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Month, on the tenth Day of the Month, ye mall afflict your Bodies, and do no Work at all-For on that Day shall the Priest make an Atonement for you, that you may be clean from all your Sins before Jehovah.
It appears that there was a Pattern of these Things shewed to Mofes in the Mount; and it appears in Buxt. Arca Fæderis, p. 81. that several great Divines have thought that Mofes had a Vision of the very Persons and Actions these Shadows represent. But, if that had been, he would have seen the Glory, and would have had no occasion to have pressed so earnestly to see it. So to David, i Chron: xxviii. II. Then David gave to Solomon his Son the Pattern of and the Pattern of all that by the Spirit of 18. And for the Pattern of the Chariot of the Cherubims that Spread out their Wings, and covered the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah. All this, said David, Jehovah made me understand in Writing by his Hand uspon me, even all the Works of this Pattern. And it appears that the Pattern which was shewed to Moses in the Mount, and exhibited in these Figures in the S. Sanctorum, were proper Representations of the Rubbim in the highest Heavens, and of their
Actions in what chiefly concerned the Jewish Religion, from Acts vii. 44. Our Fathers had the Tabernacle of Witness in the Wilderness, as he had appointed, Speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the Fashion he had seen. Heb. viii. 2. A Minister of the Sanctuary (of holy Things) and of the true Tabernacle which the Lord pitched, and not Man. Ibid. ix. 11. Glassius, p. 315.“ Pifcator, Heb. viii. 5 by the Word Type understands the Archtype itself, or that primary Exemplar of heavenly and spiritual Things, which were pretypified or prefigured by the Tabernacle, and the Ceremonies annexed to, and celebrated in it; such as the Death of Christ upon the Altar of the Cross, and his Entrance into the Sanctuary of Heaven, which Things were shewed Mofes by the Spirit.” Ibid. I 2 14. “ When the Ceremonies and Types of the Old Testament are called Shadows in respect of Christ, Col. ii. 17. Heb. i. 10. it (Shadow) is not to be understood naturally, but artificially and picture-ways: For Painters, at first, delineate a Shadow, or Shadow-like. Sketch, buc." Ibid. 1118. “ But this is said of Christ, our Saviour and God incarnate, in a double Sense. 1. While the Body is opposed to Sha
dows, Figures and Types in the Old Testament, the Reality or Complement of Things prefigured by these Shadows, is thereby signified, Col. ii. 17. Which are a Shadow of Things to come'; but the Body is of Christ ; i. e. the Truth and Fulness is in Christ.” This is the Archtype, these are the true Rubbim ; and, if exhibiting them make a Covenant, or bringing it to Memory be creating them, then Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are created. Heb. viii. 4-Seeing that there are Priests that offer Gifts according to the Law: Who serve unto the Example and Shadow of heavenly Things, as Moses was admonished of God, when he was about to make the Tabernacle. For fee (faith he) that thou make all Things according to the Pattern fewed thee in the Mount. Ibid. ix. I, 3. Here is Philo's Exemplar that was made after the Archtype. Ibid. ix. 5. And over it the Cherubims of Glory madowing the Mercy-Seat ; of which we cannot now Speak particularly. 14. How much more jhall the Blood of Christ, who, through the eternal Spirit, offered himself without Spot to God, purge your Consciences from dead Works to serve the living God?
The 53 rendered Mercy-Seat was to be of the same Dimension of the Ark, or of its Lid, if it had any other ; so to stand within the Crown of Gold, the Emblem of the Glory which was about the Top of the Ark, and so about this. It and the two Cherubims, one at each End, were to be all beaten out of one Piece of Gold, the Emblem of the Essence. This Word 793, which contains the Mystery, signifies to cover with Pitch, which defends that covered from the Air, Storms, dc. So Pag. 1214. Villa, a Place of Covering, pitched Tents or Coverings. So Dew, Pruina, that covers every thing. It is used for some fort of Aromatick, they suppose Camphir. And some Vessel in the Temple was called by this Name. Buxt. Chald. a Bason (supposed to be named for having a Cover) for the Priest to wash his Hands in. Pagn. to clean the Knife from Blood. It is used for Leunculus, a Lion, they say, from his lying covered. They construe it to expiate, Expiation for Sin, &c. But the Idea appears from one who had acted as a Judge. I Sam. xii. 3. Of whofe Hand have I taken 792 and covered my Eyes with it. Something that is preferable in the Eyes of the Father, who is both Plaintiff and a perfect Judge, to the Justice which could have been performed by the Criminals, or to the Punishment which he could have inflicted upon them. Amos V. 12. Te afflict the Righteous ; ye take 703 a Bribe, and opprefs the Poor in Judgment. So Ifai. xxviii. 18. And nos the Propitiation of your Purifier with Death, and your vision with the Grave shall not stand. So as this was a Part of the Emblem of the Essence and Man taken in, and was in the Form of a Table or Stage, where some Person, or thing not then formed, and the Actions he was to perform were to be typically exhibited. Propitiatorium is itself a Covering, and a Place for him who was to cover, it has been said to cover the Law; and though one who could not read, yet would write, has asserted that the Pentateuch was in the Ark; and thence that it was loft, &c. it never was in it. But if the Law were taken for the Tables, as the Terms of Purification, as the Ark is called, for him who was to supersede and supply it; whatever or whoever this place was for, he was to be under the Shadow of their Wings, of the Cherubim, or what was to be done there was to be done under their Protection, was to take off the Eyes of those represented by the Cherubim from other ob