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It appears to me, that the author, to give dignity to his narrative, and to heighten the ridicule by stiffening the familiarity of his incidents and charaćters, has affected an antiquity of style. This I could prove from the cast of its fundamental dićtion and idiom, with which many of the old words do not agree. Perhaps another of the author's affectations is the alliterative manner. For although other specimens of alliteration, in smaller pieces, are now to be found, yet it was a fingularity. To those which I have mentioned, of this reign, I take this opportunity of adding an alliterative poem, which may be called the FAlco N AND THE PIE, who support a DYALog UE DEsEN syv E for Wom EN . AGAYNs T M ALIcy ous DETRACTo UR's, printed in 1542". The author's name Robert Vaghane,

P Ready.

* On they went.

* Kithed, i.e. shew n.

* Defend.

* I have before observed, that it was a disgrace to chivalry to ride a mare.

The poeirs of this manus ript do not seem to be all precisely of the same hand, and might probably once have been separate papers, here stitched together. At the end of one of them, viz. fol. 46. The 19/0m ledy, the Blynde, mention is inserted of an accompt settled ann. 34. Hen. vi. And this is in the hand and ink of that poem, and of some others. The Tour NAMENT of Totte NHAM, which might once have been detached from the present collection, comes at some distance afterwards, and cannot perhaps for a certainty be pronounced to be of the same writing. I take this opportunity of corre&ting a wrong reference to Sir Pen I just cited, at p. 93. It belongs to GAL.B. E. 9. MSS. Cott.

* Coloph. “Thus endeth the faucon “ and pie anno dni 1542. Imprynted by “me Rob. Wyer for Richarde Bankes "

I have an antient manuscript alliterative poem, in which a despairing lover bids farewel to his mistress. At the end is written, “Explicit Amör p. Ducem Ebórr “ nuper fact.” I will here cite a few of the stanzas of this unknown prince.

Farewell Ladè of grete pris,
Farewell wyse, both faire and free,
Farewell freefull flourdelys,
Farewell beril, bright of ble!—
Farewell mirthe that I do misse,
Farewell Prowesse in purpell pall!
Farewell creature comely to kisse,
Farewell Faucon, fare you befall!
Farewell amorouse and amyable,
Farewell worthy, witty, and wys,
Farewell pris prisable,
Farewell ryal rose in the rys.-


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For the purpose of ascertaining or illustrating the age of pieces which have been lately or will be soon produced, I here stop to recall the reader's attention to the poetry and language of the last century, by exhibiting some extracts from the manuscript romance of Ywain and GAwain, which has some great outlines of Gothic painting, and appears to have been written in the reign of king Henry the sixth "... I premise, that but few circumstances happened, which contributed to the improvement of our language, within that and the present period. The following is the adventure of the enchanted forest attempted by fir Colgrevance, which he relates to the knights of

Farewell dereworth of dignite,
Farewell grace of governaunce,
Howevery fare, farewell ye,
Farewell primerose my plesaunce 1

For the use of those who colle&t specimens of alliteration, I will add an instance in the reign of Edward the third from the BAN ocBurn of Laurence Minot, all whose pieces, in some degree, are tinétured with it. MSS. Cott. GAL B. E. ix. ut supr.

Skottes out of Berwick and of Abirdene,

At the Bannockburn war ze to kene;

Thare slogh ze many sackles *, als it was sene.

And now has king Edward wroken it I wene ;

It es wroken I wene wele wurth the while,

War zit with the Skottes for thai er ful of gile.

Whare erze Skottes of saint Johnes toune 2

The boste oszowre baner es betin all doune;

When zebosting will bede, fir Edwardes boune,

For to kindel zow care and crak zowre crowne :

He has crakked zowre croune wele worth the while,

Schame bityde the Skottes for thai er ful of gile.

Skottes of Striflin war steren ‘ and stout,
Of God ne of gude men had thai no dout;
Now have thai the pelers priked obout,
Bot at the last fir Edward rifild thaire rout;
He has rifild thaire rout wele wurth the
Bot euer er thai under bot gaudes and gile,

a Naked.

b Allow it.

& Stern.

* Clothing.

* Go.
* As the moon began to rise,

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the round table at Cardiff in Wales *.

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It is a piece of confiderable length, and contains a variety of Gests. Sir Yw Ain is fir EwAINE, or Owen, in MoRTE ARTHUR. None of these adventures belong to that romance. But see B. iv. c. 17. 27. etc. The story of the lion and the dragon in this romance, is told of a Christian champion in the Holy War, by Berchorius, ResucroR. p. 661. See supr. Diss. p. lxxxvii. And Gest. Romanor. ch, civ. 'The lion being delivered from the dragon by fir Ywain, ever afterwards accompanies and defends him in the greatest dangers. Hence Spenser's Una attended by a lion. F. Qu. i. iii. 7. See sir Percival’s lion in Morte ARTHUR, B. xiv. c. 6. The dark ages had many stories and traditions of the lion's gratitude and generofity to man. Hence in Shakespeare, Troilus says, T.R. Cress. Aćt V. Sc. iii.

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For thar was mania wide bayard",
Lions, beres, both bul and bare,
That rewfully gan rope" and rare".
Away I drogh" me, and with that,
I sawe sone whar a man sat
On a lawnd, the fowlest wight,
That ever zit ‘man saw in syght:
He was a lathly’ creatur,
For fowl he was out of mesur;
A wonder mace" in hand he hade,
And sone mi way to him I made ;
His hevyd", me thoght, was als grete
Als of a rowncy or a nete".
Unto his belt hang" his hare';
And eft that byheld I mare",
To his forhede by held I than
Was bradder" than twa large span;
He had eres" also an olyfant,
And was wel more * than a geant,
His face was ful brade and flat,
His nase' was cutted as a cat,
His browes war like litel buskes",
And his tethe like bare tuskes ;
A ful grete bulge" open his bak,
Thar was noght made with outen lac";

y Found.

* Horse, or ox.

* Chance. Fortune. * Hung. : Yi. bayard, i.e. horse. l o: amp. m More. * Roar. * Broader. * Drew. • Ears. * Yet. P As. * Loathly. * Bigger. * Club. * Nose. * Head. * Bushes. * Bunch.

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