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then the Duchess, and in ten minutes it his arm through Léon's, led him away would all be done. He had heard of towards the Hotel d'Orient. The young surgical operations which had lasted man made no resistance till they had much longer than that, and men had reached the door, then he started and lived through them, and been able to drew back. “ Where are we?'' he speak of them calmly in after years. asked, pushing his hat back from his But when he pictured to himself what forehead. “This is your hotel, is it would follow-the Duchess's tears and not? I think I must have fallen asleep. lamentations, as she made her prepara- I must be going home now." tions for departure-Jeanne moving Not at this hour,” said Saint-Luc, silently from room to room, packing and quietly. “It is morning already, and arranging, with a grave, sorrowful face, you would disturb them. You can have worse than any outspoken reproach, his the bedroom next to mine, and if you fortitude gave way, and throwing his have anything to say about money matarms over the back of the bench he hid ters, we will discuss it at breakfast. In his face in them and groaned.

the meantime, the best thing you can do After a time some one came behind is to take off your clothes and get to him and touched him gently on the sleep.” shoulder.

The young man made some faint effort He started up, and saw Saint-Luc. at opposition, but he was too confused

“Oh, is it you, Saint-Luc ?" said he, and weary to hold out long; and half in a hurried, confused manner.

“I an hour afterwards he was in bed, and will be with you directly. I must just sleeping as soundly as if the events of speak to my sister and the Duchess-it the evening had been merely a troubled will not take ten minutes—and then I dream. will come back. I have added up what Saint-Luc peeped in at him presently I owe you, and it comes to two hundred through the half-open door, and then and fifty-five thousand eight hundred stealing away on tip-toe to his own winfrancs, I think. I shall be able to pay dow, lighted a cigar and watched the sun you before very long ; but you will rise from behind the shadowy Djurdjura derstand that it takes a little time.' range.-Cornhill Magazine.

Saint-Luc did not reply, but, passing

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SPRING hath her daily gifts most choice and meet,

The smile of airy welcome on her face ;

She plants her flowers in unexpected place,
And sheds her promise richly at our feet.
But, ah! her airy smile is all to fleet,

And much she leaves unwritten of her grace,

For these bald patches in the interspace
Are alien to her wooing touches sweet.
And were the Spring indeed more perfect-drest

In warmer colors and gradated hues,
What then were left for Summer's sun and glow ?

Of Autumn's red, and breezy blue, what use?

Each season hath its own peculiar show,
And each atones the failures of the rest.

II.

And so in life: Man's spirit, ever prone

To wander from the present, seeks elate

On tiptoe for the still more perfect state,
And vantage-point would make of royal throne.

In nothing is perfection : all doth own

The little rift' that, widening, soon or late

Will make the beauty that we contemplate
But dust and ashes. Thus new seeds are sown :

And these the seeds of Charity's fair Spring,

And seeds of Summer's warmth and golden glow,
And Autumn's fruited wealth of calm and peace ;

And those the seeds of Winter's ivy show,

And icy winds' destructive chastening,
That each from each may draw most fond release.

Belgravia Magazine.

TWO IMPOSTORS OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.

two years.

CREDULITY is a phenomenon of per

The Tories are in the secure sistent recurrence in the history of man- possession of power and office, and fresh kind, but its manifestations, on a large lustre has just been conferred upon their scale, vary from age to age, according to administration and the national arms by the differing character of its chief fac- the victory of Blenheim and the capture tors, ignorance and curiosity. Igno- of Gibraltar. The atmosphere is stormy rance, pure and simple, of Nature and with theological controversy, but the men, of life and books, is usually coup- strength and popularity of the Establed with a restless inquisitiveness and lished Church have been demonstrated insatiable thirst for news regardless of beyond doubt in the recent debates upon its quality. The credulity bred of this the Bill of Conformity, and Nonconunion becomes the prey of gross and formists, Nonjurors, and Catholics vulgar frauds addressed to any prevailing alike must hide their diminished heads. disposition or current prejudice of the The pleasure-seeking, gossip-loving sotime. Learned ignorance, i.e., the lack ciety of London is in full career of its of any knowledge of the world and its pursuit after every species of novelty pursuits with the exception of one ab- and excitement. The gaming-tables at sorbing object of study, is commonly White's and other chocolate and coffeeunited with a curiosity, the restricted houses, the public lotteries and the poscope of which only renders it the more litical clubs are unfailing sources of atmorbidly active. Credulity is as com- traction. Duncan Campbell, the deaf mon among experts as the world at and dumb fortune-teller, holds daily relarge, but the frauds which victimise ceptions at which persons of the highest them must be contrived with special rank seek his oracular counsel upon skill, so as to appeal to their ruling pas- doubtful cases of love, intrigue, or specsion and arouse their enthusiasm, with- ulation. The wits at Will's are discussout appearing to offend the conditions ing the merits of Addison's Campaign, of which their experience qualifies them and enjoying the caustic satire of the to judge. The several characteristics Tale of a Tub and the Battle of the here referred to may be illustrated by Books, by which Swift has just leapt two remarkable cases, one of which oc- into fame. The latest works of Concurred at the outset and the other at the greve and Wycherley draw crowded auclose of the eighteenth century.

diences to the leading theatres ; and In 1704 Anne has been on the throne rumors are afloat respecting a project for performing an intermezzo of Italian Music

was then employed to bring about the at York Buildings. These competing youth's conversion ; but without suc: claimants for the town's favor are all at cess. His mother-wit, sharpened by once set aside by the arrival of a new education, enabled him to detect the lion, who absorbs public curiosity by the fallacy of the arguments which mainromantic interest of his character and tained Jesuitical Christianity to be a adventures. He is a young, “middle- more reasonable creed than Formosan sized, well-shaped " man of fair como paganism. The baffled doctors having plexion, giving the name of George threatened him with the Inquisition, Psalmanazar, a converted savage from Psalmanazar managed to escape from the tropics, who still retains a preference Avignon. After leading a vagrant life for his old diet of roots and raw meat, for some months, he was pressed into but in all other respects conforms to the service of the Elector of Cologne. the usages of civilised society. He has At Sluys, whither his regiment marched, come to England at the invitation of two Protestant chaplains endeavored to Dr. Compton, Bishop of London, to convert him, the one to Lutheranism, the whom he has been recommended by the other to Calvinism, but the weapons of Rev. Mr. Innes, chaplain of a Scotch consubstantiation and predestination regiment in the Dutch service. These proved powerless against the shield of are his preliminary credentials, His his heathen incredulity. Mr. Innes, the account of himself is as follows :- chaplain of Brigadier Lauder, governor

He was born of a noble family in the of the town, then entered the lists as island of Formosa, situate, as all the champion of the Church of England. A world knows, in the Pacific, off the brief exposition of its tenets sufficed to coast of China. At an early age he was convince Psalmanazar of their truth, and placed by his father under the tuition of he became, to use his own language, a a learned man who passed for a Japanese willing proselyte to“ a religion that was then on a visit to the island, from whom not embarrassed with any of those abhe acquired not only the ordinary in- surdities which are maintained by the struction of a Formosan youth in the various sects in Christendom.” He was national creed and literature, but a at once baptised, the Brigadier standing thorough knowledge of Latin. This his sponsor, and obtained his discharge teaching was enlivened by glowing nar- from the army. The news of so rerations of the wonders of Europe which markable a conversion was communicatinflamed his young imagination, and ed by Mr. Innes to the Bishop of Lonwhen his tutor suddenly declared an in- don, who invited him and Psalmanazar tention of undertaking a journey thither, over to England. Psalmanazar entreated permission to ac- This interesting narrative of savage incompany him. The tutor assented with nocence, Jesuit cunning, and Anglican much apparent reluctance, but enjoined skill takes the heart of London by the youth to keep the matter a secret storm, and disarms the animosities of all from his father, some of whose money parties by its appeal to common sympait would be necessary to borrow for the thies. The Tories, headed by the expenses of the journey. The fugitives clergy, are delighted at such a signal made good their way to the coast and demonstration of the superior claims of embarked for one of the Philippine is- Anglicanism to any other form of Chrislands, whence they sailed to Goa; tianity, and the Whigs to find their susthence by Gibraltar to Toulon and picions of Jesuitry so strongly confirmfinally reached Avignon. Here, at the ed. The fashionable world is enraptured Jesuits' College, the pretended Japanese with the acquisition of a visitor so absoannounced himself to his astonished lutely fresh, a young man of noble birth, pupil as Father de Rode, a missionary uncommon ability, good looks, and fair brother of the Order, who had assumed breeding, a Christian who was once by the disguise in which he visited Formosa his own confession a cannibal. The (from which all Christians were legally wits and philosophers are curious reexcluded) with the pious design of sav- specting the manners and customs of the ing one heathen soul. All the learning Formosans, their language and religion, and skill of the Father and his brethren upon all which subjects he affords ample NEW SERIES.-Vol. XXX., No, I

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now

information. He is petted and fêted of which we have already given, and a accordingly in the highest circles, dining copious profession of his faith in Anglinow with

my Lord Pembroke, can Christianity. A description of with my Lady Powis ;'' is invited to Formosa follows. We learn that the Sion House and the Royal Society, and capital error of its previous historians is at the residence of its secretary, Mr. their concurrent assertion that the sov(afterwards Sir Hans) Sloane, meets his ereignty of the island is vested in the Excellency Baron Spannheim, the Prus- Emperor of China. To vindicate the sian Envoy. A few detractors of his dignity of his nation and establish the merits are of course to be found, but truth of history upon a firm basis, jealousies invariably attend upon a suc- Psalmanazar epitomises the annals of the cessful career, and all objections to the kingdom for the last two hundred and credibility of his story will soon be set fifty years, to show how, after the long at rest by the appearance of the histori- reign of a native dynasty, one Meryaancal work upon which he is known to be danoo, a Chinese fugitive, by divers inengaged. This volume is published in trigues usurped the throne of Japan and the course of the same year, a transla- subsequently that of Formosa. That tion from the author's Latin, hastily there may be no doubt as to the correctmade at the urgent request of the book- ness of this information, the letter which sellers who are eager to gratify the pub- Meryaandanoo addressed to the native lic appetite. It bears the following title : monarch whom he eventually deposed, “ An Historical and Geographical De- whereby he obtained admission into the scription of Formosa, an island subject island, is set out verbatim. to the Emperor of Japan, giving an ac- We are then informed touching the count of the religion, customs, manners, civil and religious government of the &c., of the inhabitants ; together with a country. Under the latter head the aurelation of what happened to the author thor recounts the historical foundation of in his travels, particularly his confer- the polytheism by law established. The ences with the Jesuits and others in sacrifice of boys' hearts to the number several parts of Europe. Also the his- of 18,oco per annum is its leading rite. tory and reasons of his conversion to Plans of the chief temple and its altars Christianity, with his objections against are given in illustration. We have next it in defence of Paganism, and their an- a description of the great religious fesswers, &c. To which is prefixed a pref- tivals and the ceremonies observed at ace in vindication of himself from the birth, marriage, and death.

The nareflections of a Jesuit lately come from tional belief respecting a future state is China, with an account of what passed based upon the transmigration of souls, between them. By George Psalmanazar, males having the preference of choice. a native of the said island, now in Lon- The soul of a woman, it is held, candon. Illustrated with several cuts.” not attain eternal rest until it has in

After a grateful dedication to the formed the body of a man. Some in Bishop of London, the author com- deed think that if it animate the body of mences a long preface by charging the a male beast, it is sufficient to attain as Dutch historian Candidius, and all other great happiness as it is capable of." writers upon Formosa, with gross igno- A minute account of the Formosan rance or glaring falsehood, which it is the priesthood is followed by details respectobject of his work to expose. He pro- ing the manners and customs of the peoceeds to describe his contest with Father ple, with numerous illustrations. The Fountenay, a Jesuit missionary newly upper classes, of which the author is a arrived from China, whose effrontery in member, are as fair-skinned as Eurochallenging certain of his statements at peans, owing to their practice of living a meeting of the Royal Society he chas- during the hot season either in caverns tised as it deserved ; and concludes the underground, among dense groves which preface with a fervent thanksgiving to exclude the sun, or in tents kept cool God for the blessings of his conversion. by perpetual sprinkling with water. The first hundred and fifty pages of the Their dress, to judge from the illustrawork are occupied with a narrative of tions, is partially European in fashion, the author's adventures, the substance although from the description of some of its materials, such as tiger, leopard, guage, the presence of Greek roots is and bear skins, it would seem scarcely noticeable ; for example, in the words suited to a tropical climate. The pic- gnosophes (priests), koriam (lord), kay tures of the chief cities and buildings (and), &c. . On this point, however, the prove the national architecture to be a author does not comment, although mennovel amalgamation of the classical and tioning the curious fact that Greek is Chinese styles. Under the head of diet generally taught in the public academies. we are informed of a remarkable pecu- The first edition of the work was rapliarity in the organisation of the Formo- idly sold, and a second called for in san reptilia. The islanders are wont to the following year. In the interval beat live serpents “ with rods until they Psalmanazar was sent to Oxford by the be very angry, and when they are in this Bishop of London and other patrons, in furious passion all the venom that was order to complete his education and in the body ascends to the head, which, prepare himself for returning as a misbeing then cut off, there remains no sionary to the island. Some account of more poison in the body, which may an interview with him at this period has therefore be safely eaten. Thus, says been left by a contemporary. Being the author on the subject of meals, all questioned respecting the average durawho can live without working eat their tion of life in Formosa, he stated it to breakfast about seven of the clock in range from 100 to 120, a longevity which the morning ; first they smoke a pipe of he ascribed to the national practice of tobacco, then they drink bohea, green, sucking warm viper's blood in the mornor sage tea ; afterwards they cut off the ing. A lady of the party expressing horhead of a viper and suck the blood out ror at its being the custom of Formosan of the body. This, in my humble opin- husbands to cut off the heads of their union, is the most wholesome breakfast a faithful wives, he protested that he could man can make.” Flesh is usually eaten not even now consider it a sin, but adraw by the Formosans. Though not ha- mitted smilingly that it was certainly bitual cannibals, they eat the bodies of “unmannerly. He did not remain their enemies taken in war and also of long at Oxford, being called to London

malefactors legally executed. The that he might superintend the issue of flesh of the latter is our greatest dainty, his second edition. The preface and and is four times dearer than other rare several passages of the text testify to the and delicious food.” Under special cir- growth of a formidable crop of objections cumstances, moreover, a Formosan hus- to the truth of his narrative since the band, whose wife has offended him, first edition appeared. Of these the ausoothes his injured feelings by resorting thor deals with twenty-five, some of to cannibalism. Having first sent for his which would perplex a skilled casuist ; wife's father and other members of her but with charming agility he manages family, “ sometimes with fiery indigna- either to evade or leap over every diffition he strikes her into the breast with a culty. His statement, for example, that dagger, and sometimes to show his re- 18,000 boys' hearts were annually sacrisentment he will take her heart out ficed, has been questioned on the ground hastily and eat it before her relations." that such a practice would long since

Of natural curiosities in the island, have depopulated the island ; but he experhaps the most extraordinary is the plains that he only referred to this numsuspension of the law of gravitation in ber as legally required by the priests. the case of a tree called Charpok, which Bribery, prompted by parental affection, differs from all other trees in “ that no doubt tended greatly to diminish it. whereas their fruit hangs downward, the Does anyone question his ability to refruit of this stands upright." In his member the precise words of the letter concluding chapter, which treats of the written by Meryaandanoo ? The answer Formosan language, the author dwells at is simple and sufficient : “ My father has some length upon its alphabet and gram- a copy of the letter by him." matical structure, and adds specimens The preface briefly alludes to a recent of the written character which are to be conversation which the author had with read from right to lest. Though not stated to be cognate to any other lan- Gentleman's Magazine, vol. xxxv. p. 78

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