« הקודםהמשך »
Benedict VI. Pope, his character and fate, Berne, an account of the cruel and impi-
ous fraud acted in xvi cent. upon one
VIII. is raised to the pontificate, church of, opposes Calvinism, iii.
- XII. his good character, ii. 461; up the Crusade in xii cent. ii. 235; draws
Templars, 240; exposes in his writings
monks, 257 and w, x; considered as the
XIV. Pope, Prosper Lambertini, who are called from him Benardin
cent. i. 414; the founder's views in this and those of Clugni, ibid. and h; and
i ; combats the doctrine of the school-
la Porée, 296; opposes the doctrine of
assumed by the Romish pontiffs, who gin Mary, 304 ; combats the sect of the
Bernard, of Sens, a mystic writer in sy
of Quakers to the sect so called, and Bernoulli, two astronomers in Switzerland
in xvii cent. their character, iii. 431.
141 ; his dispute with Lanfranc against pent for refuting Radbert's doctrine of
rise in xvii cent. iv. 39.
ed there, and its contents, iii. 254 and c. rise in xii cent. ii. 292; decline in siji
the title of patriarch, in xvi cent. iii. vines, 409.
Bishops, appointed first at Jerusalem, i. 456 and q; account of the war, and
91 ; the nature and extent of their dig. dreadful consequences of it to the King nity at their first institation, ibid. their and the Bohemians, ibid. how defeated, authority augmented by the councils, ibid. r and ; progress of the war unfa146 ; acknowledge themselves the dele vourable to the confederates, with the gates of their respective churches, and Emperor's proceedings, 457, 458 ; Gus. authoritative rules of faith and manners tavus Adolphus intervenes, 459 ; end of when claimed by them, ibid. their pow
the thirty years' war, ibid. the peace of er vehemently asserted by Cyprian in Westphalia, advantages to the protestiii cent. 209; their contentions with ants, and the disappointment of the each other about the extent of power, in Pope, 460, 461, and y. iv and following centuries, produced Bohemian, Moravian brethren, from violent commotions in the church, 276; whence descended, iii. 297 ; their chadisputes between the bishops of Rome racter, ibid. recommend themselves to and of Constantinople in v cent. j. 346 ; Luther's friendship, and embrace the their court when first established, 351; sentiments of the Reformed, ibid. their ambition to extend their jurisdic. Bohemians, converted to Christianity in tion in x cent. ii. 100; aspire aster, and ix cent. ii. 4. obtain, temporal dignities, ibid. admit Boineburg, Baron, deserts the Protestant persons to the order of saints indepen religion, in xvii cent, and the cause ex. dently on the power of the Roman pon amined, iii. 477. tiff, 110; oppose the arrogance of the Bois, Abbe du, his ambition a principal obpontiffs in xiii cent. 348; disputes be stacle to the project of union between tween them and the Mendicants, 476 ; the English and French churches, iv. sentiments of the Puritans concerning 243. See Girardin, them, 510 and n.
Boleslaus, King of Poland, revenges the Bizochi, a sect. See Tertiaries, ii. 391, murder of Adalbert, Bishop of Prague, &c.
ii. 120 ; compels the Prussians to reBlanc, Lewis le, bis writings to reconcile ceive Christianity, ibid.
the Romish and Reformed churches in Bolonia, the fame of this academy in xii
Ivii cent. iv. 86 ; unsuccessful, 87, cent. ii. 248; spurious diploma for its Blandrata, George, propagates Socinian. antiquity, ibid. e; the study of the an
ism in Transylvania, and his character, cient Roman law very much promoted iii. 371.
in it, 250. Blesdyck, Nicholas, charges David George Bolsec, Jerom, declaims against Calvin's with maintaining blasphemous errors,
doctrine of divine decrees, and his and has bis body burnt, iii. 350, 351. character, iii. 316; his treatment from Blesensis, Petrus, his works, ii. 283 and o; Calvin causes a breach between the refutes the Jews in xii cent. 298.
latter and Jacques de Bourgogne, 317. Blount, Charles, his oracles of reason and Bonaventura, an eminent scholastic divine death, ïïi. 424 and i.
in xiii cent. ii. 380; his prudent enBlumius, Henry, his change of religion in deavours to establish concord among
xvii cent. and character, iii. 477 and q. the Franciscans unsuccessful, ibid. and Bockhold, John, a tailor of Leyden, and 384; his great learning, 400 and g.
mock King of munster, an account of, Boniface III. Pope, engages the Emperor iii. 329; his enthusiastic impiety and and tyrant Phocas to deprive the Bishop seditious madness, particularly at Mun of Constantinople of
title of Universter, ibid. and p, q, and r; short reign sal Bishop, and to confer it upon the and ignominious death, 330.
Roman pontiff in vii cent. i. 452. Bodin, a supposed infidel writer in xvi
V. Pope enacts the law for tacent. iii. 119.
king refuge in churches in vii cent. i. Boethius, an account of, i. 406; the only 463. pbilosopher in vi cent. 407.
Winfred, converts the Germans Boetius, his controversy with Balduin in in viii cent. i. 478 and c; his other pious xvii cent. iv. 55.
exploits, ibid. advancement in the Bogerman, presides at the Synod of Dort, church, ibid. and death, 479; entitled and bates the Arminians, iv. 137.
the Apostle of the Germans, and the Bogomiles, a sect of heretics in xii cent. ii. judgment to be formed about it, ibid.
306 ; founder Basilius, ibid. their name, and d; an account of, 507. whence, 307 and n.
attempts the conversion of the Bohemia, commotions in xv cent. excited Prussians in xi cent. ii. 121 ; his fate,
by the ministry of John Huss, ii. 552; ibid. and h. how terminated, 555; troubles there
VIII. Pope, makes a collection excited against the Protestants in xvii which is called the sixth book of the cent. iii. 456; who defend themselves Decretals in xiji cent. ii. 346 ; his arrofuriously, and choose Frederic V. King, gant assertion in favour of papal power,
349; infamous character, 363; abo of eminent piety, ibid. place the whole
order of Philip, and dies, ibid. and g. Italy, 434, a; several edicts against them
tions, iii. 547; is sentenced to perpetual sition, 501 ; called by various names,
563 ; undergo severe punishments from
as also from Ziska, 563 and i.
and works for reconciling the French an account of them in xv cent. ii. 445;
white, their rise in xv cent. ii.
566; their name, whence, and what
by Boniface IX. and burnt, with the sup-
Calvin, and the occasion, iii 317. ous opinions concerning the equity of
enthusiasm, in xvii cent. iv. 179; ber 567 and m.
cent. i. 478.
test about excommunication in xvi cent. Britons, if converted as early as king Lu-
Brown, George, Archbishop of Dublin,
in Ireland, iii. 96 ; his character, ibid. I;
Mary's cruel designs in Ireland prevent-
Indians, iii. 390; their title assumed by encourages Popery, that afterward re-
coverable blow to the interest of the
an eminent mathematician in xiv cent. account of the genius and spirit of the
ii. 449; his book on Providence, 493. Jesuits, 141, a.
Robert, founder of the Brownists
in xvi cent. ii. 292 ; his notions, 293
tings, and character, iv, 62 and li. the church of England, 294.
the doctrine of Spinoza, in svii cent. sentiments on church government, 293
his separation, ibid. r and y; doctrine
doctrine and institutions, iii. 280 and b. Brulifer, an eminent scholastic writer in
sect in xiii cent. ii. 423, 429, and r, s; Bruno, attempts with Boniface the con-
Bruno, Jordano, a supposed infidel in xvi Cælestius, bis doctrine of original sin one
main source of Pelagianism, i. 391 ; ac-
and superstition of his times, and is Cæsarius of Arles, his works, i. 417, 423,
burg with Luther on the nature and er.
behaviour, and fruitless issue of the de-
a reconciliation between the Reformed racter of his exposition of the Bible,
works, ii. 446, 487.
trine, iii. 363; their founder, with his cent. ii. 553; four demands, ibid.
vides, Francken, and others, ibid. Reformed, iv. 13; his peculiar method
government and doctrine, according to moral theology, 29; author of Syncre-
against it by the Lutheran doctors, ibid.
sub fin. not. f ; two great principles,
of Rintelen, Coningsberg, 36; and Jena,
.sius on this occasion, ibid. and k.
- Frederic Ulric, opposes the
– II. Pope, his great character, ii.
subside by his prudence, ibid.
III. institutes in xv cent. the fes-
iv, 26; attacks Calixtus, 32 ; his ma-
even after his death, 33.
fathers of the Christian doctrine in xvi 68 and a, b; facilitated a reconciliation
of the Reformed and Lutherans, 268,
projects of Calixtus in xvii cent. iv. 31 ; the controversy about predestination,
pagated with discord, carried to the
greatest height, 271, founder of the
Reformed churcb, 274 and'o; his grand
276 and p; doctrine and discipline alter-
ibid. first, the power of the magistrate,
from Zuingle, 277, 278 and 9, r; dif-
ed in ir cent, i. 309; the reasons alleged in God's absolute decree, ibid. his
the Reformed, 278, 279; gains ground
in Germany, 279; and in France, 281; Canons, regular, their useful lives and
resentment of the Papists against the
iii. 250 ; whence called Crypto-Calvin voluminous and elaborate work under-
and the event, iv. 125.
in xi cent. ii. 186 ; founder Romuald, Capuchins, their origin in xvi cent. and
and m, n; banished Venice in xvit cent.
Caputiati, a sect of fanatics in xii cent. ii.
Clement V. into an archbishopric in Caracalla, Emperor, bis lenity to the
Christians, i. 192.
versal learning, and his character, iii. his character, ibid. n.
of Rome vested in them by Nicholas II.
and rights, 152 and h, i ; divided into
Cardinal Clerks, 153; and the meaning
augmented by Alexander III. 155.
in Rome, their number, iii. 126;
see of Rome, 127 and b.
viii cent. i. 503; their founder Chrode Lutherans, iii. 218.
of discipline, ibid. and t; unwarrant-