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than grave mysteries and moralities, and which probably would not now have been lost, had they deserved to live. He mentions also his RHYMEs, which I will not suppose to have been imitations of Petrarch'. Wood says, that “ his younger years “ were adorned with all kinds of superficial learning, especially “ with dramatic poetry, and his elder with that which was “ divine ".” It is a stronger proof of his piety than his taste, that he sent, as a new year's gift to the princess Mary, HAMPole's CoMMENTARY UPo N s Eve N of THE FIRST PEN 1TENTIAL PsALMs. The manuscript, with his epistle prefixed, is in the royal manuscripts of the British Museum". Many of Morley's translations, being dedicated either to king Henry the eighth, or to the princess Mary, are preserved in manuscript in the same royal repository “. They are chiefly from Solomon, Seneca, Erasmus, Athanasius, Anselm, Thomas Aquinas, and Paulus Jovius. The authors he translated shew his track of reading. But we should not forget his attention to the classics, and that he translated also Tully's DREAM of Scipio, and three or four lives of Plutarch, although not immediately from the Greek ". He seems to have been a rigid catholic, retired and studious. His declaration, or paraphrase, on the ninety-fourth Psalm, was printed by Berthelette in 1539. A theological commentary by a lord, was too curious and important a produćtion to be neglected by our first printers.

* Script. Br it, par. p. st. 1 of. y See MSS. (Bibl. Bodl.) Laud. H. 17. * At H. Oxon. i. 52. MSS. Bibl. Rec. 17 D. 2. 17 D. xi. — * MSS, 18 B, xxi. 18 A. lx. And Walpole, Roy. and Nob. * But see MSS. GR Esha M. 8. Aut H. i. p. 92, seq.

S E C T. * Wood, Arh. Oxon. i. 1504 Vol. III. M dramatists

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OHN Heywood, commonly called the epigrammatist, was beloved and rewarded by Henry the eighth for his buffooneries. At leaving the university, he commenced author, and was countenanced by fir Thomas More for his facetious disposition. To his talents of jocularity in conversation, he joined a skill in music, both vocal and instrumental. His merriments were so irresistible, that they moved even the rigid muscles of queen Mary; and her sullen solemnity was not proof against his songs, his rhymes, and his jests. He is said to have been often invited to exercise his arts of entertainment and pleasantry in her presence, and to have had the honour to be constantly admitted into her privy-chamber for this purpose". Notwithstanding his professional diffipation, Heywood appears to have lived comfortably under the smiles of royal patronage. What the FAIRY Queen could not procure for Spenser from the penurious Elisabeth and her precise ministers, Heywood gained by puns and conceits. His comedies, most of which appeared before the year 1534, are destitute of plot, humour, or character, and give us no very high opinion of the festivity of this agreeable companion. They consist of low incident, and the language of ribaldry. But perfeótion must not be expected before its time. He is called our first writer of comedies. But those who say this, speak without determinate ideas, and confound comedies with moralities and interludes. We will allow, that he is among the first of our

dramatists who drove the Bible from the stage, and introduced representations of familiar life and popular manners. These are the titles of his plays. The PLAY called the four P. s, being a new and merry ENTERLU De of A PALMeR, PAR Don ER, PoT1cARY, AND PEDLAR, printed at London in quarto, without date or name of the printer, but probably from the press of Berthelette or Rastell. The PLAY of Love, or a new and very mery ENTER Lude of all maner of WEATHERs, printed in quarto by William Rastell, 1533, and again by Robert Wyer". A mery PLAY betweene the PARDoNER and the FRERE, the Cu RATE, and neybour PR ATTE, in quarto, by William Rastell, dated the fifth day of April, 1533. The PLAY of Gentlenes and Nobilitie, in two parts, at London, without date. The PINNER of Wakefield, a CoME DIE. Philotas Scotch, a CoMEDIE. A mery PLAY betweene Joh AN Johan the husband, TYB the wife, and/yr Joh AN the presse, by William Rastell, in quarto, 1533.

His EPIGRAMs, fix hundred in number", are probably some of his jokes versified; and perhaps were often extemporaneous sallies, made and repeated in company. Wit and humour are ever found in proportion to the progress of politeness. The miserable drolleries and the contemptible quibbles, with which these little pieces are pointed, indicate the great want of refinement, not only in the composition but in the conversation of our ancestors. This is a specimen, on a piece of humour of Wolsey's Fool, A

saying of PAT che my lord Cardinale's foole.

* In duodecimo. No date. Pr. “Jupi“terryght far so far longe as now were to “recyte.”

without date. Again, 1577.- 1587.1597. 4to. Pr. Prol. “Ryme without rea“ son, and reason.” The fifth and fixth

* See three hundred Epigrammes on three hundred Proverbes. Pr. “If every “man mend one * London, without date, but certainly before 1553. Again, 1577. —1587.-1598. The first hundred Epigrammes. Pr. “Ryme without reason.” Lond. 1566.- 1577.- 1587. 4to. The fourth hundred of Epigrammes, Lond.

hundredth of Epigrammes. Pr. “Were it “as perillous to deal cards as play.” Lond. 1566, -1577. –1587. –1597. 4to. See John Hex woopss Wooskies, Anno domini 1576. Imprinted at Londonin Fleetestreate, etc. by Thomas Marshe. In quarto. The colophon has 1577. This edition is not mentioned by Ames. *

Maister * The real name of Patch, Wolsey’s * Bowing and Blessing. Fool, * Joined company. Reached. | Neither. , or Hundred. Epigr. 44. * To drive away evil spirits. h Seldom. * Proceeds from wonder. Finsbury field. * Wisdom.

Maister Sexton", a person of knowen wit,
As he at my lord Cardinale's boord did fit,
Gredily raught" at a goblet of wine:
Drinke none, sayd my lord, for that sore leg of thyme:
I warrant your Grace, faith Sexton, I provide
For my leg : I drinke on the tother fide'.

The following is rather a humorous tale than an epigram, yet with an epigrammatic turn.”

Although that a Fox have been seene there seelde",
Yet there was lately in Finsbery Feelde"
A Fox sate in fight of certaine people,
Noddinge, and blisfinge', staring on Paules steeple.
A Maide toward market with hennes in a band
Came by, and with the Fox she fell in hand *.
“What thing is it, Rainard, in your braine ploddinge,
“What bringeth this busy blisfinge, and noddinge
“I nother' nod for sleepe sweete hart, the Foxe saide,
“Nor bliffe for spirytes", except the divell be a maide:
“My noddinge and bliffinge breedth of wonder"
“Of the witte‘ of Poules Weathercocke yonder.
“There is more witte in that cockes onely head
* Than hath bene in all mens heds that be dead.
“And thus—by all common report we fynde,
“All that be dead, died for lacke of wynde :
* But the Weathercockes wit is not so weake
“To lacke winde—the winde is ever in his beake.
“So that, while any winde blowth in the skie,
“For lacke of winde that Weathercocke will not die.”

M 2 - She P Cross herself. * * Epic Rammes on Prover bes. Epi* Began to steal off. gram 2. * Pike, i.e. spire, or steeple. • Enter in. Win is probably a con

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It is mery in hall, when beardes wagge all. Husband, for this these woordes to mind I call; This is ment by men in their merie eatinge, Not to wag their beardes in brawling or threatinge : Wyfe, the meaning hereof differeth not two pinnes, Betweene wagginge of mens beardes and womens chinnes'.

On the fashion of wearing Verdingales, or farthingales.

Alas! poore verdingales must lie ith' streete,
To house them no doore ith’ citee made meete.
Syns at our narrow doores they in cannot win",
Send them to Oxforde, at brodegate to gett in ".

Our author was educated at Broadgate-hall in Oxford, so called from an uncommonly wide gate or entrance,and fince

* The First Hundred. Epigr. 1 o. tradion for go in. But see Tyrwhitt's There are fix more lines, which are super. Gloss. Ch. fluous, * Firts Hunpaid. Epigr. 55.

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