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converted into Pembroke college. These EPIGRAMs are mentioned in Wilson's Rhetor Ike, published in 1553.

Another of Heywood's works, is a poem in long verse, entitled, A DIAlogue contayning in effect the number of al the Prove RBEs in the English tongue compač in a matter concerning two marriages. The first edition I have seen, is dated 1547". All the proverbs of the English language are here interwoven into a very filly comic tale.

The lady of the story, an old widow now going to be married again, is thus described, with some degree of drollery, on the bridal day.

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* In quarto. Others followed, 1566.- * An admirable proverbial fimile. It

*576.- 587.-1598. 4to. is used in Wilson’s ARTR of Rhetor Ike, * I do not understand this, which is “I knewe a priest that was as mice as a *arked for a proverb. “Nunne, Hen, when he would say masse he

“ would “would never saie Dominus Vobis- * Second PART. ch. i. “cum, but Dominus Wobicum.” fol. 1 12. * In quarto.

I suppose, That day her eares might wel glow,
For all the town talkt of her high and low.
One sayde a wel favoured old woman she is :
The divill she is, sayde another: and to this
In came the third with his five egger, and sayde,
Fifty yere ago I knew her a trim mayde.
... Whatever she were then, sayde one, she is nowe,
To become a bryde, as meete as a sowe,
To beare a saddle. She is in this marriage,
As comely as a cowe in a cage.
Gup with a gald back, Gill, come up to supper,
What my old mare would have a new crupper,
And now mine olde hat must have a new band, &c".

The work has its value and curiosity as a repertory of proverbs made at so early a period. Nor was the plan totally void of ingenuity, to exhibit these maxims in the course of a narrative, enlivened by facts and circumstances. It certainly was susceptible of humour and invention.

Heywood's largest and most laboured performance is the SP1DER AND THE FLIE, with wooden cuts, printed at London by Thomas Powell, in 1556*. It is a very long poem in the oétave stanza, containing ninety-eight chapters. Perhaps there never was so dull, so tedious, and trifling an apologue: without fancy, meaning, or moral. A long tale of fićtitious manners will always be tiresome, unless the design be burlesque: and then the ridiculous, arising from the contrast between the solemn and the light, must be ingeniously supported. Our author seems to have intended a fable on the burlesque construction: but we know not when he would be serious and when witty, whether he means to make the reader laugh, or to give him advice. We must indeed acknowledge, that the age was not yet sufficiently

a. edit. 1567. 4to, ~. refined, • But I must not forget Chaucer's SIR THop As : and that among the Cotton manuscripts, there is an anonymous poem, perhaps coeval with Chaucer, in the style of allegorical burlesque, which describes the power of money, with great humour, and in no common vein of satire. The hero of the piece is sir Penn Y. MSS. Cott. Cal. 7. A. 2.

refined, either to relish or to produce, burlesque poetry". Harrison, the author of the DescripTIon of BRITAINE, pre

INc IPit NAR RAcro De D No DEN AR 10.

In erth it es a littill thing,
And regnes als" a riche king,
Whare he es lent in land ;
SIR PEN i es his name calde,
He makes both yong and alde"
Bow untill ‘ his hand :
Papes, kinges, and empoures,
Bisschoppes, abbottes, and priowres,
Person, prest, and knyght,
Dukes, erles, and ilk barowne,
To serue him er" thai ful boune *,
Both biday and nyght.
Sir Pen I chaunges man's mode,
And gers them off do doun thaire hode *
And to rise him agayne s.
Men honors him with grete reuerence,
Makes ful mekell obedience
Vnto that litill swaine.
In kinges court es it no bote",
Ogaines sir Pen I for to mote',
Somekilles he of myght,
He es so witty and so strang,
That be it neuer so mekill wrang,
He will mak it right.

a As.

b Old.

* Unto,

* Are.

• Ready.
* Makes. Causes, Compels,
* Against. Before,

h Use.

* Dispute.
* Approach. Gain,
* Make them walk,

* Buy.

* Loose.

• Meddle.

P Weak.
* All you want is soon done.

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“FLIE, wherin he dealeth so profoundly, and beyond all mea“ sure of skill, that neither he himself that made it, neither “ any one that readeth it, can reach unto the meaning thereof".” It is a proof of the unpopularity of this poem, that it never was reprinted. Our author's EPIGRAMs, and the poem of Prov ERBs, were in high vogue, and had numerous editions within the year 1598. The most lively part of the SPIDER and FLIE is perhaps the mock-fight between the spiders and flies, an awkward imitation of Homer's BATRAchom Uom Achy. The preparations for this bloody and eventful engagement, on the part of the spiders, in their cobweb-castle, are thus described.

Behold ! the battilments in every loope:
How th' ordinance lieth, flies far and nere to fach :
Behold how everie peace, that lieth there in groope",
Hath a spider gonner, with redy-fired match.
Behold on the wals, spiders making ware wach:
The wach-spider in the towre a larum to strike,
At aproch of any nomber shewing warlike.

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The beginning of all this confusion is owing to a fly entering the poet's window, not through a broken pane, as might be presumed, but through the lattice, where it is suddenly entangled in a cobweb". The cobweb, however, will be allowed to be suf

* Descript. BRIT. p. 226. Hollinsh. * Clad in armour. Chron. tom. i. * Perhaps, Capitayne.

* In rows. 1 Cap. 57. Signat. Bb.

* Impregnable. * Cap, i.

Vol. III. - N ficiently

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