תמונות בעמוד
PDF
ePub

he was one of the forft that refolutely endeavoured at correctness. He never facrifices accuracy to haste, nor indulges himself in contemptuous negligence, or impatient idleness; he has no careless lines, or entangled sentiments; his words are nicely felected, and his thoughts fully expanded. If this part of his character suffers any abatement, it must be from the disproportion of his rhymes, which have not always sufficient consonance, and from the admission of broken lines into his Solomon ; but perhaps he thought, like Cowley, that hemistichs ought to be admitted into beroick poetry.

He had apparently such rectitude of judgement as secured him from every

[ocr errors]

thing that approached to the ridiculous or absurd; but as laws. operate in civil agency not to the excitement of virtue, but the repression of wickedness, fo judgement in the operations of intellect can hinder faults, but not produce excellence. Prior is never low, nor very often fublime. It is said by Longinus of Euripides, that he forces himfelf sometimes into grandeur by violence of effort, as the lion kindles his fury by the lashes of his own tail. Whatever Prior obtains above mediocrity seems the effort of ftruggle and of toil. He has many vigorous but few happy lines; he has every thing by purchase, and nothing by gift; he had no rightly visin,

tations

tations of the Muse, no infusions of sentiment or felicities of fancy.

His di&ion, however; is more his own than that of any among the successors of Dryden; he borrows no lucky turns, or commodious modes of language, from his predeceffors. His phrases are original, but they are sometimes harsh; as. he inherited no elegances, none has he bequeathed. His expression has every mark of laborious study; the line sel-dom seems to have been formed at: once; the words did not come till they were called, and were then put by constraint into their places, where they do their duty, but do it fullenly. In his greater compofitions there may be found

more

wert

mo

more rigid stateliness than graceful dig. nity. -

Of versification he was not negligent : what he received from Dryden he did not lose; neither did he increase the difficulty of writing, by unnecessary severity, but uses Triplets and Alexandrines without scruple. In his Preface to Solomon he proposes fome improvements, by extending the sense from one couplet to another, with variety of pauses. This he has attempted, but without success; his interrupted lines are unpleasing, and his sense as lefs distinct is less striking.

He has altered the Stanza of Spenser, as a house is altered by building another in its place of a different form. With how little resemblance he has

formed

ТО

formed his new Stanza to that of his master, these specimens will shew.

SPENSER.

She flying fast from heaven's hated face, And from the world that her discover'd wide, Fled to the wasteful wilderness apace, From living ejes her open drame to hide, And lurk’d in rocks and caves long unespy'd. But that fair crew of knights, and Una fair, Did in that eafle afterwards abide, To rest themselves, and weary powers repair, Where store they found of all, that dainty was

and rare.

PRIOR.

• To the close rock the frighted raven flies,
Soon as the rising eagle cuts the air :
The Maggy wolf unseen and trembling lies,
When the hoarse roar proclaims the lion near.

« הקודםהמשך »