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have been written on his death-bed, was once celebrated *. His
popularity seems to have altogether arisen from those pleafing
talents of which no specimens could be transmitted to posterity,
and which prejudiced his partial cotemporaries in favour of his
poetry. He died in the year 1566'.
In the Epitaphs, Songs, and Sonets of George Turbervile,
printed in 1570, there are two elegies on his death ; which
record the places of his education, ascertain his poetical and
musical character, and bear ample testimony to the high distinčtion
in which his performances, more particularly of the dramatic
kind, were held. The fist is by Turbervile himself, entitled, “An
“ Epitaph on Maister Edwards, sometime Maister of the Children
“ of the Chappell and gentleman of Lyncolnes inne of court.”

Ye learned Muses nine
And sacred sisters all ;
Now lay your cheerful cithrons downe,
And to lamenting fall.
For he that led the daunce,
The chiefest of your traine,
I meane the man that Edwards height,
By cruell death is slaine.
Ye courtiers chaunge your cheere,
Lament in wastefull wise ;
For now your Orpheus has resignde,
In clay his carcas lies.
O ruth ! he is bereft,
That, whilst he lived here,
For poets penne and passinge wit
Could have no English peere.

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His vaine in verse was such,
So stately eke his stile,
His feate in forging sugred songes
With cleane and curious file ";
As all the learned Greekes,
And Romaines would repine,
If they did live againe, to vewe
His verse with scornefull eine".
From Plautus he the palm
And learned Terence wan, &c".

The other is written by Thomas Twyne, an affistant in Phaer's Translation of Virgil's Eneid into English verse, educated a few years after Edwards at Corpus Christi college, and an aćtor in Edwards's play of PAL AM on AND ARc1t E before queen Elisabeth at Oxford in 1566 °. It is entitled, “An “Epitaph vpon the death of the worshipfull Mayster Richarde “ Edwardes late Mayster of the Children in the queenes

" Shakespeare has inserted a part of Edwards's song In Commendation of Musike, extant at length in the PARA dise of DA Inti e De uises, (fol. 34. b.) in RoMeo AND Juliet. “When griping grief, ** &c.” Act iv. Sc. In some Miscellany of the reign of Elisabeth, I have seen a song called The Willow-G ARLAND, attributed to Edwards ; and the same, I think, that is licenced to T. Colwell in 1564, beginning, “I am not the syrs that hath taken in hande, The wearynge of the “willowe garlande.” This song, often reprinted, seems to have been written in consequence of that sung by Desdemona in Othello, with the burden, Sing, O the greene willowe shall be my garland. Oth Ell. Act iv. Sc. 3. See Register of the St Ationers, A., fol. 1 19. b. Hence the antiquity of Desdemona's song may in some degree be ascertained. I take this opportunity of observing, that the ballad of SusanNah, part of which is sung by fir Toby in

Vol. III. - O o

Twelfth N1 GHT, was licenced to T. Colwell, in 1562, with the title, “The “godlye and constante wyfe Susanna.” Ibid. fol. 89. b. There is a play on this subjećt, ibid. fol. 176. a. See Tw. N. Act ii. Sc. 3. And Collect. Pepys 1AN.

tom. i. p. 33. 496.

* Eyes.

* Fol. 142. b.

P Miles Winsore of the same college was another actor in that play, and I suppose his performance was much liked by the queen. For when her majesty left Oxford, after this visit, he was appointed by the university to speak an oration before her at lord Windsor’s at Bradenham in Bucks: and when he had done speaking, the queen turning to Gama de Sylva, the

Spanish ambassador, and looking wiftly on

Winsore, said to the ambassador, I not this a pretty young man * Wood, A * *. Oxon. i. 15 1. 489. Winsore proved afterwards a diligent antiquary.

“Edwardes * Corpus Christi college at Oxford.

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* Bough. Branch.

* At Oxford.

* While the royal chapel and its finging-boys remain.

In a puritanical pamphlet without name, printed in 1569, and entitled, “ The “Children of the Chapel stript and “whipt,” among bishop Tanner's books at Oxford, it is said, “Plaies will neuer “be supprest, while her maiesties un“fledged minions flaunt it in filkes and “sattens. They had as well be at their “popish service, in the deuils garments, “&c.” fol. xii. a. 12mo. This is perhaps the earliest notice now to be found in

rint, of this young company of come#. at least the earliest proof of their celebrity, From the same pamphlet we learn, that it gave still greater offence to the puritans, that they were suffered to act

plays on po subjećts in the royal cha

pel itself. “Even in her maiesties chap-
“pel do these pretty vpstart youthes pro-
“fane the Lordes Day by the lascivious
“writhing of their tender limbs, and gor-
“geous decking of their apparell, in feign-
“ing bawdie fables gathered from the ido-
“latrous heathen poets, &c.” ibid. fol. xiii.
b. But this practice soon ceased in the royal
chapels. Yet in one of Stephen Gosion's
books against the stage, written in 1579,
is this passage. “In playes, either those

“thinges are fained that neuer were, as
“Cupid Ann Psyche plaid at Paules,
“and a great many comedies more at the
“Black-friars, and in euerie playhouse in
* London, &c.” S1 GNAT. D.4. Undoubt-
edly the actors of this play of Cupid
and Psyche were the choristers of saint
Paul's cathedral: but it may be doubted,
whether by Paule; we are here to under-
stand the Cathedral or its Singing school,
the last of which was the usual theatre of
those choristers. See Gosson’s “Play Es
“ confu Te D IN five Actions, &c.
“Prouing that they are not to be suffred in a
“christian common weale, by the waye both
“the cauilt of Thomas Lodge, and the
“Play of Playes, written in their defence,
“and other objections of Players frendel,
“are truely set downe and direétly aun-
“sweard.” Lond. Impr. for T. Gosson,
no date. Bl. Lett. 12mo. We are sure that
Religious plays were presented in our
churches long after the reformation. Not
to repeat or multiply instances, see SE-
con D AND TH 1 R D Blast of Ret RA 1 or
from Planes, printed 1580, pag. 77-
1zmo. And Gosson’s Schoole of Ab us E →
p. 24. b. edit. 1579. As to the exhibition
of plays on Sundays after the reforma-
tion, we are told by John Field, in his
Declaration of God's Judgement at
Paris Garden, that in the year 1580, “The
“Magistrates of the citty of London ob:

Whilst court a court shall be ; Good Edwards, eche astat" shall much Both want and wish for thee l Thy tender tunes and rhymes Wherein thou wontst to play, Eche princely dame of court and towne Shall beare in minde away. Thy DAMon " and his Friend",

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“ and suppressed, by the care of these re“ligious senators.” Lond. 1628. pp. 2, 3, 4. Compare G. Whetstone's Mir Rour For MAG 1st RATEs of C1 TTI Es. Lond. 1586. fol. 24. But notwithstanding these precise measures of the city, magistrates and the privy-council, the queen appears to have been a constant attendant at plays, especially those presented by the children of her chapel.

* Estate. Rank of life.

* Hamlet calls Horatio, O Damon dear, in allusion to the friendship of Damon and Pythias, celebrated in Edwards's play. HAM L. Act iii. Sc 2.

* Pythias. I have said above, that the first edition of Edwards's DAMon and PYTH1 as was printed by William Howe in Fleet-street, in the year 1570, “The “tragicall comedie, &c.” See supr. p. 285. But perhaps it may be necessary to retract this assertion. For in the Register of the Stationers, under the year 1565, a receipt is entered for the licence of Alexander Lacy to print, “A ballat entituled tow (two) la“mentable Songes P11 H1As and DA“Mon.” Registr. A. fol. 136. b. And again, there is the receipt for licence of Richard James in 1566, to print “A boke “entituled the tragicall comedye of Da“monde and Pithyas.” Ibid. fol. 161. b. In the same Register I find, under the year 1569-70, “An Enter Lupe, a lamenta“ble Tragedy full of pleasant myrth,” licenced to John Alde. Ibid. fol. 184. b. This I take to be the first edition of Pres. ton's Cambyses, so frequently ridiculed by his cotemporaries.


AR cit E and PALAMon,
With moe.' full fit for princes eares, &c'.

Francis Meres, in his “ PAL LADIs TAM IA, Wits Treasurie, “ being the second part of WIT's Commonwealth,” published in 1598, recites Maiffer Edwardes of her maieffies chapel as one of the best for comedy, together with “Edward earle of “ Oxforde, doćtor Gager of Oxford , maister Rowly once a “ rare scholler of Pembrooke Hall in Cambridge, eloquent and “ wittie John Lillie, Lodge, Gascoygne, Greene, Shakespeare, “ Thomas Nash, Thomas Heywood, Anthony Mundye °, our

y More.

* Ibid. fol. 78. b. And not to multiply in the text citations in proof of Edwards's popularity from forgotten or obscure poet, I observe at the bottom of the page, that T. B in a recommendatory poem prefixed to John Studley’s English version of Seneca's AGAME mnon, printed in 1566, ranks our author Edwards with Phaer the translator of Virgil, Jasper Haywood the translator of Seneca’s TRoAs and HERcu Les Fu Rens, Nevile the translator of Seneca's Oedipus, Googe, and Golding the translator of Ovid, more particularly with the latter.

With him also, as seemeth me,
Our Edwards may compare ;

Who nothynggyuing place to him
Doth he syt in agall chayre.

* A famous writer of Latin plays at Oxford. See supr. vol. ii. 384.

* I have never seen any of Antony Munday’s plays. It appears from Kemp's Nine DA les Wonder, printed in 16oo, that he was famous for writing ballads. In The Reques to the impudent generation of Ballad-makers, Kemp calls Munday “one whose “employment of the pageant was utterly “spent, he being knowne to be Elder“ton’s immediate heire, &c.” Signat. D 2. See the next note. He seems to have been much employed by the bookfellers as a publisher and compiler both in verse and prose. He was bred at

Rome in the English college, and was thence usually called the Pope's scholar. See his pamphlet The Englishman's Roman Life, or how Englishmen live at Rome. Lond. 1582. 4to. But he afterwards tuned protestant. He published “ The Discoverie of Ed“mund Campion the Jesuit,” in 1582. 12mo. Lond. for E. White. He published also, and dedicated to the earl of Leicester, Two godly and learned Sermons made by that famous and worthy inftrument in God’s church M. jobn Calvin, translated into English by Horne bishop of Winchester, during his exile. “Published by A. M.” For Henry C ar, Lond. 1584. Izmo. Munday frequently used his initials only. Also, a Brief Chronicle from the Creation to this time, Lond. 1611. 8vo. This seems to be cited by Hutten, ANT19 wit. Oxf. p. 281. edit. Hearne. See Rec 1st R. St ATI on. B.

fol. 143. b. He was a city-poet, and a composer and contriver of the city-pageants. These are, CHR Y so-TR 1u MP hos, &c. devised and written by A.Munday, 1611.—TRiuMphs of old Drape RY, &c. by A. M. 1616. —Metropolis Coron ATA, &c. by A. M. 1615. with the Story of Robin-hood. Printed by G. Purstowe.—CHRYsANAle 1A, [The golden-fishery] or the honor of fishmongers, concerning Mr. John Lemans being twice Lord-mayor, by A. M. 1616. 4to. —The TRiumphs of RE UN 1Ted BRIT ANN1A, &c. by A. Munday, citizen and draper of London, 4to. Frobably

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