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79. a.

“of a lion. Emong all the sences, the ,

“iye (eye) fight is most quicke, and con“teineth the impression of thinges more “ assuredlie than any of the other sences “ doe. And the rather, when a manne “both heareth and feeth a thing, (as by “artificiall memorie he doeth almost see

“thinges

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ending a word with a vowel and beginning the next with another.

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arrangement of their words: others were copious when they should be concise. The most frequent fault seems to have been, the reječtion of common and proper phrases, for those that were more curious, refined, and unintelligible *.

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The English Rhetoric of Richard Sherry, school-master of Magdalene college at Oxford, published in 1555°, is a jejune and a very different performance from Wilson's, and seems intended only as a manual for school-boys. It is entitled, “A “ treatise of the figures of grammar and rhetorike, profitable to “all that be studious of eloquence, and in especiall for such as “ in grammar scholes doe reade moste eloquente poetes and “ oratours. Wherevnto is ioygned the Oration which Cicero “made to Cesar, geuing thankes vnto him for pardonyng and “ restoring again of that noble man Marcus Marcellus. Sette “fourth by Richarde Sherrye Londonar, 1555 °.” William Fullwood, in his Enemie of idlenes, teaching the manner and style Aowe to endyte and write all sorts of epistles and letters, set forth in English by William Fullwood merchant, published in 1571", written partly in prose and partly in verse, has left this notice. “Whoso “ will more circumspectly and narrowly entreat of such matters, “ let them read the retorike of maister doćtour Wilson, or of “ maister Richard Rainolde".” I have never seen Richard Rainolde's Rhetoric, nor am I sure that it was ever printed. The

the year 1595, which has been assigned as the original of the Two Gentle Men of Verona. He could hardly be our author,

unless that version was one of his early ju- .

venile exercises. This translator Wilson I presume is the person mentioned by Meres as a poet, “Who for learning and extem“porall witte in this facultie is without “compare or compeere, as to his great * and eternall commendations he manifest“ed in his challenge at the Swanne on the “Bank fide.” Wits Treas. edit. 1598. 12mo, ut supr. fol. 285. p. 2. Again, he mentions one Wilson as an eminent dramatic writer, perhaps the same. Ibid. fol. 282. There is, by one Thomas Wilson, an Exposition on the Psalms, Lond. 1591. 4to. And an Exposition on the Proverbs, Lond. 1589. 4to. Among the twelve players sworn the queen's servants in 1583, were “two rare men, viz. Tho“mas Wilson for a quicke, delicate, refi

Vol. III.

“ned extemporall witte, and Richard
“Tarleton, &c.” Stowe's ANN. edit. 1615.
fol. 697.
* But there seems to have been a former
edition by Richard Day, 1550, in octavo.
* For Richard Tottell. Izmo. In 74
leaves.
* In four books, 12mo. It is dedicated
to the, master, wardens, and company of
Merchant Taylors London. “Think not
“Apelles painted piece.” PR. “The an-
“cient poet Lucanus.” The same person
translated into English, The Castle of
Me MoR 18, from William Gratarol, dedi-
cated to lord Robert Dudly, master of the
horse to the queen, Lond, for W. Howe
in Fleetstreet, 1573. 8vo. Ded. begins,
“Syth noble Maximilian kyng.”
• Fol. 7. a. In 1562, “the Boke of
“Retoryke,” of which I know no more,
is entered to John Kyngeston. Rso 1st R.
Station. A. fol. 87. b.

X x The f MSS. Cat. Graduat. Univ. Cant. 1611. He was eleēted scholar of King's

The author, Rainolde, was of Trinity college in Cambridge, and created doćtor of medicine in 1567 . He wrote also a Latin traćt dedicated to the duke of Norfolk, on the condition of princes and noblemen " : and there is an old Cronicle in quarto by one Richard Reynolds". I trust it will be deemed a pardonable anticipation, if I add here, for the sake of connection, that Richard Mulcaster, who from King's college in Cambridge was removed to a Studentship of Christ-church in Oxford about the year 1555, and soon afterwards, on account of his distinguished accomplishments in philology, was appointed the first master of Merchant-Taylor's school in London', published a book which contains many judicious criticisms and observations on the English language, entitled, “The first part of the Ele“ MENTAR1e, which entreateth chefely of the right writing of “ the English tung, sett forth by Richard Mulcaster, Lond. “ 1582 *.” And, as many of the precepts are delivered in metre, I take this opportunity of observing, that William Bullokar published a “ Bref grammar for English, Imprinted at “ London by Edmund Bollifant, 1586'.” This little piece is also called, “W. Bullokar's abbreuiation of his Grammar for “ English extracted out of his Grammar at larg for the spedi “ parcing of English spech, and the eazier coming to the know“ ledge of grammar for other langages".” It is in the black letter, but with many novelties in the type, and affectations of spelling. In the preface, which is in verse, and contains an account of his life, he promises a dićtionary of the English language, which, he adds, will make his third work". His first work I apprehend to be “A Treatise of Orthographie in Eng“ lishe by William Bullokar,” licenced to Henry Denham in 1580 °. Among Tanner's books is a copy of his bref grammar abovementioned, interpolated and correóted with the author's own hand, as it appears, for a new impression. In one of these manuscript insertions, he calls this, “the first grammar for Englishe “ that euer waz, except my grammar at large ".” The French have vernacular critical and rhetorical systems at a much higher period. I believe one of their earliest is “Le “ JAR DIN de plaisance et FLEUR de rhetorique, contenant plu“ fieurs beaux livres.” It is in quarto, in the gothic type with wooden cuts, printed at Lyons by Olivier Arnoullet for Martin Boullon, and without date. But it was probably printed early in 15oo". In one of its poems, LA PIPE e ou chase de dieu d'amour, is cited the year 1491 *. Another edition, in the same letter,

* MSS. Stillingfl. 16o. “De statu no.
“bilium virorum et principum.”
* Of the Emperors, from Julius Cesar
to Maximilian. Licenced to T. Marshe, in
1566. Regist R. Station. A. fol. 154. b.
In 1561. It was then just founded
as a proseminary for saint John's college
Oxford, in a house called the Manour of
the Rose in saint Lawrence Pounteney, by
the company of Merchant-Taylors. Saint
John's college had been then established -
about seven years, which Mulcaster soon
filled with excellent scholars till the year
1586. In the Latin plays ačted before
queen Elisabeth and James the first at Ox-
ford, the students of this college were dis-
tinguished. This was in consequence of
their being educated under Mulcaster. He
was afterwards, in 1596, master of saint
Paul’s school. He was a prebendary of
Salisbury, and at length was rewarded by
the queen with the opulent rectory of Stand-
ford-Rivers in Essex, where he died in

college Cambridge in 1548. MSS. Hat-
cher. And Contin. Hatch. Celebrated in
its time was his CAT ech is Mus PAUL inus
in usum Scholae Paulinae conscriptus, Lond.
16ol. 8vo. &c. It is in long and short
verse. Many of Mulcaster's panegyrics in
Latin verse may be seen prefixed to the
works of his cotemporaries. A copy of
his Latin verses was spoken before queen
Elisabeth at Kenilworth-castle in 1575.
See G. Gascoyne's NAR Rative, &c. Sig-
nat. A. iij.
* Most elegantly printed, in the white
letter, by Thomas Vautrollier in quarto.
It contains 272 pages. The second part
never appeared. His “Positions, where-
“in those primitive circumstances be exa-
“mined which are necess rie for the train-
“ing vp of children either for skill in
“ their booke or health in their bodies,”
[Lond. 1581. 1587. 4to..] have no con-
nečtion with this work.

London

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