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So under fiery cope together rush'd
-κατα δ' εσκιασαν βελιισσι was as expert as a commander Τιτηνας,
in chief. So that the angels are but Milton has improved the celebrated first for their number, horror of the description, and a then for their strength, and lastly shade of darts is not near so for their expertness in war. great and dreadful an image as 236. The ridges of grim war: ] a fiery cope or vault of flaming A metaphor taken darts.
ploughed field; the men answer 229. —though number'd such to the ridges, between whom, &c.] Each legion was in num- the intervals of the ranks, the ber like an army, each single furrows are. The ridges of grim, warrior was in strength like a fierce frightful looking, war ; legion, and though led in fight that is, the ranks of the army,
None of retreat, no unbecoming deed
the files are implied. The ranks So stood the war, till Hector's matchare the rows of soldiers from
less might flank to flank, from side to side,
With fates prevailing turn'd the scale of fight.
Pope. from the left to the right; the files are from front to rear. And in several particulars be Richardson.
has had his eye upon Homer, 236. -no thought of flight,] and commonly exceeds his masSo Homer, Iliad. xi. 71.
ter. Homer says that the Greeks Ουδ' έτεροι μνωοντ’ ολοοιο φοβοιο.
and Trojans fought like burning None stoop'd a thought to base ine
fire: glorious flight. Pope. “Ως οι μεν μαρνανσο, δεμας τυρος αιθο
Iliad. xiji. 673. And Iliad. xxiv. 216.
But how much stronger is it in ουτε φοβου μεμνημενον, ουτ' αλε
Milton, that the war ewens. 239. As only in his arm the mo
Tormented all the air; all air seem'd
then ment lay
Conflicting fire ! Of victory :) As if upon his single arm had It would be entering into too depended the whole weight of minute a detail of criticism to the victory. The moment, the mention every little circumstance weight that turns the balance, that is copied from Homer; and as the word signifies in Latin, where he does not directly copy Ter. Andr. i. V. 31. Dum in from Homer, his style and dubio,est animus, paulo momento colouring is still very much in huc vel illuc impellitur: and as
Homer's manner; and one may he has employed here the me
see plainly that he has read him, taphor of the weight, so of the even where he does not imitate scale a little afterwards-long him. Wonderful as his genius time in even scale the battle hung was, he could hardly have drawn ---using as a metaphor what the battles of the angels so well Homer makes a simile of, Iliad. without first reading those in xii. 433.
the Iliad ; and Homer taught
him to excel Homer. Αλλ' εχου, ώστε ταλαντα γυνη
242. That war and various, “Ως μιν των επι ισα μαχη τιτατο στο: λεμος τε.
sometimes on firm ground As when two scales are charg'd with A standing fight, then soaring doubtful loads
A standing fight, then soaring on main wing
The syntax and sense is; The by Abdiel in the beginning of war was sometimes a standing the action: but I suppose the fight on the ground, and some- poet did not consider Abdiel as times the war soaring on main equal to Satan, though he gained wing tormented all the air. that accidental advantage over Pearce.
him. Satan no doubt would 244. Tormented all the air ;] have proved an overmatch for Here Milton takes the same Abdiel, only for the general enliberty of applying the word gagement which ensued, and torment, which the Latin poets broke off the combat between did before him in using the term them.
So Marino describing 251. --with huge two-handed Neptune raising a storm, Adon. sway &c.] It shows how entirely cant. i. st. 123.
the ideas of chivalry and romance - d'Aquiloni
had possessed him, to make MiCol fulmine dentato (emulo a Gioue) chael fight with a two-handed Tormentando la terra, il mar com- sword. The same idea occa
sioned his expressing himself Thyer.
very obscurely in the following So Spenser in the Morning Muse lives of his Lycidas, v. 130. of Thestylis, speaking of Æolus,
But that two-handed engine at the Who letting loose the winds
door Tost and tormented th' air.
Stands ready to smite once, and
smite no more. 247. -and met in arms No equal,]
Warburton. The poet seems almost to have 255. Of tenfold adamant,] In forgotten how Satan was foiled other poets the angels are armed
A vast circumference: At his approach
260 And visage all inflam’d first thus began.
Author of ev'il, unknown till thy revolt, Unnam'd in heav'n, now plenteous, as thou seest These acts of hateful strife, hateful to all, Though heaviest by just measure on thyself 265 And thy adherents : how hast thou disturb'd Heav'n's blessed peace, and into nature brought Misery, uncreated till the crime Of thy rebellion ? how hast thou instillid Thy malice into thousands, once upright And faithful, now prov'd false ? But think not here To trouble holy rest ; heav'n casts thee out From all her confines. Heav'n the seat of bliss Brooks not the works of violence and war. Hence then, and evil go with thee along,
in adamant, and in Tasso there and more engages the reader's is particular mention of an ada- attention, mantine shield, cant. vii. st. 82. 275. Hence then, and evil go Scudo di lucidissimo diamante.
with thee along, 262. Author of evil, &c.] Thy offspring, to the place of These speeches give breath as it evil, hell, were to the reader after the Thou and thy micked crew ; hurry of the general battle ; and there mingle broils,] prepare his mind, and raise his Imitated from Tasso, where Miexpectation the more for the chael in like manner rebukes ensuing combat between Min the infernal spirits who fought chael and Satan. It is the prac- against the Christians, cant. ix. tice likewise of Homer and st. 64. Virgil, to make their heroes
Itene maledetti al vostro regno, discourse before they fight; it
Regno di pene, e di perpetua morte : renciers the action more solemn, E siano in quegli a voi dovuti chiostri
Thy offspring, to the place of evil, hell,
So spake the prince of angels ; to whom thus
They ended parle, and both address'd for fight
Le vostre guerre, et i trionsi vostri. 282. —Nor think thou &c.]
Πηλιδη, μηδη μ' εσιισσι γι, νηπυτιον ώς, and of woes,
296. They ended parle] Thus Your battles fight, and there your in Par. Reg. iv. 529. By parle &c.
triumphs make. Fuirfax. And Shakespeare, Hamlet, a. i. 282. The Adversary.] Not as s. 1. any enemy in fight may be
So frown'd he once, when in an called, but in a sense peculiar to
angry parl him, Satan being his name, and He smote the sledded Polacks on Satan in Hebrew signifying the the ice. adversary.
Dunster. VOL. I.