« הקודםהמשך »
“And upon further trust that they the said Ralph Leeke, John Smith, and Thomas Vawdrey, or the survivors, or survivor of them, his executors, administrators, or assigns, do, and shall pay and apply the residue of the rents, and profits of the premises in Clive, which shall arise previous to the determination of the said term of one hundred years, and no longer, and which are herein (or by a grant or rentcharge of ten pounds per annum, dated the fourth day of November, one thousand seven hundred and seventy three, by me made and enrolled in the High Court of Chancery, for certain perpetual charitable uses in the aforesaid townships of Middlewich, and Sandbach) otherwise disposed of, to and for the use of the person and persons, who shall from time to time preach the before named twenty Lectures, in augmentation of the salary herein before appointed for such Lecturer."
“And from and after the end, or other determination of the said term of one hundred years, determinable as aforesaid, I give and devise all and every my said messuages, lands, tythes, and hereditaments in Clive aforesaid, to the said University of Cambridge for ever, for the purposes herein after mentioned and contained, that is to say, I will and direct that the annual rents, tythes, and profits thereof shall be divided into six equal parts or shares, and disposed of in manner following."
And first, it was always my humble and earnest desire and intention, that the following donation and devise should be founded, as much as possible, on the plan of that profoundly learned and successful inquirer into Nature, and most religious adorer of Nature's God, I mean the truly great and good (as well as honourable)
Robert Boyle, Esquire ; who has added so much lustre, and done equal service, both by his learning and his life, to his native country, and to human nature, and to the cause of Christianity and truth.”
“To the promoting in some degree a design so worthy of every reasonable creature, I direct that four parts out of six of the last mentioned rents, tythes, and profits, to arise from the premises (exclusive of such augmentations as herein before and herein after are mentioned) shall be paid, on Saint John the Evangelist’s Day following the preaching of the Lectures or Sermons aftermentioned, annually to such learned and ingenious clergyman in the said University, of the degree of Master of Arts, and under the age of forty years, as shall be duly chosen or elected on Christmas-day, or within seven days after, by the Vice-Chancellor there for the time being, and by the Master or Head of Trinity College, and the Master of Saint John's College, or by any two of them, in order to preach twenty Serirons in the whole year : that is to say, ten Sermons in the following spring, in Saint Mary's great Church in Cambridge, namely, one Sermon either on the Friday morning, or else on Sunday afternoon in every week, during the months of April, and May, and the two first weeks of June ; and likewise ten Sermons in the same Church, in the following autumn, either on the Friday morning, or else on Sunday afternoon in every week, during the months of September, and October, and during the two first weeks in November.”
• It is provided, in another clause of the Will, that if either the Master of Trinity, or the Master of St. John's be ViceChancellor, the Greek Professor shall be the third Trustee.The clauses here printed are carefully specified for that purpose by Mr. Hulse, as well the preamble and conclusion of the extract, which is to be made by the Lecturer in conformity to his directions.
“The subject of which discourses shall be as fol, loweth ; that is to say, the subject of five Sermons in the spring, and likewise of five Sermons in the autumn, shall be to shew the Evidence for Revealed Religion; and to demonstrate, in the most convincing and persuasive manner, the truth and excellence of Christianity, so as to include not only the Prophecies and Miracles, general and particular, but also any other proper or useful arguments, whether the same be direct or collateral proofs of the Christian religion, which he may think fittest to discourse upon, either in general or particular, especially the collateral arguments, or else any particular article or branch thereof; and chiefly against notorious Infidels, whether Atheists, or Deists, not descending to any particular sects or controversies (so much to be lamented) amongst Christians themselves ; except some new and dangerous error, either of superstition, or enthusiasm, as of Popery or Methodism, or the like, either in opinion or practice, shall prevail ; in which case only it may be necessary for that time to write and preach against the same."
“Nevertheless, the Preacher of the ten Sermons, last mentioned, to shew the truth and excellence of revealed religion, and the evidence of Christianity, may, at his own discretion, preach either more or fewer than ten Sermons on this great argument; only provided he shall, in consequence thereof, lessen or encrease the number of the other ten remaining Sermons, which are herein after directed to be on the more obscure parts of the Holy Scripture, in a due proportion, so as that he shall, every year, preach twenty Sermons on these subjects in the whole.”
And as to the ten Sermons that remain, of which five are to be preached in the spring, and five in the autumn, as before mentioned, the Lecturer or Preacher shall take for his subject some of the more difficult texts or obscure parts of the Holy Scriptures ; such, I mean,
as may appear to be more generally useful, or necessary to be explained, and which may best admit of such a comment or explanation, without seeming to pry too far into the profound secrets, or awful mysteries of the Almighty. And in all the said twenty Sermons, such practical observations shall be made, and such useful conclusions added, as may best instruct and edify mankind.”
“ The said twenty Sermons to be every year printed, and a new preacher to be every year elected, (except in the case of the extraordinary merit of the Preacher, when it may sometimes be thought proper to continue the same person for five or, at the most, for six years together, but for no longer term) nor shall he ever afterwards be again elected to the same duty. And I do direct, that the expence of printing the said Sermons shall be defrayed out of the said temporary stipend or salary of sixty pounds, with the augmentations first mentioned, or from the further provision hereby made, of the rents, tythes, and profits afterwards mentioned, for the said Lectures ; and the remainder of the same given to him.”
"And may the Divine blessing for ever go along with all my Benefactions! And may the greatest and the best of Beings, by his all-wise Providence, and gracious influence, make the same effectual to his own glory, and the good of my fellow-creatures !”
“An ABSTRACT of the heads or material parts” of the WILL
of the Rev. John Hulse, relative to the two Scholarships, founded by him in St. John's College, and by him directed to be added to the conclusion of the foregoing clauses, "so that such Clergyman, or persons, whom the same may concern, may know that there are such endowments, of which they may claini and take the benefit, under the regulations, and with the qualifications, therein mentioned.”
The Scholars are to be “ Undergraduates of St. John's College, who shall be born in the county Palatine of Chester.”
Such Scholar is to be elected by the Master and a majority of the senior Fellows of the said College on Christmas-day, or in the first seven days after," and candidates are to have the preference, in the order, and with the limitations specitied in the following extracts.
1.-" The son of any Clergyman, who shall at any time officiate as Curate to the Vicar of Sandbach; or next to him the son of any Vicar or Curate, who shall then live and officiate in the parish of Middlewich, as the proper Minister or Curate of Middlewich; or lastly of any Minister or Curate of the Chapel of Witton, or who shall reside and live in the town of Northwich or Witton, or the adjacent townships of Castle Northwich and Winnington, and shall do the duty of the said Chapel as the proper Minister of Witton (all of them in the said county of Chester).”
2. “ And in default of such persons, then the son of any other Clergyman, who (that is which son) shall be born in either of the said parishes of Sandbach or Middlewich, or in the said Chapelry of Middlewich, shall have the preference. And if none shall be admitted, then the son of any other Clergyman shall be preferred, who (that is which son) shall be born in the said county of Chester, and next in any of the four following counties of Stafford, Salop, Derby, or Lancaster; or lastly, elsewhere in any other county or part of England, provided that it shall appear that the Clergyman who is father to such Scholar is not, if living, or, if dead, was not at the time of his death possessed of any spiritual preferment of more than one hundred and forty pounds a year, clear income; or whose income in every respect shall not exceed the clear yearly value of two hundred pounds in the whole."