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< passion, as that all the advantages gained in their

days of retreat, by just and sober reflections, whether ' struck out by their own minds, or borrowed from • good books, or from the conversation of men of • merit, are destroyed in a few moments by a free.

intercourse and acquaintance with libertines; and

thus the work is always to be begun anew. A “ gamester resolves to leave off play, by which he « finds his health impaired, his family ruined, and his * paffions inflamed; in this resolution he persists a • few days, but soon yields to an invitation, which

will give his prevailing inclination an opportunity • of reviving in all its force. The case is the same

with other men : but is reason to be charged with • these calamities and follies, or rather the man who

refuses to listen to its voice in opposition to imper< tinent solicitations?

On the means recommended for the attainment of happiness, he observes, that the abilities which < our Maker has given us, and the internal and ' external advantages with which he has invested «us, are of two very different kinds; those of one « kind are bestowed in common upon us and the « brute creation, but the other exalt us far above

other animals. To disregard any of these gifts would be ingratitude; but to neglect those of • greater excellence, to go no farther than the gross • satisfactions of sense, and the functions of mere ani. mal life, would be a far greater crime. We are < formed by our Creator capable of acquiring know

ledge, and regulating our conduct by reasonable rules ; it is therefore our duty to cultivate our un

derstandings,

derstandings, and exalt our virtues. We need but • make the experiment to find, that the greatest plea« sures will arise from such endeavours.

'It is trifling to allege, in opposition to this truth, " that knowledge cannot be acquired, nor virtue pur< sued, without toil and efforts, and that all efforts

produce fatigue. God requires nothing dispropor

tioned to the powers he has given, and in the exer• cise of those powers consists the highest fatis. « faction.

"Toil and weariness are the effects of vanity: when "a man has formed a design of excelling others in • merit, he is disquieted by their advances, and leaves

nothing unattempted, that he may step before

them: this occasions a thousand unreasonable emo• tions, which justly bring their punishment along < with them,

. But let a man study and labour to cultivate and • improve his abilities in the eye of his Maker, and ' with the prospect of his approbation ; let him atten

tively reflect on the infinite value of that approba• tion, and the highest encomiums that men can • bestow will vanish into nothing at the comparison. • When we live in this manner, we find that we live • for a great and glorious end.

" When this is our frame of mind, we find it no « longer difficult to restrain ourselves in the gratifica

tions of eating and drinking, the most grofs enjoy"ments of sense. We take what is necessary to pre

ferve health and vigour, but are not to give ourselves s up to pleasures that weaken the attention, and dull the understanding.'

And

las

And the true sense of Mr. Pope's affertion, that Whatever is, is right, and I believe the sense in which it was written, is thus explained :- Alacred and • adorable order is established in the government of « mankind. These are certain and unvaried truths": • he that seeks God, and makes it his happiness to

live in obedience to him, shall obtain what he en· deavours after, in a degree far above his present • comprehenfion. He that turns his back upon his • Creator, neglects to obey him, and perseveres in his • disobedience, shall obtain no other happiness than • he can receive from enjoyments of his own pro• curing; void of satisfaction, weary of life, wasted by ' empty cares and remorfes equally harassing and just,

he will experience the certain consequences of his • own choice. Thus will justice and goodness resume • their empire, and that order be restored which men • have broken.'

I am afraid of wearying you or your readers with more quotations, but if you fall inform me that a continuation of my correspondence will be well received, I shall descend to particular passages, thew how Mr. Pope gave sometimes occasion to mistakes, and how Mr. Groufaz was quifled by his fufpicion of the system of fatality.

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I am, SIR, your's, &c.

PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE

TO THE

LONDON CHRONICLE,

JANUARY 1, 1757.

TT has always been lamented, that of the little time 1 allotted to man, much must be spent upon superfluities. Every prospect has its obstructions, which we must break to enlarge our view : every step of our progress finds impediments, which, however eager to go forward, we must stop to remove. Even those who profess to teach the way to happiness, have multiplied our incumbrances, and the author of almost every book retards his instructions by a preface.

The writers of the Chronicle hope to be easily forgiven, though they should not be free from an infection that has seized the whole fraternity, and instead of falling immediately to their subjects, should detain the Reader for a time with an account of the importance of their design, the extent of their plan, and the accuracy of the method which they intend to prosecute, Such premonitions, though not always necessary when the Reader has the book complete in his hand, and may find by his own eyes whatever can be found in it, yet may be more easily allowed to works

published

published gradually in successive parts, of which the scheme can only be so far known as the author thall think fit to discover it.

The Paper which we now invite the Publick to add to the Papers with which it is already rather wearied than satisfied, consists of many parts; some of which it has in common with other periodical sheets, and fome peculiar to itself.

The first demand made by the reader of a journal is, that he should find an accurate account of foreign transactions and domestick incidents. This is always expected, but this is very rarely performed. Of those writers who have taken upon themselves the task of intelligence, some have given and others have fold their abilities, whether small or great, to one or other of the parties that divide us; and without a wish for truth or thought of decency, without care of any other reputation than that of a subborn adherence to their abettors, carry on the same tenor of representation through all the vicissitudes of right and wrong, neither depressed by detection, nor abashed by confutation, proud of the hourly increase of infamy, and ready to boast of all the contumelies that falsehood and sander may bring upon them, as new proofs of their zeal and fidelity.

With these heroes we have no ambition to be num. bered, we leave to the confessors of faction the merit of their sufferings, and are defirous to shelter ourselves · under the protection of truth. That all our facts will be authentick, or all our remarks just, we dare not venture to promise : we can relate but what we hear, we can point out but what we fee. Of remote tranfactions, the first accounts are always confused, and

commonly

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