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The LIFE of MILTON.

THE

HE family of Milton came originally from

Milton near Halton and Thame, Oxfordshire ; wbere it flourished several years, till at last the estate was sequestered, one of the family having taken the unfortunate fide in the civil wars between the houses of York and Lancaller. John Milton, the poet's grandfather, was an under-ranger or keeper of the forest of Shotover near Halton, Oxfordshire. He was of the religion of Rome, and such a bigot, that he disinherited his son only for being a Protestant. Upon this the son, our Poet's father, named likewife John Milton, settled in London, and became a scrivener. He had a taste for the politer arts, and was particularly skilled in music, in which he was a fine performer; and is also celebrated for several pieces of his composition. By his diligence and economy he acquired a competent estate, which enabled him af. terwards to retire, and live in the country. He was a very worthy man; and married Sarah Cafton, of a family originally derived from Wales. She was a woman of incomparable virtue and goodness, and by her husband had two sons and a daughter.

The elder of the fons was our famous poet, who was born in Breadstreet, London, Dec. 9. 1608. He was named John, as his father and grandfather had been before him. From the beginning discovering the marks of an uncommon genius, he was designed for a feholar, and had his education partly under pripate tutors, and partly at a public school. When he had made good progress in his studies at home, he was fent to St. Paul's fchool, to be fitted for the univerfity. In this early time of life, such was his love of. learning, and so great his ambition to surpass his equals, that from his twelfth year he commonly continued his studies till midnight, which (as he says himself) was the first ruin of his eyes. to whose natusal debility were added too frequent headachs: But

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all could not extinguish or abate his laudable paflion for letters. It is very feldon feen, that such applica. rion and such a genius nieet in the same perfon. The force of either is great, but both together inuft perform wonders. 5

He was now in the 19th year of his age, and was a very good classical scholar, and master of severab Janguages, when he was sent to the university of Cam, bridge, and admitted at Christ's College Feb. 2. 3624-5. He continued above seven years at the university, and took two degrees, that of Baclictor of Arts in 1828-43, and that of Maier in 1632. He had given early proofs of his poetic genius before he went to the university; and there he excelled more and more, and distinguished himself by several copies of verses upon occasional subjects, as well as by all his academical exercises, many of which are printed ainong his other works, and show him to have had a capacity above his years; and by his obliging behaviour; added to his great learning and ingenuity, he deservedly gained the affe&ion of many, and admira. tion of all. He did not however obtain any prefero ment in the university. This, together with fome. Latin verses of his to a friend, reflecting upon the university seemingly' on this account, might probably have given occasion to the reproach afterwards.cat upon him by his adversaries, that he was expelled from the university for irregularities, and forced to fly to Italy. But he sufficiently refutes this calumny in more places than one of his works. And indeed it is no wonder that a person, fo engaged in religious and political controverfis as he was, thould be cabumniated by the contrary party. ".

He was designed by his parents for holy orders; but it appears, that he Kad conceived early prejudices against the doctrine and discipline of the church; and fubfcribing to the artictes was, in his opinion, fube fcribing flave. This no doubt was a disappointmeno to his friends, whe, though in comfortable, were yet by no means in great circumstances. Neither doch he feere to have had apy inclination to any other pro

feflion:

fefion: He had too free a spirit to be limited and confined, and was for comprehending all sciences, bat profesling none. Therefore, after he had left the univerfity in 1632, he went to his father's house -in the country; for his father had by this time retired, to live at an estate which he had purchased ai Horo ton, near Colebrooke, Buckinghamshire. Here he refided with his parents for five years, and read over all the Greek and Latin authors, particularly the historians. But now and then he made an excursionto London ; sometimes to buy books, or to meet his friends from Cambridge; and at other times to learn something new in the mathematics or music, with which he was extremely deliglited.

His retirement therefore was a learned retirement; and it was not long before the world reaped the fruits of it. His Majque was presented at Ludlow-castle in 1634. There was formerly a pielident of Wales, and a fort of court kept at Ludlow, which has since been abolished. The president at that time was the Earl of Bridgewater, before whom Milton's Mafque was presented on Michaelmas night; and the principal parts, those of the two Brothers were performed by his Lordship's fons the Lord Brackly and Mr. Thomas Egerton, and that of the Lady by his Lordship's daughter Lady Alice. The occasion of this poem feemeth to have been merely an accident of the two · Brothers and the Lady having lost one another in their way to the castle. It is written very much in imita. tion of Shakespear's Tempeft, and the Faithful Shep. herdefs of Beaumont and Fletcher; and, though one of the first, is yet one of the moft beautiful of Milton's compofitions. It was for some time banded about on ly in manuscript; but afterwards, to satisfy the im. portunity of friends, and to save the trouble of tranfcribing, it was printed at London, though without the author's name, in 1637, with a dedication to the Lord Brackly, by Mr. H. Lawes, who composed the music, and played the part of the Attendant Spirit. It was printed likewife at Oxford, at the end of Mr. R.'s poems ;but who that. Mr. R. was, whether Rag,

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dolph the poet, or who effe, is uncertain. It has lately, though with additions and alterations, been exhibited on the stage feveral times; and we hope the fine poetry and morality have recommended it to the audience, and not barely the authority of Milton's name; and we wish, for the honour of the nation, that the like good taste prevailed in every thing.

In 1637 he wrote another excellent piece, his Lyci-
das; wherein he laments the untimely fate of a friend,
who was drowned on the Irish seas in his paffage
from Chester. This friend was Mr. Edward King,
fon of Sir John King, secretary of Ireland, and a
fellow of Christ's College. He was so well beloved
and esteemed at Cambridge, that fome of the greatest
names in the university have united in celebrating his
obfequies, and published a collection of poems, Greek,
Latin, and English, sacred to his memory; the Greek
by H. More, &c. ; the Latin by T Farnaby, J.
Pearson, &c.; the English by H King, J. Beau-
mont, J. Cleaveland, with several others; and judi-
ciously the last of all, as the belt of all, is Milton's
Lycidas. , “ On fuch facrifices the gods themselves
" ftrow incense;" and one would almolt with so to
have died for the sake of having been so lamented.
But this poem is not all made up of forrow and ten-
derness; there is a mixture of satire and indignation;
for in part of it the poet taketh occafion to inveigh
against the corruptions of the clergy, and seemeth to .
have first discovered his acrimony against Abp. Laud,
and to have threatened him with the loss of his head,
which afterwards happened to himn through the fury
of his enemies. At least, I can think of no sense so
proper to be given to the following verses in Lyci-
das.

Besides what the grim wolf with privy paw
Daily devours apace, and nothing faid;
But that two-handed engine at the door,
Stands ready to smite once, and smite no more.

About this time he had some thoughts of taking chambers at one of the inns of court, for he was not

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very well pleased with living fo obfcurely in the country; but, his mother dying, he prevailed with his facher to let him indulge a delire, which he had long entertained, of seeing foreign countries, and particu. larly Italy. Having communicated his design to Sir Henry Wotton, who had formerly been ambassador at Venice, and was then provost of Eton College, and having also fent him his Malque, of which he had DC yet publicly acknowledged himself the autbor, he received from him the following friendly letter, dated, From the College, the 13th of April 1638.

u SIR,

IT
T was a special favour, when you lately bestowed

upon me here the firf taste of your acquaintance, though no longer than to make me know that I want. ed more time to value it, and to enjoy it rightly; and in truih, if I could then have imagined your farther tay in these parts, which I understood afterwards by Mr. H I would have been bold, in our vulgar phrase, to mend my draught, (for you left me with an extreme thirst,) and to have begged your conversation again, jointly with your faid learned friend, at a poor meal or two, that we migbt have banded together some good authors of the ancient time; among which d observed you to have been familiar.

Since your going, you have charged me with new pbligations both for a very kind letter from you, da. ted the fixth of this month, and for a dainty piece of entertainment that came therewith ; wherein 1 Mould much commend the tragical part, if the lyrical did pot ravith me with a certain Doric delicacy in your songs and odes, whereunto I must plainly confess to have seen yet nothing parallel in our language, infa 1:20.lities. But I must isot omit to tell you, that I now only owe you thanks for intimating unto me (how modefly foever) the true artificer: for the work it: felt, had viewed some good while before with fingu: lar delighi, having received at from our common

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