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... With the catholic liturgy, all the pageantries of popery were restored to their antient splendour by queen Mary. Among others, the procession of the boy-bishop was too popular a mummery to be forgotten. In the preceding reign of king Edward the fixth, Hugh Rhodes, a gentleman or musician of the royal chapel, published an English poem with the title, THE Boke of NURT U R for men seruants and children, or of the gouernaunce of youth, with STANs PUER A D MEN's AM . In the following reign of Mary, the same poet printed a poem consisting of thirty-six octave stanzas, entitled, “ The SoN G of the CHYLD“ Bysshop, as it was songe" before the queenes maiestie in her “ priuie chamber at her manour of saynt James in the feeldes “ on saynt Nicholas day and Innocents day this yeare nowe pre“ sent, by the chylde bysshope of Poules churche" with his “ company. LoND INI, in aedibus Johannis Cawood typographi “ reginae, 1555. Cum privilegio, &c'.” By admitting this spectacle into her presence, it appears that her majesty's bigotry condescended to give countenance to the most ridiculous and unmeaning ceremony of the Roman ritual. As to the song itself, it is a fulsome panegyric on the queen's devotion: in which she is compared to Judith, Esther, the queen of Sheba, and the in a very mutilated fragment of a CoMPUT Us, or annual Accompt-roll, of saint Swithin's cathedral Priory at Winchester, under the year 1441, a disbursement is made to the finging-boys of the monastery, who, together with the choristers of saint Elisabeth's collegiate chapel near that city, were dressed up like girls, and exhibited their sports before the abbess and nuns of saint Mary's abbey at Winchester, in the public refectory of that convent, on Innocent's day ". “Pro Pueris Eleemosynariae una “ cum Pueris Capellae sančta Elizabetha', ornatis more puella“ rum, et saltantibus, cantantibus, et ludentibus, coram domina “ Abbatissa et monialibus Abbathiae beatae Mariae virginis, in “ aula ibidem in die sanctorum Innocentium ".” And again, in a fragment of an Accompt of the Celerar of Hyde Abbey at Winchester, under the year 1490. “ In larvis et aliis indu“ mentis Puerorum visentium Dominum apud Wulsey, et Con“ stabularium Castri Winton, in apparatu sud, necnon subin“ trantium omnia monasteria civitatis Winton, in festo sančti “ Nicholai'.” That is, “ In furnishing masks and dresses for “ the boys of the convent, when they visited the bishop at

* In quarto. Bl. Lett. PR. Prol. “There “solatii, ad mensam contigerit evocari.”

“is few things to be understood.” The
poem begins, “Alle ye that wolde learn
“ and wolde be called wyse.”
* Hm the church of York, no chorister
was to be elected boy-bishop, “nifi ha-
“buerit claram vocem puerilem.” Registr.
Capitul. Eccles. Ebor. sub ann. 1390. MS.
ut supr.
* In the old statutes of saint Pauls, are
many orders about this mock-solemnity.
One is, that the canon, called St a G 1a-
R us, shall find the boy-bishop his robes,
and “equitatum honestum.” MS. fol. 86.
Diceto dean. In the statutes of Salisbury
cathedral, it is orderd, that the boy bishop
shall not make a feast, “sed in domo com-
“muni cum sociis conversetur, nisi eum
“ut Choristam, ad domum Canonici, causa

Sub anno 1319. Tit. xlv. De STATU
Cho R 1st A Ru M. MS.

* In quarto. Bl. Lett. Strype says, that in 1556, “On S. Nicolas even, Saint Ni“colas, that is a boy habited like a bi“shop in pontificalibus went abroad in most “ parts of London, finging after the old “fashion, and was received with many “ignorant but well-disposed people into “ their houses; and had as much good “ cheer as ever was wont to be had before.” Eccl. ME M. iii. 31 o. ch. xxxix. See also p. 387. ch. 1. In 1554, Nov. 13. an edict was issued by the bishop of London, to all the clergy of his diocese, to have a boy-bishop in procession, &c. Strype, ibid. p. zoz. ch. xxv. See also p. 205, 206. ch. xxvi.

S s 2 - virgin | In a poem by Llodowyke Lloyd, in the Paradise of daintie Deuises, (edit. 1585.) on the death of fir Edward Saunders, queen Elisabeth is complimented much in the same manner. NuM. 32. SiGN At. E. z.

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O sacred seate, where Saba sage doth sit, Like Susan sound, like Sara sad, with Hes. ter's mace in hand, With Iudithes sword, Bellona-like, to rule this noble land.

* In Barnabie Googe's Popish Kix apo M, a translation from Naogeorgius's REGNUM Antichristi, fol. 55. Lond. 157c. 4to.

Saint Nicholas monie vsde to give to may-
dens secretlie,
Who that be still may vse his wonted li-
beralitie:
The mother all their children on the Eeve
do cause to fast,
And when they euerie one at night in
sense!ese sleepe are cast,
Both apples, nuts, and payres they bring,
and other thinges beside,
As cappes, and shoes, and petticoates, with
kerties they hide,
And in the morning found, they say, “Saint
Nicholas this brought, &c.”

See a curious passage in bishop Fisher's

Sermon of"the Months Minpe of Mar-
garet countess of Richmond. Where it is
said, that she praied to S. Nicholas the pa-
tron and helper of all true maydens, when
nine years old, about the choice of a hus-
band; and that the saint appeared in a vi-
sion, and announced the earl of Richmond.
Edit. Baker, pag. 8. There is a precept
issued to the sheriff of Oxford from Ed-
ward the first, in 1305, to prohibit tour-
naments being intermixed with the sports
of the scholars on saint Nicholas's day.
Rot. Claus. 33 Edw. i. memb. 2.
I have already given traces of this prac-
tice in the colleges of Winchester and
Eton. [see supr. vol. ii. p. 389.] To which
I here add another. Registr. Coll. Wint.
sub ann. 1427. “Crux deaurata de cupro
“[copper) cum Baculo, pro EP is copo
“Pue Roku M.” But it appears that the
practice subsisted in common grammar-
schools. “Hoc anno, 1464, in festo sančti
“ Nicolai non erat EP is copus PU E Ror UM
“in schola grammaticali in civitate Can-
“tuariae ex defe&u Magistrorum, viz. J.
“Sidney et T. Hikson, &c.” Lib. Johan-
nis Stone, Mcnachi Eccles. Cant. c. De
Obitibus et alus Memorabilibus sai car.cs.ii ab
anno 14t 5 ad annum 1467. MS. C. C. C.
C. Q. 8. The abuses of this custom in
Wells cathedral are mentioned so early as
Decemb. i. 1298. Registr. Eccl. Wellens.
[See supr. vol. i. 248, ii. 375. 389.] .
“ saint

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* The reader will recolle& the old play of Saint Catharine, Ludus CAT HARINAE, exhibited at saint Albans abbey in 1160. Strype says, in 1556, “On Saint Katha“rines day, at fix of the clock at night, “S. Katharine went about the battlements “ of S. Paul's church accompanied with “fine finging and great lights. This was “ saint Katharine's Procession.” Eccl. Me M. iii. 309. ch. xxxix. Again, her procession, in 1553, is celebrated with five hundred great lights, round faint Paul's steeple, &c. lbid. p. 51. ch. v. And p. 57. ch. v.

* Among the church-processions revived by Queen Mary, that of S. Clement’s church, in honour of this saint, was by far the most splendid of any in London. Their procession to S. Pauls in 1557, “ was made very pompous with fourscore “banners and streamers, and the waits of “ the city playing, and threescore priests ‘‘ and clarkes in copes. And divers of “ the Inns of Court were there, who went

“ next the priests, &c.” Strype, ubi supr.
iii. 377. ch. xlix.
P In the SY Nodus CAR Not ENs is, un-
der the year 1526, It is ordered, “In
“ festo sančti Nicholai, Catharinae, Inno-
“centium, aut alio quovis die, praetextu
“recreationis, ne Scholastici, Clerici, Sa-
“ cerdotesve, stultum aliquod aut ridicu-
“lum faciant in ecclesia. Denique ab ec-
“clesia ejiciantur vestos fatuoru M per-
“sonas scenic as agentium.” See Bo-
chellus, Decret. Eccles. Gall. lib. iv.
Tit. vii. C. 43. 44. 46. p. 586. Yet
these sports seem to nave remained in France
so late as 1585. For in the Synod of Aix,
1585, it is enjoined, “Cesent in die Sanc-
“ torum Innocentium ludibria omnia et
“pueriles ac theatrales lusus.” Bochell.
ibid. C. 45. p. 586. A Synod of Tho-
louse, an. 1590, removes plays, spectacles,
and hisirionum circulationes, from churches
and their cemeteries. Bochell. ibid. lib. iv.
Tit. 1. C. 98. p. 560.

* In the Register of Wodeloke bishop of Winchester, the following is an article among the INJUNct 1 ox's given to the nuns of the convent of Rumsey in Hampshire, in consequence of an episcopal visitation, under the year 13 Io. “Item pro“hibemus, ne cubent in dormitorio pueri “ masculi cum monialibus, vel foemellae, “nec per moniales ducantur in Chorum, “dum ibidem divinum officium celebra“tur.” fol. 134. In the same Register these Injunctions follow in a literal French translation, made for the convenience of the nuns.

* MS. in Archiv. Wulves. apud Winton. It appears to have been a practice for itinerant players to gain admittance iD to the nunneries, and to play Latin MY ste R1Es before the nuns. There is a curious Canon of the Council of CoLoG NE, in 1549, which is to this effect.

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En, iterum crudelia retro
Fata vocant * !

* Harpsfield, Hist. Eccl. ANG 1. p. Bafil. num. xxxii. The French have a 44 i. edit. 1622. [See supr. vol. ii. p. miracle play, Beau MIRA cle de S. N1

362.] colas, to be acted by twenty four perso* Or, 87 o. nages, printed at Paris, for Pierre Sergeant, "Surius, Concil. iii. 529. 539. Baron. in quarto, without date, Bl. Lett.

ANNAL. Ann. 869. §. 1 1. See Concil. * Virgil, Georg. iv. 495. - In

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