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Popes or Archbishops Ecclesiasti. Heretics, Sovereign Bishops of Canter- cal & Theo- real or rePrinces. of Rome.bury. flogical Wri- puted.

Remarkable
Events, &c.

Profane
Authors.

ters.

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Kings of
France.
Philip 1.

1108 Lewis VI.

suroamed the Gross

1137 Lewis VII.

surnamed the Young

1180 Philip Aug.

Kings of
Engiand.
Henry I.

1135 Stephen

1154 Henry II.

1189 Richard I.

1199 Jobn.

Kings of
Scotland.
Edgar 1106
Alexander

1124 David 1153 MalcolmIV.

1163 William

Hug. Victo. title of The contest be. Abraham rinus.

tween the empe- AbenEadmerus. MERS & (rors and popes is ezra. Gcorge Ce

Wir renewed under John and drenus. NESSES Frederic Barba- Isaac Peter, the to the rossa and Adrian Tzetzes.

Venerable. TRUTH, IV. The inso- Henry of Honorius of than that lence of the popes HunAutun. of Here- excessive.

tington. Foucher. tics. Becket, arch. Nicetas.

tiger. Peter Abebishop of Canter- Wernier. luralian. lard and bury, assassina-Moses Peter Lom- Gilbert ted before the Maimo

bard. de la Por- altar, while he nides. Henry of

rée ditler- was at vespers in Anvari, a Huntington. ed from his cathedral. Persian William,

the no The scandalous Astronobishop of tionscom-traffic of indul, mer.

Rheims. monly re- ences begun by Portius Constantine ceived the bishops, and Azo.

Harmen. with re soon after mono. Nestor, a Orderic spect to polized by the Russian Vital. the Holy popes.

histoConstantine Trinity The Scholastic rian.

anass. The Albi- Theology, whose FalcanZacharias

genses, a sjargon occasion- dus. Chrysop. branch oiled such mischier Benjamin Kuier of the Wal- in the church, de Tu

Blois. denses, had its rise in dela, a Peter Co arebrand- this century. Spanish

mestor. ed with 1 The secds of Jew, Peter de the deno-the relormation whose

Celies. mination sown in this cen- Travels Peter of of Mani- tury by the Wal- were

Poitiers, chæans. denses, and other translaJohu Cin

eminent inen in ted by namus.

England and Baratier. John Beleth.

France.

Averroes. Heimold.

Pope Paschal EustathiGislebert,

II. orders the us, bishbishop of

Lord's supper to op of London.

be administered ThessaStephen

only in one kind, Jonica. Harding.

and retrenches Salomon George Xi

Jarchi. philin.

The Canon Albasen, Alexand

Law formed into an ArabiArist.

a body by Gra- an who Godfrey of

tian.

compoViterbo.

Academical de- sed
Theod. Bal-

grees introduced large samon.

in this ceniury.

work on Richard of

Learning revi- Optics. Si. Victor.

ved and encou- George William of

raged in the Uni-, Elinacin, Auxerre.

versity of Cam-, author of Bruno of

bridge.

the HisAst. Simeon of

declares war the SaraDurham.

against Roger, cens,

the cup

Kings of
Sweden.
Philip 1110
logo IV.

1129 Ragwald

1140 Magnus de posed in

1148 Suercler

1160 Eric, the

Holy 1161 Charles VII.

1165 Canute

1192 Suercher II.

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The pope

tory of

Kings of
Denmark.
Eric II.

1101

Popes or Archbi Ecclesiasti- | Heretics, Remarkable Sovereign 'Bishops sbops of cal & Theo- real or re- Events, Religious Profane Princes. of Rome. Canter. logical Wri puted.

Rites. Authors. bury

ters,

US

Nicholas

1135 Eric III.1138 Eric IV. 1147 Sweyo IV.

1155 Canute V.

1155 Valdemar

1192 Capute VI.

king of Sicily, who translatakes from his Holi- ied by ness Capua & Bene- Erpeniventum.

The council of Jeffrey of Clarendon beld] Monagainst Becket. mouth. The kings of

Henry of Englan' and HunFrance go to the tington, Holy Land Henry II. of Eng. land, being called by one of the Irish kings to assist him, takes possession of Ireland.

Kings of Poland. Uladislaus

1102 Boleslaus III.

1139 Uladislaus

JI. 1146 BoleslauslV.

1173 Micislaus

1178 Casimir II.

1195 Lescus.

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Kings of Jerusalem. Baldwin I.

1118 Baldwin II.

1131 Foulques

1141 Baldwin III.

1162 Almeric 1173 Baldwin IV.

1185 Baldwin V.

1186 Guy of Lau

signan. Jerusalem was retaken by the Infidels

in 1187 Almeric, from 1196 to 1205

Kings of Portugal. Alphonso I. proclaimed king in 1139 dies in 1185 Sancho I.

CENTURY XIII.

ops of

over

ans.

na.

Popes or Archbish- Ecclesias- Heretics, Remarkable Sovereign Bishops

tical and real or re- Events—Religious Profane Princes. of Rome. Canter- Theolog. puted.

Rites. Authors, bury. Writers. Emperors of Innocent Hub. Joacbim. The Wal The Mahometan Roger the East. III. 1216 Walter John, bisb-' denses. religion triumpbs Bacon, A. D. Honorius 1204 op of Ma- Nestori

Christianity one of the Alexius III. III. 1226 Stephen cedonia.

in China and the great redethroned Gregory Langton Demetrius. Jacobites. Northern parts of storers of in 1203 IX. 1241 1228 Chomate- The Bretb-Asia, by flattering learning

Celestine Richard nus. | ren & Sis. the passions of vo- and phiAlexius IV. IV. 1243 Wetber- Mark, Pa- ters of the luptuous princes. losophy, dethroned innocent shed 1231 triarch of Free Spi- A papal embassy Saxoin 1204) IV. 1254 St. Ed.

1

Alexan rit, other- is sent to the Tar-GrammaAlexius Du- Alexan mund dria. wise call-tars by Innocentiv. ticus. cas, sur

der IV. 1242 Malachy, ed Beg A fourth Crusade Ralph de named Mur 1261 Boniface archbish- hards and is undertaken by Diceto. zuphle 1204 UrbanIV. 1270 op of Ar- Beguttes, the French and Ve-Walter of

1264 Robert magh. Beguins, netians, who make CovenLatin Em Clement Kilward. Nicetas and Tur- themselves masters try. perors of

IV. 1268 by 1278 Choniata. lupins, of Constantinople Alexanthe East,

Gregory Jobn Francois Amalric, with a design to der of residing at X. 1276 Peckham d'Assise. Joachim. restore the throne Paris, the Constanti. Innocent 1291 Allan de Wilhelmi- to Isaac Angelus, founder nople. V. 1276 Robert l'Isle.

who had been de- of French Balduin I. Adrian Winchel. Jacobus de The sector throned by his bro- poetry. 1205 V. 1276 sey.

Vitriaco. the Apos- ther Ducas. VilleharHenry 1216 John XX.

Peter, the tles. The Emperor douin, a Peter 1221 1277

Monik. John of Isaac is put to death HistoRobert 1229 Nicholas

Anthonyof Parma, in a sedition, and rian. Balduin II. III. 1280

Padua. author of his son Alexius Accursiof 1261 Martin

Germanus the Ever-strangled by Alex. Florence. IV. 1285

Cæsarius. lasting 'us Ducas, the ring- Kimchi, a Greek Em. Honorius Williarn of Gospel. leader of this fac. Spanish perors resi: IV. 1288 Paris. Flagel tion.

Jew. ding at Nice. Nicholas

Raymun or lants, or The Crusaders Conrad Theodore IV. 1292

Penyafort. Whip

take Constantino de LitchLascaris Celestine

Alexander pers.

ple a second time, enaw. 1222 V. 1294

de Hales. Circum

dethrone Ducas, John Ho. John Ducas

Edmund cellions. and elect Baldwin lywood, III. 1255

Rich,

Count of Flanders, called De Theodore

archbp.

Emperor of the sacro bosLascaris

of Can

Greeks.

co, author 1259

terbury.

The Empire of of the John Lasca

Thomas of

Franks in the East, Sphæra ris IV.

Spalatro.

which had subsist- Mundi. 1259

John Peck

ed fifty-seven Actuari. Michael Pa

ham,

years, is overturn-lus, a læologus

Archbish

ed by Michael Pa- Greek retakes

op or Can-
læologus.

PhysiConstanti

terbury.

A Fifth Crusadelcian. nople in the

Roger Ba.

- wbich is carried Rod. Xiyear 1261,

con.

on by the confede-menes, and thus

Albert, the

rate arms of Italy archbishupites in

Great.
and Germany.

Jop of Tohis person

Robert

Damietta taken ledo. the Latin

Grosse

-but soon after Michael and Greek

teste.
retaken.

Coniat, Empires ;

Vincent de

The fleet of the bishop of he dies in

Beauvais.

Crusaders ruined Athens. 1283

by the Saracens. livel. VOL. IV.

46

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Popes or Archbishops Ecclesias- Heretics, Remarkable
Sovereign Bishops of of Canter tical and real or re- Events-Reli- Profane
Princes. Rome. bury. Theolog. puted. gious Rites. Authors.

Writers.
Andronicus

Robert

The fifth Cru- Rigord,
Sorbon.

sade undertaken a Histo-
George

by Lewis IX. rian. Emperors of

Acropo

who retakes Da- Pierre de the West.

lita.

mietta, is aster. Vignes. Philip 1208

--ugo de

ward reduced, Matthew Otho IV.

St. Caro.

with his army, Paris. 1218

George

to the greatest Suffridus. Frederic II.

Metochi

extremities, - Sozome1250

ta.

dies of the ne, auCivil wars

Guillau

plague in a se- thor of the and an inter

me de St.

cond Crusade, & Universal regnum, du

Amour.

is canonized. Chronoring which,

Nicepho

The Knights of logy, Conrad of

rusBlem.

the Teutonic Or- which is Suabia, Wil

Thomas

der, under com- yet in MS. liam count

Aquinas.

mand of Herman in the of Holland,

Bonaven

de Saltza, con- possesRichard

tura.

quer and convert sion of king of Eng

Gilbert of

to Christianity the Reguland, Al

Tournay.

the Prussians, at lar Caphonso of

John of

the desire of nonsof FeSpain, Otto

Paris, an

Courad, duke of soli, near car of Bohe

opposer

Massovia. Florence. mia, appear

of Tran

Christianity is Barthol. on the scene

substan

propagated Cotton of of action.

tiation &

among the Ara. NorRodulphus

Papal

bians in Spain. wichof Haps

Tyran

The philoso- see burgh is

ny.

phy of Aristotle Wharelected

John Bec

triumphs over all ton's Anemperor,

CUS.

the systems that glia Saand dies

Nicetas

were in vogue cra. in 1291

Acomin

before this cen- EngelAdolphus of

atus.
tury.

bert. Nassau

Theodore

The power of Thomas 1298

Lascaris. creating Bishops, Wicke, Albert I.

Arsenius.

Abbots, &c. is an Eng-
George

claimed by the lish HisKings of

Pachy

Roman pontiffs, torian. Spain, i. e.

mer.

whose wealth & Vitellio, a of Leon and

George

revenues are Pelish Castile.

the Cyp

thereby greatly MatheAlphonso

rian.

augmented. matician. IX. 1214

Stephen

John, king of Albert, Henry I.

Langton, England, excom- the 1217

Archbp.

municated by Great. Ferdinand

of Can

Pope Innocent Colonna, III. 1252

terbury.

III. is guilty of Archbp. Alphonso X.

Robert

the basest com- of Mes1284

Capito.

pliances through sina. Sancho IV.

Thomas

his slavish fear Michael 1295

Canti

of that insolent Scot, the Ferdinand

prat.
pontiff.

translaIV.

Richard

The inquisi- tor of
Middle-

tion established AristoKings of

ton.

in Narbonne tle. France.

William

Gaul, and com- Gregory Philip Aug.

Durand.

mitted to the di- Albufa1223

rection of Domi- rius.

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Popes or Archbi- Ecclesias, Heretics, Remarkable
Sovereign Bishops of shops of tical and real or re- Events-Reli- Profane
Princes. Rome.

Canter- Theolog. puted. gious Rites. Authors.

bury. Writers. Lewis VIII.

Ægidius

nic and his Or- Foscarari, 1226

de Co

der, who treat of Bolog. Lewis IX.

lumna.

the Waldenses na. sainted

Guil. Pe

and other repu- Alphonso, raldus.

ted heretics with king of Philip III.

Martin

the most inhu- Castile. the Hardy

Polon.

man cruelty. Cavalcanti 1285

Raymond

The adoration of FloPhilip IV.

Martin,

of the Host is in- rence, the Fair.

Gregory

troduced by Pope Dinus, a faAlbufaHonorius in.

mous Ju. Kings of

rius.

The Magna rist.
England.

Jacob de

Charta is signed Marco John 1216

Vora

by king John and Polo, a Henry III.

gine.

bis barons on the Venetian, 1234

Gillaume

15th of June, at whose traEdward I.

de

Runnemede, near vels in
Seigne-
Windsor.

China are
Kings of

lai, bi

A debate ari- curious. Scotland.

shop of

ses between the Francis William

Auxerre.

Dominicans and Barberini, 1214

William,

Franciscans con- an Italian Alexander

of Au

cerning the Im- Poet. u. 1249

vergne,

maculate Alexander

bishop

ception of the III. 1286

of Paris.

Virgin Mary.
Interreg.

Henry of

Jubilees instinum.

Ghent.

tuted by Pope John Ba

Pope

Boniface VIII. liol.

Boniface

The Sicilian
VIII.

Vespers--when
Kings of

the French in
Sweden.

Sicily, to the
Suercher II.

number of 3000,
1211

were massacred Eric X.12181

in one evening, Jean I. 1222

at a signal given Eric XI.

by John Prochy1250

ta, a Sicilian noWaldemar

bleman,
1276

Conrad, duke
Magnus

of Suabia, and
1290

Frederic of Aus-
Birger.

tria beheaded at

Naples by the
Kings of

counsel of Pope
Denmark.

Clement IV.
Canute VI.

The Jews are
1202

driven out of
Waldemar

France by Lewis
II. 1241

IX. and all the
Eric VI.

copies of the
1250

Talmud, that
Abel 1252

could be found
Christo-

are burnt.
pher 1259

The college of
Eric VII.

electors founded
1286

in the empire. Eric VIII.

The associa

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