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It must be accounted one of the nota- to go out long before the institution of ble facts in the history of the Anglo- slavery became a rock of offence between Saxon race, and likewise in the annals North and South. of representative institutions, that the The task of statesmanship during the Government of the United States, formed first quarter of a century was not so originally for the needs and exigencies much to make it work well, as to make of three millions of people, inhabiting a it work at all. At the present time nonarrow strip of seaboard, has remained body looks upon a separation of the without any material change for nearly a States as possible, and none desire it excentury, and is found to work as well cept a few straggling adherents of the for a nation now fifteen times as numer- Lost Cause, whose voice is as ineffectual ous, occupying a territory fifty times and unheeded in the general movement, greater. Indeed, it may truthfully be as that of the irate Tory at the creation said to work with less friction and more of the world who demanded that chaos general satisfaction now than then. Its be preserved. infancy was embroiled with controver- How far this contentedness with existsies, respecting the interpretation of the ing institutions is to be ascribed to mateConstitution, so fierce that the Union rial prosperity, how far to the excellence was more than once in real danger be- of the institutions themselves, and how fore it had come of age. Some of the far to the inherited Conservatism of the States had to be dragged into the Federal race, it would be futile to inquire. The compact, and others were threatening country has advanced in wealth with NEW SERIES. – VOL. XXX., No. 6

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