תמונות בעמוד

Popes or Archbish- Ecclesiasti. Heretics, Sovereign Bishops ops of cal and real or rePrinces. of Rome. Canter Theolog. puted.



Remarkable Events, &c.

Profane Authors.

J. Alb. Tabricius. Gasp. Neuman. Christopher

Wormius. J.G. Heineccius. J. G. Kesler. P. Cantemir. Jordan. J. Offer, a Swede. J. H. Bohmer. Dopplemaier. Winslow

Dutch Authors.
J. Perizonius.
J. Fred. Grono-

S. Pitiscus.
B. Niewentite.
A. Reland.
G. Noodt.
N. Hartsocker.
Adr. Helvetius.
Herman Boer-

haave. Albert Schul

tens. Peter Burman. Sig. Havercamp. Bynkershoeck. S. Gravesande. J. Alberti. P. Muscben

broek. Wesseling. Gasp. Burman. Tib. Hemster

huis. Van Loon, the


[ocr errors]


After the foregoing sheets were printed off, I was favoured by the very worthy descendants of the pious and learned Archbishop SHARP, with the present of a small but curious work lately published, which belongs to the ecclesiastical history of the xviiith century. It contains an account of the measures that were taken, and of the correspondence that was carried on, in the year 1711, 1712, and 1713, for the introduction of the liturgy of the church of England into the kingdom of Prussia, and the electorate of Hanover. To this historical account are annexed several letters and original papers that are very interesting, more especially a plan of ecclesiastical discipline and public worship, drawn up by the learned Dr. JABLONSKY, and some other papers of the same author, concerning the nature of episcopacy, and the manner of rendering it compatible with the interests of the sovereign, and the religious liberty of the people.

This publication, which is chiefly designed for the use of the Protestants in Prussia, is drawn from MS. memoirs of the life of Archbishop SHARP, who was principally concerned in the transactions and correspondence above-mentioned. These memoirs were composed from the Archbishop's journal by his son, the learned Dr. Thomas SHARP, Archdeacon of Northumberland, and the historical account drawn from them, of the project for introducing episcopacy into Prussia, is published in a French translation, done by the Rev. Mr. Muysson, minister of the French chapel, at St. James's, &c.

The following note refers to Vol. II. p. 444, 1. 23.

Dr. Mosheim does not pretend to determine whether these reports relative to the barbarity of the Jews were true or false : but it seems more than probable, that they were insidiously forged out of hatred against that unfortunate people. This will appear still more evidently to have been the case when we consider that in the xiiith century, the Popes GREGORY IX.and INNOCENT IV.published declarations, which were designed to destroy the effect of several calumnies that had been invented and dispersed to the disadvantage of the Jews, and in the xivth century we find the Roman pontiffs Benedict XII. and CLEMENT VI. giving the same proofs of their equity towards an injured people. We find in history circular letters of the dukes of Milan and Venice, and imperial edicts of FREDERIC III and CHARLES V. to the same purpose ; and all these circumstances render it highly credible, that the reports mentioned by Dr. Mosheim are not founded on sufficient evidence.


ABANO, Petrus de, surnamed the Recon- Acephali, an account of, i. 389; their sub-

ciler, ii. 345; his great character and ill divisions into three 'other sects, ibid.
treatment, ibid. and h.

soon extinguished by Baradæus, ibid.
Abassines, Ethiopians, converted to Chris- Acominutus, Nicetas, his polemic works,

tianity in iv cent. i. 262. See Abyssi ii. 398.
nians, ii. 65, iii. 191.

Acropolita, a Greek historian of xiii cent.
Abbas, the Great, King of Persia, lays ii. 336, 398.

waste Armenia in xvii cent. iii. 362 ; his Adalbert, of Gaul, his character, i. 525;
generosity to the Armenians, and great forges a letter from Christ to mankind,
character, ibid.

ibid. condemned at the instigation of
Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, his lenity Boniface Winfrid, ibid. and i.
towards the Puritans, and character, iv.

Bishop of Prague, bis vain at-
92, 93, and S; zeal for the doctrinal te tempts to convert the Prussians in x

nets of Calvin, 93; and sub not. f. cent. ü. 120; suffers death for his pious
Abelard, Peter, defends the monks in xii zeal, ibid. bis death revenged by Boles-

cent. ii. 276 ; his character, 282 and e; laus, King of Poland, who compels some
commentaries, 289; founder of the of the Prussians to embrace Chris-
Scholastics, properly so called, 292 ; tianity, ibid.
charged with errors by St. Bernard, for Adamites, their tenets, i. 185.
which he is condetoned as an beretic,

Bohemian, in xv cent. an ac-
295 and t; attacks all the here sies in count of, ii. 564, 568, and i.
his time, 298.

Adams, Thomas, a Quaker, his remarkable
Abelites, their tenets, i. 185.

behaviour to Oliver Cromwell, iv. 148,
Abgarus, the story of him and Christ, if sub not, kk.
true, i. 57 and n.

Adiaphoristic, history of. See Controversy
Abraras, used by Basilides, what, i. 179. adiaphoristic, iii. 239.
Abul Farai, an eminent Syrian writer in Ado, a bistorian in ix cent. ii. 14.

xiii cent. ii. 336; bis works, ibid. and Adrian, Emperor, a brief character of, i.
a; expositions of the Scripturés, 406. 123 ; puts many Jews to the sword,
Abyssinia, Romish mission in xvii cent. iii. 129; persecution of the Christians

477 ; how ruined, 478 and t; entirely under him, 131.
banished by Basilides, son of Seltam

I. Pope, in viii cent. confers upon
Segued, 480 and u ; several attempts for Charlemagne and his successors the
'admission unsuccessful, ibid. and w; right of election to the see of Rome, i.
481 and X; Lutheran missions unsuc 504 and k; enters into an alliance with
cessful, 560.

the Empress Irene, 520.
Abyssinians, the doctrine of the Mono-

IV. Breakspear, Pape, orders Fre-
physites when embraced by them, con deric I. Emperor, to perform the office
sidered, ii. 65; their state in xvi cent. of equery to him, but his order is re-
iii. 191.

jected with contempt, ii. 264; an open
Acacius, Bishop of Constantinople, oppo rupture is expected, but prevented by

ses the Papal power, i. 388 ; is excom the death of tbe Pope, 265 and 0.-
municated and deposed by Pope Felix, VI. Pope, his good character, iii..

47; proposes to reform the abuses in
Academics, their impious notions, i. 39. the church, but prevented by death, 43.
Academies, two public, in the Empire, and Ælia Capitolina, a city raised on the ruins
their founders, i. 136 and h.

of Jerusalem in ii ceat. i. 129.
European, many founded in Æmiliani, Jerome, founder of the clerks
xiii cent. ii. 338; their state, ibid. course of St. Maieul, or the fathers of Somas-
of discipline observed by them, 339. quo, in xvi cent. iii. 150.

founded by the Lutherans and on, different meanings of this word
Calvinists in xvi cent. iij. 216.

among the Gnostics, i. 80, m.
one at Jena by the Dukes of Ærian controversy, and leader's principal
Saxe Weimar, iii. 943.

tenets, i. 297 ; his design to restore the
at Geneva, by Calvin, iii. 275. primitive simplicity of Christianity,

of Sciences at Paris, by Lewis ibid. reflections upon such an attempt,
XIV. jis. 433 and d.

jbid. and 5

ii. 508;

and r.

Africa, English and Dutch Colonies there to Innocent III. 272; condemns the vi-
in xvi cent. iii. 410; missions, 412; cious rage of disputing about religious
success through the Capuchins, ibid. in matters, 294.
accuracy here, 413, k; why they were

V]. Pope, divides America be-
alone employed, ibid.

tween the Portuguese and Spaniards,
Africans, the nature of their conversion in

his infamous character, 541 and
Xv cent. examined, ii. 508.

9; is supposed to be poisoned, ibid.
Agapelus, bis works and character, i. 416,

VII. Pope, Chizi instigated by
Agnoetæ, an account of this sect in vi the Jesuits, annuls the sentence of In-
cent. i. 437; their decline, ibid.

nocent X. concerning Chinese rites, iii.
Agobard, Archbishop of Lyons, his cha 400 ; his character, 451 ; contest with

racter, ii. 14, 311 ; censured for foment Lewis XIV. and the cause, 487 : bull
ing a rebellion, ibid. a vehement op against Jansenius, and declaration, 560.
poser of imag worship, ibid. r ; writes

VIII. Pope, Ottoboni, bis cba-
against the Jews, 43.

racter, iij. 452.
Agricola, John, founder of the Antino-

- Natalis, writes against the Po-
mians in xvi cent. iii. 236 ; is opposed pish claimis, in xvii cent. iii. 486.
by Luther and recants, ibid. propagates Alexandria, Patriarch of, his jurisdiction
his doctrine after Luther's death, it. bis in the earliest times of Christianity, i.
principles examined, ibid.

275; embassy sent by one to the Pope,
Albert the Great,bis character, ii. 343; and in xvi cent. a Jesuitical scheme, iii. 183

learning, 400 ; system of divinity, 406. and I, m; the extent of bis authority in
Albigenses, Paulicians, so called in sicent. this cent. 181, 182, and o.

and whence, ii. 221 and q; a term ap- Alfred, bis taste for letters, ii. 18; his

plied by the Latins to all heretics, 305. works, ibid. w; the most eminent learn-
Albizi, Bartholomew, his book of St. ed men under him, ibid. m.

Francis's conformities with Christ, ii. Allatius, Leo, his works for uniting the
471 and k.

Greek and Romish churches, iii. 555
Alciat, banished Geneva, iii, 359 and i; and d; disingenuity censured, ibid. and

inclines to the Arian system, 360 sub d.
not. m, in fine.

Alliaco, Petrus de, labours to reform the
Alcuin, preceptor to Charlemagne, his schoolmen in xv cent. ii. 557.

character, i. 507 and w; expositiors, Almeric, an account of, ii. 342; the fol-
512; treatise on virtue, 515 and p; lives lowers of this philosopher, guilty of
of the saints, ibid.

enormous errors and vices, ibid. t.
Aldhelm, an English prela e, an account of, Alphonsus X. King of Leon, an eminent

i. 456 and u; his moral treatises, 460. patron of Letters in xiii cent. ii. 337;
Alet, Bishop of, refuses to subscribe the the same he acquired by his astronomi-

declaration against the Janseni-ts in cai tables, 338 and c.
xvii cent. and the consequence, iji. 532.

VI. King of Naples, a zealous
Alexander, of Lycopolis, if a Christian, i. promoter of Letters in xv cent. ii. 511.
402 and o.

Altenburg, conference beld at, to beal the
III. Pope; consers on the car Lutheran divisions, unsuccessful, ii.
dinals the sole right of electing to the 249.
pontificate, ii. 152, 270 ; aug nents the Alva, Duke of, his cruelty checked by
College of electing Cardinals, ii. 155, the prudent and brave conduct of a
156; orders schools tu be erected in Prince of Orange, gave rise to the
inonasteries and cathedrals, 249; bis powerful Republic of the United Pro-
contested election, 265; obnoxious to vinces, iii. 99.
the Emperor Frederic I. Barbarossa, Almamunis, Caliph of Babylon, an emi-
whom he solemnly deposes, ibid. is nent patron of letters among the Ara-
obliged to fly and to leave his competi.. bians in ix cent. ii. 11.
tor, Paschal III in the Papal chair, 266; Amalric, the absurd and impious doctrine
his success against Frederic, and inso taught by him, ii. 434, 435, and b, c;
lence towards hiin examined, ibid. and his chief disciple, who, ib. if he adopt-
q"; dispute with Henry II. King of Eng. ed Joacbim's predictions, 436.
land, 267; confirms the privileges of the Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, his character,
church, and extends the authority of i. 279 and i; three books on the duty
the Popes, 270 ; deprives the Bishops of ministers, 283 ; opposes the princi-
of the power of canonization, and con ples of Jovinian, 298.
fines it to the Roman Pontiff, 271 and of Camalduli, bis works, ii. 548.
x; confers the title of King upon Al- America, when first visited by the Euro-
phonsus, Duke of Portugal, ibid. and y; peans, ii. 508 ; its inhabitants convert-
his death, and the troubles of his suc ed to Christianity, ibid. divided by
Cessor, Lucius III. ibid. his successors Pope Alexander VI. between the Por-

tuguese and Spaniards, ibid. mission 326 ; distinguished by the enormity of
aries sent, ibid.

their crimes, ibid. points of doctrine
America, English and Dutch colonies maintained by the most rational of

there in xvi cent. iii. 410; Romish mis them, who are not equally chargeable
sions, 412 ; method used by the Jesuits with fury and brutal extravagance, 326,
for its conversion, with their views, and 327 ; severe punishments inflicted on
Labat's candid declaration, 413 and 0; them, ibid. and n; indiscriminate sere-
Protestant missions, ibid. the ambition rity, with a discourse thereon, 328.
of the Jesuits in Paraguay, 414 sub fin.o.

- of Munster, their seditious
Ames, William, explains morality, and an madness and ringleaders, iii. 329; their

account of, ini. 313 and P, q; treats commotions in Holland, particularly
it as a separate science, iv. 75

Amsterdam, 330 and r; measures taken
Ammonius Saccas, founder of the new Pla to extirpate them, 331 ; plot against the

tonics in ii cent. i. 139; attempts a coa magistrates defeated, ib. sub not. r; bow
lition of all philosophical sects and re comforted by Menno, ibid. questions
ligion, with his own system of religion, about their origin, how resolvable, 334
140, his religious notions, if Pagan or and u; origin of the sects that have
Christian, considered, 139, in ; the prin started up among them, 335; warm con-
ciples of his philosophy, with its chief test, and divided into two sects, 336;
articles, 140; his moral discipline, 142; how denominated, ibid. and ; new
delivers his injunctions in the language dissensions among them, and divided
of Scripture, ibid. pretends to the pow. into three sects, 337; the source of their
er of purging the Songorium, ibid his doctrine, ib. confession of one of their
notions of God and of Christ, 143 and n; sect, ibid. y; whether sincere in their
the many pernicious effects of his phi public confessions, 338; their religion
losophy to Christianity, and hence the reduced into a system, ibid. their lead-
foundation of the monks and Mystics, ing principle, 339 ; tbeir religion differs
ib. the rapid progress of his sect, 205 ; little from the reformed church, with
his Harmony of the Gospels, 219.

their creed, confessions, and peculiar
Amour, Guillaume, doctor of the Sor tenets, ibid. the fundamental principle

bonne, a strenuous opposer of the Do on which their doctrine is founded, 340,
minicans, and whence, ii. 375; is ba and how deviated from it, ibid. and a;
nished, and the cause, 376 ; his works their peculiar tenets, in wbich they all
and greai character, ibid. and d.

agree, 341; system of morality, 342; .
Amsdorf, denies the necessity of good primitive austerity greatly diminished,

works, iii. 241'; is opposed by George 343 and b; singular opinions of some
Major, and the event, ibid.

sects, ibid. and c, d; state of learning
Amsterdam, clergy and magistrates of, op and philosophy among them, 345, which

pose the toleration of the Mennonites, are rejected by all, except the Water-
in xvi cent. iu. 347.

landians, ibid. remit some of their an-
Amulo, his works against the Jews in ix cient rigour, ibid. their division into a
cent. ii. 43.

multitude of secis, and the causes, 346;
Amyraut, Moses, account of his works, iv. - their first solid settlement in the United

76; form of his doctrine and recon Provinces, and by what means, 347;
ciliatory endeavours, 83; meets with English, called Baptists, with an account
opposition, yet gains ground, 84, 85; of their other different denominations,
proceedings of the Swiss church against 348; opinions of the general and par-
him, 125.

ticular Anabaptists in England, ib. and
Anabaptists, their enthusiastic and sedi 1; account of a singular sect' called

tious principles in xvi cent. and punish Davidists, 350 ; tolerated under Crom-
ments they undergo, iii. 78, 79, and n, well, and account of, iv, 106 and x;

0; their residence fixed at Munster, ib. their history in xvii cent. 162; various
Anabaptists, Mennonites, their bistory, iji. fortunes of them during this cent, ibid.

320; origin obscare, and reason of their and e; union restored among them, and
names, ib. and v; insincerity in declaring how, 163 ; different sects, and how de-
their opinions concerning rebaptism, nominated with their several cbaracters
ibid. and 321, sub not. e; account of and notions, ibid. and g, h; external
themselves and adversaries,*322 and f; form of their church, 164; three orders
most probable account of their origin, of Ministers among them, and their re-
ibid. maxim whence their peculiarities, spective functions, ibid. account of the
ibid. different ways of thinking among Uckewallists, a sect of the rigid Ans-
them about it, 323; their drooping spi baptists, and tenets, ib. Waterlandians,
rits revived on Luther's,&c. appearance, 166; Galenists and Apostoolians, 167.
ib. satisfied with Luther's plan of refor: Anachorites, a monastic order in iv cent.
mation, with an account of their first i. 292; their remarkable aversion to 80-
motions, 324 andi; progress of this sect, ciety, ibid.

« הקודםהמשך »