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Popes or Archbi- Ecclesias- ! Heretics, I Remarkable Sovereign Bishops shops of tical and real or re- Events - Religious Profane Princes. of Rome. Canter: Theolog. puted.


Authors. bury. Writers.

Kings of
Lescus V.

1203 Uladislaus

III. 1226 Boleslaus

V. 1279 Lescus VI.

1289 Boleslaus, Henry, & Uladislaus take the title of Governors. Premislaus

1296 Uladislaus IV. depo sed in

1300 Winceslaus, king of Bohemia.

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tion of the Hans

The Dominicans,
Franciscans, Ser.!
vites, Mendicants,
and the Hermits of
St. Augustin, date
the origin of their
orders from this

The fables concerning the removal of the chapel of Loretto ; the Vision of Sim. Stochius ; the Wandering Jew; and St. Anthony's obliging an ass to adore the sacrament, are invented about this time.

The Festivals of the Nativity of the blessed Virgin, and of the Holy Sacrament or Body of Christ instituted.

The present House of Austria take their rise in this century.

Wales is conquer cd by Edward, and united to England.

There is an uninterrupted succession of English parTiaments from the

Kings of
Sancho I.

1212 Alphonsoll.

1223 Sancho II.

1246 Alphonso

III. 1294 Dennis.

year 1293.

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Popes or Archbish. Ecclesias- | Heretics, Sovereign Bishops of ops of tical and real or re- Remarkable Events Profane Princes. Rome. Canter. Theolog. puted. - Religious Rites. Autbors.






of the pope

Emperors of Boniface Robert Nicepho- Walden Fruitless attempts Dante, the East. VIII. 1303 Winchel-' rus. ses, Pala- made to renew the the prinA. D. Benedict sey 1313 Calistus. mites, Ho Crusades.

cipal reAndronicus XI. 1314 Walter Raymond sychasts, & Christianity encou-storer of

II. 1332 Clement V. Raynold Lully. Quietists, raged in Tartary and PhilosoAndronicus 1316 1327 Matthæus three dif- China; but loses pby and the Young. John XXI. Simon Blastares. ferent ground toward the Letters,&

1341 1334 Mepham Barlaam. names for end of this century also one John Canta-| A schism 1333 Greg. one sect. The Lithuanians, of the

between J. Strat- Acindy. Spiritual and Jagello, their most subusurps the Peter and ford 1348 nus. Francis- prince, converted to lime Pogovernment John. Thomas John Can- cans. the Christian faith in ets of under John Benedict Bradwar- tacuzenus. Ceccus As- the year 1386. modern Palæologus, XII. 1342 din 1349 Nicepho- culanus, Many of the Jews times. and holds it Clement Simon rus Greg. who was are compelled to re- Petrarch. till the year VI. 1352 Islip 1365 Joho Duns burnt at ceive the Gospel. Boccace. 1335 Innocent Simon

Scotus. Florence Philosophy and Chaucer. John VI. VI. 1362 Lango

Andrew of by the In-Grecian literature Matthew Palæol. Urban V. ham 1374 Newcas. 'quisition, are cultivated with of Weste 1390

1372 Simon tle. for making zeal in this century. minster. Andronicus A schism Sudbury Francis some expe The disputes be- Nicholas

IV. 1392 between 1381 Mayron. rimenis in tween the Realists & Triveth. Emanuel II. Urban and W.Court. Durand of mechanics Nominalists revived. Nicepho

Clement. ney 1396 St.Portian. that ap Philip the Fair, rus GreEmperors or Gregory Thomas Nicholas peared mi- king of France, oppo-goras, the the West. XI. 1378 Arundel. de Lyra. raculous to ses with spirit the compiler Albert I. The

John Ba- the vulgar. tyrannic pretensions of the By1308 death of


to a zantine Henry VII. Gregory

William Johan de temporal jurisdiction History. Luxen 1313IX. occa

Occam. Mercuria. over kings and prin- Theodore Lewis V. sioned that

Nicholas Beghards, ces, and demands a MetochiBav. 1347 violent

'Triveth. and Be- general council to de- ta. Charles IV. schism that


guines. pose Boniface VIII. Guillau. 1378 threw the

Horrie. As to the whom he accuses of me de Winceslaus Western

Richard Cellites, or Heresy, Simony, and Nangis, 1400 church

Bury. Lollards, several other enor. Historiinto the ut.

Walter they can- mities. Kings of most con

Burley. not be es. The papal autho. Henry Spain, i. e. fusion.

Richard teenied as rity declines. Stero, Leon and The

Hampole. Heretics. The residence of HistoriCastile. church of

Robert The fol- the popes removed to an.
Ferdinand Rome had
Holkot. lowers of Avignon.

Dinus IV. 1312 two popes,

Thomas John The Universities of MugellaAlphonso one resi

Bradwar- Wickliff Avignon, Persia, Or-nus. XI. 1350 ding at

din, Arch- deserve an leans, Florence, Ca- Evrard, Pedro the Rome, the

bishop of eminent bors, Heidelberg, HistoriCruel 1399 other at

Canter place with Prague, Perpignan, an. Henry II. Avignon.

bury. their lead- Cologne, Pavia, Cra- Hayton, 1369

John er, in the covia, Vienna, Gene- an ArmeJohn I. 1390 At Rome.

Wickliff. reforma

va, Orange, Sienna, nian HisHenry III. Urban VI.

Thomas tion. Erfurt, Angers, found- torian. 1339 Stubbs. Nicholas ed.

Albertino Kings of Boniface

John de of Cala The rise of the Mussato. France. IX.

Burgo. bria. Great western Orderick Philip the At AvigWilliam Martin

schism, which de- de Forli. Fair 1314 non.

Wolfort. Gonsalvestroyed the Unity of Lupold, Lewis X. Clement

The last Reghard. the Latin Churcb, & bishop of Hutin 1316 VII. not thirteen all!



Popes or Archbish- Ecclesias- Heretics, Remarkable Sovereign Bishops ops of tical and real or re- Events-Religious Profane Princes, of Rome. Canter. Theolog. puted. Rites. Authors.

bury Writers. Philip V. acknow.

English Bartoldus placed at its head Peter of 1321 ledged

Authors. de Ror- two rival popes. DuisPhilip VI. 1394

Peter Au- bach.

John Wickliff bourg, an Valois Benedict

reolus. The Dan- opposes the monks, Historian. 1350 XIII

John Bas- cers. whose licentious. Albert of John 1364


ness and ignorance Strasburg, Charles V.


were scandalous, an Histor. 1350


and recommends Barlaam, Charles VI.


the study of the of CalaPelagius.

Holy Scriptures. bria, masKings of


A warm contest ter of PeEngland.

nes, bish

arises among the trarch. Edward I.

Franciscans about Joinville. 1307


the poverty of Peter de Edward II.


Christ and his Apono, 1327


Physician Edward III.


Another between and AstroAndreas.

the Scotists and nomer. Richard II.


Thomists, about Marsilius 1399


the doctrines of of Padua, Henry IV.

Thomas of

their respective a famous Strasburg. chiefs.

Lawyer. Kings of


Pope Clement V. John AnScotland.

of Pisa.

orders the Jubilee dre, an John Baliol

John of

which Boniface had eminent 1306


appointed to be Jurist. Robert

Pope Cle

held every hun- Leontius Bruce 1329

ment VI.

dredth year, to be Pilato, one David II.


celebrated twice in of the re1370


that space of time. storers of Robert II.

John of

The Knights learning. 1390


Templars are seiz- Gentilis de Robert III.

Albert of

ed and imprisoned; Foligno. Padua.

the greatest part of Ismael Kings of


them put to death, Abulfeda, Sweden.


and their order an Arabian Birger 1326


suppressed. prince. Magnus


The rise of the Peter of 1363


Roman Empire in Ferrara, Albert, de



Arnold of feated by

Peter of

The Golden Bull, VilleMargaret


containing rules for neuve. queen of


the election of an William Denmark


Emperor, and a Grisant, in 1387


precise account of an English dies in the


the dignity and Mathemayear 1396


privileges of the tician. Margaret.

James of

electors, is issued Homodei Viterbo.

out by Charles IV. of Milan. Kings of


Pope Clement Albergotti Denmark.


VI, adds the coun- of Arezzo. Eric VIII

George of

ty of Avignon to Philip of 1321


the papal territo- Leyden. Christopher

Pope Bene


Baldus de II. 1338

dict II.

The Emperor Ubaldis. Waldemar

Gui of

Henry VII. dies, & Froissard, III. 1375


is supposed by a French Olaus 1387


some authors to Historian. Margaret.


have been poisonCabasil

led by a consecrated

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Popes or Archbi- Ecclesiasti- Heretics, Remarkable Sovereign Bishops shops of cal and real or re- Events-Reli- Profane Princes. lof Rome. Canter Theolog. puted.

gious Rites. Authors. bury. Writers. Or Khan

ties of St.

The beginning

of the Swiss CanAmurat, or

with Jesus

tons. Morad


The Emperors,
Fabri, bi-

Lewis of Bava-

shop of

ria, Philip the

Fair, king of
Michael An-

France, Edward

III. king of Eng-

land, who op-

posed the tyranJac. de

ny of the Popes, Theramo.

may be looked Manuel

upon as witnessChrysolo

es to the truth,

and preparers of Cardinal

the Reformation.

To these we may

add Durand, Ger-
with many

son, Olivus, who others too

called the pope numerous

Antichrist, and to mention.

Wickliff, who rejected Transubstantiation, the Sacrifice of the Mass, the Adoration of the Host, Purgatory, Meritorious Satisfactions by Penance, Auricular Confession, the Celiba cy of the Clergy, Papal Excommunications, the Worship of Images, the Virgin and Relics.

The Order of the Garter is instituted in England by Edward III.

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