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What you have been ere now, and what you are ;
Withal, what I have been, and what I am.

Q. Mar. A murd’rous villain, and so still thou art.

Glo. Poor Clarence did forsake his father Warwick, Ay, and forswore himself,—Which Jesu pardon !

Q. Mar. Which God revenge!

Glo. To fight on Edward's party, for the crown; And, for his meed, poor lord, he is mew'd up: I would to God, my heart were flint like Edward's, Or Edward's soft and pitiful, like mine; I am too childish-foolish for this world. Q. Mar. Hie thee to hell for shame, and leave this

world,
Thou cacodæmon! there thy kingdom is.

Riv. My lord of Gloster, in those busy days,
Which here you urge, to prove us enemies,
We follow'd then our lord, our lawful king;
So should we you, if you should be our king.

Glo. If I should be ?-I'd rather be a pedlar:
Far be it from my heart, the thought thereof!

Q. Eliz. As little joy, my lord, as you suppose
You should enjoy, were you this country's king;
As little joy you may suppose in me,
That I enjoy, being the queen thereof.

Q. Mar. A little joy enjoys the queen thereof;
For I am she, and altogether joyless.
I can no longer hold me patient.

[Advancing.
Hear me, you wrangling pirates, that fall out
In sharing that which you have pill’d from me':
Which of you trembles not, that looks on me?
If not, that, I being queen, you bow like subjects :
Yet that, by you depos’d, you quake like rebels ?-
Ah, gentle villain', do not turn away!

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which you have pill'd from me :) To pill is to pillage. Ah, gentle villain,] Gentle appears to be taken in its common acceptation, but to be used ironically.

Glo. Foul wrinkled witch, what mak'st thou in my

sight'? Q. Mar. But repetition of what thou hast marr'd ; That will I make, before I let thee go.

Glo. Wert thou not banished, on pain of death ?

Q. Mar. I was; but I do find more pain in banishment, Than death can yield me here by my abode. A husband, and a son, thou ow'st to me,And thou, a kingdom ;-all of you, allegiance: This sorrow that I have, by right is yours; And all the pleasures you usurp, are mine.

Glo. The curse my noble father laid on thee,When thou didst crown his warlike brows with paper, And with thy scorns drew'st rivers from his eyes; And then, to dry them, gav'st the duke a clout, Steep'd in the faultless blood of pretty Rutland ;His curses, then from bitterness of soul Denounc'd against thee, are all fallen upon thee; And God, not we, hath plagu'd thy bloody deed .

Q. Eliz. So just is God, to right the innocent.

Hast. 0, 'twas the foulest deed, to slay that babe,
And the most merciless, that e'er was heard of.

Riv. Tyrants themselves wept when it was reported.
Dor. No man but prophesy'd revenge for it.
Buck. Northumberland, then present, wept to see it.

Q. Mar. What! were you snarling all, before I came,
Ready to catch each other by the throat,
And turn

you
all
your

hatred now on me?
Did York's dread curse prevail so much with heaven,
That Henry's death, my lovely Edward's death,
Their kingdom's loss, my woful banishment,
Could all but answer for that peevish brat ?

7

what mak'st thou in my sight?] An obsolete expression for-what dost thou in my sight?

hath plagu'd thy bloody deed.] To plague, in ancient language, is to punish.

8

Can curses pierce the clouds, and enter heaven ?--
Why, then give way, dull clouds, to my quick curses !-
Though not by war, by surfeit die your kingo!
As ours by murder, to make him a king !
Edward, thy son, that now is prince of Wales,
For Edward, my son, that was prince of Wales,
Die in his youth, by like untimely violence !
Thyself a queen, for me that was a queen,
Outlive thy glory, like my wretched self!
Long may’st thou live, to wail thy children's loss ;
And see another, as I see thee now,
Deck'd in thy rights, as thou art stall’d in mine!
Long die thy happy days before thy death:
And, after many lengthen’d hours of grief,
Die neither mother, wife, nor England's queen!
Rivers,—and Dorset,-you were standers by,—
And so wast thou, lord Hastings,—when my son
Was stabb'd with bloody daggers; God, I pray him,
That
none of
you may

live
your
natural

age, But by some unlook'd accident cut off! Glo. Have done thy charm, thou hateful wither'd

hag. Q. Mar. And leave out thee? stay, dog, for thou shalt

hear me.

If heaven have any grievous plague in store,
Exceeding those that I can wish upon thee,
0, let them keep it, till thy sins be ripe,
And then hurl down their indignation
On thee, the troubler of the poor world's peace !
The worm of conscience still be-gnaw thy soul !
Thy friends suspect for traitors while thou liv’st,
And take deep traitors for thy dearest friends!
No sleep close up that deadly eye of thine,
Unless it be while some tormenting dream
Affrights thee with a hell of ugly devils !

'- by surfeit die your king !] Alluding to his luxurious

Thou elvish-mark’d', abortive, rooting hog?!
Thou that wast seald in thy nativity
The slave of nature, and the son of hell !
Thou slander of thy mother's heavy womb !
Thou loathed issue of thy father's loins !
Thou rag of honour ! thou detested-

Glo. Margaret.
Q. Mar. Richard !
Glo.

На ?
Q. Mar.

I call thee not.
Glo. I cry thee mercy then ; for I did think,
That thou had'st call’d me all these bitter names.

Q. Mar. Why, so I did ; but look'd for no reply.
O, let me make the period to my curse.

Glo. 'Tis done by me; and ends in-Margaret.,
Q. Eliz. Thus have you breath'd your curse against

yourself. Q. Mar. Poor painted queen, vain flourish of my for

tune !
Why strew'st thou sugar on that bottled spider*,
Whose deadly web ensnareth thee about?
Fool, fool! thou whet'st a knife to kill thyself.
The day will come, that thou shalt wish for me
To help thee curse this pois'nous bunch-back'd toad.

1

elvish-mark'd,] The common people in Scotland, (as we learn from Kelley's Proverbs,) have still an aversion to those who have any natural defect or redundancy, as thinking them mark'd out for mischief.

rooting nog!) The expression is fine, alluding in memory of her young son) to the ravage which hogs make, with the finest flowers, in gardens; and intimating that Elizabeth was to expect no other treatment for her sons. WARBURTON.

3 The slave of nature,] The expression is strong and noble, and alludes to the ancient custom of masters branding their profligate slaves; by which it is insinuated that his misshapen person was the mark that nature had set upon him to stigmatize his ill conditions.

bottled spider,] A spider is called bottled, because, like other insects, he has a middle slender, and a belly protuberant. Richard's form and venom made her liken him to a spider.

Hast. False-boding woman, end thy frantick curse; Lest, to thy harm, thou move our patience. Q. Mar. Foul shame upon you ! you have all mov'd

mine. Riv. Were you well serv'd, you would be taught your

duty. Q. Mar. To serve me well, you all should do me duty, Teach me to be your queen, and you my subjects: O, serve me well, and teach yourselves that duty.

Dor. Dispute not with her, she is lunatick.

Q. Mar. Peace, master marquis, you are malapert : Your fire-new stamp of honour is scarce current: 0, that your young nobility could judge, What 'twere to lose it, and be miserable ! They that stand high, have many blasts to shake them; And, if they fall, they dash themselves to pieces.

Glo. Good counsel, marry ; learn it, learn it, marquis. Dor. It touches you, my lord, as much as me.

Glo. Ay, and much more : But I was born so high,
Our aiery buildeth in the cedar's top,
And dallies with the wind, and scorns the sun.
Q. Mar. And turns the sun to shade ; — alas !-

alas !-
Witness my son, now in the shade of death » :
Whose bright out-shining beams thy cloudy wrath
Hath in eternal darkness folded up.
Your aiery buildeth in our aiery's nest :-
O God, that see'st it, do not suffer it;
As it was won with blood, lost be it so!

Buck. Peace, peace, for shame, if not for charity.
Q. Mar. Urge neither charity nor shame to me;

s Witness my son, &c.] Her distress cannot prevent her quibbling. It may be here remarked, that the introduction of Margaret in this place is against all historical evidence. She was ransomed and sent to France soon after Tewksbury fight, and there passed the remainder of her wretched life.

* Your aiery buildeth in our aiery's nest :] An aiery is a hawk's or an eagle's nest.

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