תמונות בעמוד

cious infinuations of a rival party. Nor is it foreign to our purpose to remark, that his original elegance and brilliancy of mind sometimes broke forth, in the exercise of his more formal political functions. He was frequently disgusted at the pedantry and official barbarity of style, with which the public letters and instruments were usually framed : and Naunton re

lates, that his “secretaries had difficulty to please him, he was

“ so facete and choice in his style ‘.” Even in the decificns and pleadings of that rigid tribunal the star-chamber, which was never esteemed the school of rhetoric, he pračticed and encouraged an unaccustomed strain of eloquent and graceful oratory: on which account, says Lloyd, “so flowing was his invention, “ that he was called the star-chamber bell".” After he was made a peer by the title of lord Buckhurst, and had succeeded to a most extensive inheritance, and was now discharging the bufiness of an envoy to Paris, he found time to prefix a Latin epistle to Clerke's Latin translation of Castilio's Cour TIER, printed at London in 1571, which is not an unworthy recommendation of a treatise remarkable for its polite Latinity. It was either because his mistress Elisabeth paid a sincere compliment to his fingular learning and fidelity, or because she was willing to indulge an affected fit of indignation against the objećt of her capricious passion, that when Sackville, in 1591, was

a candidate for the chancellorship of the university of Oxford,

[ocr errors]

policy with which he condućted a peace with Spain, the address

with which he penetrated or baffled the machinations of Essex,

[ocr errors]

* FRAGM. REGAL. p. 70. * Lloyd's Worthies, p. 678. treasury


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

treasury of two opulent sovereigns. I return to Sackville as a
poet, and to the history of the MIRRouR of MAGISTRATEs ".
About the year 1557, he formed the plan of a poem, in
which all the illustrious but unfortunate charaćters of the Eng-
lish history, from the conquest to the end of th: fourteenth
century, were to pass in review before the poet, who descends
like Dante into the infernal region, and is condućted by
SoRRow. Although a descent into hell had been suggested
by other poets, the application of such a fiético to the present
design, is a conspicuous proof of genius and oven of invention.
Every personage was to recite his own misfort ines in a separate
soliloquy. But Sackville had leisure only to finish a poetical
preface called an INDuction, and one legend, which is the
life of Henry Stafford duke of Buckingham. Relinquishing
therefore the design abruptly, and hastily adapting the close of
his INDuction to the appearance of Buckingham, the only
story he had yet written, and which was to have been the last in
his series, he recommended the completion of the whole to
Richard Baldwyne and George Ferrers.
Baldwyne seems to have been graduated at Oxford about the
year 1532. He was an ecclesiastic, and engaged in the education
of youth. I have already mentioned his metrical version of
Solomo N's SoNo, dedicated to king Edward the fixth '. His
patron was Henry lord Stafford *.
George Ferrers, a man of superior rank, was born at saint
Albans, educated at Oxford, and a student of Lincolns-inn.
Leland, who has given him a place in his EN.com IA, informs
us, that he was patronised by lord Cromwell". He was in par-

* Many of his Letters are in the CA- ings of Philosophor, Emperor, Kings, etc. de* ALA. And in the university register at dicated to lord Stafford, often printed at Oxford, (Mar. 21, 1591.) see his Letter London in quarto. Altered by Thomas about the Habits. See also Howard's Coll. Palfreyman, Lond. 1608. Izmo. Also, P. 297. Similies and Proverbs. And 7he Use of

* See supr. 18:. Adagies. Bale says, that he wrote, “Co

* Ut intr; He wrote also Three booke of “moedias etiam aliquot,” pag, io9. Moral Fouco hy. And The Live, and Say- * Fol. 66,

4. liament w


liament under Henry the eighth ; and, in 1542, imprisoned by that whimsical tyrant, perhaps very unjustly, and for some cabal now not exactly known. About the same time, in his juridical capacity, he translated the MAGN A CHARTA from French into Latin and English, with some other statutes of England". In a scarce book, William Patten's Expedition into Scotlande of the most woorthely fortunate prince Edward duke of Somerset, printed at London in 1548", and partly incorporated into Hollinshead's history, it appears from the following passage that he was of the suite of the protećtor Somerset. “George Ferrers a “gentleman of my lord Protećtors, and one of the commis“ fioners of the carriage of this army.” He is said to have

compiled the history of queen Mary's reign, which makes a

part of Grafton's CHR on IcLE *. He was a composer almost by profession of occasional interludes for the diversion of the court: and in 1553, being then a member of Lincolns-inn, he bore the office of LoRD of MISRULE at the royal palace of Greenwich during the twelve days of Christmas. Stowe says, “George “ Ferrers gentleman of Lincolns-inn, being lord of the disportes “ all the 12 days of Christmas anno MDLIII', at Greenwich : “ who so pleasantly and wisely behaved himself, that the king “ had great delight in his pastymes".” No common talents were required for these festivities. Bale says that he wrote some rhymes, rhythmos aliquot". He died at Flamstead in Hertfordshire in 1579. Wood's account of George Ferrers, our author, who misled by Puttenham the author of the ARTE of ENGL1s H Poes IE, has confounded him with Edward Ferrers a writer of plays, is full of mistakes and inconsistencies ". Our author wrote the epitaph of his friend Thomas Phayer, the old translator of the Eneid into English verse, who died in 1560, and is buried in the church of Kilgarran in Pembrokeshire. Baldwyne and Ferrers, perhaps deterred by the greatness of the attempt, did not attend to the series prescribed by Sackville; but inviting some others to their assistance, among which are Churchyard and Phayer, chose such lives from the newly published chronicles of Fabyan and Hall, as seemed to display the most affecting catastrophes, and which very probably were pointed out by Sackville. The civil wars of York and Lancaster, which Hall had compiled with a laborious investigation of the subječt, appear to have been their chief resource. These legends with their authors, including Sackville's part, are as follows. Robert Trefilian chief Justice of England, in 1388, by Ferrers. The two Mortimers, surnamed Roger, in 1329, and 1387, by Baldwyne. Thomas of Woodstock duke of Gloucester, uncle to Richard the second, murdered in 1397, by Ferrers. Lord Mowbray, preferred and banished by the same king in 1398, by Churchyard. King Richard the second, deposed in 1399, by Baldwyne. Owen Glendour, the pretended prince of Wales, starved to death in 1401, by Phayer. Henry Percy earl of Northumberland, executed at York in 1407, by Baldwyne. Richard Plantagenet earl of Cambridge, executed at Southampton in 1415, by Baldwyne. Thomas Montague earl of Salisbury, in 1428, by Baldwyne. James the first of Scotland, by Baldwyne. William de la Poole duke of Suffolk, banished for destroying Humphry duke of Gloucester in 1450, by Baldwyne. Jack Cade the rebel in 1450, by Baldwyne. Richard Plantagenet duke of Yorke, and his son the earl of Rutland, killed in 1460, by Baldwyne. Lord Clifford, in 1461, by Baldwyne. Tiptoft earl of Worcester, in 1470, by Baldwyne. Richard Nevil earl of Warwick, and his brother John lord Montacute, killed in the battle of Barnet, 1471, by Baldwyne. King Henry the fixth murthered in the Tower London, in 1471, by Baldwyne. George Plantagenet, third son of the duke of York, murthered by his brother Richard in 1478, by Baldwyne. Edward the fourth, who died suddenly in 1483, by Skelton". Sir Anthony Woodville, lord Rivers and Scales, governor of prince Edward, murthered with his nephew lord Gray in 1483, by Baldwyne'. Lord Hastings betrayed by Catesby, and murthered in the Tower by Richard duke of Gloucester, in 1483". Sackville's Induction. Sackville's Duke of Buckingham. Collingbourne, cruelly executed for making a foolish rhyme, by Baldwyne. Richard duke of Gloucester, slain in Bosworth field by Henry the seventh, in 1485, by Francis Seagers". Jane Shore, by Churchyard ". Edmund duke of Somerset killed in the first battle of Saint Albans in 1454, by Ferrers. Michael Joseph the blacksmith and lord Audely, in 1496, by Cavyl. It was injudicious to choose so many stories which were then recent. Most of these events were at that time too well known

* For Robert Redman. No date. After 1540. At the end he is called George Ferrerz. In duodecino. Redman printed MacN A CHARTA in French, 1529. Duodecim. oblong. i Dedicated to fir William Paget. Duodecimo. Compare Leland, ut supr. fol. 66. * Stowe, Chron. p. 632. * Hollinshead says 1552, fol. 1 oë7.

* Chron. p. 608. [See supr. vol. ii. p. 382.] * p. 108. Script. Nost R. TEMP.

* Ath. Oxon. i. 193. The same mistake is in Meres’s Wits TRE as URY, printed in 1598. In reciting the dramatic poets of those times he says, “Maister “Edward Ferris the authour of the Mi R“ Rour for MAG 1st Rat Es.” fol. 282.


None of his plays, which, Puttenham says,
“were written with much skill and mag-
“nificence in his meter, and wherein the
“king had so much good recreation that
“he had thereby many good rewards,” are
now remaining, and as I suppose were
never printed. He died and was buried
in the church of Badesley-Clinton in War-
wickshire 1564. He was of Warwick-
shire, and educated at Oxford. See Phi-
lips's The At R. Poet. p. 221. Suppl.
Lond. 1674. 12mo. Another Ferris [Ri-

chard] wrote The dangerous adventure of
Richard Ferris and others who undertooke to
rowe from Tower wharf to Brisłowe in a
small wherry-boate, Lond. 1590, 4to. . I
believe the names of all three should be
written FERRE Rs.
* Hall's Union of the two noble and illus.
trious families of rorke and Lancaffer was
printed at London, for Berthelette, 1542.
fol. Continued by Grafton the printer,
from Hall's manuscripts, Lond. 1548. fol.


* Printed in his Works. But there is an old edition of this piece alone, without date, in duodecimo.

He translated into English Tully's Tusculane Questions, dedicated to Jewel bishop of Salisbury, and printed in 1561,

* The Seconok Paare begins with this Life.

• Subscribed in Niccols's edition,"Mafter * D.” that is, John Dolman. It was intended to introduce here The two Princes mur. thered in the tower, “by the lord Vaulx, ** who undertooke to penne it, says Bald** wyne, but what he hath done therein I ** am not certaine.” fol. cxiiii. b. Dolman abovementioned was of the Middle-temple.

Vol. III.

* A translator of the Psalms, see supr.
. 181.
* In the Prologue which follows, Bald-
wyne says, he was “exhorted to procure
“Maister Churchyarde to undertake and
“to penne as many more of the remayn-
“ der, as myght be attayned, &c,” fol.
clvi. a.

E e [O

« הקודםהמשך »