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knows, that the Letters in 23 are radical and so formed throughout. Jer. iii. 6. nad, ii. 20. al. Gen. vii. 19. 1721.
Ifa. ii. 11. 01732. Pfal. cxxxviii. 6. mad, Participle Passive. Præterit. And he may see in Mr. Hutchinson's Hebrew Writings perfect, and the Alterations by the Răbbies forged, p. 284. How the Participles are naturally formed by the Insertion of the Letter Vau, &c.
He, p. 13. makes nibe a Noun, and P. 15. derives Aleim, from the Arabick Verb Alaha, to worship religiously, and says that it is a Participle of the Passive Voice, and signifies, that Being who alone is religiously to be worshipped. Hebrere Writings perfect, p. 443. R. Ifaac Arama in Tzeror Hammor, cited Buxt. Arc. Fæd. p. 339. speaking of Manna, and of some pretending to derive it from the Arabick, or Latin, says, “Whence should
Letter they could not pronounce, and so is the Aspirate po, and not the single s, as that useful Writer contends for. But what is of more Consequence, is a Liberty which, in such a Writer, is surprizing, of a Supposition that the Apoftate Jews outed any Letters from the Text, when they pointed it, fo under pretence of restoring such a Letter where they have fixed a Point, of altering the Orthography of a vast Number of Words. That they did leave out any Letters, is not proved, but supposed; but the Text is too sacred to be altered on any Supposition, and such a Liberty too dangerous in its Consequences, and which, I hope, will justify the Freedom of this Remark.
the Israelites have the Arabick Tongue," when, at that Time, there was no such Language in Being." Guf. Com. Ling. Ebr. p. 46. Subx; “ Some therefore, passing by this Hebrew Root, chuse to call in the Arabick, namely 758 to worship, but not with any Propriety; for (1.) they fetch the Words, nay the chief Word, of the Hebrew Tongue, the first and Mother of Languages, from her Daughter, nay, the youngest of her Daughters, the Arabick. (4.) The Word 27758 is fo antient, that it is made use of in the Discourse betwixt the Serpent and Eve before the Fall, as Mores relates it; it did not therefore come from the Arabick. R. (6.) Nor do I fee how they could despise such a Word, if it were such a one, or by Non-use let it sink into Oblivion ; whilft, in the mean time, they both professed and exercised divine ! Worship, and yet had no other Word to proper to express it by as this, for ningung and 7ay are figurative and general Termis. : (7.) The Imperfection of those two Words might be the Reason that the Arabs appropriated the other to that Sense. (8.) Since there are no Authorities antienter than Chrift, it is uncertain whether 1728 were in use with them before that; it is rash VOL. VI
therefore to affert that 768 had its Signi. fication from them.”
One might have expe&ted that the 06rervator, who has railed so much at an. other Man's judging of, and taking from Accounts of Things which are printed, should have kept out of a far worse Scrape ; judging of, and taking from Things not in Being; should have first proved to us, which was the Original Language, from which all the rest were, as he calls it, derived. He has made a Slip sufficient to determine that, p. 12. But the Syriack and Arabick, when derived from the Hebrew, and should not then have derived the Hebrew from these later Languages, which he doth when he pleases, as he docs Aleim here. When Mofes writ, had they not a Word in the Hebrew Tongue, which could express, that those who created this System, took their Denomination from Adions they had performed before the Creation? A Word in common Usage to all Nations under' Heaven, even if there had been any Arabs, then to them, without borrowing a Word from the pretended Language of
the Arabians, not forged nor writ till · Thousands of Years after. Explaining Hebrew by Arabick, could not then be
introduced, nor by his Maforites, tior by any till it was forged and writ. This was the Ultimatúm of the wickedest of the Apoftates. This is the highest Degree of Sin against the Holy Ghost : This doth not only, as Pointing, twist or evade his Evidence, but takes away the whole. He may see in Mr. H . New Account of the Confusion of Tongues ; how all those Languages, particularly the Arabick, took their Rile; and how they were framed to impose upon such Creatures as he, and his Accomplices. "Would he have the Apof tates first, and Believers after, to go on for ever in these Delusions ?
He is not willing to know, that Heo brew Words for a Person or Agent do not give Ideas of what other Persons or Agents are to do to that person or Agent, but of what that person or Agent does, or does to others; fo take their Names from the Actions they perform, and not from what others do to them, which would denominate them pallive: So say his Masters the Jews cited Hebrew Writings perfect, p. 308. “ His other glorious Names have a Twofold Signification, there is a Mixture in them, because they are derived from those Works of his, che like of which are to be found in us,"
with Instances. So Gufetius p. 46. N. G. “ The Name 9768 implies the Mercy of God towards Man, nay, and the Covenant of Grace, if you conftrue it, Gen. xvii. 4. and elsewhere, which would be a Contradiction, if it were derived from Cursing. (7) They say that God by taking this Name signifies that He makes an Offer of his Covenant by Oath to Men.” He mistakes the Purifier for the Covenant, and, instead of conditional, makes the Obligation absolute; fo, which would be a Contradiction, buc. and urges the Arguments the Observators urge. Instead of what he puts, let him put this to the Votes of his Readers.
But it will not do his Business to alter the Construction, without altering the Number; for any sort of Three who created, ruins his Cause; he wants to have it it fin
He shews, that where Aleim is used in Hebrew, the Word is, as he makes it,, sometimes plural, sometimes singular, or a Letter is emphatical in Chald. Syr. Samar. Arab. &c. unless he designs to poll for it, he loses his End to prove it a fingular, and proves, if they were admitted, they prove nothing.
He, p. 16. construes from 7778; is not willing to take any Notice of the sings