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offering presented, and the spirit approached to; there is not the slighest contention.” Therefore the superior man does not use rewards, and the people are stimulated to virtue. He does not show anger, and the people are awed more than by hatchets and battleaxes.

5. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “ What needs no display is virtue. All the princes imitate it.” Therefore, the superior man being sincere and reverential, the whole world is conducted to a state of happy tranquillity.

6. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “I regard with pleasure your brilliant virtue, making no great display of itself in sounds and appearances.” The Master said, “ Among the appliances to transform the people, sounds and appearances are but trivial influences. It is said in another ode, “His virtue is light as a hair. Still, a hair will admit of comparison as to its size. The doings of the supreme Heaven have neither sound nor smell? — That is perfect virtue.”

The above is the thirty-third chapter. Tsze-sze having carried his descriptions to the extremest point in the preceding chapters, turns back in this, and examines the source of his subject; and then again from the work of the learner, free from all seltislmess, anu watchful over himself when he is alone, he carries out his description, till by casy steps he brings it to the consummation of the whole empire tranquillized by simple and sincere reverenti:Iness. He farther eulogizes its mysteriousness, till he speaks of it at last as without sound or smell. He here takes up the sum of his whole Work, and speaks of it in a compendious manner. Most deep anıl ernest was he in thus going again over his ground, admonishing and instrurting men :-stall the learner not dc his utinost in the study of the Work?

INDEXES.

INDEX I.

SUBJECTS IN THE CONFUCIAN ANALECTS.

The figures before the (:) refer to the Book-after it to the Chapter.

Ability, various of Conf., Book 9, Chap- Antiquity, Conf. fondness for, 7: 19.-
ter 6.

decay of the monuments of, 3:9.
Able officers, eight, of Chow, 18: 11. Anxiety of parents, 2:0.-of Conf.
Abroad, when a son may go, 4: 19. about the training of his disciples, 5:2.
Accomplishments come after duty, 1: Appearances, fair, are suspicious, 1:3,

6.-blended with solid excellence, 6: & 17:17.
16.

Appellations for the wife of a prince,
Achievement of government, the great, 10:14.
13:9.

Appreciation, what conduct will insure,
Acknowledgment of Conf. in estima-i 15: .
ting himself, 7: 32.

Approaches of the unlikely, readily
Acting heedlessly, against, 7:27. met by Conf. 7: 28.
Actions should always be right, 14; 4.- Approbation, Conf., of NanYung, 11:5.

of Conf. were lessons and laws, 17: Aptitude of the Tieur-tsze, 2:12.
19.

Archery, contention in, 3:7.-a disci-
Adaptation for government of Yeni pline of virtue, 3:16.

Yung, &c., 6: 1.-of Tsze-loo, &c., Ardent and cautious disciples, Conf.
6:6.

1 obliged to be content withi, 1:: 21.
Admiration. Yen Yuen's of Conf. doc- Ardour of Tsze-loo, 5:6.
trines, 9:16.

Art of governing, 12: 14.
Admonition of Conf. to Tsze-loo, 11: Assent without reformation, in hopeless
14.

1 case, 9:23.
Advanced years, improvement difficult! Attachment to Conf. of Yen Yuen, 11:
in, 17:26.

23.
Adversity, men are known in times on, Attainment, different stages of, 6; 18.
9:27.

Attainments of Hwuy, like those of
Advice against useless expenditure, 11: Conf., 7: 10.
13.

Attributes of the true scholar, 19:1.
Age, the vice to be guarded against in, Aus;icious omens, Conf. gives up hope
10:7.

for want of, 9: 8.
Aim, the chief, 1: 16.

Avenge murder, how Conf., wished to,
Aims, of Tsze-loo, Tsang-sih, &c., 11: 14:22.
25.

Bail name, the danger of il, 19: 20.
An all-pervading unity, the knowledge Barbarians, how to civilize, 9: 13.
of, Conf. aim, 15: 2.

Becloudings of the mind, 17:8.
Anarchy of Conf. time, 3: 5.

Beil, manner of Conf. in, 10:10).
Ancient rites, how Corf. cleaved to, 3: Benefits derived fi'em studying the
17.

| Odes, 17: 9.
Ancients, their slowness to speak, 4:Benevolence, to be exercised with pru-

cence, 6:21.—and wisilom, 12:22.
(147)

22.

Blind, consideration of Conf, for the, Concealment, not practised by Conf. 15:41.

1 with his disciples, 7:23. Boldness, excessive of Tsze-loo. 7: 10. Concubines, difficult to treat, 17: 25. Burial, Confucius dissatisfaction with Condemnation of Tsang Woo-chung, Hwuy's, 11:10.

14: 15.--of Conf. for seeking employBusiness, every man should mind his ment, 14:41. own, 8: 14., & 14: 27.

Condition, only virtue adapts a man to Calmness of Conf. in danger, 7: 22. his, 4: 2. Capacity of Mang Kung-ch'o, 14:12. Conduct that will be everywhere apCapacities of the superior and inferior preciated, 15:5. man, 15: 33.

Confidence, enjoying, necessary to Careful, about what things Conf. was, serving and to ruling, 19:10. 7:12.

Connate, Conf. knowledge not, 7: 19. Carriage, Conf. at and in his, 10:17.- Consideration, of Conf. for the blind,

Conf. refuses to sell his, to assist a 15: 41.—a generous, of others, recneedless expenditure, 11:7. Lommended, 18; 10. Caution, advantages of, 4: 23.-repent- Consolation to Tsze-new, when anxious

ance avoided by, 1:13.-in speaking, about his brother, 12:5. 12:3, and 15: 7.

Constancy of mind, importance of, 13; Ceremonies and music, 11:1.-end of, 22.

1:12.-impropriety in, 3:10.-influ- Constant Mean, the, 6: 27. ence of in government, 4: 13.-regu-Contemporaries of Conf. described, 16: lated according to their object, 3: 4.! 11.

-secondary and ornamental, 3: 8.- Contention, the superior man avoids, vain without virtue, 3: 3.

3: 7. Character, (s), admirable, of Tsze-yu, Contentment in poverty of Tsze-loo,9;

&c., 15: 6.-differences in, owing toj 26.-of Conf. with his condition, 9: habit, 17:2.-different, of two dukes, 11.-of the officer King, 13:8. 14:16.-disliked by Conf., and Tsze- Contrast of Hwuy and Tsze, 11: 18. kung, 17: 24.-how Conf. dealt with 'Conversation, with Chung-kung, 12: 2. different, 11:21.-how to determine, -with Tsze-chang, 12:6, 7; 20: 2.2:10.-lofty, of Shun and Yu, 8:18. with Tsze-kung, 11:18.-with Tsze-of four disciples, 11:17.-of Kung- loo, 14:13, 17.-with Tsze-new, 12: Shuh Wan, 14: 14. — of Tan-t'ae 3.-with Yen Yuen, 12: 1. Meen-ming, 6: 12.-various elements Countenance, the, in filial piety, 1:8. of, in Conf., 7: 37. — what may be courage, not doing right from want of, learnt from, 4:17.

1 2:21. Characteristics, of perfect virtue, 13: Criminal judge, should cherish com19.- of ten disciples, 11: 2.

passion, 19: 19. Claimed, what Cont., 7: 33.

Culpability of not reforming known Classes of men, in relation to knowl- faults, 15: 29.

edge, four, 16:9.- only two whom Danger, Conf. assured in time of, 9: 5.

practice cannot change, 17: 3. Dead, offices to the, 1:9. Climbing the heavens, equalling Conf. Death, Conf. evades a question about, like, 19 : 25.

11:1l.-how Conf. felt Hwuy's, 11: Common practices, some indifferent 8, 9.-without regret, 4: 8. and others not, 9:3.

Declined, what Conf., to be reckoned, Communications to be proportioned to 7: 33, susceptibility, 6:19.

Defects of former times become modComparison of Sze and Shang, 11: 15.! ern vices, 17:16. Comparisons, against making, 11:31. Defence, of himself by Conf., 11:36.— Compass and vigour of mind necessary of his own inethod of teaching, by to a scholar, 8: 7.

Tsze-hea, 19:12. — of Tsze-loo, by Compassion, how a c'imina!.judge Conf., 11:14. should cherish, 18: 19.

Degeneracy, of Conf. age, 6:14.-inComplete man, of the, 14: 13.-virtue, stance of, 15: 25. 1: 14, and 6: 16.

Delusions, how to discover, 12:10, 21

11.

Drevents, 7: 5. conf. in regard to his, 1: 2.-of Meen 19:18:—re

Demeanor of Conf., 10:1 to 5, 13. Example, better than force, 2: 20Departure of Conf., from Loo, 18:4.- government efficient by, &c., 12:17, from Ts'e 18: 3.

18, 19.--the secret of rulers' success, Depreciation, Conf. above the reach of, 13: 1.- value of, in those in bigh 19:24.

1 stations, 8: 2. Description of himself as a learner, by Excess and defect equally wrong, 11: Conf., 7:18.

| 15. Desire and ability, required in disciples, Expenditure, against useless, 11:13 7:8.

External, the, may be predicated fron Development of knowledge, 2:11. I the internal, 14:5. Differences of character, owing to hab-Extravagant speech, aard to be made it, 17: 2.

good, 14:21. Dignity, necessary in a ruler, 15: 32. Fair appearances are suspicious, 1:3, Disciples, anxiety about training, 5:21, & 17:17. Discrimination of Conf. in rewarding Fasting, rules observed by Conf. when,

officers, 0: 3. — without suspicious- 10:7. ness, the merit of, 14:33.

Father's vices, no discredit to a virtuous Dispersion of the musicians of Loo, 18: son, 6:4.

Faults of men, characteristic of their Distinction, notoriety not, 12: 20. class, 4:7. Distress, the superior man above, 15:1. Feelings, need not always be spoken, Divine mission, Conf. assurances of a, 14:4. 7:22; 9:5.

Fidelity of his disciples, Conf. memory Doctrine of Conf. admiration of, 9:10. of, 11:2, Dreams of Conf. affected by disappoint-Filial piety, 1:11; 4: 19, 20, 21.-argu

I ment for, 2:6.-cheerfulness in, 2: 8. Dress, rules of Conf., in regard to his, the foundation of virtuous practice,

10:6. Dying counsels to a man in high sta-/ Mang Chwang, 19:18.-reverence in, tion, 8: 4.

2: 7.-seen in care of the person, 8: Dynasties, Yin, Hea, and Chow, 8:4; 3.

3:20.-Yin and Hea, 3:9.-Chow, Firmness of superior man, based on &c., 3: 14.-certain rules exemplified right, 15:36. in the ancient-eight able officers of Five excellent things to be honoured, the Chow, 18:11.-three worthies of 20:2,—things which constitute per

the Yin, 18:1.—the three, 15: 24. fect virtue. 17:6. Earnest student, Hwuy the, 9:19. Flattery of sacrificing to others' ancesEarnestness in teaching, of Conf., 9: 7. tors, 2: 24. Egotism, instance of freedom from, 8: Food, rules of Conf. about his, 10:8.

Foreknowledge, how far possible, 2:23, Eight able officers of the Chow dynas-Forethought, necessity ot, 15:11. ty, 18:11.

Formalism, against, 3: 4, Emolument, learning for, 2: 18. - Former tines, Conf. preference for, 11•

shameful to care only for, 14:1. 1. End the, crowns the work, 9:21. Forward youth, Conf. employment of Enjoyment, advantageous and injurious_a, 14: 47. sources of, 16:5.

Foundation of virtue, 1:2. Equalled, Conf. cannot be, 19: 25. Four bad things, to be put away, 20:2. Error, how acknowledged by Conf., 7: —classes of men in relation to knowl. 30.

| edge, 16:9. Essential, what is, in different services, Frailties from which Conf. was free, 9: 3:26.

14. Estimate, Conf. humble of himself, 7: Fraternal submission, 1: 2. 2, 3; 9:15; 14:30.-of what he could Frit.nds, rule for choosing, 1:8, & 9:21,

-trait of Conf. in relation to, 10: 15. Estimation of others, not a man's con- Friendships, what, advantageous and cern, 14:32.

I injurious, 16: 4.

Estimation de red, 13:1 whalinselt, 7:

Friendsbip, how to maintain, 5:16.-House and wall, the comparison of me

Tsze-chang's virtue too high for, 19: 19: 23. 16.

Humble claim of Conf. for himself, 5: Frivolous talkers, against, 15:16. 27.-estimate of himself, 7:2, 3; 9: Funeral rites, Conf. dissatisfaction with 15; 14: 30.

Hwuy's, 11:10.-to parents, 1:9. Humility of Conf., 7: 26. Furnace the, and the S. W. Corner, of Hundred years, what good government a house, 3: 13.

I could effect in a, 13:11. Gain, the mean man's concern, 4:16. Idleness of Tsae Yu, 5:9.- case of, Generosity of Pih-e and Shuh-ts'e, 5:! hopeless, 17: 22. 22.

Ignorant man's remark about Conf., 9: Glib-tongued, Conf, not. 14:34. 12. Glibness of tongue and beauty, es- Impatience, danger of, 15:26. teemed by the age, 6:14.

Imperial rites, usurpation of, 3:1, 2, 6. Glossing faults, a proof of the mean Improvement, self, 2:18.-difficult in man, 19:8.

l advanced years, 17: 26. Gluttony and idleness, case of, hopeless, Incompetency, our own, a fit cause of 17: 22.

concern, 15:18. God, address to, 20:1.

Indifference of the officer King to richGolden rule, expressed with negatives, es, 13:8. 5:11; 15: 23.

Indignation of Conf. at the usurpation Good fellowship of Conf., 7: 31.

of imperial rites, 3:1, 2.--at the supGood, learning leads to, 8: 12.

port of usurpation and extortion by Good man, the, 11:19.-We must not a disciple, 11:16.-at the wrong over

judge a man to be, from his discourse, coming the right, 17:18. 11:20.

Inferior pursuits, inapplicable to great Governing, the art of, 12:14.—without! objects, 19: 4. personal effort, 15: 4.

Instruction, how a man may find, 7: 21. Government, good, seen from its effects, Instructions to a son about govern

13:16.-good, how only obtained, 12: ment, 18:10. 11.- may be conducted efficiently, Insubordination, worse than meanness, how, 20: 2.-moral in its end, 12:17. 7:35.—clifferent causes of, 8: 10.

principles of,1:.-requisites of,12:7. Intelligence, whot constitutes, 12:6. Gradual progress of Conf., 2: 4.-com- Intercourse, character formed by, 5:2.

munication of his doctrine, 5:12. -of Conf. with others, traits of, 10: Grief, Conf. vindicates his for Hwy, 11.-with others, different opinions 11:9.

T on, 19:3. Guiding principle of Conf., 18:8. Internal, the, not predicable from the Happiness of Conf. among his disciples, external, 14:5.

11:12.-of Hwuy in poverty, 6: 9. Ironical, admonition, 13:14. Haste, not to be desired in governinent, Jealousy of others' talents, against, 15: 13:17.

1 10, 3. Heaven, Conf. rested in the ordering of, Joy of Conf. independent of outward

14:38. — knew him, Conf. thought circumstances, 7: 15. that, 14: 37. – no remedy for sin Judgment of Conf. concerning Tszeagainst, 3:13.

ch'an, &c., 14:10.--of retired worthy, TIesitating faith, Tsze-chang on, 19:2. on Corit. 14:42 High aim proper to a student, 6:10.-- Keun-tsze, See Superior man.

things, too much minding of, 19:15. Killing, noi to be talked of by rulers, Home, Conf. at, 10: 16. - how Confii 12: 19. could be not at, 17:20.

Knowing and not knowing, 2: 17. Hope, Conf. gives up, for want of aus- Kuowledge, disclaimed by Conf., 9:7. picious omens, 9:8.

-four classes of inen in relation to, Hopeles case, of gluttony and idleness, 16:9.-not lasting without virtue, 15:

17:22.-of those who assent to ad- 32.-of Conf. not connate, 8:19,vice without reforming, 9: 2:3.. -of! sources of Conf., 19:22.-subserves those who will not think, 15: 15.. i benevolence, 2: 22.

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