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THE

CHINESE CLASSICS

A TRANSLATION BY

JAMES LEGGE, D.D.

OF THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY

PART I.

CONFUCIUS

NEW YORK:
JOHN B. ALDEN, PUBLISHER.
1891.

CONFUCIUS.

1. ANALECTS.

2. GREAT LEARNING.

3. DOCTRINE OF THE MEAN.

With Complete Indexes of 3ubjects and Propei Same*

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INTKODUCTION.

The Chinese Classics, as translated and edited by Dr. Legge, will probably make about Ten Volumes, royal 8vo. Two of these will make one of this reprint of the translation, so that it will not exceed five, and one more for such special notices of authors and text as may be necessary to a proper understanding of each work.

The Confucius here printed, and Mencius soon to follow, will make the first volume. It has been judged best to retain the very full indexes, as they not only help to find the subject, but afford explanation also; especially is this the case with the proper names.

The reader will inquire, Who was Confucius, and where did he live? Chambers' Encyclopaedia gives so brief and clear an account, I choose to copy.

Confucius, a celebrated Chinese sage, was born 19th June 551 B. c, at Shang-ping, near the town of Tseuse, in the petty kingdom of Lu. His own name was Kong, but his disciples called him Kong-fu-tse (i. e., 'Kong, the Master or Teacher.), which the Jesuit missionaries Latinized into Confucius. His mother used to call him Kieu (' little hillock'), because he had an unusual elevation on the top of his forehead, with which he is often represented. Various prodigies, as in other instances, were, we are told, the forerunners of his birth. An illustrious pedigree has also been invented for him by his fond disciples, who derive his origin from Hoang-ti, a mythological monarch of China who flo'irished more than 2000 years B. C. His father, Shuh-leang-ho, died when Confucius was only three years of age, but he was very carefully brought up by his

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