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offeiing presented, and the spirit approached to; there is not the slighest contention." Therefore the superior man does not use rewards, and the people are stimulated to virtue. He does not show anger, and the people are awed more than by hatchets and battleaxes.

5. It is said in the Book of Poetry, " What needs no display is virtue. All the princes imitate it." Therefore, the superior man being sincere and reverential, the whole world is conducted to a state of happy tranquillity.

6. It is said in the Book of Poetry, "I regard with pleasure your brilliant virtue, making no great display of itself in sounds and appearances." The Master said, "Among the appliances to transform the people, sounds and appearances are but trivial influences. It is said in another ode,'His virtue is light as a hair.' Still, a hair will admit of comparison as to its size, 'The doings of the supreme Heaven have neither sound nor smell.'— That is perfect virtue."

The above is the thirty-third chapter. Tsze-sze having carried his descriptions to the extremest point in the preceding chapters, turns back in this, and examines the source of his subject; and then again from the work of the learner, free from all selhshness, and watchful over himself when he is alone, he carries out his description, till by easy steps he brings it to the consummation ol the whole empire tranquillized by simple and sincere revereutialness. He farther eulogizes its mysteriousness, till he speaks of it at last as without sound or smell. He here takes up the sum of his whole Work, and speaks of it in a compendious manner. Most deep and earnest was he in thus going again over his ground, admonishing and instructing men:—stall the learner not dc liis utmost in the study of the Work?

INDEXES.

INDEX I.

SUBJECTS IN THE CONFUCIAN ANALECTS.

The figures before the (:) refer to the Book—after it to the Chapter.

Ability, various of Conf., Book 9, Chap-. Antiquity, Conf. fondness for, 7: 19.—
ter 6. j decay of the monuments of, 3: 9.

Able officers, eight, of Chow, IS: 11. jAnxiety of parents, 2: (5.—of Couf.

Abroad, when a son may go, 4: 19. | aboiUthctminingofhisdisciplcs,5:2.

Accomplishments come after duty, 1 :j Appearances, fair, are suspicious, 1: 8,
G.—blended with solid excellence, 0:] & IT: IT.

16. jAppellations for the wife of a piince,

Achievement of government, the great,i 10:14.

13: 9. I Appreciation, what conduct will insure,

Acknowledgment of Conf. in estima-j 15:5.

ting himself, 7: 32. Approaches of the unlikely, readily

Acting heedlessly, against, 7: 27. j met by Conf. 7: 28.
Actions should always be right, 14; 4.—-Approbation, Conf., of 25anYnng,ll: 5.

of Conf. were lessons and laws, 17:'Aptitude of the Keun-lsze, 2: 12.

19. [Archery, contention in, 3:7.—a disci-

Adaptation lor government of Yen. pline of virtue, 3:10.

'Yung, &c., 0: 1.—of Tsze-loo, &c., Ardent and cautious disciples, Conf.

6:0. | obliged to be content with, 13: 21.

Admiration. Yen Yuen's of Conf. doc*'Ardour of Tsze-loo, 5: 6.

trines,'.): 16. I Art of governing, 12: 14.

Admonition of Conf. to Tsze-loo, 11 r'Assent without reformation, a hopeless

14. j case, 9:23.

Advanced years,improvement difficult!Attachment to Couf. of Yen Yuen, 11:

in, 17: 26. j 23.

Adversity, men are known in times of, Attainment, different stages of, 0; 18.

9: 27. Attainments of Hwuy, "like those of

Advice against useless expenditure, 11: Conf., 7:10.

13. Attributes of the true scholar, 19:1.

Age, the vice to be guarded against in,'Auspicious omens, Conf. gives up hope

10: 7. | lor want of, 9:8.

Aim, the chief, 1: 16. Avenge murder, how Conf., wished to,

Aims, or Tsze-loo, Tsang-sih, &c., 11 :| 14: 22.

25. [Bad name, the danger of a. 19: 20.

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Blind, consideration of Conf. for the,
15:41.

Boldness, excessive of Tsze-loo. 7:10.
Burial, Confucius dissatisfaction with

Hwuy's, 11:10.
Business, every man should mind his

own, 8:14., & 14: 27.
Calmness of Conf. in danger, 7: 22.
Capacity of Mang Kung-ch'o, 14:12.
Capacities of the superior and inferior

man, 15: 33.
Careful, about what things Conf. was,

7:12.

Carriage, Conf. at and in his, 10:17.— Conf. refuses to sell his, to assist a needless expenditure, 11: 7,

Concealment, not practised by ConC with his disciples, 7:23.

Concubines, difficult to treat, 17: 25.

Condemnation of Tsang Woo-chung, 14: 15.—of Conf. for seeking employment, 14: 41.

Condition, only virtue adapts a man to
his, 4:2.

Conduct that will be everywhere ap-
preciated, 15: 5.
Confidence, enjoying, necessary to

serving and to ruling, 19:10. Connate, Conf. knowledge not, 7: 19. Consideration, of Conf. for the blind, 15: 41.—a generous, of others, rec| ommended, 18; 10.

Caution, advantages of, 4: 23.—repent-] Consolation to Tsze-new, when anxious

about his brother, 12: 5. iConstancy of mind, importance of, 13;

ance avoided by, 1:13.—in speaking, 12: 3, and 15: 7. Ceremonies and music, 11: 1.—end of,| 1: 12.—impropriety in, 3: 10.—influ-jConstant Mean, the, 6: 27. ence of in government, 4:13.—regu-. Con temporaries of Conf. described, 16: lated according to their object, 3: 4.! 11.

—secondary and ornamental, 3: 8.—[Contention, the superior man avoids,

vain without virtue, 3: 3.

3: 7.

Character, (s), admirable, of Tsze-yu, Contentment in poverty of Tsze-loo,9; &c., 15:6.—differences in, owing toj 26.—of Conf. with his condition, 9: habit, 17:2.—different, of two dukes,' 11.—of the officer King, 13: 8. 14:16.—disliked by Conf., and Tsze-j Contrast of Hwuy and Tsze, 11:18. kung, 17: 24.—how Conf. dealt with Conversation, with Chung-kung, 12: 2. different, 11: 21.—how to determine,1 —with Tsze-chang, 12: 6, 7; 20: 2.—

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of, in Conf., 7:37. — what may be Courage, not doing right from want of,

learnt from, 4: 17 Characteristics, of perfect virtue, 13

19.— of ten disciples, 11:2. Claimed, what Conf., 7: 33. Classes of men, in relation to knowl

2: 24.

Criminal judge, should cherish com-
passion, 19:19.
Culpabilitv of not reforming known
faults, 15: 29.

edge, four, 16: 9.—only two whom Danger, Conf. assured in time of, 9: 5. practice cannot change, 17: 3. !Dead, offices to the, 1: 9. Climbing the heavens, equalling Conf. Death, Conf. evades a question about, like, 19: 25. | 11:11.—how Conf. felt Hwuy's, 11:

Common practices, some indifferent 8,9.—without regret, 4: 8.

and others not, 9: 3. |Declined, what Conf., to be reckoned,

Communications to be proportioned to] 7: 33,

susceptibility, 6: 19. iDefects of former times become mod

Comparison of Sze and Shang, 11: 15.! ern vices, 17: 16.
Comparisons, against making, 14: 31. jDefence, of himself by Conf., 14: 36.—
Compass and vigour of mind necessary! of his own method of teaching, by
to a scholar, 8:7. Tsze-hea, 19:12. — of Tsze-loo, by

Compassion, how a c'imina] judge Conf., 11:14.

should cherish, 18: 19. Degeneracy, of Conf. age, 6:14.—In

complete man, of the, 14:13.—virtue, stance of, 15: 25. 1: 14, and 6: 16. Delusions, how to discover, 12:10, 2L

Demeanor of Conf., 10:1 to 5,13.
Departure of Conf., from Loo, 18: 4.—

from Ts'e 18: 3.
Depreciation, Conf. above the reach of,

19:24.

Description of himself as a learner, by '.

Conf., 7:18.
Desire and ability, required in disciples,

7:8.

Development of knowledge, 2:11. Differences of character, owing to hab-'. it, 17:2.

Dignity, necessary in a ruler, 15: 32.

Disciples, anxiety about training, 5: 21,

Discrimination of Conf. in rewarding'. officers, 6: 3.—without suspiciousness, the merit of, 14: 33.

Dispersion of the musicians of Loo, 18: 11.

Distinction, notoriety not, 12: 20.

Distress, the superior man above, 15:1.

Divine mission, Conf. assurances of a, 7:22; 9:5.

Doctrine of Conf. admiration of, 9:10.

Dreams of Conf. affected by disappointments, 7:5.

Dress, rules of Conf., in regard to his, 10:6.

Dying counsels to a man in high station, 8:4.

Dynasties, Yin, Hea, and Chow, 8:4; 3:20.—Yin and Hea, 3:9.—Chow, &c., 3: 14.—certain rules exemplified in the ancient,—eight able officers of the Chow, 18:11.—three worthies of the Yin, 18:1.—the three, 15: 24.

Earnest student, Hwuy the, 9:19.

Earnestness in teaching, of Conf., 9: 7.

Egotism, instance of freedom from, 8: 5.

Eight able officers of the Chow dynasty, 18:11.

Emolument, learning for, 2: 18.— shameful to care only for, 14: 1.

End the, crowns the work, 9: 21.

Enjoyment, advantageous and injurious sources of, 16: 5.

Equalled, Conf. cannot be, 19: 25.

Error, how acknowledged by Conf., 7: 30.

Essential, what is, in different services, 3:26.

Estimate, Conf. humble of himself, 7: 2,3; 9:15; 14:30.—of what he could do if employed, 13:10.

Estimation of others, not a man's concern, 1-1: 32. 1

Example, better than force, 2: 20—
government efficient by, &c., 12:17,
18,19.—the secret of rulers' success,
13:1.—value of, in those in high
stations, 8:2.
Excess and defect equally wrong, 11:
15.

Expenditure, against useless, 11:13
External, the, may be predicated fron

the internal, 14: 5.
Extravagant speech, nard to be made

good, 14: 21. Fair appearances are suspicious, 1: 3, & 17:17.

Fasting, rules observed by Conf. when, 10:7.

Father's vices, no discredit to a virtuous son, 6:4.

Faults of men, characteristic of their

class, 4:7. Feelings, need not always be spoken, 14: 4.

Fidelity of his disciples, Conf. memory of, 11:2,

Filial piety, 1:11; 4: 19, 20, 21.—argument for, 2: 6.—cheerfulness in, 2: 8. —the foundation of virtuous practice, 1: 2.—of Meen Tsze-keen, 1]: 4.—of Mang Chwang, 19:18.—reverence in, 2: 7.—seen in care of the person, 8: 3.

Firmness of superior man, based on

right, 15:36. Five excellent things to be honoured, 20: 2.—things which constitute perfect virtue. 17: 6. Flattery of sacrificing to others' ancestors, 2: 24. Food, rules of Conf. about his, 10: 8. Foreknowledge, how far possible, 2: 23, Forethought, necessity of, 15:11. Formalism, against, 3: 4, Former times, Conf. preference for, 111.

Forward youth, Conf. employment of

a, 14:47.
Foundation of virtue, 1: 2.
Four bad things, to be put away, 20: 2.
—classes of men in relation to knowl-
edge, 16: 9.
, Frailties from which Conf. was free, 9:
4.

: Fraternal submission, 1: 2.
Frit nds, rule for choosing, 1:8, & 0: 24,
I —trait of Conf. in relation to, 10: 15.
{Friendships, what, advantageous and
1 injurious, 16: 4.

Friendship, how to maintain, 5:16.—
Tsze-chang's virtue too high for, 19:
16.

Frivolous talkers, against, 15:16.
Funeral rites, Conf. dissatisfaction with

Hwuy's, 11: 10.—to parents, 1: 9.
Furnace the, and the S. W. Corner, of

a house, 3: 13. Gain, the mean man's concern, 4:16. Generosity of Pih-e and Shnh-ts'e, 5:

22.

Glib-tongued, Oonf. not. 14: 34.

Glibness of tongue and beauty, esteemed by the age, 6: 14.

Glossing faults, a proof of the mean man, 19: 8.

Gluttony and idleness, case of, hopeless, 17: 22.

God, address to, 20: 1.

Golden rule, expressed with negatives,! 5:11; 15:23.

Good fellowship of Conf., 7: 31

Good, learning leads to, 8: 12.

Good man, the, 11: 19.—we must not judge a man to be, from his discourse, 11:20.

Governing, the art of, 12:14.—without personal effort, 15: 4.

Government, good, seen from its effects, 13:16.—good, how only obtained, 12: 11. — may be conducted efficiently, how, 20: 2.—moral in its end, 12:17.

House and wall, the comparison of a,
19:23.

Humble claim of Conf. for himself, 5:
27.—estimate of himself, 7:2,3; 9:
15; 14: 30.
Humility of Conf., 7: 26.
Hundred years, what good government

could effect in a, 13:11.
Idleness of Tsae Yu, 5:9.—case of,

hopeless, 17:22.
Ignorant man's remark about Conf., 9:
2.

Impatience, danger of, 15: 26.
Imperial rites, usurpation of, 3:1,2, 6.
Improvement, self, 2: 18.—difficult in

advanced years, 17: 26. Incompetency, our own, a fit cause of | concern, 15:18.

'Indifference of the officer King to rich-
, 13:8.

(indignation of Conf. at the usurpation
of imperial rites, 3:1, 2.—at the sup-
port of usurpation and extortion by
a disciple, 11:16.—at the wrong over-
coming the right, 17:18.
Inferior pursuits, inapplicable to great

objects, 19: 4.
Instruction, how a man may find, 7: 21.
Instructions to a son about govern-
ment, 18:10.
Insubordination, worse than meanness,
7: 35.—different causes of, 8: 10.

principles of,l: o.—requisites of,12:7. (Intelligence, whot constitutes, 12: 6.

Gi'adual progress of Conf., 2: 4.—coni-1 munication of his doctrine, 5: 12.

Grief, Conf. vindicates his for Hwuy, 11: 9.

Guiding principle of Conf., 18:8. Happiness of Conf. among his disciples, 11:12.—of Hwuy in poverty, 6: 9.

Intercourse, character formed by, 5: 2. —of Conf. with others, traits of, 10: 11.—with others, different opinions on, 19: 3.

Internal, the, not predicable from the

external, 14: 5.
Ironical, admonition, 13:14.

Haste, not to be desirod in government,1 Jealousy of others' talents, against, 15:

13:17.

10, 3.

Heaven, Conf. rested in the ordering of,1 Joy of Conf. independent of outward

14:38. — knew him, Conf. thought

that, 14: 37. — no remedy

against, 3:13. Hesitating faith, Tsze-chang on, 19: 2. High aim proper to a student, 6: 10.—

things, too much minding of, 19: 1

circumstances, 7:15. for sin | Judgment of Conf. concerning Tsze1 ch'an, &c., 14:10.—of retired worthy,

on Conf. 14: 42. Keun-tsze, See Superior man. Killing, not to be talked of by rulers,

Home, Conf. at, 10: 10.—how Conf.i 12:19.

could be not at, 17: 20. Knowing and not knowing, 2: 17.

Hope, Conf. gives up, for want of aus-lKuowledge, disclaimed by Conf., 9: 7.

picious omens, 9: 8. Elopeles case, of gluttony and idleness,j 17: 22.—of those who assent to ad-l vice without reforming, 9: 23.- -of j those who will not think, 15: 15. -'

-four classes of men in relation to, 16:9.—not lasting without virtue, 15: 32.—of Conf. not connate, 8: 19.— sources of Conf.. 19: 22.—subserves benevolence, 2: 22.

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