotent that cannot labour in a calling, arc excused from ir: And they that give up themselves to the Magistracy, Ministry, Physick, &c. mult macddle with no lower things, which would hinder them in the higher. But no man can be excused from doing all the good he can to others, by any pretences of looking to his soul: For he can no way more surely further his Galvation ; nor cahe hinder it more, than by finful negligence and Noth. Queft
. 8. But was sot labour and toil a curse upon Adam af: ter bis fins? and any man that can may labour to escape a curse.
Answ. 1. Adam in innocency was set to dress and keep the Garden. 2. The curso was in the toil and the frustration of his labour. 3. And even that is such a curse, as God will not take off, or remit.
Queit. 9. Dorb not Paul say to servants, If se can be free, use it rarber? Anw. True: But he faith not, If you can be idle, use it ratber. A free man may work as hard as a bondman.
Qucft. 10. May not a man that bstb several callings' before bim, cbufe the easiest ? Anfa. Not mcerly or chic Aly because it is easie: but he muft chuse the most profirable to the common good, be it cafic or hard, if į be such as he can undergo. Yet he may avoid such a calling, as by tyring his body, indisposeth him to fpiritual thing! ; or by taking up all his time, will deprive him of convenient leisure for things spiritual. But he that only to case his Ach, doth put by more proficable cmployments, because they will coft him labour, doch serve his Acla, and caft off his duty to his God.
II. The signs of wealtby.idleness are these :
1. Wben men think it unnecessary for them to labour conftantly and diligently, because they are rich, and can live without it, or because they are great, and it is below them. The confutation
of which errour, I gave you before, and shall give you more of it anon. The poor in spirit, think not a laborious life below thea.
2.Wben men bave time to spare: This is a moft evident mark of Idleness: Por God hath given us no time in vain; but hath given us full work, for all our time. They that have time to play a way needlesly, to Icep away ncedlefly, to prate away needlelly, do tell the world that Sodim's Idleness is their fin. Especially poor souls, who are yet uníanctified, and are ftrangers to e renewed heart and life, and are utterly unfit to die, O what abundance of important work have there to do? And can they be idle, while all this lyeth undone ? Indeed if they arcin despair of being saved, it is no wonder : And one would think by chcir lives that they did despair: For furely a man so ncer another world, that must be in Heaven or Hell for ever, would never live idly, if he had any good' hope that his endeavours should not be all in vain. The poor in fpirit have no time to spare : Labour is their life : Eternity is atill before their eyes : Neceflity is upon them; and they know the wo that followeth Idlencls : Repentance for fin, and negligence paft, is a conftant fpur to future diligence. And their work is sweet, and incomparably morc plealant to them than Idleness. If the Devil bc fo diligent, because he knoweth that his time is short, Rev. 12.12. it is a lhame to them that are not so, who call themselves the servants of the Lord.
3. Wben mens labour bath but the time that's due to Recrea. tion; and Recreation and Idleness batb tbe great part of time Ibai's due to labour. The labour of the idle Sodomise, is like the Religion of the reserved Hypocrite: It is but the leavings of the files, or somewhat that cometh in upon the by. But God is not unconftant in his mercies unto us : He is still preserving us, and maintaining us: The Angels are still gwarding w: The faithful Ministers of Chrilt are constant in teaching us(and loch that Satan should hinder them, and save their labour :) Faithful Magillrates also watch continually, to be a terrous to evil doers, and a praise to them that do well, as the Minikers of God for our good: And can a short and idle kind of labour. ing then excusc us? Chrif Laid, It was bis' meat to do bis Ferbers will, when he was endeavouring mins salvation, Jon 4 34. And that be neujt do tbe work of bin tbat
reme bim wbile it pas day, John 9. 4. And Thall Idleness bc excused in us? even in us who must be judged according to our works, Rev. 22. 12. Mark 13:34. by him that hath commandcd every man his work? Yca when we are redeemed and purificd to be zealous of good works, Titus 2.14. and are bio work. manship created to gnod works in Cbrift, whicb God bath ordained, ibat noe should walk in tbem, Ephel, 2. 10.
4. Wbex men make a great matter of all ibeir labouts and of that which to a diligent man is small. The Pluggard hath his : tborw bodge, and a Lion in tbe way, Prov.22.13.& 26.13,15,16. But the diligent say, when they have done their beht, We are unprofitable Jervants : Nothing is so weary to them as unprofitablc idlencls (except hurtful wickedness.) They think Bill, O how short is time! and how much work is yet undone! And as every faitbful Minifter in his calling, is never fo well pleased, as when he dob moft for the good of souls 3 fois it with cvery faithful Cbriftian in his place. A Candle if it be not burnt, is loft, and good for nothing.
3. The idle Sodomite batb a mind wbich folosetbibe offe&ions of his body : And as soon as his body is a little weary, bie mind is fo too, and suffcreth the wcuriness of the body to prevail : Because the Acth is King within them. Ņaya fubful mind doth oft begin, and they are weary to look upon their Work, or to tbink of ir, before it hath wearyed the body at all : And what they do, they do unwillingly ; because they are in love with idleness, Mal. 1. 13. But the lowly and laborious arc in love witb diligence and work: and therefore though they cannot avoid the wearyness of the body, their willing minds will carry on the body as far as it can well go. The diligent woman worker b wilingly with ber bands ; ber candle goetb not one by nigbt, drc. Prov. 31. 13, &c. Servants must do service with good wil, as to the Lord, Ephef. 6. 7. Is Minifiers preach and labour wilingly, tbey bave a reward, 1 Cor. 9. 17. But not if: they are only driven on by neceffiry, and the fear of moe, i Pet. 3.2. What shall we do wilingly, if not our duties? Herhat fin
erb wilingly, and servetb God, and followerh bis labour uxwil. ingly, thall be rewarded according to bis wil.
6. The idle Sodomite dorh love and cbufe that kind of life -wbieb is cafiaft, and hath lealt work to bidun:. This is the